Jack Doyle (baseball)

John Joseph "Jack" Doyle (October 25, 1869 – December 31, 1958) was an Irish-American first baseman in Major League Baseball whose career spanned 17 seasons, mainly in the National League.[1] He was born in Killorglin, Ireland, and emigrated to the U.S. when he was a child, his family settling in Holyoke, Massachusetts.[2]

Jack Doyle
First baseman
Born: October 25, 1869
Killorglin, Ireland
Died: December 31, 1958 (aged 89)
Holyoke, Massachusetts
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
August 20, 1889, for the Columbus Solons
Last MLB appearance
July 13, 1905, for the New York Highlanders
MLB statistics
Batting average.299
Home runs25
Runs batted in968
Stolen bases516
As Player

As Manager

Career highlights and awards
  • Starting First Baseman for the National League Champions, The Baltimore Orioles in 1896.
  • Four times in the top 10 in Stolen Bases: 1896, 1897, 1900, 1903
  • 31st on the all-time stolen base list with 516.

Playing career

After attending Fordham University, he embarked on a baseball career that would last 70 years. He made his first appearance at the major league level by signing and playing two years for the Columbus Solons of the American Association. Doyle would play for ten clubs from 1889 to 1905, batting .299 in 1,564 games with 516 stolen bases. He began as a catcheroutfielder and became a first baseman in 1894. His best years were in 1894, when he batted .367 for the New York Giants, and in 1897, when he hit .354 with 62 stolen bases for the Baltimore Orioles.[1] He is credited with being the first pinch-hitter in pro ball, with Cleveland at Brooklyn on June 7, 1892. Patsy Tebeau was the manager and Doyle came through with a game-winning single.[2]

For the 1894 season, he took over the everyday duties at first base and became team captain[3] . Manager John Montgomery Ward not only make the decision to replace his former teammate and friend Roger Connor, but released him as well. Connor was a very popular player, and this decision drew the ire and scrutiny from the fans and media alike. Ward defended his decision, and claimed the move came down to the fact that he liked Doyle's playing style, describing him as a hustler.[4] Replacing Connor at first base proved worth the risk as Jack batted .367 that season, and he totaled 100 runs batted in, and stole 42 bases.[1]

Dirty Jack

Because of his aggressive playing style, Doyle was known as "Dirty Jack", often feuding with umpires, fans, opposing players, and even, at times, his own teammates.[5] On one occasion, in Cincinnati on July 4, 1900, while in the 3rd inning of the second game of a doubleheader, Doyle slugged umpire Bob Emslie after being called out on a steal attempt. Fans jumped from the stands as the two got into it, and players finally separated the two fighters. Two policemen chased the fans back into the stands and then arrested and fined Doyle.[2] On July 1, 1901, when he was being harassed by a Polo Grounds fan, he jumped into the stands and hit him once with his left hand, reinjuring it after having broken it several weeks earlier.[6]

He carried on a lengthy feud with John McGraw that started when they were teammates at Baltimore. McGraw, of course, had to have the last word. In 1902, McGraw was appointed manager of the Giants, and his first act was to release Doyle, even though he was batting .301 and fielding .991 at the time. Even with these seemingly out-of-control traits, Doyle was deemed a natural leader and was selected as team captain in New York, Brooklyn and Chicago, and served as an interim manager for the Giants in 1895 and Washington Senators in 1898.[2]

Minor league success

In 1905, after playing one game with the New York Highlanders, Doyle became manager of Toledo of the Western Association. One year later, in 1906, he was named the manager of the Des Moines Champions, so named because they won the league championship the previous year, and they won it again under Doyle's helm. Following his championship season at Des Moines, he managed Milwaukee in 1907[5]

Other career capacities

In 1908–09, the only years of his adult life spent outside of baseball, he served as police commissioner of his hometown of Holyoke.[2] Doyle returned to the game as an umpire and worked in the National League for 42 games in 1911.[7] Later on he would join the Chicago Cubs as a scout in 1920. In his many years with the Cubs, Doyle was credited with signing or recommending the acquisition of such stars as Gabby Hartnett, Hack Wilson, Billy Herman, Stan Hack, Bill Jurges, Charlie Root, Bill Lee, Augie Galan, Riggs Stephenson and Phil Cavarretta.[5] He remained in that capacity until his death at age 89 on New Year's Eve 1958. He was buried at St. Jerome Cemetery in Holyoke.[7]


