JBW

JBW Cars was a British racing car manufacturer in the late 1950s, who were a Formula One constructor from 1959 to 1961.

Brian Naylor, an amateur driver from Stockport, financed his mechanic Fred Wilkinson to build a number of sports cars that were competitive against second-level national fields but were not competitive on the international stage. As well as constructing their own sports racers, JBW also prepared and entered Cooper single-seater racing cars for Naylor to drive in Formula Two and occasional Formula One events.

JBW Type 1 at Goodwood Revival 2012
JBW Type 1 at the 2009 Silverstone Classic

Formula One

Following two seasons competing in Formula Two races with the JBW Cooper T43 and T45, Brian Naylor decided to enter Formula One proper in 1959. To achieve this Fred Wilkinson constructed a car — the JBW Type 1 — that was strongly influenced by the contemporary Cooper designs, and carried its Maserati 2.5 L (150 cu in) engine behind the driver. The first appearance of the JBW-Maserati was at the pre-season BRDC International Trophy non-Championship race at Silverstone, on 2 May 1959. Naylor arrived too late to post a qualifying time, and retired on lap 41 of the race with gearbox failure. On 18 July Naylor appeared in the JBW car at the 1959 British Grand Prix at Aintree. Although he managed to qualify ahead of such well known drivers as Tony Brooks, Jack Fairman and Ivor Bueb, again the JBW let Naylor down and the car's transmission failed on lap 18. One final outing that year resulted in a failure even to qualify, after Naylor suffered an accident during practice for the Gold Cup race at Oulton Park on 26 September.

The JBW Type 1 did not appear again until the following year's International Trophy race, on 14 May 1960. While Naylor and the JBW-Maserati qualified in 25th and last place, by the finish he had worked his way up to 11th position, the car lasting the distance for the first time in a competitive event. Unfortunately for Naylor, the first race of the 1960 World Championship season, the 1960 Monaco Grand Prix, was not to provide such positive results and he once again failed to qualify. However, his next race, the 1960 British Grand Prix provided Brian Naylor with his best ever Championship finish, after he came home in 13th place, having qualified in 18th place. His run of form continued at the Snetterton Silver City Trophy event on 1 August, where he finished 11th. Things appeared even to be looking up for the JBW team when Naylor qualified the JBW-Maserati in 7th position for the 1960 Italian Grand Prix at Monza, but his luck had begun to change and the car's gearbox failed on the 42nd lap. One further World Championship race (in the USA) and two non-Championship events in the remainder of the 1960 season all resulted in early retirements.

The JBW-Maserati had further outings in the 1961 Intercontinental Formula events, but on each occasion Naylor failed to finish. The car also ran with a 1.5-litre Maserati engine in some non-Championship events, but with no better result. For the 1961 World Championship and most other Formula One events Naylor and Wilkinson decided to switch to Coventry Climax power, and redesigned the JBW car around their FPF, 1.5 L (92 cu in) straight-4 motor. This new car — the JBW Type 2 — made its first appearance at the British Empire Trophy race at Silverstone (ironically an Intercontinental Formula event), but failed to finish. It also failed to reach the finishing flag in its only World Championship event, the 1961 Italian Grand Prix, but only a week later provided Naylor with his best ever finish when he took 9th place in the 1961 International Gold Cup at Oulton Park. Naylor only made one further appearance in the JBW-Climax, and retired on the first lap of the Brands Hatch-hosted Lewis-Evans Trophy. At the end of the 1961 season, and in increasingly poor health, Naylor retired from competition and wound up JBW Cars.

Complete Formula One World Championship results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Points WCC
1957 Cooper T43 Climax L-4 D ARG MON 500 FRA GBR GER PES ITA n/a1 n/a1
United Kingdom Brian Naylor 13
1958 Cooper T45 Climax L4 D ARG MON NED 500 BEL FRA GBR GER POR ITA MOR n/a2 n/a2
United Kingdom Brian Naylor Ret
1959 JBW Type 1 Maserati L4 D MON 500 NED FRA GBR GER POR ITA USA 0 NC
United Kingdom Brian Naylor Ret
1960 JBW Type 1 Maserati L4 D ARG MON 500 NED BEL FRA GBR POR ITA USA 0 NC
United Kingdom Brian Naylor DNQ 13 Ret Ret
1961 JBW Type 2 Climax L4 D MON NED BEL FRA GBR GER ITA USA 0 NC
United Kingdom Brian Naylor Ret

