The Islamic Republic News Agency (Persian: خبرگزاری جمهوری اسلامی), or IRNA, is the official news agency of the Islamic Republic of Iran. It is government-funded and controlled under the Iranian Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. The agency also publishes the newspaper Iran. As of 2010, the Managing Director of IRNA is Mohammad Khodaddi. IRNA has 60 offices in Iran and 30 more in various countries around the world.
|Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA)|
online and mobile
|Seyed Zia Hashemi, Managing Director|
|13 November 1934|
|Pars news agency (1934–1981)|
In 1934, Pars Agency was established by the Foreign Ministry of Iran (Persia) as the country's official national news outlet. For the next six years it operated under the Iranian Foreign Ministry working to disseminate national and international news. Pars Agency published a bulletin twice daily in French and Persian, which it circulated among government officials, international news agencies in Tehran and the local press. In May 1940, the General Tablighat Department was founded and the agency then became an affiliate of the department. Agence France Press (AFP) was the first international news agency whose reports Pars Agency used. Gradually, the Iranian news agency expanded its sources of news stories to include those of Reuters, the Associated Press (AP) and the United Press International (UPI). An agreement with the Anatolia News Agency of Turkey further expanded the agency's news outlets to countries worldwide. The link-up also enabled it to provide classified bulletins to a limited number of high-ranking public officials.
In 1954, following a coup the reforms of the White Revolution helped to modernize the Pars Agency, leading to expanded news coverage, improved professional services and a better-educated staff. It went on air with radio broadcasts of international news translated into Persian, which it offered to local subscribers. Under the new regime, it operated under the supervision of various state offices and ministries such as the Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Post, Telegraph and Telephones, Office of the Prime Minister and the Labor Ministry until 1947. In 1957, the General Department of Tablighat fell under the supervision of the Publications Department of Tehran Radio as an independent department. In 1963 the activities of Pars Agency were brought under the newly created Information Ministry. Its name was changed to Pars News Agency, or PANA, and it began operating around the clock. In July 1975 the Iranian legislature passed a bill establishing the Ministry of Information and Tourism and changing the status of Pars News Agency to a joint public stock with capital assets of about 300 million rials. It then became an affiliate of the new ministry. Its Articles of Association in 23 paragraphs and notes were adopted by the then National Consultative Assembly of Iran.
After the Iranian Revolution in February 1979, the Revolutionary Council (Shawra-ye-Enqelab), in June 1979, renamed the Ministry of Information and Tourism to the National Guidance Ministry (or Ministry of National Guidance). The same year Pars News Agency was renamed as the Islamic Republic News Agency.
IRNA's professional activities are aimed at securing Iranian national interests. Efforts of management and professional personnel of IRNA are thus focused on achieving higher ground each day in fulfillment of its stated goal. The organization functions as the "mother source of information dissemination" within the country, feeding its authorities, nationals and various publications with various types of news, bulletins, research works, opinion polls and stories of general interest through its various telex lines. It also provides channels for online foreign dispatches and photographs around the clock. IRNA's external services include those rendered to leading international news agencies in accordance with contracts signed with them, active membership in international news clubs, up-to-date news stories on the country supplied internationally through its International News Line, and an active presence in the Internet through its Persian, English and Arabic websites. For its services, IRNA is aided by a professional core of executive and administrative staff who work inside and outside the country in its various local, regional and overseas branches. It also takes full advantage of stringers around the globe and has an organizational set-up that allows all its facilities to be used inside or outside the country on contractual arrangement. To effectively carry out its responsibilities it has set up the following guidelines:
IRNA's administrative efforts are focused on an expansion of its international news branches around the globe. Branches ostensibly are given the task of producing news items or selecting from those produced by various news agencies, translating and disseminating them through its various news lines. Its management is also constantly on the look-out for possible new ways of expanding its level of news dissemination in qualitative and quantitative terms. It also seeks to expand its level of cooperation with various foreign news agencies and corporations. Personnel of IRNA branches abroad are currently in charge of monitoring their respective countries' radio, television, satellite and Internet networks to bring out news items not already found in news dispatches. The offices also organize regional news dissemination corporationswith IRNA as a member, as well as monitor and program activities of its branches.
