Ishikawa Prefecture

Ishikawa Prefecture (石川県 Ishikawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is Kanazawa.[2]

Ishikawa Prefecture

石川県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese石川県
 • RōmajiIshikawa-ken
Flag of Ishikawa Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Ishikawa Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Ishikawa Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
Hokuriku
IslandHonshu
CapitalKanazawa
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 19
Government
 • GovernorMasanori Tanimoto
Area
 • Total4,186.09 km2 (1,616.26 sq mi)
Area rank35th
Population
 (February 1, 2011)
 • Total1,168,929
 • Rank34th
 • Density279.30/km2 (723.4/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-17
Website[1]
Symbols
BirdGolden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)
FlowerBlack lily (Fritillaria camtschatcensis)
TreeHiba (Thujopsis dolabrata)

History

Ishikawa was formed in 1872 from the merger of Kaga Province and the smaller Noto Province.[3]

Geography

Map of Ishikawa Prefecture Ja
Map of Ishikawa Prefecture
     City      Town

Ishikawa is on the Sea of Japan coast. The northern part of the prefecture consists of the narrow Noto Peninsula, while the southern part is wider and consists mostly of mountains with the prefecture's chief city, Kanazawa, located in the coastal plain. The prefecture also has some islands, including Notojima, Mitsukejima, Hegurajima.

As of 1 April 2012, 13% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Hakusan National Park; Echizen-Kaga Kaigan and Noto Hantō Quasi-National Parks; and five Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Cities

Eleven cities are located in Ishikawa Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Ishikawa's industry is dominated by the textile industry, particularly artificial fabrics, and the machine industry, particularly construction machinery.

Demographics

Ishikawa Prefecture has an area of 4,186.09 km² and, as of 1 April 2011, it has a population of 1,166,643 persons.

Data Unit Statistics
Area km² 4,186.09
Population Persons 1,166,643
Population density Persons per km² 278.72
Number of households Households 441,980
Income per person Thousand yen 2,707
Power consumed Kwh per household 6,446
Number of doctors Physicians per

100,000 people

249

List of Governors of Ishikawa Prefecture

  • Wakio Shibano (柴野和喜夫) (12 April 1947 to 23 February 1955)
  • Jūjitsu Taya (田谷充実) (24 February 1955 to 19 February 1963)
  • Yōichi Nakanishi (中西陽一) (23 February 1963 to 2 February 1994)
  • Masanori Tanimoto (谷本正憲) (29 March 1994 to present)

Culture

YAMANAKA Natsume
Kanazawa lacquerware (Kanazawa shikki) is high quality and traditionally decorated with gold dust.

The area is noted for arts and crafts and other cultural traditions:

  • The art of Noh was introduced to the area during the rule of the fifth Maeda lord Tsunanori and was refined into the style of Kaga hosho.
  • The tea ceremony was introduced in 1666 when Maeda Toshitsune invited Senbiki Soshitsu of Urasenke to Kanazawa.
  • Kutani ware (Kutani yaki) is a bright colored glaze like Chinese porcelain.
  • Ohi teaware (Ōhi yaki) is a pottery with a style unique to Kanazawa.
  • Nyotaimori or naked sushi is said to have originated in Ishikawa Prefecture.
  • Kaga silk (Kaga yūzen) is made with complicated silk print technique with an intentional rough look (wabi-sabi).
  • Kanazawa lacquerware (Kanazawa shikki) is high quality lacquerware traditionally decorated with gold dust.
  • Kanazawa gold leaf (Kanazawa haku) is produced with a technique of beating gold into wafer-thin sheets.
  • Kaga mizuhiki is ribbon-like decoration made from glued Japanese paper (washi).
  • Kaga inlay crafts (Kaga zōgan) are made with a combination of thin flat and thread metal inlays.
  • Gojinjo Daiko is a Japanese drum, a Wajima city cultural heritage (since 1961) as well as an Ishikawa Prefecture intangible cultural heritage (since 1963).
  • Abare Festival is reputed the most 'fierce' festivals of Noto, Ishikawa.

Tourism

Kenrokuen in winter 01
Winter in Kenrokuen
Shirayone Senmaida 1
Shirayone Senmaida, designated as a World Agricultural Heritage site in Wajima

The most popular destination in Ishikawa is Kanazawa. Tourists can get to Ishikawa by plane via either the Komatsu or Noto airports. Popular sites include:

Prefectural symbols

Notable people

Universities

Ishikawa has a number of universities:

  • Kanazawa University
  • Hokuriku University a small liberal arts university with a School of Pharmacy and a School of Future Learning that gives instruction in Business, Economics, and Foreign Language (Chinese and English).
  • Ishikawa Prefectural Nursing University
  • Ishikawa Prefectural University
  • Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
  • Kanazawa College of Art
  • Kanazawa Gakuin University
  • Kanazawa Institute of Technology
  • Kanazawa Medical University
  • Kanazawa Seiryo University
  • Kinjo Junior College

