Jabalpur

Jabalpur (English: /ˌdʒbəlˈpʊər/, US also /ˈdʒbəlˌpʊər/, Hindi: [dʒəbəlˈpʊɾ]; also known as Jubbulpore, the official spelling until 2006) is a tier 2 city in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is one of the major cities of Madhya Pradesh. According to the 2011 census, it is the third-largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh, and the country's 30th-largest urban agglomeration.[3] It is known for the Dhuandhar Falls and the white marble rocks at Bhedaghat.

Jabalpur is an important administrative, industrial, and business center of Madhya Pradesh. It is a major education hub in India. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh and several departmental headquarters of the State Government are located in Jabalpur. The city has a major military base and is a major centre for the production of arms and ammunition in India, which is the city's primary source of employment. It also has several other smaller industries. The city is a major trading center and producer of forest products, experiencing fast growth in all sectors.

Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of Jabalpur district (the second-most-populous district in Madhya Pradesh) and the Jabalpur division. Historically, a center of the Kalachuri and Rajgond dynasties, the city developed a syncretic culture influenced by intermittent Mughal and Maratha reigns.

During the early nineteenth century, it was annexed by British India and renamed as Jubbulpore and incorporated as a cantonment town. Since Indian independence there have been demands for a separate state of Mahakoshal, with Jabalpur its capital. The headquarters of the West Central Railway, Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board, Tropical Forest Research Institute (TFRI), and Army headquarters of five states, viz. Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Bihar, and Jharkhand, are in Jabalpur. Jabalpur is also the Army Headquarters for The Grenadiers and Jammu and Kashmir Rifles regiments. The city is also the headquarter of 1 Signal Training Centre.

Jabalpur

Sanskaardhaani
Dhuandhar Waterfall
Dhuandhar Waterfall
Nickname(s): 
Sanskaardhaani, The Marble City, Tripur Tirth
Jabalpur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Jabalpur
Jabalpur
Location of Jabalpur in India
Jabalpur is located in India
Jabalpur
Jabalpur
Jabalpur (India)
Coordinates: 23°10′N 79°56′E / 23.167°N 79.933°ECoordinates: 23°10′N 79°56′E / 23.167°N 79.933°E
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictJabalpur
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyJabalpur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorSwati Godbole
 • District MagistrateMrs. Chavi Bharadwaj
 • Municipal commissionerChandramauli Shukla
 • MPRakesh Singh
Area
 • Metropolis374 km2 (144 sq mi)
Elevation
412 m (1,352 ft)
Population
(2011)[1][2][3]
 • Metropolis1,267,564
 • Rank30th
 • Density478/km2 (1,240/sq mi)
 • Metro1,444,667
 • Metro rank
30th
Demonym(s)Jabalpurians, Jabalpuriya, Jabalpurites
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
482001 to 482011
Telephone code+91-761
ISO 3166 codeIN-MP
Vehicle registrationMP-20
Sex ratio929 /
Average Literacy Rate82.13%
Official languageHindi, English, Bundelkhandi, Jabalpuriya
Websitewww.jabalpur.nic.in
www.jmcjabalpur.org

Etymology

The name Jabalpur combines the Arabic word jabal (rock) and the Sanskrit word pur (city). Though some people mistakenly believe that it was named as Jabalipuram after Saint Jabali, there is no historical, mythological or folklore evidence to support this. The city was known as Vansh's Palace, Garha-Mandla or Garha-Katanga during the Gond dynasty rule. It was later named Jubbulgarh, and renamed Jubbulpore during British rule.

In 2006, the Jabalpur Municipal Corporation renamed the city Jabalpur. [5]

History

Mythology describes three asuras (evil spirits) in the Jabalpur region, who were defeated by the Hindu god Shiva. Tripurasura being the main asura, gave the city its puranic name Tripur Tirth.[6] Tripuri region corresponds to the ancient Chedi Kingdom of epic era of Mahabharata times, to which king Shishupala belongs.

Ashokan relics dating to 300 BCE have been found in Rupnath, 84 kilometres (52 mi) north of the city, indicating the presence of the Mauryan Empire (322 to 185 BCE) in the region.[6] When the empire fell, Jabalpur became a city-state before coming under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE). After their reign, the region was ruled locally by the Bodhis and the Senas, following which it became a vassal state of the Gupta Empire (320 to 550).[6]

From 675 to 800, the region was ruled by Bamraj Dev of the Kalachuri Dynasty from Karanbel. The best known Kalachuri ruler was Yuvraj Dev I (r. 915–945), who married Nohla Devi (a princess of the Chalukya dynasty). One of the Kalachuri ministers, Golok Simha Kayastha, was instrumental in founding the Chausath Yogini Temple near Bhedaghat. His descendants include Bhoj Simha, who was the Dewan to Sangramsahi (r. 1491–1543); Dewan Adhar Simha, who was the prime minister to Rani Durgavati (r. 1550–1564), and Beohar Raghuvir Sinha, the last Jagirdar of Jabalpur who reigned until 1947.