1 Constructors' Championship not awarded until 1958.
2 Ineligible for Constructors points.

References

  • "JBW Cars". GrandPrix.com. Retrieved 9 October 2007.
  • "JBW Type 1". Grand Prix Racing. Retrieved 9 October 2007.
  • "JBW Type 2". Grand Prix Racing. Retrieved 9 October 2007.
  • "F1-Nicht-WM Rennen 1946 - 1985". Project 009900. Retrieved 9 October 2007. (Non-Championship race results.)
  • "The Formula One Archives". GEL Motorsport Information. Retrieved 9 October 2007. (World Championship race results.)
1884 Home Nations Championship

The 1884 Home Nations Championship was the second series of the rugby union Home Nations Championship. Six matches were played between 5 January and 12 April 1884. It was contested by England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.

England won the championship for the second consecutive season and in beating the other three nations won the Triple Crown for the second time.

This Championship was most notable for a dispute arising from the game between England and Scotland, when the winning English try was disputed by the Scottish. The teams disagreed with the interpretation of a knock-on law from which England's Richard Kingsley scored and Scotland were told to accept the decision, and their request for adjudication was denied by England. The bitter feelings caused by this situation resulted in the creation of the International Rugby Board in 1886, to create an accepted body of rules that all members would agree to.

1960 BRDC International Trophy

The 12th BRDC International Trophy was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 14 May 1960 at the Silverstone Circuit, England. The race was run over 50 laps of the Silverstone Grand Prix circuit, and was won by British driver Innes Ireland in a Lotus 18. The race was particularly notable for the death of experienced American driver Harry Schell in a violent accident during practice in wet conditions.The field also included several Formula Two cars. They were the Coopers of Denis Hulme, Tony Marsh, John Campbell-Jones, Tim Parnell and Chris Bristow.

1960 Lombank Trophy

The First Lombank Trophy was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 17 September 1960 at Snetterton Motor Racing Circuit, England. The race was run over 37 laps of the circuit, and was won by British driver Innes Ireland in a Lotus 18.

The field included a large number of Formula Two cars.

1961 Aintree 200

The 6th Aintree 200 was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 22 April 1961 at Aintree Circuit, England. The race was run over 50 laps of the circuit, and was won by Australian driver Jack Brabham in a Cooper T55.

1961 International Gold Cup

The 8th Gold Cup was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 23 September 1961 at Oulton Park, England. The race was run over 60 laps of the circuit, and was won by British driver Stirling Moss in a Ferguson P99.

This was the only time a Formula One race has been won by a Four-wheel drive car, the damp conditions proving ideal for the car's extra traction.

1961 Italian Grand Prix

The 1961 Italian Grand Prix was a Formula One motor race held on 10 September 1961 at Monza. It was race 7 of 8 in both the 1961 World Championship of Drivers and the 1961 International Cup for Formula One Manufacturers.

The race was marked by one of the most terrible accidents in the history of Formula One, when on the end of lap 2 at the approach to the Parabolica German driver Wolfgang von Trips lost control of his Ferrari and crashed into a stand full of spectators, killing 15 and himself. The race was not stopped, allegedly to avoid the audience going home en masse jamming the roads around the stadium and thus impeding the rescue work for the injured. This was also the last Formula One race ever to be held on the full 10 km (6.213 mi) Monza circuit, with the 2 bankings and the straight between the bankings included.

The race was won by von Trips's American teammate Phil Hill, who – since von Trips was the only one who could challenge him – thus won the World Championship with one race to go. Hill's Monza win also assured Ferrari of the Constructors' Championship for 1961.

1961 Lewis-Evans Trophy

The 5th Lewis-Evans Trophy was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 1 October 1961 at Brands Hatch Circuit. The race was run over 30 laps of the circuit, and was dominated by British driver Tony Marsh in a BRM P48.

This Formula One race was unusual in that non-British competitors were not permitted to take part. French driver Bernard Collomb, who had intended to enter the race, decided to lend his car to John Campbell-Jones.