Transport

Rail

Kanazawa Station Higashiguchi
Kanazawa Station

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

  • Kanazawa Port (International container hub port)
  • Nanao Port

Airports

Regional policies

Politics

Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
The prefectural assembly building in the prefectural government building complex in Kanazawa

The current governor of Ishikawa is Masanori Tanimoto who was first elected in 1994 and has been reelected for a sixth term in the gubernatorial election in March 2014.[6] Tanimoto is currently one of two governors who are in their sixth term nationwide, the other being Masaru Hashimoto of Ibaraki. Tanimoto is only the fourth governor of Ishikawa since 1947 when prefectural governors became elected offices, as predecessor Yōichi Nakanishi had held the governorship even longer than Tanimoto, winning his first election in 1963 and then serving eight consecutive terms until his death in 1994.

The prefectural assembly of Ishikawa has 43 members and is elected in unified local elections (last round: 2011) in 15 SNTV electoral districts – six single-member, five two-member, one three-member, two four-member districts and the Kanazawa City district that elects 16 members. As of February 26, 2014, the LDP prefectural assembly caucus has 25 members and no other group has more than four members.[7]

In the National Diet, Ishikawa is represented by three directly elected members of the House of Representatives and two (one per election) of the House of Councillors. Additional members from the prefecture may be elected in the proportional representation segments of both houses: the Hokuriku-Shin'etsu proportional representation block in the lower house, the proportional election to the upper house is nationwide. After the Diet elections of 2010, 2012 and 2013, the five directly elected members from Ishikawa districts are all Liberal Democrats, namely:

  • in the House of Representatives
    • for the 1st district that covers Kanazawa City: Hiroshi Hase, LDP, 5th term,
    • for the 2nd district that consists of Southern parts of Ishikawa and had been the district of former LDP president Yoshirō Mori until 2012: Hajime Sasaki, LDP, 1st term,
    • for the 3rd district in the North: Shigeo Kitamura, LDP, 3rd term,
  • in the House of Councillors
    • in the class of 2010 (term ends 2016): Naoki Okada, LDP, 2nd term, and
    • in the class of 2013 (term ends 2019): Shūji Yamada, LDP, 1st term who was able to defeat Democratic incumbent and former defense minister Yasuo Ichikawa by a huge margin in 2013.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Kanazawa" in p. 467, p. 467, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
  5. ^ "The Fourth High School Memorial Museum of Cultural Exchange, Ishikawa" (PDF). pref.ishikawa.jp. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 24, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  6. ^ 47 News/Kyōdō Tsūshin, March 16, 2014: 石川県知事選、谷本氏6選果たす 2新人退け全国最多に並ぶ Archived March 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly: members by caucus Archived March 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)

References

External links

Coordinates: 36°38′N 136°39′E / 36.633°N 136.650°E

Eizo

Eizo Corporation (EIZO株式会社, EIZO Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese visual technology company who manufacturers high-end computer displays, founded in March 1968. It has its headquarters in Hakusan, Ishikawa Prefecture.EIZO, pronounced AY-ZO, means "image" or "vision" in Japanese. EIZO develops and manufactures high-end display products and other solutions for markets such as business, healthcare, graphics, air traffic control, and maritime.

Hakusan, Ishikawa

Hakusan (白山市, Hakusan-shi) is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2018, the city had an estimated population of 113,375 in 43246 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km². The total area of the city was 754.93 square kilometres (291.48 sq mi). It is the second-most populous city in Ishikawa Prefecture after Kanazawa.

Hokuriku Broadcasting Company

Hokuriku Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (北陸放送株式会社, Hokuriku Hōsō Kabushiki-gaisha), also known as MRO, is a Japanese broadcast network affiliated with the Japan News Network (JNN). Their headquarters are located in Ishikawa Prefecture.

The "MRO" abbreviation is taken from the last letters of the call signs "JOMR" and "JOMO" of the Kanazawa and Nanao broadcasting stations, respectively. JOMO is no longer operational.

Ishikawa Athletics Stadium

Ishikawa Athletics Stadium (石川県西部緑地公園陸上競技場, Ishikawa-ken Seibu Ryokuchi-kōen Rikujōkyōgijō) is an athletic stadium in Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.

Kaga, Ishikawa

Kaga (加賀市, Kaga-shi) is a city located in southwestern Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018, the city had an estimated population of 67,793 in 29054 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km². The total area of the city was 305.87 square kilometres (118.10 sq mi).

Kaga Province

Kaga Province (加賀国, Kaga-no-kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that is today the south and western portion of Ishikawa Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Kaga bordered on Echizen, Etchū, Hida, and Noto Provinces. It was part of Hokurikudō Circuit. Its abbreviated form name was Kashū (加州).

Kanazawa Castle

Kanazawa Castle (金沢城, Kanazawa-jō) is a large, partially-restored castle in Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. It is located adjacent to the celebrated Kenroku-en Garden, which once formed the castle's private outer garden. It was the headquarters of Kaga Domain, ruled by the Maeda clan for 14 generations from the Sengoku period until the coming of the Meiji Restoration in 1871.