Gondwana rule

Maharani Durgavati
Rani Durgavati preparing for the battle of Narrai; fresco by Beohar Rammanohar Sinha in Jabalpur's Shaheed-Smarak

The Gondwana king, Raje Madan Shah Madawi of Mandla, (r. 1138–1157) built a watchtower and a small hilltop fort at Madan Mahal, an area in Jabalpur. In the 1500s, the Gond king, Sangram (whose son, Raje Dalpat Shah Madawi married Rani Durgavati) held Singaurgarh fort in Sangrampur (near Garha, Jabalpur). Rani Durgawati was a warrior of the Gond Dynasty, famous for her prosperous kingdom. She was well aware of the importance of water conservation and hence she built more than 85 ponds in Jabalpur, mainly Ranital, Haathital, Madhatal and Hanumantal.[7]

In 1564, during the reign of Veer Narayan (Sangram's grandson), Abdul Majeed Harawi (viceroy of Kara-Manikpur in the Mughal Empire) conquered Jabalpur and its surrounding areas. However, the Mughal supremacy in Jabalpur was more nominal than real.

In 1698, the Gondwana king, Raje Hriday Shah (r. 1652–1704) moved his court to the Mandla fort. He secured water sources and built irrigation structures. Later, Gondwana was seized by Nizam (r. 1753–1780). After Nizam, the Gondwana kingdom was conquered by the Marathas.

Maratha rule

The Maratha rulers of Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, came to power in about 1781. Around 1798, the Maratha Peshwa (governor) gave the Nerbuddah valley to the Bhonsle kings of Nagpur, who ruled the area until 1818, when it was seized by the British East India Company after the Battle of Sitabuldi.

British Raj

Mahatma Gandhi In Jabalpur
Beohar Rajendra Sinha helping Mahatma Gandhi on the staircase of the Beohar Palace in Jabalpur

Under the British Raj, the name Jabbalgarh became Jubbulpore and the town was made the capital of the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories (part of the North-Western Provinces governed by the Agra Presidency). Jabalpur was known for Thuggee murders, which were combated by William Henry Sleeman (later appointed as the chief commissioner at Jubbulpore and then British Resident at Lucknow). 16 June 1857 saw the kindling of a rebellion in the cantonment of Jubbulpore. The 1857 movement was started by the Gondwana king, Raje Shankar Shah Madawi and the prince Kunwar Raghunath Shah Madawi. Both were arrested and imprisoned, and executed on 18 September 1857.

In 1861, the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories became part of the new Central Provinces and in 1903, the Central Provinces and Berar. In the early 1900s, Jubbulpore became the headquarters of a brigade of the Fifth Division of the Southern Army. A gun carriage factory was established in Jabalpur in 1904.

Mahatma Gandhi's longest stay in Jubbulpore was in 1933 at the Beohar palace of Beohar Rajendra Simha. Many freedom fighters joined Gandhi's Swadeshi, Swaraj and Satyagraha movements. Those from Jubbulpore included Ravishankar Shukla, Seth Govind Das, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Makhanlal Chaturvedi, and Dwarka Prasad Mishra.

In 1939, the Tripuri Indian National Congress (INC) session was chaired by Subhas Chandra Bose. The Swaraj movement begun under the direction of Lokmanya Tilak. A Congress session was held at Vishnudatt Shukla Nagar at Tilwara Ghat, near Jubbulpore, when Subhas Chandra Bose was elected the Congress President over Gandhi's objections.

After independence

Gandhi's remains were brought to the city after his death. On 12 February 1948, the urn containing his ashes was immersed in the Narmada River at Tilwara Ghat by Ravishankar Shukla, Beohar Rajendra Sinha, Seth Govind Das, and others.

In 1950, the Central Provinces and Berar became the state of Madhya Pradesh, and Shukla became the first chief minister of the Congress-led government. In 1956, Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, and Bhopal were merged into the newly formed state of Madhya Pradesh. Jubbulpore was renamed to Jabalpur, and was chosen to be the state capital – but due to political pressure, Bhopal became the state capital instead.

Geography

India's central point is in the Jabalpur district. The city has an average elevation of 411 metres (1,348 feet). Narmada river passes by this city, which is surrounded by temples and ghats for the visitors. Jabalpur's hills, with their variety of minerals, draw geologists and archaeologists. The city is surrounded by low, rocky, and barren hillocks. Its primary reservoirs, namely, Khandari and Pariyat are in the northeast areas of the city, and water is also drawn from the Narmada River by the public-health department.

The main crops grown in the region are wheat, rice, pulses, oilseeds, and maize. Bargi Dam, on the Narmada, is used for irrigation, water, and power generation. The area is rich in limestone, refractory clay, bauxite, iron ore, manganese and other deposits with some mineral-related industries located in the area.

