Brandt studied in Warsaw in the school of J.N. Leszczynski and at the Noblemen's Institute. In 1858 he left for Paris to study at the Ecole centrale Paris but was persuaded by Juliusz Kossak to abandon engineering in favor of painting. He studied as a painter in Munich under Franz Adam and Karl Piloty and then opened his own studio. His paintings mostly study 17th-century military life, though he has also made some studies of Polish peasant life.
Portrait of Józef Brandt by Boleslaw Szankowski
|Born||11 February 1841|
|Died||June 12, 1915 (aged 74)|
|Movement||Paintings of battles|
Alfred Jan Maksymilian Kowalski (Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski; 11 October 1849 – 16 February 1915) was a Polish painter of the Munich School, one of the most popular among Józef Brandt and Władysław Czachórski.
Wierusz-Kowalski settled in Munich in 1873 just after his studies in Warsaw and Dresden. He studied for a year at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts and then under Josef Brandt. His paintings which received medals at numerous exhibitions where sought-after by collectors and German art dealers. In 1890 he was nominated as an honorary professor of the Munich Academy. He painted generic and historical scenes. After his journey to Africa in 1903 he also undertook oriental themes. His paintings sparsely can be found in collections of Polish museums. His paintings where sold mostly on the German market and turned up in private collections in Germany and the United States.
Kowalski's lone wolf print was one of the most reproduced prints of the 20th century (see illustration).Apoloniusz Kędzierski
Apoloniusz Kędzierski (1 July 1861, Suchedniów – 21 September 1939, Warsaw) was a Polish painter, illustrator and decorator, known for landscapes and scenes of peasant life.Battle of Cecora (1595)
The Battle of Cecora took place on October 19–20, 1595, during an expedition of Jan Zamoyski, of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, to Moldavia, as part of the Moldavian Magnate Wars.Battle of Ujście
The Battle of Ujście was fought on July 24–25, 1655 between forces of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth commanded by Krzysztof Opaliński and Andrzej Grudziński on one side, and on the other Swedish forces commanded by Arvid Wittenberg. Krzysztof Opaliński and Bogusław Leszczyński, dissatisfied with policies of King John II Casimir of Poland, decided to become Swedish allies together with the pospolite ruszenie (Levée en masse) of Greater Poland to Charles X Gustav of Sweden.Bogurodzica
Bogurodzica (Polish pronunciation: [bɔɡurɔˈd͡ʑit͡sa]; "Mother of God/Theotokos") is the oldest Polish hymn. It was composed somewhere between the 10th and 13th centuries. While the origin of the song is not entirely clear, several scholars agree that Adalbert of Prague is the likely author.Polish knights sang it as an anthem before the Battle of Grunwald. Bogurodzica also accompanied the coronation ceremonies of the first Jagiellonian kings.Dzikie Pola (role-playing game)
Dzikie Pola (Wild Fields) is a Polish role-playing game, set in the historical setting of the 17th century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It had two editions: first in 1997 and second in 2005.Jan Rosen
Jan Bogumił Rosen (16 October 1854 in Warsaw – 8 November 1936 in Warsaw) was a Polish painter of Jewish ancestry, known primarily for his battle scenes. His son was the muralist and mosaicist, Jan Henryk de Rosen.Joseph Brandt
Joseph Brandt may refer to:
Joseph Brant (1743–1807), Mohawk military and political leader
Joseph A. Brandt, president of the University of Oklahoma
Józef Brandt (1841–1915), Polish painterJozef
Jozef or Józef is a Dutch, Polish and Slovak version of masculine given name Joseph. A selection of people with that name follows. For a comprehensive list see All pages beginning with Jozef and All pages beginning with Józef..
