JDS Amatsukaze

JDS Amatsukaze (DDG-163) was a guided missile destroyer (DDG) of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF), and the only ship of her class. She was the first Japanese surface combatant equipped with surface-to-air missiles. She was launched on 5 October 1963 and decommissioned in 1995.

Amatsukaze was planned as the DDG variant of the preceding Akizuki-class anti-aircraft destroyers, mounting the American Tartar Guided Missile Fire Control System weapon system. However, the Tartar system turned out to be larger than expected, so Amatsukaze's design was altered completely, with an enlarged hull and with a shelter-deck design based on that of the Isuzu class[1] and uprated steam turbines.[2]

JMSDF Amatsukaze (DDG-163)
JDS Amatsukaze (DDG-163)
History
Japan
Name: Amatsukaze
Builder: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Laid down: 29 November 1962
Launched: 5 October 1963
Commissioned: 15 February 1965
Decommissioned: 29 November 1995
Homeport:
Nickname(s): Jet coaster
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement:
  • 3,050 long tons (3,099 t) standard
  • 4,000 long tons (4,064 t) full load
Length: 131.0 m (429 ft 9 in) overall
Beam: 13.4 m (44 ft 0 in)
Draft: 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × IHI/GE reaction steam turbines
  • 2 × IHI Model FWD2 water tube boilers
  • 60,000 shp (45 MW), 2 shafts
Speed: 33 knots (38 mph; 61 km/h)
Complement: 290
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
NOLR-1B intercept
Armament:

Tartar missiles

Amatsukaze was one of the earliest foreign ships equipped with the American Tartar system. (The other is the French Kersaint-class DDG).[3] Because of the financial burden of this expensive weapon system, the other equipment aboard Amatsukaze was almost the same as that of the Ayanami class at first, but the JMSDF applied a spiral model to Amatsukaze, allowing continual updating of her equipment as described in the following table.

1965 1995
SAM RIM-24B Improved Tartar RIM-66 SM-1MR
SUM none RUR-5 ASROC
with Mk.112 octuple launcher
Torpedo
launcher
Mk.2 over-the-side launchers Mk.32 triple torpedo tubes
3D radar AN/SPS-39 AN/SPS-52
GFCS Mk.63 mod.14 FCS-2-21D
Sonar AN/SQS-4 (search)
AN/SQR-8 (attack)
AN/SQS-23
EW NOLR-1B (intercept) NOLR-6B (intercept)
OLR-9B (missile warning)
OLT-3 (jammer)

The Tartar weapon system made a strong positive impression on the JMSDF, but it was too expensive for the JMSDF to be able to afford another Tartar-equipped DDG at once. As a result, the JMSDF had to wait 10 years to build another DDG, the first Tachikaze-class destroyer.[4]

Ships in class

Building no. Pennant no. Name Laid down Launched Completed Decommissioned
2303 DDG-163 Amatsukaze 29 November 1962 5 October 1963 15 February 1965 29 November 1995

References

  1. ^ "1. Hull (Hardware of JMSDF destroyers)". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (742): 100–105. June 2011.
  2. ^ Yasuo Abe (June 2011). "2. Propulsion system (Hardware of JMSDF destroyers)". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (742): 106–111.
  3. ^ Keiichi Nogi (March 2010). "1. Missiles (Shipboard weapons of JMSDF 1952-2010)". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijin-sha (721): 82–87.
  4. ^ Heihachiro Fujiki (August 2007). "A history of JMSDF's missile destroyers". Ships of the World (in Japanese). Kaijinn-sha (678): 98–103.
FCS-2

FCS-2 is a Japanese shipboard gun and missile fire-control system.

Hatsuyuki-class destroyer

The Hatsuyuki-class destroyer (はつゆき型護衛艦, Hatsuyuki-gata-goei-kan) is a class of destroyer, serving with the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). It was the first class of general-purpose destroyers of the first generation of the JMSDF.

Japanese destroyer Amatsukaze

At least three warships of Japan have borne the name Amatsukaze:

Japanese destroyer Amatsukaze (1916), an Imperial Japanese Navy Isokaze-class destroyer launched in 1916, completed in 1917, and scrapped in 1935

Japanese destroyer Amatsukaze (1939), an Imperial Japanese Navy Kagerō-class destroyer launched in 1939 and commissioned in 1940 that served in World War II and was sunk in 1945

JDS Amatsukaze (DDG-163), a Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force destroyer, the only one of her class, launched in 1963 and in commission from 1965 to 1995

Combatant ship classes of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Helicopter Destroyer (DDH)
Guided Missile Destroyer (DDG)
Destroyer (DD)
All Purpose Destroyer (DDA)
Anti Submarine Destroyer (DDK)
Destroyer Escort (DE)
Frigate Multi-Purpose / Mine(FFM)
Patrol Frigate (PF)
Submarine (SS)
Ocean Minehunters/Minesweepers (MHS)
Coastal Minehunters/Minesweepers (MHC)
Amphibious Warfare

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