Climate

Jabalpur
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
19
 
 
24
8
 
 
16
 
 
28
11
 
 
16
 
 
34
16
 
 
5
 
 
39
21
 
 
11
 
 
42
26
 
 
169
 
 
38
26
 
 
382
 
 
31
24
 
 
458
 
 
29
23
 
 
188
 
 
31
23
 
 
39
 
 
32
19
 
 
12
 
 
29
12
 
 
11
 
 
25
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.7
 
 
75
46
 
 
0.6
 
 
82
52
 
 
0.6
 
 
93
61
 
 
0.2
 
 
102
70
 
 
0.4
 
 
108
79
 
 
6.7
 
 
100
79
 
 
15
 
 
88
75
 
 
18
 
 
84
73
 
 
7.4
 
 
88
73
 
 
1.5
 
 
90
66
 
 
0.5
 
 
84
54
 
 
0.4
 
 
77
48
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Jabalpur has a humid subtropical climate typical of north-central India (Madhya Pradesh and southern Uttar Pradesh). Summer begins in late March, lasting until June. May is the hottest month, with the average temperature exceeding 45 °C (113 °F). Summer is followed by the southwest monsoon, which lasts until early October and produces 889 mm (35 in) of rain from July to September. Average annual precipitation is nearly 1,386 mm (54.6 in). Winter begins in late November, and lasts until early March. January is the coldest month, with an average daily temperature near 15 °C (59 °F).

Climate data for Jabalpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
28.8
(83.8)
34.3
(93.7)
38.7
(101.7)
40.4
(104.7)
36.2
(97.2)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
30.9
(87.6)
32.4
(90.3)
29.7
(85.5)
25.5
(77.9)
31.7
(89.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70.0)
18.1
(64.6)
13.9
(57.0)
9.6
(49.3)
17.7
(64.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.2
(0.87)
23.4
(0.92)
15.5
(0.61)
7.7
(0.30)
12.9
(0.51)
167.3
(6.59)
421.9
(16.61)
422.9
(16.65)
200.1
(7.88)
39.9
(1.57)
15.0
(0.59)
9.9
(0.39)
1,358.7
(53.49)
Average precipitation days 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.8 8.6 15.9 18.3 8.6 3.1 1.4 0.6 60.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 274.4 288.3 306.0 325.5 210.0 105.4 80.6 180.0 269.7 273.0 282.1 2,883.3
Source: HKO

IMD

Demographics

Population Growth Since 2011 Census[9]
Year Population
2011
1,268,848
2012
1,295,000
2013
1,320,000
2014
1,360,000
2015
1,385,000
2016
1,400,000
2017
1,440,000
2018
1,450,000

In the 2011 India census, the Jabalpur city (the area covered by the municipal corporation) recorded a population of 1,081,677.[2] The Jabalpur metropolitan area (urban agglomeration) recorded a population of 1,268,848.[3]

Jabalpurheart
Bada Fuhara and Kamania Gate in the heart of old Jabalpur city

Economy

Agriculture

The Narmada River, draining the Satpura and Vindhya Ranges, has helped to develop an agrarian economy in the district. The river originates in the northeastern Satpura Range and flows west, between the ranges towards the Arabian Sea. The Narmada basin's alluvial soil helps in producing sorghum, wheat, rice, and millet in the villages around Jabalpur.

Commercial crops include pulses, oilseeds, cotton, sugar cane, and medicinal crops. During the early 20th century the region became a center of the beedi industry, when two brothers, Mohanlal and Hargovindas Patel discovered that tendu leaves were good for making beedies.

Industry

Major industries in Jabalpur are garment manufacturing, IT, education, electrical goods, limestone products, building materials, glassware, telephone parts, furniture, foodstuffs, steel structures, cement, tobacco products, industrial-safety goods, mechanical engineering, and cinema.

Armaments

Vehicle Factory Jabalpur, Grey Iron Foundry, Gun Carriage Factory Jabalpur, and the Ordnance Factory Khamaria manufactures bullets, howitzers, rockets, bombs, mortars, grenades, shells, trucks, mine-protected vehicles, and bulletproof vehicles for the Indian Armed Forces, the paramilitary forces of India, the Central Armed Police Forces, State Armed Police Forces, and the Special Forces of India. These companies are the city's primary employers. Allied organisations are the Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA), responsible for the quality of equipment manufactured by the ordnance factories; the Central Ordnance Depot, which stores and supplies equipments and weapons for the armed forces; the 506 Army Base Workshop, which maintains equipment for the armed forces, and the Defence Security Corps, responsible for guarding the ordnance factories. These organizations alone employ over 100,000 people.