Jozef Adamec (born 1942), Slovak footballer
Jozef Barmoš (born 1954), Slovak footballer
Józef Beck (1894-1944), Polish foreign minister in the 1930s
Józef Bem (1794-1850), Polish general, Ottoman pasha and a national hero of Poland and Hungary
Józef Bilczewski (1860–1923), Polish Catholic archbishop and saint
Józef Brandt (1841–1915), Polish painter
Jozef M.L.T. Cals (1914–1971), Dutch Prime Minister
Józef Marian Chełmoński (1849–1914), Polish painter
Jozef Chovanec (born 1960), Slovak footballer
Jozef De Kesel (born 1947), Belgian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef De Veuster (1840–1889), Belgian missionary better known as Father Damien
Józef Elsner (1769–1854), Silesian composer, music teacher, and music theoretician
Jozef Gabčík (1912–1942), Slovak soldier in the Czechoslovak army involved in Operation Anthropoid
Jozef A.A. Geeraerts (1930–2015), Belgian writer
Józef Grudzień (born 1939), Polish boxer and Olympic champion
Józef Kazimierz Hofmann (1876–1957), Polish American pianist, composer, and inventor
Jozef Israëls (1824–1911), Dutch painter
Józef Klotz (1900–1941), Polish footballer
Jozef Lenárt (1923–2004), Slovak Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia 1963–68
Józef Lustgarten (1899–1973), Polish footballer
Jozef Moravčík (born 1945), Slovak diplomat and politician, Prime Minister of Slovakia in 1994
Jozef Teodor Mousson (1887–1946), Slovak Impressionist painter
Jozef Murgaš (1864–1929), Slovak inventor, architect, botanist, painter, and priest
Józef Piłsudski (1867-1935), Polish head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces
Józef Pińkowski (1929-2000), Polish Communist politician, Prime Minister from 1980 to 1981
Józef Poniatowski (1763-1813), Polish political and military leader
Jozef Pribilinec (born 1960), Slovak racewalker
Józef Rotblat (1908–2005), Polish physicist
Józef Szmidt (born 1935), Polish retired triple jumper, world record holder and twice Olympic champion
Jozef Stümpel (born 1972), Slovak former National Hockey League player
Jozef Tiso (1887–1947), Slovak priest and puppet head of state of Slovakia from 1939 to 1945 executed for war crimes
Jozef Tomko (born 1924), Slovak Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef Van Roey (1874–1961), Belgian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Jozef Vengloš (born 1936), Slovak football coach
Józef Andrzej Załuski (1702–1774), Polish Bishop of Kiev and bibliophile
Józef Wakeman (2002-present), British Go-Kart racer.Lisowczycy
Lisowczycy (Polish pronunciation: [lisɔfˈt͡ʂɨt͡sɨ]; also known as Straceńcy ('lost men' or 'forlorn hope') or chorągiew elearska (company of elears); or in singular form: Lisowczyk or elear) – the name of an early 17th-century irregular unit of the Polish-Lithuanian light cavalry. The Lisowczycy took part in many battles across Europe and the historical accounts of the period characterized them as extremely agile, warlike, and bloodthirsty. Their numbers varied with time, from a few hundreds to several thousands.
The origin of the group can be traced to konfederacja (a form of semi-legal mutiny of royal forces, practiced in the Kingdom of Poland and then in the Commonwealth), organized around 1604 by Aleksander Józef Lisowski. They began to grow in strength and fame a few years later, when Lisowski's irregulars were incorporated into the forces fighting in Muscovy. The Lisowczycy unit of the Polish cavalry received no formal wages; instead, they were allowed to loot and plunder as they pleased. They relied on their speed and fought without tabors, foraging supplies from lands they moved through. The Lisowczycy were feared and despised by civilians wherever they passed and they gained dubious fame for the scores of atrocities they carried out (pillage, rape, murder and other outrages). However, they were also grudgingly respected by their opponents for their military skills. They did not hesitate to plunder even their homeland, where they sacked the Racovian Academy university of the Polish brethren. Such actions were among the reasons the Commonwealth ruler Sigismund III Vasa tried to keep them away from the Commonwealth for as long as possible.
The Lisowczycy took part in many conflicts, including the Dymitriads (where their actions help explain the text of the infamous placard in Zagorsk: three plagues: typhus, Tatars, and Poles) and in the Battle of White Mountain (where they were essential in lifting the Transylvanian siege of Vienna and Bohemia's defeat). They were eventually disbanded in 1635.
