Jack Coombs

John Wesley "Jack" Coombs (November 18, 1882 – April 15, 1957), nicknamed "Colby Jack" after his alma mater, was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as a pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics (1906–14), Brooklyn Robins (1915–18), and Detroit Tigers (1920). Coombs set a number of American League and World League records which still stand and, when he won 31 games while losing nine in 1910, he became one of only 13 pitchers to win 30 games in a season since 1900.

Jack Coombs
Jack Coombs
Jack Coombs, circa 1911
Born: November 18, 1882
LeGrand, Iowa
Died: April 15, 1957 (aged 74)
Palestine, Texas
Batted: Both Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 5, 1906, for the Philadelphia Athletics
Last MLB appearance
July 18, 1920, for the Detroit Tigers
MLB statistics
Win–loss record158–110
Earned run average2.78
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Born in LeGrand, Iowa, Coombs moved to Kennebunk, Maine with his family at the age of 4. He played baseball in high school in Freeport, Maine, and, in 1901–2, for Coburn Classical prep school in Waterville, Maine.[1][2] He was a 1906 graduate of Colby College in Waterville, where he was a chemistry major and a member of Delta Upsilon. He also participated in football, track, and tennis. Colby's baseball field is named for him.

Baseball career

Moving Picture News (1911) (1911) (14801801473)
The four stars of the world champion Philadelphia Athletics — Chief Bender, Cy Morgan, Jack Coombs and Rube Oldring — were featured in the Thanhouser Company film, The Baseball Bug (1911)[3]

Three weeks after graduating, Coombs pitched in his first major league game for Philadelphia, which was a 7 hit shutout, defeating the Washington Senators 3-0. He finished 1906 with a 10-10 record and 2.50 ERA. In 1906, he pitched the longest complete game in the American League, 24 innings against Boston, winning 4-1.[4] The following year was not great as Coombs went 6-9 with a 3.12 ERA. In 1908 and 1909 his record was only 19-16 despite his ERA being 2.00 and 2.32 those years.

His best season was 1910 which is still one of the best single pitching seasons in MLB history. Besides his record of 31–9, he led the American League in wins (31), games played (45), and shutouts (13), which is still the single season AL record. He won 18 of 19 starts that July and racked up 53 consecutive scoreless innings which was the major league record until Walter Johnson broke it three years later. Don Drysdale and Orel Hershiser have since broken the mark.

He also won three games in the 1910 World Series, in which the Athletics defeated the Chicago Cubs.

He made appearances in the 1911 and 1916 World Series. In 1919, he was the manager of the Philadelphia Phillies for 62 games, going 18-44 before being replaced by Gavvy Cravath. He returned to play one final year in 1920 before retiring.

Coombs was an adept hitting pitcher in his 14-year, major league career, compiling a .235 batting average (261-for-1110) with 123 runs, 4 home runs and 100 RBI. In 6 World Series games, he hit .333 (8-for-24) with 4 RBI.


  • World's Championship Series (1910) *docu. short
  • The Baseball Bug (1911) *short
  • Animated Weekly, No. 41 (1916) *docu. short
  • World Series Games 1916, Boston vs. Brooklyn (1916) *documentary
  • The Baseball Revue of 1917 (1917) *documentary

Later life

Coombs became a championship-winning coach at Duke University (1929–52) who sent many players to the majors. Duke University's baseball field is named after him.

He spent his retirement as a sports historian and writer. In 1938, he published, Baseball – Individual Play and Team Strategy.

See also


  1. ^ http://sabr.org/bioproj/person/f64fded8
  2. ^ http://freeporthistoricalsociety.org/freeport-and-the-national-pastime
  3. ^ "The Baseball Bug". Thanhouser Company Film Preservation, Inc. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
  4. ^ http://sabr.org/bioproj/person/f64fded8

External links

1906 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1906 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing fourth in the American League with a record of 78 wins and 67 losses.

1907 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1907 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 2nd in the American League with a record of 88 wins and 57 losses.

1908 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1908 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing sixth in the American League with a record of 68 wins and 85 losses.

1909 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1909 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing second in the American League with a record of 95 wins and 59 losses. The A's also moved into the majors' first concrete-and-steel ballpark, Shibe Park.

1910 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1910 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. The team finished first in the American League with a record of 102 wins and 48 losses, winning the pennant by 14½ games over the New York Highlanders. The A's then defeated the Chicago Cubs in the 1910 World Series 4 games to 1.

1910 World Series

The 1910 World Series featured the Philadelphia Athletics and the Chicago Cubs, with the Athletics winning in five games to earn their first championship.

Jack Coombs of Philadelphia won three games and Eddie Collins supplied timely hitting. The 2nd greatest Cubs team in history closed out its glory years, only ten years into the new century.

1914 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1914 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. It involved the A's finishing first in the American League with a record of 99 wins and 53 losses. They went on to face the Boston Braves in the 1914 World Series, which they lost in four straight games.