Government and public services

Civic administration

In 2011, Jabalpur covered an area of 53 square kilometres (20 sq mi). The Jabalpur municipal corporation, the JMC, is charged with governance of the city's civic and infrastructural assets. The corporation has two wings: deliberative and executive. The head of the executive wing is a municipal commissioner who is responsible for the corporation's day-to-day operation and assists the deliberative wing in the decision-making process. The JMC council has one elected representative (corporate) from each ward. Council elections, by popular vote, are held every five years. A corporate from the majority party is selected as mayor.

Jabalpur contributes one member to the Lok Sabha; its current member is Rakesh Singh of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The city sends eight members to the State Legislative Assembly: four from the city (Jabalpur Purba, Jabalpur Uttar, Jabalpur Cantonment, and Jabalpur Paschim) and four from rural areas of the district. Jabalpur is divided into eight zones, each consisting of several wards.

Division headquarters

Jabalpur is a divisional headquarters for eight districts: Jabalpur, Seoni, Mandla, Chhindwara, Narsinghpur, Katni, Dindori and Balaghat. The district, which was reconstituted on 25 May 1998, has four tehsils: Jabalpur, Sihora, Patan and Kundam. The city is the headquarters of the Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board, the Home-guards and other state and central-government offices.

Military establishments

The Jabalpur Cantonment is one of the largest cantonments in India.[10] In addition to the ordnance factories, other organisations present in the city include HQ Madhya Bharat Area, the Jammu & Kashmir Rifles Regimental Centre, the Grenadiers Regimental Centre, 1 Signal Training Centre, College of Material Management, Central Ordnance Depot, 506 Army Base Workshop, Military Hospital, HQ Chief Engineer Jabalpur Zone, Military Dairy Farm, and HQ Recruiting Zone. Civilian organisations which are part of the Ministry of Defence are the Cantonment Board, Controller of Defence Accounts, Defence Standardisation Cell, and the Canteen Stores Department.

Culture

Jabalpur has been called the Sanskaar Dhani or the cultural capital of Madhya Pradesh by Vinayak Narhari Bhave. Cultural figures associated with the city include Beohar Rammanohar Sinha, Makhanlal Chaturvedi, Harishankar Parsai, Beohar Rajendra Singh,[11] Subhadrakumari Chauhan, Kavi Indra Bahadur Khare, Seth Govind Das, Roopkumar Soni, Alakhnandan Sinha, Arun Shukla, Gyanranjan Shrivastava, Rehman, Prem Nath, Krishna Raj Kapoor, Kiran Kher, Arjun Rampal, Jaya Bachchan, Aadesh Shrivastava, Raghubir Yadav and Shalini Pandey.

The Narmada River, Gondwana rule, and the Kalachuri and Maratha dynasties made Jabalpur a Gondism and Hinduism-dominated area, although Mughal rule attracted a sizable Muslim population.

Jabalpur's culture is related to the agricultural population of the city and surrounding areas. Food and clothing change with the harvest and season. The city has sizable population of Gonds, Marwari, Bengali, Malayali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannadiga, Marathi, Punjabi people, and Baniya people. The Navratri and Dusshera festivals are celebrated by residents and visitors from across the state.

Cuisine

Sweets in Jabalpur's local delicacy include Doodh ka Halwa, Kalakand, Khoye ki Jalebi,[12] Mawa-Bati, Khoprapak, Shrikhand, Malpua, Imarti, Makkhanvada, etc.[13] Khoye ki Jalebi, which is quite popular in Madhya Pradesh,[13] was invented by Harprasad Badkul in 1889 at his shop, Badkul Halwai.[14][15] Other popular local dishes include Gakkad Bharta, Dal Bafla, Bhutte ka Khees, Rogan Josh, and Poha.[16]

Tourism

Marble-Art
Marble-art

Jabalpur is an important tourism city in Madhya Pradesh and Central India. Notable sites in Jabalpur include Hanumantal Bada Jain Mandir, Madan Mahal, Dhuandhar Falls and Marble Rocks in Bhedaghat, Shiv Statue at Kachnar City, etc. The world-renowned tiger reserves like Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, and Pench National Park can be easily visited via Jabalpur.

Hanumantal Bada Jain Mandir is a 17th-century Jain temple which appears like a fortress with numerous shikharas. The temple has 22 shrines (vedis), making it the largest independent Jain temple in India. Madan Mahala is a fort built by the Gondi king Madansahi in 1116 which is situated atop a hill in Jabalpur. Kachnar city in Jabalpur is known for a 23-metre-high (76 ft) Shiva statue housing a cavern with replicas of Shiva lingas from 12 shrines nationwide.[17] The city also houses the Rani Durgawati Museum which was built in 1964 to commemorate Rani Durgavati. The museum hosts ancient relics, sculptures and a collection of items related to Mahatma Gandhi. Dumna Nature Reserve Park is an ecotourism site open to the public which is located in the Jabalpur district. It houses the Khandari Dam, which is a source of drinking water to the city and has many crocodiles. The Bargi Dam Reservoir near Jabalpur is known for boat rides.

