Irving Azoff

Irving Azoff (/ˈeɪzɒf/; born December 12, 1947) is an American entertainment executive and chairman of Full Stop Management, which represents recording artists.

Since September 2013, he has been chairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment, a venture with The Madison Square Garden Company. Prior to this he served as chairman and CEO of Ticketmaster Entertainment and was executive chairman of Live Nation Entertainment and CEO of Front Line Management. He is also on the board of Starz Inc. and IMG.[1]

In 2012, he topped Billboard's Power 100 and was named the most powerful person in the music industry.[2]

Irving Azoff
BornDecember 12, 1947 (age 71)
NationalityAmerican
OccupationEntertainment executive
Known forChairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment
Spouse(s)
Shelli Azoff (m. 1978)
ChildrenJaye Azoff
Allison Statter
Jeffrey Azoff
Cameron Azoff

Biography

Raised in a Jewish family[3] in Danville, Illinois, Azoff began promoting and booking bands while a student at Danville High School and then in college at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He moved to Los Angeles in 1970 with his first client, Dan Fogelberg. He worked for Geffen-Roberts Management and there began working with the Eagles, a relationship that has lasted more than forty years. During his career he has worked as an agent, personal manager, concert promoter, movie producer, independent record label owner, merchandiser, music publisher, and CEO of a record company.

From 1983 to 1989, Azoff was chairman of MCA Music Entertainment Group and is credited for turning around that label's fortunes.[4]

According to Thomas R. King's book The Operator (2001), David Geffen manipulated Azoff into leaving MCA and going to Warner Music Group, where Azoff started Giant Records. King writes that Geffen wanted Azoff out at MCA to clear the way for MCA to buy Geffen Records.[5] Geffen convinced Mo Ostin at Warner Music to offer Irving Azoff a "dream" label deal. Giant Records operated for much of the 1990s until Azoff decided to return to concentrating on artist management.

Azoff co-produced the movies Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Urban Cowboy, Jack Frost (1998 film), Above The Rim, and The Inkwell, and was executive producer of The Hurricane.[6] He has been named "Manager of the Year" by two touring industry trade publications. In 2012, Azoff appeared in Artifact, a documentary film about the modern music business focused on the legal battle between Thirty Seconds to Mars and record label EMI. In 2015, he played a thinly veiled version of himself in the Documentary Now! parody of History of the Eagles.[7]

Business developments

In October 2008, ticketing and marketing company Ticketmaster announced they would acquire the management company Front Line Management Group, Inc. As part of the deal, Azoff, who was founder and chief executive officer of Front Line, became chief executive officer of Ticketmaster and was named chairman of Live Nation in February 2011.[1]

In September 2013, Azoff unveiled Azoff MSG Entertainment, a venture with The Madison Square Garden Company (MSG).[8] In addition to his role as chairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment, Azoff would serve as a consultant to MSG in connection with the management of its live event venues, including the Forum in Inglewood, CA and other MSG-managed buildings.[9]

In 2012, he topped Billboard Magazine's Power 100, being named the most powerful person in the music industry.[10] Azoff serves on the boards of iHeartCommunications, Inc. and Starz LLC.

Controversies

Ticketmaster/Live Nation merger

Irving Azoff served as the Chairman of Ticketmaster and was influential in securing approval for the company's merger with Live Nation Entertainment. Following the merger, Azoff served as the executive chairman of Live Nation. Prior to the merger, Ticketmaster had been the subject of multiple investigations into anti-competitive practices.[11][12][13][14]

The merger faced many legal hurtles and opposition. The merger was opposed by members of the United States Congress, business rivals such as AEG Live, the Computer & Communications Industry Association (CCIA), whose members include Google, Oracle, Microsoft, Yahoo, Intuit, and eBay.[15][16] Despite the opposition, the merger was still approved in 2010.

In 2018, the United States Department of Justice launched an investigation following complains that Live Nation had engaged in anti-competitive practices following the merger. AEG has alleged that Live Nation had pressured them into using Ticketmaster as a venue. If AEG had refused, they would have lost out on business. The allegations of antitrust violations have resulted in a re-examination of the merger between Ticketmaster and Live Nation. Much of the initial criticisms of the merger has been re-affirmed.[17][18] Irving Azoff's battles with rivals AEG (who are alleging antitrust violations) have been well documented, especially in regard to competition in the Los Angeles and New York City markets.[19]

