Israeli Canadians (Hebrew: יִשְׂרְאֵלִים קָנָדִים, French: les Canadiens Israéliens) are Canadian citizens of Israeli descent or Israel-born people who reside in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 15,010 Canadians who claimed full or partial Israeli ancestry, although it is estimated that as many as 30,000 Israelis live in Canada, making it home to one of the largest Israeli diaspora groups in the world.
(by ancestry, 2011 Census)
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Israelis began migrating to the Canada shortly after the founding of the state of Israel in 1948. Thus, during the 1950s and early 1960s, began the first wave of Israeli immigration to Canada when many Israelis emigrated to that country. A second wave of immigration began in the 1970s and has continued ever since. The number of Israeli immigrants in Canada is not known with certainty, as estimates vary between 20,000 and 30,000 Israeli settled in Canada during that decade. Therefore, the actual number of Israeli immigrants in Canada is an issue that has been hotly debated since 1980. Thus, many Israeli Canadians had previously established in other countries.
During the 1980s and 1990s, Israeli immigration to Canada was increasing in large numbers for a couple of reasons. These include the ongoing Arab–Israeli conflict, Israel's connection to North American culture, as well as new economic and educational opportunities in Canada.
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[West Asians include] Persons who were born in Israel and whose religion was not Jewish [emphasis in original]
Asian Canadians are Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian people. Canadians with Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17.7% of the Canadian population. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities.
Asian Canadians considered visible minorities may be classified as East Asian Canadian (e.g. Chinese Canadians, Korean Canadians, Japanese Canadians); South Asian Canadians (e.g. Bangladeshi Canadians, Indian Canadians, Pakistani Canadians, Sri Lankan Canadians); Southeast Asian Canadian (e.g. Filipino Canadians, Vietnamese Canadians); or West Asian Canadians (e.g. Iranian Canadians, Iraqi Canadians, Lebanese Canadians).History of the Jews in Canada
Canadian Jews or, alternatively, Jewish Canadians are Canadian citizens who follow Judaism as their religion and/or are ethnically Jewish. Jewish Canadians are a part of the greater Jewish diaspora and form the fourth largest Jewish community in the world, exceeded only by those in Israel, the United States, and France. As of 2011, Statistics Canada listed 329,500 adherents to the Jewish religion in Canada and 309,650 who claimed Jewish as an ethnicity. One does not necessarily include the other and studies which have attempted to combine the two streams have arrived at figures in excess of 375,000 Jews in Canada. This total would account for approximately 1.1% of the Canadian population.
The Jewish community in Canada is composed predominantly of Ashkenazi Jews and their descendants. Other Jewish ethnic divisions are also represented and include Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, and Bene Israel. A number of converts to Judaism make up the Jewish-Canadian community, which manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions and encompasses the full spectrum of Jewish religious observance. Though they are a small minority, they have had an open presence in the country since the first Jewish immigrants arrived with Governor Edward Cornwallis to establish Halifax, Nova Scotia (1749).Israeli Americans
Israeli Americans (Hebrew: אָמֵרִיקאים יִשׂרָאֵלים lit. Ameriqaim Yisra'elim) are Americans who have Israeli citizenship either by descent or naturalization. Reflecting Israel's population, while the vast majority are Jewish, they also include the faiths of the Arab-Israeli minorities: Muslims, Christians, and Druze.Israeli Jews
Israeli Jews (Hebrew: יהודים ישראלים, Yehudim Yisraelim), also known as Jewish Israelis, refers to
Israeli citizens of the Jewish ethnicity or faith, and also the descendants of Israeli-Jewish emigrants outside of Israel.
Israeli Jews are found mostly in Israel and the Western world, as well as other countries worldwide, not necessarily only in Jewish communities. Israeli Jews mostly speak Hebrew and most follow at least some religious Jewish practices. Israel, the Jewish state, currently has almost half the world's Jews.