Tourist attractions in Jabalpur also include the boat rides on Narmada river, which is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) away from the city, specially in moonlight. The journey through Narmada reveals the beautiful Marble Rocks, where the river has carved the soft marble, creating a beautiful gorge of about 8 km in length, and the Dhuandhar falls, which is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Jabalpur. In the 45 minute ride though the river, the boatman describes various spots in a sing-song manner. He also tells the story of Bhura, the crocodiles, and many others that lurk downstream. Lamheta Ghaat[18] and Tilwara Ghaat[19] are famous Ghats on the banks of Narmada River. The Tilwadeshwar temple is located near the Tilwara Ghat and it is also the place where Gandhi's ashes were immersed.

Other popular tourist destinations near the city include Chausath Yogini Temple, Bhedaghat Fall,[20] Bhadbhada fall,[21] Gughra Fall,[22] Osho Amritdham,[23] Pisanhari Ki Madiya which is a historic Jain pilgrimage near Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College,[24] and Nandishwardeep Jain temple.

Transport

Air

Jabalpur Airport
Airport terminal building

The 130-hectare (310-acre) Jabalpur Airport (JLR), also known as Dumna Airport, is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) away from the city centre and flight services are provided by Air India, SpiceJet, and Indigo. Daily service is available to New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad,Kolkata and Ahmedabad.

Rail

Jabalpur Station
Railway Station

Jabalpur Junction railway station, headquarters of the West Central Railway, has direct service to Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Nagpur, Surat, Pune, Patna, Ludhiana, Jammu, Vasco-Da Gama, Amravati, Coimbatore, Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Agra, Mathura, Jaipur, Varanasi, Kanpur, Vadodara, Bhubhaneshwar, Lucknow, Puri, Allahabad, Nashik, Rajkot, Guwahati, Ambikapur, Bilaspur, Tatanagar, Raipur,Haridwar, Rameshwaram, Coimbatore & Trivandrum.

The line from Gondia to Balaghat and Jabalpur to Nainpur has been converted to broad gauge with daily passenger services.

Jabalpur was the terminus of Indian Railways train number 1: the Satpura Express, re-numbered Train No. 10001 in the five-digit numbering system. This train stopped service due to the upgrade to broad gauge.

In addition to the Jabalpur Main Station, the city's Madan Mahal Station serves inner-city passengers, and the Kachhpura goods shed transports heavy freight and iron ore to port cities. A Jabalpur metro rail project is proposed for the metropolitan area.

Important trains that originate from here :

  1. 12061/Bhopal Habibganj – Jabalpur Jan Shatabdi Express
  2. 12121/Madhya Pradesh Sampark Kranti Express
  3. 12187/Jabalpur – Mumbai CST Garib Rath Express

Road

Jabalpur is connected by road to Varanasi, Nagpur, Bhopal, Jaipur, Raipur, Allahabad, Hyderabad, Bilaspur and Bangalore. India's longest national highway, National Highway 7, runs through the city, and National Highway 12 to Jaipur originates in Jabalpur. Many roads are being upgraded to four-lane highways. Bus service is available to cities in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh, with direct service to Indore, Nagpur, Bhopal, Varanasi, Raipur, Amravati, Chandrapur, and Allahabad.

Education

Jabalpur became a centre of higher education by the end of the 19th century, with institutions such as the Hitkarini Sabha, established by local citizens in 1868,[25] and Robertson College (now Govt. Model Science College and Mahakoshal Arts & Commerce College) which was established in Sagar in 1836 and moved to Jabalpur in 1873.[26] Jabalpur Engineering College was the first technical institution in Central India established by the British on 7 July 1947. Scholars, authors and politicians such as Ravishankar Shukla, Rajneesh, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh have emerged from the Hitakarini institutions. The Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur (IIITD&M) was founded in 2005.

Jabalpur is known for many universities such as Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University, Madhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Nanaji Deshmukh Veterinary Science University, Rani Durgavati University, and Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Jabalpur. National Law University, Jabalpur, is planned.

Jabalpur also hosts a Govt. Medical College named Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Medical College and a private medical college named Sukh Sagar Medical College and Hospital.

Media

Several television news channels have branches in the city. Various cable operators operate digital cable TV system in city.[27]

Newspapers

National and local newspapers are published in Jabalpur in Hindi and English:

Newspaper Language Founded
NaiDunia Hindi 1947
Patrika Hindi 2009
Nava Bharat Hindi 1934
Deshbandhu Hindi 1959
Hari Bhoomi Hindi 1996
The Times of India English 1838
Hindustan Times English 1924
Hindustan Hindi
The Hitavada English 1911
Business Standard English, Hindi 1975
Dainik Bhaskar Hindi 1958
Yash Bharat Hindi 2006

Radio

Radio stations in Jabalpur include:

Name Frequency (MHz) Tagline
Red FM 93.5 Bajaate raho
MY FM 94.3 Jiyo Dil se!
Radio Mirchi 98.3 Its Hot!
Radio Dhamaal 106.4 Dhinchak
Akashvani 102.9
Gyan Vani 105.6

Akashvani Jabalpur broadcasts on 801 kHz AM with a 200 kW transmitter.