IRNA's editorial board is made up of eight main news desks:
IRNA has divided its activities into four news regions around the world manned by four head offices:
IRNA cooperates with leading international and regional news agencies. This cooperation at the professional level started decades ago. IRNA's cooperation with regional and international agencies takes any of the following forms:
IRNA has spent tremendous efforts to convince news agencies of Third World countries to actively work within the framework of regional news agencies. The establishment of pools of news agencies, many of which have already gained international prestige, is thus indebted to the pioneering efforts of IRNA. Multinational and regional news pools therefore have the right to vote in international gatherings of news agencies and thus play the essential and critical role of safeguarding Third World interests in such venues. IRNA is currently a member of the following news pools:
IRNA has played an active role as a member of the newly established regional news pools mentioned above. Its varied activities in cooperation with these various organizations may be summarized as follows:
IRNA is one of the first to join the Internet in Iran. It joined the web on 16 December 1996, starting at the speed of 19,200 kbit/s. On 23 March 1997, IRNA opened its own website, which reached the speed of 512,512 kbit/s a year later. Due to interest shown on the wide range of information available in the Internet IRNA decided to offer lines for lease and dial-up services for its clients. IRNA has also increased the bandwidth of its satellite band up to 2MEG/2MEG to meet the ever-increasing demand for this medium. To provide services to all interested parties wishing to gain access to Internet information, IRNA has established an Internet cafe (Coffeenet) on the ground floor of its Tehran headquarters.
Information on the high-quality goods and services available in the Iranian market produced by leading producers and manufacturers in سلام the various production and technical fields may now be obtained through IRNA's online IRNANET. IRNANET accepts advertisements and aims to be an effective global marketing tool for interested subscribers. The IRNA website on the Internet has over 20,000,000 viewers all over the globe with the exact number of people who use it in each country available at any moment on the site.
IRNA has a photo archive established 40 years ago simultaneous with the birth of this news agency. It is one of the richest in Iran and relies on the expert work of its professional photographers. The photo archive now has over 3,000,000 frames in the various political, social, sports and cultural fields. Some of the best shots in its files depict the acts of bravery of Iranians during the eight-year sacred defense.
IRNA currently publishes seven dailies and periodicals. Among these periodicals is the Persian-language Iran newspaper, which is vastly popular among middle class Iranians.
After conducting a series of research work on the country's need for a high-level academic institution to provide training in news reporting and various fields of news dissemination, and after obtaining a permit from the Ministry of Sciences, Research and Technology, IRNA established the School of Media Studies (News College). Studies in the School of Media Studies offer two sections: long-term or short-term courses.
These courses lead to a university degree major in any one of the four now offered by the college:
Three Iranian diplomats as well as a reporter of Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) were abducted in Lebanon on 4 July 1982. None of them have been seen since. The missing individuals are Ahmad Motevaselian, military attaché for Iran's embassy in Beirut; Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, chargé d'affaires at the embassy; Taghi Rastegar Moghadam, an embassy employee; and Kazem Akhavan, IRNA photojournalist. Motevaselian was also an Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) member in command of an Iranian expeditionary force in Lebanon.
They were stopped at a checkpoint in northern Lebanon by Lebanese Phalange forces commanded by Samir Geagea. Speculation about their fate has circulated since their abduction. Iranian officials believe that they were handed over to Israel after they were kidnapped and are still alive and being held in Israeli territory. Israel said that the diplomats were captured by militia under Elie Hobeika. The Israeli newspaper Haaretz said that the diplomats were believed to be executed by Phalange shortly after their abduction. Geagea as well as Hobeika's bodyguard Robert Hatem also said that they were executed while under the Phalange's custody.The diplomats' disappearance is regularly commemorated in Iran. Both the Iranian and Lebanese governments have tried to gain information about their whereabouts. According to Nazih Mansour, former member of the Lebanese parliament, the case has turned into a political issue, rather than a judicial one since some of the involved people such as Samir Geagea have become political figures.1st Marine Brigade (Iran)
1st Marine Imam Hossein Brigade (Persian: تیپ یکم تفنگداران دریایی امام حسین) is a marines brigade of Islamic Republic of Iran Navy based in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan. The unit is one of top Takavar units among Iranian Armed Forces. The brigade operates in Persian Gulf and is able to operate 3,000 kilometers away from its HQ.2009 Pishin bombing
The 2009 Pishin bombing occurred on October 18, 2009, when a suicide bomber detonated explosives at a meeting in the southeastern Iranian town of Pishin in Sistan and Baluchestan Province. The attack killed at least 43 people including several notable Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC, or Revolutionary Guards) commanders, and injured a further 150. Jundallah, a militant organization based in Pakistan, claimed responsibility for the attack.Among those killed were Noor Ali Shooshtari, the deputy commander of the Revolutionary Guard's ground forces, Rajab Ali, the commander in Sistan-Baluchestan, the commander for the town of Iranshahr and the commander of the Amir Al-Momenin unit. About 10 senior tribal figures were also among the dead. The Revolutionary Guard leaders killed were buried two days later in a military funeral. The funeral was attended by thousands of mourners. 43 people were killed, and another died in the hospital.