The Jewish population in Israel comprises all Jewish diaspora communities, including Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, Beta Israel, Cochin Jews, Bene Israel, Karaite Jews, and many other groups. The Israeli Jewish community manifests a wide range of Jewish cultural traditions, as well as encompassing the full spectrum of religious observance, from the haredi communities to the hilonim Jewish communities who live a secular lifestyle. Among the Jewish population, over 25% of the schoolchildren and over 35% of all newborns are of mixed ancestry of both Ashkenazi and Sephardi/Mizrahi descent and increases by 0.5% each year. Over 50% of the Jewish population is of at least a partial Sephardi/Mizrahi descent.Despite the ongoing debate over the question of who is a Jew among Israeli Jews, the Jewish status of a person, which is considered a matter of 'nationality' by the Israeli authorities, is registered and controlled by the Israeli Ministry of the Interior, which requires a person to meet the halakhic definition to be registered as a 'Jew'. Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics estimated the Israeli Jewish population was 6,556,000 as of December 2017 (74.6% of the total population if East Jerusalem and Golan Arab population are counted in).An IDI Guttman Study of 2008 shows that a plurality of Israeli Jews (47%) identify themselves first as Jews and Israeli second, and that only 39% consider themselves first and foremost Israeli.Jews living in the region prior to the establishment of the State of Israel were commonly referred to in English as "Palestinian Jews" and in Hebrew as HaYishuv HaYehudi Be'Eretz Yisra'el (The Jewish Community in the Land of Israel).Israelis
Israelis (Hebrew: ישראלים Yiśraʾelim, Arabic: الإسرائيليين al-ʾIsrāʾīliyyin) are the citizens or permanent residents of the State of Israel, a multiethnic state populated by people of different ethnic backgrounds. The largest ethnic groups in Israel are Jews (75%), followed by Arabs (20%) and other minorities (5%). Among the Israeli Jewish population, hundreds of thousands of Jews born in Israel are descended from Ashkenazi Jew, Mizrahi Jews, Sephardi Jews and an array of groups from all the Jewish ethnic divisions, though over 50% of Israel’s Jewish population is of at least partial Mizrahi descent.Large-scale Jewish immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Jewish diaspora communities in Europe and the Middle East and more recent large-scale immigration from North Africa, Western Asia, North America, South America, the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia introduced many new cultural elements and have had profound impact on the Israeli culture.
Israelis and people of Israeli descent live across the world: in the United States, Russia (with Moscow housing the single largest community outside Israel), India, Canada, the United Kingdom, throughout Europe, and elsewhere. Almost 10% of the general population of Israel is estimated to be living abroad.List of Canadians of Asian ancestry
This is a list of Canadians of Asian ancestry. Asian Canadians comprise the largest visible minority in Canada, at 11% of the Canadian population.The Jewish Tribune (Canada)
The Jewish Tribune was a privately owned community-based Canadian weekly Jewish newspaper founded by and closely associated with B'nai Brith Canada. It was founded in 1964 as The Covenant, B'nai Brith's in-house newsletter and was later relaunched in the mid-1990s as an external publication under its current name. The Tribune was initially a fortnightly newspaper but became a weekly after several years. At its peak it had a circulation of over 100,000.
As of May 2013, The Jewish Tribune had a circulation of 60,500 copies a week which made it, for a time, the largest Jewish weekly publication in Canada. It was distributed in Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Winnipeg, Hamilton, and Windsor, both by regular mail and by the internet and is available for free from newspaper boxes, news stands, businesses, synagogues and various outlets, mostly in Jewish neighbourhoods.Politically, the newspaper was generally conservative both in Canadian and Israeli politics and may be considered an ideological successor to the Jewish Times, a newspaper published by M.J. Nurenberger from 1974 to 1992 as a right-wing rival to the more centrist Canadian Jewish News. Many of the news items it carries documented activities of B'nai Brith Canada and generally reflected the views of the organization while being critical of, first, the Canadian Jewish Congress and then its successor, the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs.
Notable contributors to the newspaper included Mike Cohen, city councilman for Cote Saint Luc and Daniel Smajovits, a well-known Montreal-area writer. M.J.Nurenberger's daughter, Atara Beck, worked as a journalist for the Jewish Tribune for several years before moving to Israel in 2011, after which she freelanced as the paper's Israel correspondent.
The Jewish Tribune's main competition was the Canadian Jewish News (which temporarily ceased publication in 2013). It now also competes with Shalom Life, an English-Hebrew publication aimed at Israeli Canadians in Toronto, and other regional Jewish publications.
B'nai Brith Canada president Frank Dimant was the newspaper's publisher from its inception until September 2014 when incoming B'nai Brith Canada president Michael Mostyn was appointed publisher.
On January 29, 2015, B'nai Brith Canada announced that it was suspending publication of the periodical's print edition for 13 weeks, and possibly permanently. Though the organization claimed it would continue publishing the Tribune online, one of its columnists announced that staff had been laid off, and its website was not updated after the suspension was announced. Subsequently, it has been reported that the newspaper has folded as a cost-cutting move along with the sale of B'nai Brith Canada's headquarters and other facilities.
Canadians of Asian descent by area of origin