Sports

The city has two stadiums: Wright Town Stadium and Rani Tal Stadium. It is generally accepted that while serving at Jubbulpore in 1875, Colonel Sir Neville Chamberlain developed a new variation of black pool by introducing coloured balls into the game in the British Army officer's mess. This game was later dubbed snooker.[28]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ District Census Handbook, Indore
  2. ^ a b "Jabalpur district" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b c "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. p. 3. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Presentation on Towns and Urban Agglomerations". Census of India 2011. Archived from the original on 14 March 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Now, Indore to become Indur, Bhopal Bhojpal". The Times of India. 18 December 2006.
  6. ^ a b c Jabalpur City Guide. Goodearth Publications, 2008 p8. ISBN 9788187780731.
  7. ^ "Gondwana rulers".
  8. ^ "Jabalpur District Religion Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World - Population Statistics and Maps". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Jabalpur Cantonment Board". Jabalpur Cantonment Board. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  11. ^ hi:व्यौहार राजेन्द्र सिंह
  12. ^ "7 Must Have Dishes From Madhya Pradesh You Just Cannot Miss". HolidayIQ. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  13. ^ a b "10 Sweets that You can't afford to miss while you're travelling around Madhya Pradesh! - MP Travelogue". MP Travelogue. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  14. ^ Siddhantacharya Phulachandra Shastri, Parwar Jain Samaj ka Itihas, 1990, Jabalpur, p. 418
  15. ^ Sugar rush: TravelKhana to deliver sweets to train passenger, DNA, 18 Mar 2016
  16. ^ "Tasty dishes you must try from these lesser known corners of India". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  17. ^ "Jabalpur". Jabalpur Tourism Promotion Council. Jabalpur Tourism Promotion Council. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  18. ^ "Lamheta Ghat". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  19. ^ "Tilwara Ghat". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  20. ^ "Bhedaghat Water Fall". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  21. ^ "Bhadbhada Waterfall". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  22. ^ "Ghughra Fall". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  23. ^ "Osho Amritdham". Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  24. ^ "Pisanhari Ki Madiya". jabalpur.nic.in. Office of District Magistrate, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
  25. ^ Allen's Indian mail and register of intelligence for British and foreign India Published 1870
  26. ^ Madhya Pradesh Through the Ages, edited by Shiri Ram Bakshi, S.R. Bakshi And O.P. Ralhan, p. 20
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  28. ^ "The History of Snooker". Titansports.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 December 2002. Retrieved 1 September 2010.

External links

Adhartal railway station

Adhartal is a suburban railway station in the city of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Allahabad–Jabalpur section

The Allahabad–Jabalpur section is a railway line connecting Allahabad and Jabalpur. This 366 km (227 mi) track is part of the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. The main line is under the jurisdiction of North Central Railway and West Central Railway

Bina Junction railway station

Bina Junction railway station is a railway junction in Madhya Pradesh that is part of the West Central Railway Bhopal division. Bina Junction serves Bina City along with the surrounding areas of Bundelkhand and Malwa.

Bina Junction has six platforms.

Trains leave Bina Junction in four directions: towards Delhi, Mumbai, Prayag Raj formerly known as Allahbad, and Jaipur. Important trains passing through

The line serves important stations for both goods as well as passenger express and mail trains. The important trains include :

Bhopal – Rewa Rewanchal Express

Bhopal – Bilaspur Express

Bhopal – Howrah Express (via Singrauli)

Bhopal/Bina – Itarsi Vindhyachal Express

Bhopal – Lucknow Express

Bhopal – Damoh Intercity Express

Singrauli –Bhopal Overnight Express

Singrauli –Nizamuddin (via katni–malkhedi) Express

Indore – Howrah Shipra Express

Indore – Jabalpur Intercity (via Malkhedi–Guna) Express

Indore - Rewa (via Bina–katni) Exp

Indore – Darbhanga Express (via Bina–Katni–Patna)

Indore – Varanasi (Benaras) (via Bina – khajuraho) Vishwanath Express

Jabalpur – Rajkot (Somnath) (Via Bina) Express

Jabalpur–Hazrat Nizamuddin MP Express (via malkhedi)

Jabalpur – Hazrat Nizamuddin Gondwana (via malkhedi) Express..

