Izieu

Izieu is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

It lies on the Rhône River between the cities of Lyon and Chambéry.

Izieu
Izieu Village
Location of Izieu
Izieu is located in France
Izieu
Izieu
Izieu is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Izieu
Izieu
Coordinates: 45°39′19″N 5°38′39″E / 45.6553°N 5.6442°ECoordinates: 45°39′19″N 5°38′39″E / 45.6553°N 5.6442°E
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentAin
ArrondissementBelley
CantonBelley
IntercommunalityRhône et Gland dite Terre d’eaux
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Philippe Gardat
Area
1
7.67 km2 (2.96 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
244
 • Density32/km2 (82/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
01193 /01300
Elevation211–758 m (692–2,487 ft)
(avg. 350 m or 1,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Site of World War II Jewish orphanage

Izieu was the site of a Jewish orphanage during the Second World War. However, most of the children were only separated from their parents or sent purposely in the Savoy mountains which was then under Italian rule. Italy was less oppressive in that time. On 6 April 1944, three vehicles pulled up in front of the orphanage. The Gestapo, under the direction of the 'Butcher of Lyon' Klaus Barbie, entered the orphanage and forcibly removed the forty-four children and their seven supervisors, throwing the crying and terrified children on to the trucks.

As a witness later recalled: 'I was on my way down the stairs when my sister shouted to me: It's the Germans, run away! I jumped out the window. I hid myself in a bush in the garden. I heard the cries of the children that were being kidnapped and I heard the shouts of the Nazis who were carrying them away.'

Following the raid on their home in Izieu, the children were shipped directly to the "collection center" in Drancy, then put on the first available train towards the concentration camps in the East.

Forty-two children and five adults were gassed in the concentration camp of Auschwitz. Two of the oldest children and Miron Zlatin, the superintendent, ended up in Tallinn, Estonia, and were killed by a firing squad.

The orphanage director Sabine Zlatin survived the Gestapo raid, being away collecting funds for the institution. Some 40 years later she testified against Barbie at his trial. Towards the end of her life, she convinced the president François Mitterrand to turn the orphanage premises into a memorial.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793305—    
1800305+0.0%
1806334+9.5%
1821304−9.0%
1831325+6.9%
1836309−4.9%
1841338+9.4%
1846331−2.1%
1851335+1.2%
1856319−4.8%
1861326+2.2%
1866316−3.1%
1872326+3.2%
1876327+0.3%
1881340+4.0%
1886334−1.8%
1891332−0.6%
1896307−7.5%
1901269−12.4%
1906250−7.1%
1911262+4.8%
1921217−17.2%
1926207−4.6%
1931185−10.6%
1936174−5.9%
1946147−15.5%
1954145−1.4%
1962113−22.1%
1968103−8.8%
1975141+36.9%
1982136−3.5%
1990161+18.4%
1999178+10.6%
2008196+10.1%

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

External links

Arrondissement of Belley

The arrondissement of Belley is an arrondissement of France in the Ain department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Ain, it has 105 communes.

Arvière-en-Valromey

Arvière-en-Valromey is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France. The municipality was established on 1 January 2019 by merger of the former communes of Brénaz, Chavornay, Lochieu and Virieu-le-Petit.

Balan, Ain

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Beaupont

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Bellignat

Bellignat is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Brégnier-Cordon

Brégnier-Cordon is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

The municipalities near the city are Izieu, Murs-et-Gélignieux, Prémeyzel, Saint-Genix Guiers, Champagneux, St. Benedict, Granieu, Peyrieu, Chimilin, Conzieu, and Romagnieu.

Bény

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Canton of Belley

The canton of Belley is one of the cantons of France and is located in the department of Ain and in the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

Center of Contemporary Jewish Documentation

The Center for Contemporary Jewish Documentation is an independent French organization

founded by Isaac Schneersohn in Grenoble, France in 1943 during the Second World War to preserve the evidence of Nazi war crimes for future generations. After the Liberation, the center was moved to Paris in 1944 where it remains today.

The goal of the CDJC is to conduct research, publish documentation, pursue Nazi war criminals, seek restitution for victims of the Nazis, and to maintain a large archive of Holocaust materials, especially those concerning events affecting French Jewry. Part of the efforts of the CDJC include providing educational materials to students and teachers, guided museum visits and field trips, participation in international conferences, activities and commemorations, maintaining monuments and sites like the Mémorial de la Shoah and the monument at Drancy, and most importantly collecting and disseminating documentation about the Holocaust in their extensive archives.

Chanay

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Confort

Confort is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

L'Abergement-Clémenciat

L'Abergement-Clémenciat is a commune in the department of Ain and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in eastern Metropolitan France.

Plateau d'Hauteville

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Pont-de-Vaux

Pont-de-Vaux is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France.

Sabine Zlatin

Sabine Zlatin (13 January 1907 – 21 September 1996) was a Polish-born Jewish Frenchwoman who hid Jewish children during World War II.

Saint-Vulbas

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Surjoux-Lhopital

Surjoux-Lhôpital is a commune in the Ain department in eastern France. It is the result of the merger, on 1 January 2019, of the communes of Surjoux and Lhôpital.

Valromey-sur-Séran

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Yizkor books

Yizkor books are memorial books commemorating a Jewish community destroyed during the Holocaust. The books are published by former residents or landsmanshaft societies as remembrances of homes, people and ways of life lost during World War II. Yizkor books usually focus on a town but may include sections on neighboring smaller communities. Most of these books are written in Yiddish or Hebrew, some also include sections in English or other languages, depending on where they were published. Since the 1990s, many of these books, or sections of them have been translated into English.

Communes of the Ain department

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