Kanazawa Samuraiz

Kanazawa Samuraiz (Japanese: 金沢武士団, romanized: Kanazawa Samuraizu) is a professional basketball based in Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. The club plays in the third division of the B.League, which is the 3rd tier of basketball in the country.

Katsuya Kakunaka

Katsuya Kakunaka (角中 勝也, born May 25, 1987 in Nanao, Ishikawa) is a Japanese professional baseball outfielder for the Chiba Lotte Marines in Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball.

Komatsu, Ishikawa

Komatsu (小松市, Komatsu-shi) is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018, the city had an estimated population of 108,509 in 42664 households, and a population density of 290 persons per km². The total area of the city was 371.05 square kilometres (143.26 sq mi).

Komatsu Airport

Komatsu Airport (小松飛行場, Komatsu Hikōjō) (IATA: KMQ, ICAO: RJNK) is an international airport located 4.2 km (2.6 mi) west southwest of Komatsu Station in the city of Komatsu, Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the largest airport in the Hokuriku region and serves the southern portion of Ishikawa Prefecture including the capital of Kanazawa (which has its IATA city code QKW), as well as Fukui and the northern portion of Fukui Prefecture.

The Japan Air Self-Defense Force Komatsu Base (小松基地 Komatsu Kichi) shares the runway with civil aviation; the inland-side taxiway is used by the JASDF and the sea-side one is used by civilian flights. The base hosts a Kōkū-sai (Air Festival) every September, featuring demo flights by fighter and rescue aircraft as well as the Blue Impulse acrobat flight team. It often hosts technical competitions of the JASDF. The "Airspace G" is a large training airspace over the Sea of Japan to the north of the base.

The airport has a single passenger terminal building serving domestic and international flights. Its international cargo terminal, known as HIACT (Hokuriku International Air Cargo Terminal), is owned by a consortium of government and corporate entities and aims to serve as an international distribution center for cargo from Europe and other continents. Its runway surface has been upgraded to enable non-stop freighter flights to and from Europe and North America in late 2006.

Mount Haku

Mount Haku (白山, Haku-san, "White Mountain"), or Mount Hakusan (commonly referred to as simply Hakusan), is a dormant volcano. The stratovolcano is located on the borders of Gifu and Ishikawa (which are in Honshu) prefectures in Japan. It is thought to have first been active 300,000 to 400,000 years ago, with the most recent eruption occurring in 1659. Along with Mount Tate and Mount Fuji, it is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山, Sanreizan).

Nomi, Ishikawa

Nomi (能美市, Nomi-shi) is a city located in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 March 2018, the city had an estimated population of 50,132 in 18585 households, and a population density of 600 persons per km². The total area of the city was 84.14 square kilometres (32.49 sq mi).

Noto-Satoyama Kaidō

The Noto-Satoyama Kaidō (のと里山海道) is a free national expressway in the Japanese prefecture of Ishikawa. As of July 2019, it connects the town Uchinada to the town Wajima, spanning nearly the entire Noto Peninsula from south to north. Much of the northern portion of the road runs concurrently with the Nōetsu Expressway. It is owned and operated by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT) and is signed as E41 and E86 under their "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Noto Airport

Noto Airport (能登空港, Noto Kūkō) (IATA: NTQ, ICAO: RJNW), also unofficially known as Wajima Airport (輪島空港, Wajima Kūkō) is a domestic airport located 6.4 NM (11.9 km; 7.4 mi) south southeast of the city of Wajima on the Noto Peninsula of Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan.

The airport is a four-story building with two jetways. It is officially designated a third class airport.

Noto Province

Noto Province (能登国, Noto-no kuni) was a province of Japan in the area that is today the northern part of Ishikawa Prefecture in Japan, including the Noto Peninsula (Noto-hantō) which is surrounded by the Sea of Japan. Noto bordered on Etchū and Kaga provinces to the south, and was surrounded by the Sea of Japan to the east, north and west. Its abbreviated form name was Nōshū (能州).

Nōetsu Expressway

The Nōetsu Expressway (能越自動車道, Nōetsu Jidōshadō) is an incomplete national expressway in Toyama Prefecture and Ishikawa Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but also has sections maintained and tolled by the Toyama and Ishikawa Prefecture Road Corporations. The route is signed E41 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering" and also as National Route 470.

Tedori River

The Tedori River (手取川, Tedorigawa) is a river in southern Ishikawa Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. The river originates on Hakusan, the highest peak in the Hakusan National Park on the border between Ishikawa and Gifu Prefecture, and flows in a generally northern direction to the Sea of Japan. The river is used extensively for irrigation, and for the generation of hydroelectric power.

Zweigen Kanazawa

Zweigen Kanazawa (ツエーゲン金沢 Tsuēgen Kanazawa) is a Japanese football club based in Kanazawa, Ishikawa Prefecture. They play in the J2 League.

Shadow picture of Ishikawa PrefectureIshikawa Prefecture
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