Jabalpur – Jaipur Express (via malkhedi)

Jabalpur – Jammu–Tawi Durgavati Express (via malkhedi)

Jabalpur–Atari (Amritsar) Spl. Express

Jabalpur – Dehradun Shri Nanda Devi Express (via katni–bina)

Jaipur – Durg Express (via malkhedi)

Ajmer–Durg (via Bina–Bilaspur) Express

Bhagat ki kothi (Jodhpur)–Vishakhapattanam (via Jaipur–Bina–Raipur) MADHYA Bharat Express

Jammu Tawi–Durg (via Bina–Bilaspur) Express

Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (Mumbai)–Varanasi Kamayani Express

Puri–Haridwar Kalinga utkal Express

Amritsar–Vishakhapattanam Hirakund Express

Udaipur City–Shalimar Express

Ajmer–Kolkata Express

Bikaner-Puri Express

Bilaspur/Durg -Firozpur Antyodaya Express

Bikaner–Bilaspur (via Jaipur-bina-katni) Express

Jaipur—Shalimar (Kolkata) (Via bina-bilaspur) Spl. fare exp

Bhuj–Shalimar (Kolkata) (via bina-bilaspur) Kachcha Express

Ahmedabad–Patna (via ujjain-bina-allahabad) Weekly Express

Ahmedabad—Kolkata (chitpur) (via ajmer-bhopal-bina-singrauli-dhanbad) weekly exp

Bina–Katni 505 Passenger

Damoh–Kota Passenger

Jabalpur–Kota (via katni–bina) Express

Bina —Jhansi-Lucknow fast pass.

Bina – Damoh Passenger

Bina – Katni/Chopan/Shaktinagar Passenger

Bina – Chirimiri Passenger

Bina—Naini(Allahabad)Mela Spl.Passenger

Bina—Jabalpur Slip Express

Bina—Delhi Sarai rohilla—ashoknagar Pilgrim spl. exp.

Habibganj—Santragachi (Kolkata) Humsafar Express

Bhagat ki kothi (Jodhpur) – Tambram (Chennai) Humsafar Express

Gun Carriage Factory Jabalpur

Gun Carriage Factory Jabalpur, also known as G.C.F Jabalpur is a defence factory and a census town in Jabalpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Located in the scenic surroundings of the Satpura Range, this small government township is built around its namesake defence establishment. It is about 3 km from the Jabalpur City railway station, and is also closely connected to the city. It is surrounded by other defense establishments. Within the estate, there are central schools, hospitals, churches, temples and clubs.

The Gun Carriage Factory was started in the year 1904 by the British in India. This Factory is the oldest Ordnance factory in entire Central India, apart from GCF there are Ordnance factory Khamaria, Vehicle Factory, Jabalpur and Grey Iron Foundry located in Jabalpur. This is one of the 40 odd defense manufacturing units governed by the Indian Ordnance Factory Board. It caters to the needs of all three wings on the Indian defense forces, the Indian Army, the Indian Navy, and the Indian Air Force. Apart from the 3 Armed Forces it also caters to the needs of paramilitary forces such as CISF, CRPF, BSF, ITBP, state police etc.

GCF Jabalpur Census Town has total administration over 2,136 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within GCF Jabalpur Census Town limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Schools

The estate has two central schools, also called Kendriya Vidyalayas, and a Government Higher Secondary school near Vidyanagar.

Church

This estate has one of the famous Jabalpur Church, the GCF Church.

Temples

This estate has two of the famous Jabalpur temples, the Patbaba temple and the Adi Parashakti temple GCF also known as Kali Mandir, was established in 1903, Located in madras line, this temple was renovated in May–June 2012.

Clubs

GCF Estate has one Club namely GCF Senior Club Established in 1925.

Gwarighat railway station

Gwarighat railway station is a small railway station in Jabalpur district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is GRG. It serves Jabalpur city. The station consists of 2 platforms. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Howbagh Jabalpur railway station

Howbagh Jabalpur railway station is a small railway station in Jabalpur district, Madhya Pradesh. Its code is HBG. It serves Jabalpur city. The station consists of 2 platforms. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.

Jabalpur Airport

Jabalpur Airport (IATA: JLR, ICAO: VAJB), also known as Dumna Airport, is an airport situated 25 kilometres (16 miles) east of Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. It is the third busiest airport in Madhya Pradesh after Indore Airport and Bhopal Airport. The airport is very important as it serves whole of eastern Madhya Pradesh, especially the Mahakaushal region. It serves the tourists who visit Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, Pench National Park , Bhedaghat amongst others. The airport is spread over an area of 759.52 acres. Alliance Air, Indigo and SpiceJet operate scheduled flight services to and from Jabalpur.

Jabalpur Junction railway station

Jabalpur Junction (Station Code : JBP), is an important railway junction station of Jabalpur City in Madhya Pradesh. It is the headquarters of West Central Railway.

