Italian economic battles

The Italian economic battles were a series of economic policies undertaken by the National Fascist Party in Italy during the 1920s and 1930s. They were designed to increase the potential of Italy becoming a great power by reclaiming land, placing emphasis on home-grown produce and having a strong currency.

The battles

  • Battle for Grain - started in 1925; aimed to increase bread and cereal production in Italy to reduce the necessity for imports. It became the equivalent of the Green Revolution, with 5000 new farms being built for the extra production.
  • Battle for the Lira - 1926; aimed to reduce inflation and fix the Lira at 90 to £, proving the power of the Lira and Italy
  • Battle for Land - aimed to clear marshland and make it suitable for farming, as well as reclaiming land and reducing health risks
  • Battle for Births - focus upon creating a larger population by encouraging women to have more children, with special incentives for those having five or more

See also


Battle for Births

The Battle for Births was one of four economic battles that took place in Fascist Italy (1922–1943), the others being the Battle for Grain (to make the country more self-sufficient), the Battle for the Lira (an increase in the value of the currency), and the Battle for Land (which involved policies of land reclamation). Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, often known as Il Duce, envisioned an Italian Empire to rival that of the Romans, and in order to carry out this objective, foresaw the need to increase the population. Mussolini pursued an often aggressive foreign policy to achieve his colonial aims: the Italian army invaded Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) in October 1935. The phrase "Battle for Births" was also used, in contemporary sources, to describe policies developed in Nazi Germany.

Battle for Grain

The Battle for Grain was an economic policy undertaken by the Fascists in Italy during the 1920s as a move toward autarky.

Battle for Land

The Battle For Land, started in 1928 in Italy by Benito Mussolini, aimed to clear marshland and make it suitable for farming, as well as reclaiming land and reducing health risks.

Battle for the Lira

The Battle for the Lira was an economic policy undertaken by the Fascists in Italy during the 1920s as an attempt to raise the claims of Italy becoming a great power.

Index of Italy-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Italy.

Oil battle

The oil battle (Spanish: La batalla del petróleo) was an economic battle announced by the government of Argentine president Arturo Frondizi on 24 July 1958. The aim of the "battle" was to achieve self-sufficiency in oil production. It is remembered for the ideological controversy caused by the apparent ideological about-face of the president, who had previously been critical of oil policy.

Outline of Italy

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Italy:

Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe, located primarily upon the Italian Peninsula. It is where Ancient Rome originated as a small agricultural community about the 8th century BC, which spread over the course of centuries into the colossal Roman empire, encompassing the whole Mediterranean Sea and merging the Ancient Greek and Roman cultures into one civilization. This civilization was so influential that parts of it survive in modern law, administration, philosophy and arts, providing the groundwork that the Western world is based upon.

Italian economic battles

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