She was laid down by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in Nagasaki, Nagasaki on 8 May 1990, launched on 26 September 1991; and commissioned on 25 March 1993. Kongō was the first ship outside of the United States to feature the Aegis integrated weapon system.
|Builder:||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Laid down:||8 May 1990|
|Launched:||26 September 1991|
|Commissioned:||25 March 1993|
|Identification:||MMSI number: 431999504|
|Status:||in active service|
|Class and type:||Kongō-class destroyer|
|Length:||528.2 ft (161.0 m)|
|Beam:||68.9 ft (21.0 m)|
|Draft:||20.3 ft (6.2 m)|
|Speed:||30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km; 5,200 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
|NOLQ-2 intercept / jammer|
|Aviation facilities:||1 × SH-60K helicopter|
In December 2007, Japan conducted a successful test of the SM-3 block IA against a ballistic missile aboard Kongō. This was the first time a Japanese ship was selected to launch the interceptor missile during a test of the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System. In previous tests they provided tracking and communications.
Following a decision made in December 2003, Japan is upgrading their Kongo Class Destroyers with Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense capability. The upgrade involves a series of installations and flight tests to take place from 2007 to 2010. JS Kongo was the first ship to have the BMD upgrade installed.
Media related to JS Kongō (DDG-173) at Wikimedia CommonsAegis Ballistic Missile Defense System
The Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System (Aegis BMD or ABMD) is a United States Department of Defense Missile Defense Agency program developed to provide missile defense against short to intermediate-range ballistic missiles. It is part of the United States national missile defense strategy. Aegis BMD (also known as Sea-Based Midcourse) is designed to intercept ballistic missiles post-boost phase and prior to reentry.
It enables warships to shoot down enemy ballistic missiles by expanding the Aegis Combat System with the addition of the AN/SPY-1 radar and Standard missile technologies. Aegis BMD-equipped vessels can transmit their target detection information to the Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system and, if needed, engage potential threats using the RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) mid-course interceptors and the RIM-156 Standard Missile 2 Extended Range Block IV (SM-2 Block IV) or RIM-174 Standard Extended Range Active Missile (SM-6) terminal-phase interceptors. The Aegis BMD system is not designed, at least at present, to intercept longer-ranged intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs). Detection and tracking data collected by the Aegis BMD system's radar, however, might be passed to other U.S. BMD systems that are designed to intercept ICBMs, which might support intercepts of ICBMs that are conducted by those other U.S. BMD systems.The current system uses the Lockheed Martin Aegis Weapon System and the Raytheon Standard missile. Notable subcontractors and technical experts include Boeing Defense, Space & Security, Alliant Techsystems (ATK), Honeywell, Engility, Naval Surface Warfare Center, SPAWAR Systems Center, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory (Lincoln Lab).Aegis Combat System
The Aegis Combat System is an American integrated naval weapons system developed by the Missile and Surface Radar Division of RCA, and now produced by Lockheed Martin. It uses powerful computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons to destroy enemy targets.
Initially used by the United States Navy, Aegis is now used also by the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force, Spanish Navy, Royal Norwegian Navy, Republic of Korea Navy and Royal Australian Navy. Over 100 Aegis-equipped ships have been deployed. It is also part of NATO's European missile defence system.Atago-class destroyer
The Atago class of guided missile destroyers (あたご型護衛艦, Atago-gata Goeikan) is an improved version of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF)'s Kongō class.JMSDF Ōminato Base
JMSDF Ōminato Base (大湊基地, Ōminato Kichi) is a Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force naval base with port and military aerodrome (ICAO: RJSO) facilities. It is located on Mutsu Bay in the city of Mutsu in the Aomori Prefecture, in extreme northern Honshū, Japan.JS Kirishima (DDG-174)
JS Kirishima (DDG-174) is a Kongō-class guided missile destroyer in the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). Kirishima was named for Mount Kirishima.
She was laid down by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries in Nagasaki, Nagasaki on 7 April 1992, launched on 19 August 1993; and commissioned on 16 March 1995.
Based at the JMSDF base in Yokosuka, Kanagawa prefecture, as of 2014 it is the flagship of Rear Admiral Hidetoshi Iwasaki.Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (海上自衛隊, Kaijō Jieitai), JMSDF, also referred to as the Japanese Navy, is the maritime warfare branch of the Japan Self-Defense Forces, tasked with the naval defense of Japan. The JMSDF was formed following the dissolution of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) after World War II. The JMSDF has a fleet of 154 ships and 346 aircraft and consists of approximately 45,800 personnel. Its main tasks are to maintain control of the nation's sea lanes and to patrol territorial waters. It also participates in UN-led peacekeeping operations (PKOs) and Maritime Interdiction Operations (MIOs).Japan Self-Defense Forces
The Japan Self-Defense Forces (自衛隊, Jieitai), JSDF, also referred to as the Self-Defense Forces (SDF), Japan Defense Forces (JDF), or the Japanese armed forces, are the unified military forces of Japan that were established in 1954, and are controlled by the Ministry of Defense. The JSDF ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful military in conventional capabilities in a Credit Suisse report in 2015 and it has the world's eighth-largest military budget. In recent years they have been engaged in international peacekeeping operations including UN peacekeeping.Recent tensions, particularly with North Korea, have reignited the debate over the status of the JSDF and its relation to Japanese society. New military guidelines, announced in December 2010, will direct the JSDF away from its Cold War focus on the former Soviet Union (now Russia) to a focus on China, especially regarding the territorial dispute over the Senkaku Islands, while increasing cooperation with the United States (USFJ), United Kingdom, India, South Korea and Australia.Japanese ship Kongō
Three naval vessels of Japan have been named Kongō:
Japanese ironclad Kongō (1877–1909), an ironclad of the Imperial Japanese Navy
Japanese battleship Kongō (1912–1945), the nameship of her class of battlecruisers, which were later modified into battleships.
JS Kongō (DDG-173), launched in 1991, also the nameship of her class of destroyers.List of active Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force ships
List of active ships of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force is a list of ships in active service with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.
The JMSDF is one of the world's largest navies and the second largest navy in Asia in terms of fleet tonnage. As of 2016, the JMSDF operates a total of 155 vessels (including minor auxiliary vessels), including; four helicopter destroyers (or helicopter carriers), 26 destroyers, 10 small destroyers (or frigates), six destroyer escorts (or corvettes), 19 attack submarines, 30 mine countermeasure vessels, six patrol vessels, three landing ship tanks, 8 training vessels and a fleet of various auxiliary ships.As of 2013, a procurement list added to the current National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG) has revealed that, among other things, an additional 48 escort vessels of various classes are planned to be added to the MSDF fleet in the coming decade. In addition, as of 7 July 2013, it was being reported that plans were under way to procure two more Aegis equipped destroyers in order to bolster ongoing BMD efforts, the first to be contracted for in fiscal year 2015 and the other in fiscal year 2016.RIM-161 Standard Missile 3
The RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) is a ship-based missile system used by the United States Navy to intercept short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles as a part of Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System. Although primarily designed as an anti-ballistic missile, the SM-3 has also been employed in an anti-satellite capacity against a satellite at the lower end of low Earth orbit. The SM-3 is primarily used and tested by the United States Navy and also operated by the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force.