Jabalpur Metro

The Jabalpur Metro, also known as Jabalpur Metro Rail, is a rapid transit system proposed for the city of Jabalpur in Jabalpur Metropolitan Region in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The project was announced by state Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan on 13 March 2014. The project is under feasibility study. The work for the feasibility report has been completed in the month of December, 2017 and report will be released in January, 2018. CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan had promised that Jabalpur will be the first city in Madhya Pradesh to run the Metro Train, however, it is far from reality as the Metro rail project for Indore, Gwalior and Bhopal has already started.

Jabalpur district

Jabalpur district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.

The area of the district is 5,198 km² with population of 2,167,469 (2001 census). As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh (out of 50), after Indore.Jabalpur district is located in the Mahakoshal region of Madhya Pradesh, on the divide between the watersheds of Narmada and the Son, but mostly within the valley of the Narmada, which here runs through the famous gorge known as the Marble rocks, and falls 30 ft. over a rocky ledge (the Dhuan Dhar, or misty shoot ). It consists of a long narrow plain running north-east and south-west and shut in on all sides by highlands. This plain, which forms an offshoot from the great valley of the Narmada, is covered in its western and southern portions by a rich alluvial deposit of black cotton soil. At Jabalpur city, the soil is black cotton soil, and water plentiful near the surface. The north and east belong to the basin of the Son River, a tributary of the Ganges and Yamuna, the south and west to the Narmada basin. The district is traversed by the main railway from Mumbai to Kolkata, and by branches of two other lines which meet at Katni junction.

Jabalpur division

Jabalpur Division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of the division. As of 2005, the division consists of districts of Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur, Katni, Mandla, Narsinghpur,and Seoni.

Jabalpur railway division

Jabalpur railway division is one of the three railway divisions under West Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. This railway division was formed on 1 April 1952 and its headquarters are located at Jabalpur in the state of Madhya Pradesh of India.

Bhopal railway division and Kota railway division are the other two railway divisions under WCR Zone headquartered at Jabalpur.

Jabalpur–Bhusaval section

The Jabalpur–Bhusaval section is a railway line connecting Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh and Bhusaval, Maharashtra. This 552 km (343 mi) track is part of the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line, one of the busiest railways in India. The line is under the jurisdiction of West Central Railway and Central Railway.

Katni Junction railway station

Katni Junction (Station Code: KTE) is a major rail junction in Katni, India. Rail links from the junction travel in five directions — Bina, Jabalpur, Satna, Bilaspur, Singrauli. Rail links from the junction travel to New Delhi, Mumbai, Vadodara, Howrah, Chennai, Bangalore, allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow,bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Agra, Gorakhpur, Patna, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Ambala, Bhatinda, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Nagpur, Pune , Jammu, Raipur, Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Hubli, Madurai, Vasco, rameshvaram, Kanyakumari, Ernakulam and other Indian cities. Approximately 342 passenger trains and more than 300 goods train passes the junction every day. Katni is the busiest railway junction in Madhya Pradesh.

To reduce the junction's load the new Katni Murwara Junction & Katni South has been opened to carry trains from Bina and Jabalpur respectively.

List of institutions of higher education in Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh has two central universities, sixteen state universities, three deemed universities, one private university three institutes of national importance, including an IIT. All India Institute of Medical Sciences and an NIT. The state also has an IIM and an IISER.

The Department of Higher Education under Ministry of Human Resource Development lists 81 centrally funded institutes and 42 central universities. Two central universities, two regional centres of IGNOU (in Jabalpur and Bhopal), and eight centrally funded institutes are located in Madhya Pradesh.

Madan Mahal railway station

Madan Mahal Station (station code: mml) is the second main railway station of Jabalpur city of Madhya Pradesh.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh (MP; , Hindi: [ˈmədʱjə pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); meaning "Central Province") is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Jabalpur, Gwalior,Ujjain and Sagar being the other major cities. Nicknamed the "Heart of India" due to its geographical location, Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Its total area is 308,252 km2. Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km. Konta is presently in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh state.

The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. By the early 18th century, the region was divided into several small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India's independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today's Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the then Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state.

Rich in mineral resources, MP has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India. More than 30% of its area is under forest cover. Its tourism industry has seen considerable growth, with the state topping the National Tourism Awards in 2010–11. In recent years, the state's GDP growth has been above the national average.

Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya

Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya (Rani Durgavati University), also known as University of Jabalpur, is a government university in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. It was named after the queen Rani Durgavati. It is the main university of this city and has been graded as B++ by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC).

Vehicle Factory Jabalpur

Vehicle Factory Jabalpur (VFJ) (Hindi: वाहन निर्माणी जबलपुर), is a military motor vehicle manufacturing company located in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India, functioning under the aegis of Ordnance Factories Board controlled by the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.

The company is headed only by an IOFS officer called General Manager (ex officio Additional Secretary to Government of India) who is the Chief Executive Officer responsible for the overall management of the company and is the main judicial authority. VFJ is the sole supplier of B vehicles to the Indian Army.

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