Iran blamed the United States for involvement in the attacks, as well as Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom for their support of the Jundallah terrorist group. The United States denied involvement. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad vowed a "swift response" to the attacks; the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) quoted him as saying, "The criminals will soon get the response for their inhuman crimes." The incident was condemned by the United Nations Security Council.The chargé d'affaires of Pakistan was summoned by the Iranian Foreign Ministry as the attack was thought to have been launched from Pakistani soil. Iran accused Pakistani agents of involvement in the incident and called on Pakistan to apprehend the attackers. An Iranian delegation is expected to head to Pakistan to demand the handover of Jundullah chief Abdolmalek Rigi. This decision came after Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik denied Rigi was on Pakistani soil. Pakistan handed over to Iran the brother of the Jundullah leader Abdolmalek Rigi. Iran's police chief held Pakistan responsible for the attack.Several suspects were later arrested by Iran.2016 Iranian Assembly of Experts election
Assembly of Experts election were held in Iran on 26 February 2016 to elect Assembly of Experts members. The 88 members of the Assembly of Experts, known as mujtahids, are directly elected. The elections had been planned for 2014, but were delayed by a year in order to hold them alongside the Islamic Consultative Assembly elections.
The winning candidates of the elections, sitting until 2024, may have to choose the next Supreme Leader of Iran, or at least plan for it.Anadolu Agency
Anadolu Agency (Turkish: Anadolu Ajansı, abbreviated AA) is an international news agency headquartered in Ankara, Turkey.Fateh-class submarine
Fateh (Persian: فاتح, meaning "conqueror") is an Iranian designed class of semi-heavy submarines. The Iranian media reported that Fateh class subs can operate more than 200 meters below the sea surface for nearly five weeks. In September 2013, the Iranian Navy announced that the first sub of this class would be launched by the end of the current Iranian year (in March 2014), according to satellite imagery the first sub of the class was launched in 2013 and a second one is under construction at the Bandar Anzali Naval Base on the Caspian Sea.In 2019 the Islamic Republic News Agency reported that the Fateh had joined Iran's fleet after final tests, in a ceremony attended by Iranian president Hassan Rouhani. It reported that the Fateh is "equipped with sonar, electric drive, combined battle management, surface-to-surface guided missile guidance, torpedo guidance, electronic and telecommunication warfare, secure and integrated telecommunication systems and dozens of state-of-the-art modern systems. Fateh submarine has speed of 11 knots (20.35 km/h) and is capable of travelling submerged at 14 knots (25.9 km/h). The submarine is armed with four 533-mm torpedoes. It can carry eight sea mines and two reserve torpedoes."Press TV reported that Fateh has a 100-percent domestically-sourced technology. Iran's first semi-heavy submarine is capable of carrying and firing cruise missiles that could be launched from a submerged position.HESA Saeqeh
The HESA Saeqeh (Persian: صاعقه, "thunderbolt"), alternatively spelt Sa'eqeh; Saegheh, or Saeqeh-80, is an Iranian built single-seat jet fighter, derived from the American Northrop F-5. A joint product of the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force and the Iranian Ministry of Defence, it is the second generation of the Iranian Azarakhsh fighter. Saeqeh aircraft were tested successfully in Iran 20 September 2007.Islamic republic (disambiguation)
Islamic republic is the name given to several states or countries ruled by Islamic laws.
Islamic republic may also refer to:
Arab Islamic Republic, a proposed unification of Tunisia and Libya in 1974
Islamic state, including several examples
Islamic Republic News Agency, the official Iranian news agency
Caliphate, an Islamic state led by a supreme religious and political leader known as a caliphJahanshah Javid
Jahanshah Javid (Persian: جهانشاه جاوید); born March 3, 1962 in Abadan, Iran, is an Iranian American Journalist, and the founder and editor of the online publications iranian.com (1995-2012) and iroon.com.In 1976 he was sent to high school in the U.S. before returning to Iran after graduation in 1980. In 1981 he joined the Islamic Republic News Agency as a translator and worked there until 1989, including three years in IRNA's office in London in 1985-1988. In late 1989 he left Iran and began studying journalism and communication at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque and later Hunter College in New York where he received his B.A. in Media Studies in 1995.In July 1995 he began Iranian.com, an online magazine about Iran and Iranians. Later in 2012 he sold his share of Iranian.com and began a new online publication called iroon.com.
In 1998-1999 he was the BBC Persian Service correspondent in Washington, DC.