An account of Lisowczycy's exploits was written by their chaplain, Wojciech Dembołęcki (or Wojciech Debolecki), in Przewagi Elearów polskich co ich niegdy Lisowczykami zwano (1619–1623) (Deeds of Polish Elears once known as Lisowczycy (1619–1623)).List of Polish artists
The following is a list of some important Polish artists and groups of artists.List of Polish painters
This is an alphabetical listing of Polish painters. This list is incomplete. If a notable Polish painter is missing and without article, please add the name here.Polish Sculpture Center
The Centre of Polish Sculpture (Polish: Centrum Rzeźby Polskiej) in Orońsko, near Radom, Poland, is a museum housed at Józef Brandt’s 19th-century manor house. The Centre’s collections comprise 621 sculptures, installations and other art forms owned by the Centre, as well as 173 deposit items. The collections additionally include 70 paintings, drawings and tapestries. The Centre's activities and the manor complex are maintained by the Joseph Brandt Foundation. The Centre also provides technical support for artists who participate in its Sculpting Program.Polish–Cossack–Tatar War (1666–1671)
Polish-Cossack-Tatar War was the war between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire (in practice, a proxy war between the Cossack Hetmanate and Crimean Khanate) over Ukraine. It was one of the aftermaths of the Russo-Polish War (1654–67) and a prelude to the Polish–Ottoman War (1672–76).Polish–Ottoman War (1672–1676)
Polish–Ottoman War (1672–76) or the Second Polish–Ottoman War was a conflict between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire, as a precursor of the Great Turkish War. It ended in 1676 with the Treaty of Żurawno and the Commonwealth ceding control of most of its Ukraine territories to the Empire.Pospolite ruszenie
Pospolite ruszenie (Polish pronunciation: [pɔspɔˈlitɛ ruˈʂɛɲɛ], lit. mass mobilization; "Noble Host", Latin: motio belli, the French term levée en masse is also used) is a name for the mobilisation of armed forces during the period of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The tradition of wartime mobilisation of part of the population existed from before the 13th century to the 19th century. In the later era, pospolite ruszenie units were formed from the szlachta (Polish "nobility"). The pospolite ruszenie was eventually outclassed by professional forces.Towarzysz pancerny
A Towarzysz pancerny (Polish: [tɔˈvaʐɨʂ panˈtsɛrnɨ], "armoured companion"; plural: towarzysze pancerni, or pancerni) was a medium-cavalryman in 16th to 18th century Poland, named for their chainmail armor ("pancerz"). These units were the second-most-important cavalry in the Polish army, after the hussars.
Most pancerni were recruited from the middle or lower classes or szlachta (nobility). They were organized into companies, with each company (Polish: chorągiew) consisting of 60 to 200 horsemen.World War II looting of Poland
The looting of Polish cultural artifacts during World War II was carried out by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union side by side after the invasion of Poland of 1939. A significant portion of Poland's cultural heritage, estimated at about half a million art objects, was plundered by the occupying powers. Cataloged pieces are still occasionally recovered elsewhere and returned to Poland.
Priceless pieces of art still considered missing or found in Russian museums include works by Canaletto, Anna Bilińska-Bohdanowiczowa, Józef Brandt, Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas Cranach the Younger, Albrecht Dürer, Anthony van Dyck, Hans Holbein the Younger, Jacob Jordaens, Frans Luycx, Jacek Malczewski, Raphael, Rembrandt van Rijn, Peter Paul Rubens, Henryk Siemiradzki, Veit Stoss, Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski, Leon Wyczółkowski, Jan Matejko, Henri Gervex, Ludwig Buchhorn, Józef Simmler, Henri-Pierre Danloux, Jan Miense Molenaer and many others.As part of the efforts to locate and retrieve the missing pieces of art, the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage founded the Database of War Losses, as of 2013 containing over 63,000 entries. The list is periodically sent to over 100 auction houses around the world, published by the Ministry and also submitted to the National Institute of Museology and Collections Protection, Polish embassies, and the Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945 (lootedart.com). In addition, the Ministry also founded the Lost Museum website, a virtual museum containing historic photographs of many pieces of art still missing.Władysław Wankie
Władysław Wankie (born 1860 in Warsaw, died 1925 therein) was a Polish painter and art critic. He painted realist landscape paintings, genre scenes, religious art, and symbolic art. He was the co-author of the Panorama of the Tatra Mountains (Panorama Tatr).Władysław Wankie studied art between 1875 and 1880, when he was taught by Wojciech Gerson, following shortly at the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts in Kraków; where he was taught by Władysław Łuszczkiewicz and Jan Matejko. However, he did not accept the dominating academic art at the institution, and in 1882, he moved to Munich, where he lived for twenty years. While studying in Munich he became closely associated with a number of Polish artists which revolved around Józef Brandt. He remained in close contact with artists in Poland, where he exhibited his artwork inter alia Warsaw at the Zachęta National Gallery of Art, he cooperated with Polish journals.In 1903, he returned to Poland, and lived in Warsaw. In 1905, he became a member of the Society of the Incentive for Fine Arts (Towarzystwo Zachęty Sztuk Pięknych); in the years of 1906 to 1924, he redacted for the art journal "Świat", and cooperated with the "Tygodnik Ilustracyjny" and "Kurier Warszawski". He was one of the founders and leaders of the conservative Society Pro Arte (Stowarzyszenie Pro Arte).