The Italian Army ranks are the ranks used by the Italian Army and are worn on epaulettes of shirts. The Army of Italy contains levels of ranks showing both their officers' status and seniority as dedicated members of the Italian militia. Although altered throughout history, the current ranks stand as the lowest rank being "soldato semplice" and the highest rank being "generale". There are a total of 32 ranks within 7 categories. These categories include: temporary service volunteers, permanent service volunteers, sergeants, marshals, junior officers, senior officers, and generals.
In order to clearly show an officer's rank as a form of identification and authority, insignia patches are worn by all members of the Italian army. Insignia patches are a sort of label worn on the epaulets of officers that sport different markings, such as stripes and stars, to show how highly ranked an individual is. These patches display a soldier's rank and position to their fellow officers as well as their identity on the battlefield. In each ranking category of officer, there is a trend in the symbols shown on their insignia patches. Each rank an individual rises he gains more detailed and recognizable symbols, these new symbols are most often an additional star or stripe added per higher rank achieved.
Italian Army officers used to wear the ranks on the sleeve, like naval officers. Since 1946, insignia were changed in order to align with NATO regulations. In 1973 the system had the following slight change: the wreath was added to the stars for general officers, instead of the silver epaulette; the crown was added to the stars for field officers, instead of a gold band on the edge of the epaulette; the stars began to be placed near the edge of the epaulette instead of in the center. These changes were mostly intended to make insignia more easily recognizable on the field uniform.
Officers who are assigned to a position acting in a higher rank than their own wear the insignia of the higher rank but the highest star of the insignia is trimmed in red enamel. Similarly, an officer temporarily assigned to a position attaining a higher rank in the absence of the incumbent officer, wear the star in bronze colour.
As can be seen, the Italian rank system has a large number of junior NCO ranks. Several ranks (which are variations on corporal) have a "chosen" version of the rank, "chosen" having the same sense of "leading", as in the historic British Army appointment of "chosen man" (now called lance-corporal).
|NATO code||OF-10||OF-9||OF-8||OF-7||OF-6||OF-5||OF-4||OF-3||OF-2||OF-1||OF(D)||Student officer|
|Generals||Senior officers||Junior officers|
(Chief of Defense Staff only)
|Generale di Corpo d'Armata con Incarichi Speciali
(Chief of Army General Staff)
|Generale di Corpo d'Armata
|Generale di Divisione
|Generale di Brigata
|Colonnello||Tenente Colonnello||Maggiore||Primo capitano||Capitano||Tenente||Sottotenente||Allievo Ufficiale|
|Translation||General||Corps General with special tasks||Corps general||Divisional general||Brigadier general||Colonel||Lieutenant colonel||Major||First captain||Captain||Lieutenant||Second lieutenant|
|Marshals||Sergeants||Permanent service volunteers||Temporary service volunteers|
|Luogotenente||Primo Maresciallo||Maresciallo Capo||Maresciallo Ordinario||Maresciallo||Sergente Maggiore Capo||Sergente Maggiore||Sergente||Caporale maggiore capo scelto||Caporale maggiore capo||Caporale maggiore scelto||Primo caporale maggiore||Caporal Maggiore||Caporale||Soldato|
|Translation||Sub-lieutenant||First marshal||Chief marshal||Ordinary marshal||Marshal||Chief sergeant major||Sergeant major||Sergeant||Senior Chief Corporal-Major||Chief Corporal-Major||Senior Corporal-Major||First Corporal-Major||Corporal-Major||Corporal||Private|
|Abbreviation||Lgt.||1° Mar.||Mar. Ca.||Mar. Ord.||Mar.||Serg. Magg. Ca.||Serg.Magg.||Serg.||CMCS||CMC||C.le Magg. Sc.||1° C.le Magg.||C.le Magg.||C.le||Sold.|
This chart represents the Italian Army enlisted rank insignia with seniority decreasing left-to-right inside a given pay grade. All ranks of sergente or higher are considered as Non Commissioned Officers. Airborne units personnel wear the chevrons on a blue base.
|Other rank insignia|
|Italian||Primo luogotenente q.s.||Sergente maggiore capo q.s.||Caporale maggiore capo scelto q.s.|
|English||Sub-lieutenant (special class)||Chief Sergeant Major
|Senior Chief Corporal-Major|
Enlisted insignia saw no significant changes until 1973 when the chevrons were moved from the sleeve to the epaulette. In 1997 the new ranks from 1°CM to CMCS were created for permanent service enlisted personnel, and the new insignia were created. in the same year, the rank of C.le Sc. was created as top rank for conscript personnel, and the new insignia was created.
The rank of caporale is not a command grade and only results in a higher paygrade, and may be attained by conscript personnel. The ranks up to caporal maggiore may be attained by temporary service personnel. Higher ranks may only be attained by permanent service personnel. Sergeants generally have team command tasks, and are appointed in the rank only after several months training course. The rank of soldato is used only for recruits and is substituted by the following, depending on the branch or service:
Generale d'Armata (literally: Field Army General) is a former Italian military rank equating to a "full general" (see General Officer)Index of Italy-related articles
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Italy.Italian Air Force ranks
The rank insignia of the Italian Air Force are worn on jackets and mantels sleeves.Italian Armed Forces
The Italian Armed Forces (Italian: Forze armate italiane) encompass the Italian Army, the Italian Navy and the Italian Air Force. A fourth branch of the armed forces, known as the Carabinieri, take on the role as the nation's military police and are also involved in missions and operations abroad as a combat force. Despite not being a branch of the armed forces, the Guardia di Finanza is part of the military and operates a large fleet of ships, aircraft and helicopters, enabling it to patrol Italy's waters and to eventually participate in warfare scenarios. These five forces have military status and are all organized along military lines, comprising a total of 346,800 men and women with the official status of active military personnel, of which 171,050 are in the Army, Navy and Air Force. The President of the Italian Republic heads the armed forces as the President of the High Council of Defence established by article 87 of the Constitution of Italy. According to article 78, the Parliament has the authority to declare a state of war and vest the necessary powers in the Government.
The Italian Armed Forces are in eighth place as best armed forces.Italian Navy ranks
The rank insignia of the Italian Navy are worn on epaulettes of shirts and white jackets, and on sleeves for navy jackets and mantels.List of comparative military ranks
This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.Marshal (Italy)
The Italian military rank of maresciallo (marshal) is classified as a "sub-officer" and is the highest rank of non-commissioned officer in the Italian Armed Forces, higher than the rank of sergeant but lower than that of ensign/second lieutenant; there are from three to five grades within the rank, according to the different branches of the armed forces. The rank is achieved through merit or attending the Scuola Allievi Marescialli (School of Student Marshals). Marshal is an intermediate rank of the armed forces which is currently granted to NCOs with the training and technical competence to carry out specialised executive roles, and to command smaller and technically complex units.Rank insignia of the Carabinieri
The rank insignia of the Carabinieri are worn on jackets and shoulder boards of the dress uniform and on collar badges in the combat or patrol uniforms.Rank insignia of the Guardia di Finanza
The rank insignia of the Guardia di Finanza are worn on jackets and shoulder epaulettes.
Military ranks and insignia by country
|Commonwealth of Nations|