Island Express (train)

The Island Express is an Indian Railways train running between Bangalore and Kanyakumari. Train No. 16526 runs from Bangalore to Kanyakumari, and Train No. 16525 runs in the reverse direction. The train runs daily through the state of Kerala (via Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam and Palakkad) and covers the 944 km journey in about 19 hours 15 minutes.

Island Express
Overview
Service typeMail/Express
LocaleKarnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
First service1940s (initial run from Bangalore to Cochin Harbour Terminus as slip coach)
1960s (as separate train)
1976 (extended to Thiruvananthapuram Central)
1988 (extended to Nagercoil Junction)
1990 (extended to Kanyakumari[1]
Current operator(s)Indian Railway
Route
StartBangalore
Stops44
EndKanyakumari
Distance travelled944 km (587 mi)
Average journey time19 hours 15 minutes
Service frequencyDaily
Train number(s)16525 / 16526
On-board services
Class(es)First AC, 2 tier AC, 3 tier AC, sleeper coach, general
Seating arrangementsYes
Sleeping arrangementsYes
Observation facilitiesLarge windows
Technical
Rolling stock3
Track gauge1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Operating speed49.04 km/h (30.47 mph)

About the name of the train

No part of the train's route is on an island; the name was given because the predecessor of this train used to end its journey at the Cochin Harbour Terminus station in Willingdon Island, Cochin, until the mid-1970s. At that time, it was the only train that connected Bangalore (Karnataka state) to Kerala. This train is hauled by the WAP7 6,350 hp AC locomotive.

Significance

Train number 16526 covers the 944 km journey in 19 hours while train 16525 takes close to 21 hours for the return journey. Due to the extremely slow speed of the train and the large number of stops in Kerala, this train has earned the moniker of being known as the "Supercrawler Express of Kerala." Despite this, the Island Express is still one of the most preferred trains by Keralites residing in Bangalore for traveling to Kerala. This was the only daily train between Bangalore and Kerala until early 2006.

Coach composition

Island Express has 23 coaches which includes 12 sleeper class coaches (S1-S12), three A/C 3 tier coaches (B1,B2,B3), two A/C 2 tier coaches (A1,A2), one first A/C cum A/C two tier and the rest being unreserved general coaches that includes a ladies' coach. Season ticket holders can travel in selected sleeper class coaches for a specified duration. In 16525 Kanyakumari-Bangalore City Island Express, coaches S3 and S4 are unreserved from Nagercoil to Ernakulam and coach S12 is unreserved between Nagercoil and Palakkad.[2]

History

The exact history of the Island Express is somewhat hazy as surprisingly there are no accurate reports available about the early origins of the train. Legend passed down word of mouth has it that the train that is called The Island Express[1] today started its run in the 1940s as some 3 or 4 slip coaches attached to an ancient 562/561 Cochin – Madras Express which ran out of Cochin Harbor Terminus (CHTS). The slip coaches attached to this would then be detached at Jolarpettai and attached to another train (Bangalore Mail) which would take them to Bangalore. Years passed by and sometime in the 1960s, these slip coaches grew into a separate train which was christened the 25/26 Cochin – Bangalore – Cochin Island Express. It continued to run between Cochin Harbor and Bangalore until1976 when the Ernakulam – Kottayam – Thiruvananthapuram route was converted to Broad Gauge. The Island then had to say goodbye to its island as it was extended to Trivandrum. As new lines were commissioned it was extended to Nagercoil in 1988 and subsequently to Kanyakumari in 1990.

The erstwhile 562/561 Cochin – Madras Express is today’s illustrious 12624/12623 Chennai – Trivandrum Mail (Madras Mail) and the 25/26 Island Express is today officially, the 16525/16526 Kanyakumari – Bangalore “Island” Express.

The Island Express derives its name from the Willingdon Island, on which the CHTS station is situated and from where the train started its journey. The Express that goes to an Island, so very obviously brilliant. The name got so entrenched with the public, that even though it is no longer the official name of the train, it is still called so. The train lost Island as its official railways-recognized name once its destination was moved from Willington Island to TVC, NCJ and CAPE. Its official name today is Kanyakumari Express and Bangalore Express for the respective destinations. But the traveling public still calls the train The Island Express, reminiscent of its old name almost two generations ago, popularly and lovingly. Maybe no one uses the official names as there are other Bangalore and Kanyakumari Expresses and destination place names are not popular as train names anyway.

Accidents

Island Express was involved in an accident in July 1988 while crossing the Perumon railway bridge near Perinadu, Kollam, Kerala. 10 coaches of the train fell over Ashtamudi Lake, 105 people lost their lives and 200 people were injured.

It also met with another accident at Kuppam on 21 May 1967. The train, which left Bangalore at 6 pm, did not stop at the railway station and went on to hit the buffers at the end of the loop line around 9 pm. Several lives were lost.

References

  1. ^ a b "The Legend of the Island Express". 24 coaches. 16 September 2013.
  2. ^ Staff reporter (23 February 2012). "Directive on rail travel using season tickets". The Hindu.

External links

1988 in rail transport

This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1988.

Island Express

Island Express is used in several ways:

Island Express (airline)

Island Express Air

Island Express (helicopter service)

Island Express (music)

Island Express (train)

Inter Island Express

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Peruman railway accident

In the Peruman railway accident, the (Train No:26) Bangalore - Thiruvananthapuram Central Island Express train derailed on the Peruman bridge over Ashtamudi Lake, near Perinadu, Kollam, Kerala, India and fell into the lake, killing 105 people on 8 July 1988.

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The R40A was a continuation of the R40 order that was also built by the St. Louis Car Company from 1968 to 1969. This order contained two "forms" or body types: a slant-ended version identical to the original R40s (also nicknamed the "R40 Slants" or "Slants"), and a "modified" straight-ended version designed by Sundberg-Ferar (nicknamed the R40M).

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See also

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