He has been living in Cusco, Peru since 2014.List of Iranian news agencies
This is a list of notable news agencies in Iran:
1st Iranian Visual News Agency(Iran Press)
AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA)
Cultural Heritage News Agency (CNA)
Fars News Agency
Iranian Agriculture News Agency (IANA)
Iran Book News Agency (IBNA)
Iranian Cultural Heritage News Agency
Iranian Labour News Agency (ILNA)
Iranian Students' News Agency (ISNA)
Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA)
Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB)
Icana News Agency (Iran Parliamentary News Agency)
Maritime News Agency of Iran (MANA)
Mehr News Agency (MNA)
Pupils Association News Agency (PANA)
Tasnim News AgencyMohammad Jafar Montazeri
Mohammad Jafar Montazeri (Persian: محمدجعفر منتظری; born 1949 in Qom) is an Iranian cleric and judge and the current Attorney-General of Iran since 1 April 2016. He was previously head of Iran's Administrative Justice Court and Special Clerical Court.Mohammad Soleimani
Mohammad Soleimani (born 1954) is an Iranian politician and former Minister of Communication and Information Technology (2005-2009). He is also an electrical engineer and a professor at Iran University of Science and Technology. He was born in Kazerun.Nasrin Sotoudeh
Nasrin Sotoudeh (also spelled Sotoodeh; Persian: نسرین ستوده) is a human rights lawyer in Iran. She has represented imprisoned Iranian opposition activists and politicians following the disputed June 2009 Iranian presidential elections as well as prisoners sentenced to death for crimes committed when they were minors. Her clients have included journalist Isa Saharkhiz, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi, and Heshmat Tabarzadi, the head of the banned opposition group National Democratic Front. She has also represented women arrested for appearing in public without a hijab, which is a punishable offence in Iran.Sotoudeh was arrested in September 2010 on charges of spreading propaganda and conspiring to harm state security and was imprisoned in solitary confinement in Evin Prison. In January 2011, Iranian authorities sentenced Sotoudeh to 11 years in prison, in addition to barring her from practising law and from leaving the country for 20 years. Later that year, an appeals court later reduced her sentence to six years, and her practice ban to ten years.
In June 2018 she was again arrested, and on 12 March 2019 sentenced to jail in Tehran, after being charged with several national security-related offences. While a Tehran judge told the Islamic Republic News Agency she was imprisoned for seven years, it was reported by other sources that the maximum sentence included 10 years in prison and 148 lashes, along with six other verdicts and sentences totalling 38 years bundled together.Noor International Microfilm Center
Noor International Microfilm Center is situated in the culture house of the Islamic Republic of Iran, New Delhi and is occupied in caring out repair work and preparing microfilm, photographing of the old manuscripts and printing them. This center was established in the year 1985 as a result of efforts made by Dr. Mahdi Khajeh Piri. The inception of educational and cultural activities of this center coincided with the 400th death anniversary of Allamah Qazi Nurullah Shustari (died 1409 A.H). He was an Iranian Mohadis, orator, literary person and poet in India. The Noor international Microfilm Center was named after this great learned man in recognition to his service.PANA
PANA may refer to:
The Panafrican News Agency, based in Senegal
A former name of the Islamic Republic News Agency, based in Iran
The Protocol for carrying Authentication for Network Access
PANA in telecommunications refers to a plain analog loop, also known as a dry pair or BANA (basic analog loop)
Napakiak Airport (ICAO location indicator: PANA), in Napakiak, Alaska, United StatesPirouz Hanachi
Pirouz Hanachi (Persian: پیروز حناچی; born 22 May 1964 in Tehran) is an Iranian architect, reformist politician and the mayor of Tehran since 28 November 2018, succeeding Mohammad-Ali Afshani.Hanachi served as deputy mayor for technical and development. He was appointed deputy mayor for urban development and architecture before his appointment as Tehran's mayor.Pupils Association News Agency
Pupils Association News Agency (PANA) is the Iranian student news agency. It was opened by agreement between student organizations and the managing director of Islamic Republic News Agency and confirmed by the Minister of Education and Minister of Islamic Culture in June 2002. These actions were supported by Ayatollah Khamenei. Its Education service (Iranian School Information” PAMA”) the latest news about schools in Iran and offers journalists, writers and critics to the Iranian media.Scholars Pavilion
Scholars Pavilion or Scholars Chartagi is a monument donated by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations Office at Vienna. The monument architecture is claimed by the Islamic Republic News Agency of Iran to be a combination of Islamic architecture and Achaemenid architecture, although the latter clearly predominates in the decorative features, with Persian columns and other features from Persepolis and other remains from the Achaemenid dynasty. The Chahartaq pavilion form runs through the architecture of Persia from pre-Islamic times to the present.
Statues of four famous Persian medieval scholars, Omar Khayyam, Al-Biruni, Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi and Ibn-Sina, are inside the pavilion. This monument donated in June 2009 in occasion of Iran's peaceful developments in science.. This monument was designed by Alireza Nazem Alroaya and constructed by Sadeh Architecture City Construction.Seyed Zia Hashemi
Seyed Zia Hashemi (Persian: سید ضیاء هاشمی, born 1968 in Yasuj) is an Iranian Doctorate, politician and former acting Minister of Science, a position he held from 20 August 2017 until 29 October 2017. He is also Vice President of Social and Cultural Affair at Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, a position he held since 2013. He is head of the Islamic Republic News Agency since 1 January 2018.