1961 Lombank Trophy

The 2nd Lombank Trophy was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 26 March 1961 at Snetterton Motor Racing Circuit, England. The race was run over 37 laps of the circuit, and was won by Australian driver Jack Brabham in a Cooper T53.

This was the first Formula One event in Europe to be run to the new 1.5 litre rules, and the field was bolstered by a number of Inter-Continental Formula cars, i.e. cars that conformed to the old 2.5 litre Formula One. Only two of the Inter-Continental Formula cars finished the race, but they were a lap ahead of the other finishers. Some of the cars conforming to the new Formula One regulations were converted Formula Two cars.

1961 Silver City Trophy

The sixth Silver City Trophy was a motor race, run to Formula One rules, held on 3 June 1961 at Brands Hatch Circuit. The race was run over 76 laps of the circuit, and was won by British driver Stirling Moss in a Lotus 18/21.

The race was overshadowed by a fatal accident during qualifying when Shane Summers crashed his Cooper T53 into the concrete entrance to the paddock road tunnel.

Brian Naylor

For the Australian television and radio presenter, see Brian Naylor (broadcaster).John Brian Naylor (24 March 1923 – 8 August 1989) was a British racing driver from England. He was born in Salford and died in Marbella, Spain. He participated in 7 Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, debuting on 3 August 1958. He scored no championship points.

Naylor financed the building of his own Cooper-based JBW car, which he raced in several grands prix, although the car was out of its depth at that level.

He finished 42nd in the 1961 Daytona 500 becoming the first European driver to compete in NASCAR.

Coldstream Bridge

Coldstream Bridge, linking Coldstream, Scottish Borders with Cornhill-on-Tweed, Northumberland, is an 18th-century Category A/Grade II* listed bridge between England and Scotland, across the River Tweed. The bridge carries the A697 road across the Tweed.

JBW (disambiguation)

JBW may refer to:

JBW, a British racing car manufacturer

JBW algebra

Johnson Boat Works, an American racing boat manufacturer

Yawijibaya language

Jamie Waller (entrepreneur)

Jamie B. Waller is a British businessman. He founded the debt collection company JBW Group and later the private equity firm Firestarters, where he serves as chief executive.

Johnson Boat Works

Johnson Boat Works was a builder and developer of racing sailboats of the scow design in White Bear Lake, Minnesota. It was founded in 1896, by John O. Johnson who had emigrated from Norway in 1893. After working with Gus Amundson for three years, Johnson started his own boat building business in 1896. His first major success was the "Minnezika" a 38 ft. scow design which won the championship on White Bear Lake in 1900. This sailboat was the beginning of the A-Class. As more classes were founded, Johnson moved on to B's, C's, D's, and E's.

Johnson was commissioned to build the 16 ft. X-Boat for youth in the 1930s. Johnson designed the J-scow in the mid-50's which was converted to the MC. Through the years, the boat builder built Opti's and 420's. In 1994, the builder brought out the Johnson 18. In 1998, two years after JBW turned 100 years old, the family sold the company. The scow molds were sold to their competitor Melges Boat Works (now called Melges Performance Sailboats) in Wisconsin. The other molds, including the Johnson 18 mold, were sold to Catalina Yachts in California. The repair and storage part of the company was sold to a family member who renamed the company White Bear Boat Works.

Jordan operator algebra

In mathematics, Jordan operator algebras are real or complex Jordan algebras with the compatible structure of a Banach space. When the coefficients are real numbers, the algebras are called Jordan Banach algebras. The theory has been extensively developed only for the subclass of JB algebras. The axioms for these algebras were devised by Alfsen, Schultz & Størmer (1978). Those that can be realised concretely as subalgebras of self-adjoint operators on a real or complex Hilbert space with the operator Jordan product and the operator norm are called JC algebras. The axioms for complex Jordan operator algebras, first suggested by Irving Kaplansky in 1976, require an involution and are called JB* algebras or Jordan C* algebras. By analogy with the abstract characterisation of von Neumann algebras as C* algebras for which the underlying Banach space is the dual of another, there is a corresponding definition of JBW algebras. Those that can be realised using ultraweakly closed Jordan algebras of self-adjoint operators with the operator Jordan product are called JW algebras. The JBW algebras with trivial center, so-called JBW factors, are classified in terms of von Neumann factors: apart from the exceptional 27 dimensional Albert algebra and the spin factors, all other JBW factors are isomorphic either to the self-adjoint part of a von Neumann factor or to its fixed point algebra under a period two *-anti-automorphism. Jordan operator algebras have been applied in quantum mechanics and in complex geometry, where Koecher's description of bounded symmetric domains using Jordan algebras has been extended to infinite dimensions.