In the Irish Baseball League, the annual award for best slugger is named "The 'Dirty' Jack Doyle Silver Slugger Award. [8]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Jack Doyle Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Jack Doyle Biography". SABR.org. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  3. ^ "Doyle Signed by New York: Famous Baseball Player to Captain the Team and Play First Base—Pleased with the Club's Outlook" (PDF). The New York Times. February 27, 1902.
  4. ^ A Clever Base-Ballist: The Life and Times of John Montgomery Ward, pg. 352, by Bryan Di Salvatore
  5. ^ a b c "Top 100 Teams". minorleaguebaseball.com. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  6. ^ "Jack Doyle Chronology". The Baseball Library.com. Retrieved 2007-07-20.
  7. ^ a b "Jack Doyle". Retrosheet.org. Retrieved 2007-02-17.
  8. ^ "Baseball Ireland Award Winners". baseballireland.com. Retrieved 22 November 2009.

External links


Doyle is a surname of Irish origin. The name is an Anglicisation of the Irish Ó Dubhghaill /oːˈd̪ˠʊwəlʲ/, meaning "descendant of Dubhghall". The personal name Dubhghall contains the elements dubh "black" + gall "stranger". Similar Scottish and Irish surnames, derived from the same personal name are: MacDougall / McDougall and MacDowell / McDowell.During the Viking Age the term Dubhghoill was used to describe the Vikings—usually Danes—and the term Fionnghoill ("fair foreigners") was used to describe Norwegians. There is uncertainty as to the exact meaning of these terms. If they do not refer to literal colours of hair, complexion, or apparel, the terms could denote "new" and "old" Vikings. If correct, the terms may distinguish differing groups or dynasties, or perhaps represent ethnonyms referring to Danes and Norwegians respectively. Later, Fionnghall was used to describe Scottish Gaels from the Hebrides, and sometimes the Hiberno-Normans (or "Old English"). The most common term for the Hiberno-Normans was Seanghoill ("old foreigners") to difference themselves from the Dubhghoill the "new foreigners" or "dark foreigners" who came to Ireland during Tudor conquest of Ireland.The name Doyle is not found in any of the old genealogies, like other prominent Irish families. This has led many to maintain that the Doyles are of somewhat recent origin in Ireland. Doyle is one of the 12 most common surnames in Ireland. In consequence it is thought that there may be several different specific origins for the name. Doyles found in Ulster may be of Scottish descent, as the name was used for MacDowell. In the 20th century the principal locations for the surname were in Dublin, Wexford, Wicklow, Carlow, Kerry and Cork.

Jack Doyle (disambiguation)

Jack Doyle was a boxer, actor and tenor.

Jack Doyle may also refer to:

Jack Doyle (baseball) (1869–1958), Irish-American first baseman in Major League Baseball

Jack Doyle (American football) (born 1990), American football tight end

Jack Doyle (footballer) (born 1997), English footballer

Jack Doyle (basketball), see Dave Boots

Jack Doyle (horse), in Scilly Isles Novices' Chase

List of Washington Senators (1891–1899) managers

The Washington Senators were a Major League Baseball team that played in Washington, D.C.. They played in the American Association when it was considered a major league in 1891 and in the National League from 1892 through 1899, after which the team was eliminated when the National League contracted from twelve teams to eight teams. In their inaugural season, they played as the Washington Statesmen. During their time as a Major League team, the Senators employed 12 managers. The duties of the team manager include team strategy and leadership on and off the field.The Senators first manager was Sam Trott. Trott managed the Senators for 12 games before being replaced by Pop Snyder. Gus Schmelz holds the Senators' record for most games managed (434), managerial wins (155) and managerial losses (270). Tom Brown and Jack Doyle share the Senators' record for highest winning percentage as manager, with .471. Billy Barnie, who didn't win either of the two games he managed, holds the Senators' record for fewest wins. Arthur Irwin is the only Senators manager who served more than a single term. Irwin was one of three managers the Senators employed in its first National League season of 1892, and also the last Senators manager. In total, Irwin managed 293 games for the Senators, with 110 wins and 177 losses for a winning percentage of .383. Jim O'Rourke is the only Senators manager to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

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