After the season, Connie Mack sold his best players off to other teams due to his frustration with the Federal League. The A's would then post seven consecutive last place finishes in the American League and would not win another pennant until 1929.

1916 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1916 Brooklyn Robins won their first National League pennant in 16 years and advanced to the first World Series in franchise history, where they lost to Babe Ruth and the Boston Red Sox in five games.

1919 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1919 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1920 Detroit Tigers season

The 1920 Detroit Tigers season was a season in American baseball. The team finished seventh in the American League with a record of 61–93, 37 games behind the Cleveland Indians.

1952 Southern Conference Baseball Tournament

The 1952 Southern Conference Baseball Tournament was held in Raleigh, North Carolina from May 15 through May 18. The South Division's top seed Duke won their second tournament title. Duke coach Jack Coombs spent the tournament in the hospital with a kidney ailment. He would retire after the school year.

2015 Duke Blue Devils baseball team

The 2015 Duke Blue Devils baseball team will represent Duke University during the 2015 NCAA Division I baseball season. The Blue Devils will play their home games at Jack Coombs Field (sometimes at Durham Bulls Athletic Park) as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. They will be led by head coach Chris Pollard, in his third season at Duke.

Cy Morgan

Harry Richard "Cy" Morgan (November 10, 1878 – June 28, 1962) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher with the St. Louis Browns, Boston Red Sox, Philadelphia Athletics and the Cincinnati Reds between 1903 and 1913. Morgan batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Pomeroy, Ohio

He helped the Athletics win the 1910 and 1911 World Series. The 1912 Reach Guide credits him with helping carry the pitching burder for the 1911 team while stars Jack Coombs and Chief Bender were less effective than usual early in the season.

Duke Blue Devils baseball

The Duke Blue Devils baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball program of Duke University, based in Durham, North Carolina, United States. The team has been a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference since the conference's founding in the 1954 season. The program's home venue is the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, which opened in 1995. Chris Pollard has been the head coach of the team since the 2013 season. As of the end of the 2019 season, the Blue Devils have appeared in three College World Series in six NCAA Tournaments. They have won three ACC Championships. As of the start of the 2019 Major League Baseball season, 36 former Blue Devils players have played in Major League Baseball.

Fight! Blue Devils, Fight!

"Fight! Blue Devils, Fight!" is one of the two official fight songs of Duke University and its athletic teams, along with "Blue and White."

The lyrics were written by Douglas Ballin, and the music was composed by J.F. Hewitt.

Jack Coombs Field

Jack Coombs Field is a baseball stadium in Durham, North Carolina, USA. It is the on-campus home field of the Duke University Blue Devils college baseball teams. As of the 2011 season, Duke uses Coombs Field for all weekday games and Durham Bulls Athletic Park for weekend games.The stadium holds 2,000 people. It was dedicated in 1951 for former Duke baseball coach Jack Coombs. The field itself was first used in 1931. The stonework on the grandstand exterior suggests the Neo-Gothic architectural design used with most of the West Campus buildings.

The ballpark stands in the western portion of the athletic complex on Duke's West Campus. It is bounded by Science Drive (northwest, left and center fields); Whitford Drive (southwest - left field, third base, and home plate); Krzyzewski Center (east, first base); and a service road (northeast, center and right fields).

List of Oakland Athletics team records

The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Oakland, California. The Athletics formed in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics; after moving to Kansas City for 12 years, the Athletics relocated to Oakland in 1969. Through 2014, the Athletics have played 17,757 games, winning 8,622, losing 9,048, and tying 87, for a winning percentage of approximately .488. This list documents the superlative records and accomplishments of team members during their tenures as Athletics.

Eddie Plank holds the most franchise records as of the end of the 2014 season, with ten, including the most career wins, losses and hit batsmen. He is followed by Jimmie Foxx, who holds nine records, including the best career on-base percentage and the single-season home runs record, as well as Al Simmons, who holds the single season hit and RBI records.Four Athletics hold Major League records. Offensively, Rickey Henderson holds the single-season modern day steals record, recording 130 over 149 games played during the 1982 season. Frankie Hayes is tied for the single-game doubles record, recording four in a game on July 25, 1936. Eddie Collins stole six bases twice in September 1912; his mark would later be tied by Otis Nixon, Eric Young and Carl Crawford. Defensively, Bruno Haas, who spent his only professional season with the Athletics, holds the single game walks allowed record, pitching 16 in his Major League debut.

Oakland Athletics award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Oakland Athletics professional baseball franchise.

The team was first known as the Philadelphia Athletics from 1901 to 1954 and then as the Kansas City Athletics from 1955 to 1967.

The Baseball Bug

The Baseball Bug is a 1911 silent film comedy short produced by the Thanhouser Company. It starred John W. Noble and Florence La Badie. It also featured real-life baseball playersChief Bender Jack Coombs, Cy Morgan and Rube Oldring.

Key personnel
Important figures
World Series
Champions (9)
American League
Championships (15)
AL West Division
Championships (16)
AL Wild Card (3)
Inducted as
Inducted as


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