Joseph Wanton Jr.

Joseph Wanton Jr. (1730–1780) was a Loyalist, merchant, Deputy Governor of Rhode Island in 1764 and 1767 and owner of Hunter House in Newport, Rhode Island.

Wanton was born to Governor Joseph Wanton and Mary Winthrop Wanton of Newport on February 8, 1730. Wanton graduated from Harvard University in 1751 and was involved with privateers during the French and Indian War possibly where he attained the title of colonel. Wanton's first wife Abigail Honeyman, by whom he had 7 children, died in 1771. Wanton served as a vestryman at Trinity Church (Newport). Wanton was elected Deputy Governor of Rhode Island in 1764 and 1767.

Wanton was a loyalist during the American Revolution and was accused of treason and imprisoned by Rhode Island General William West while the British occupied Narragansett Bay in 1776. When the British occupied Newport, he raised troops for the Loyalist cause. In 1780 Wanton's property (Hunter House) was confiscated, and he fled Newport when the Americans reoccupied the city. Wanton likely died in New York in 1780 after fleeing there with the British. In 1781 his widow Sarah Brenton Wanton (his second wife whom he married in 1775) unsuccessfully petitioned the State of Rhode Island to return of the confiscated Wanton properties in Newport, Jamestown, Prudence Island, and Gould Island.

Some genealogists speculate that Wanton became an Episcopal minister near Liverpool, England, although this seems inconsistent with other information about his life, including the 1780 burial record of one Col. Wanton in the churchyard at Trinity Wall Street Church, Manhattan. It is more likely that it was Joseph and Sarah's son; Joseph Brenton Wanton who went to Trinity College, Cambridge in October 1795, aged 18; and later became a minister in Liverpool, England.Joseph Brenton Wanton (JBW) was Joseph Wanton and Sarah Brenton's only child. Sarah Brenton Wanton remarried in 1784, to William Atherton 'Esquire of Jamaica' in Trinity Church, Newport, RI. William Atherton owned Green Park Plantation in Trelawney, Jamaica and Spring Vale Pen Plantation in St James, Jamaica. Sarah died in July 1787 and was buried in Clifton Burying Ground, Newport. It is recorded in Trinity Church Archives that 'He [William Atherton] immediately after her [Sarah's] death disposed of his household goods and went to England, where he had a tablet prepared, and had it set up in the church [Trinity Church, Rhode Island] in Nov. 1788.' In England, he bought Prescot Hall outside Liverpool. He apparently took his step-son, Joseph Brenton Wanton with him, who was registered in Manchester Grammar School. and appears in Cambridge University Alumni as 'Joseph Brenton WAUTON, son of Joseph, Governor of Rhode Island', having been to Manchester & Macclesfield Schools, 'where it states that the name was originally WANTON'. All Joseph Brenton Wanton's children were called WAUTON although in his Will of 1841, he signs as 'Joseph Brenton WANTON'. This seems to be when the name for this branch of the family was changed. In 1803 he married Mary Weston, daughter of a tanner from Halewood, Liverpool, and had 4 children, the two sons went to Cambridge and became ministers in the Church of England. JBW was a minister in the Church of England but retired through ill-health in 1819, living in Liverpool, the Isle of Man and Cheshire. He died in 1853.

List of airlines of Somalia

This is a list of airlines in Somalia.

Worrorra language

Worrorra (Worora), or Western Worrorran, is a moribund Australian Aboriginal language of northern Western Australia.

Worrorra is a dialect cluster; Bowern (2011) recognizes five languages: Worrorra proper, Unggumi, Yawijibaya, Unggarranggu, and Umiida.An alleged Maialnga language was a reported clan name of Worrorra proper that could not be confirmed with speakers.Elkin Umbagai was a translator between English and Worrorra.

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