Clippers Arena proposal

Controversy was generated when Azoff MSG Entertainment took part in a lawsuit against the city of Inglewood in an attempt to stop the construction of a new arena for the Los Angeles Clippers in Inglewood. The new arena would compete directly with The Forum which is owned by The Madison Square Garden Company.[20] Another lawsuit from a local community group was filed to block the construction of the venue in June 2018. Inglewood mayor James Butts suggested that the lawsuit was brought about by "business interests from out-of-state", suggesting that Azoff and the Madison Square Garden Company were using this group to ensure that they don't have a competing arena near by.[21] The attempts to block the arena are similar to the tactics successfully used by the Madison Square Garden Company to stop the construction of the proposed West Side Stadium in New York City in 2005. That proposed stadium would have directly competed with Madison Square Garden.[22] In December 2018, the LA Clippers sued the Madison Square Garden company alleging that they were trying to prevent the construction of a competing arena. [23]

60th Grammy Awards

When the 60th Annual Grammy Awards were held in New York City, Azoff informed former MusiCares Executive VP, Dana Tomarken that the MusiCares Person of the Year tribute to Fleetwood Mac would be held at Radio City Music Hall (which is owned by The Madison Square Garden Company) and not at the Barclays Center (which is operated by AEG). Dana Tomarken had been negotiating a deal to have the MusiCares Person of the Year tribute to Fleetwood Mac to be held at the Barclays Center, but Portnow decided to have it at Radio City Music Hall, without consulting Tomarken. Irving Azoff who heads Azoff MSG Entertainment informed her of this change rather than Portnow consulting her first. Tomarken has since made a claim of wrongful termination.[24]This resulted in cost overruns of up to $8 million for the Grammy Awards in 2018. In May 2018, Portnow announced his resignation as President of The Recording Academy.[25] An independent investigation was also launched to look into Tomarken's allegations.[26]

Labels founded by Azoff

References

  1. ^ a b Andy Fixmer, "Live Nation Chairman Azoff Said to Exit Concert Company", Bloomberg, December 31, 2012.
  2. ^ "Billboard Reveals the 2012 Power 100", Billboard, January 27, 2012.
  3. ^ Gensler, Andy and Halperin, Shirley "Houses of the Holy: Where the Music Biz Celebrates the Jewish High Holidays" [[Billboard (magazine)|]]. September 23, 2014.
  4. ^ E. Scott Reckard, "AZOFF QUITS AS CHAIRMAN OF MCA'S MUSIC UNIT", AP News Archive, September 5, 1989.
  5. ^ See generally Tom King, The Operator: David Geffen Builds, Buys, and Sells the New Hollywood, p. 449-450, Broadway Books (New York 2001).
  6. ^ "Moviefone Filmography".
  7. ^ Nerisha Penrose, [1], Billboard, September 14, 2016,
  8. ^ Ray Waddell, Nashville and Andrew Flanagan, New York, "Irving Azoff and Madison Square Garden Co. Announce $300 Million Joint Venture", Billboard, September 4, 2013.
  9. ^ "Irving Azoff to Serve as Chairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment LLC", GlobeNewswire, September 4, 2013.
  10. ^ "Billboard Power 100: Irving Azoff", Billboard, January 26, 2012.
  11. ^ Philips, Chuck (June 8, 1994). "Pearl Jam vs. Ticketmaster: Choosing Sides : Legal file: The pop music world is divided over the Seattle band's allegations, which led to a Justice Department investigation into possible anti-competitive practices in the ticket distribution industry". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
  12. ^ Philips, Chuck (June 17, 1995). "COLUMN ONE : The Ticket King's Path to Power : As Pearl Jam just learned, Ticketmaster's Fred Rosen gets what he wants. His tactics have earned him some foes, but even critics admit he has transformed the industry. Now he's eyeing new realms". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
  13. ^ Philips, Chuck (June 9, 1992). "A Tangle Over Tickets : Ticketmaster, Target of Lawsuits, Says It Offers Broad Service". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  14. ^ Nicholson, Chris V. (December 22, 2009). "British Regulator Supports Live Nation-Ticketmaster Merger". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Branch Jr., Alfred (January 19, 2010). "Ticketmaster / Live Nation merger: 25,000 contact DOJ to oppose the deal". TicketNews. Archived from the original on January 22, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  16. ^ Sisario, Ben; Bowley, Graham (April 1, 2018). "Live Nation Rules Music Ticketing, Some Say With Threats". The New York Times. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  17. ^ Chavez, Danette (April 2, 2018). "DOJ is investigating Live Nation for possible antitrust violations". Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  18. ^ "Read Irving Azoff's Full Response to the Venue Wars Between AEG and MSG". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  19. ^ "Inglewood Mayor Butts Slams Azoff MSG Entertainment Lawsuit". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  20. ^ Chiland, Elijah (June 19, 2018). "Inglewood residents sue to block Clippers arena". Curbed LA. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  21. ^ Curbed (January 30, 2015). "How the New York Jets Very Nearly Got a West Side Stadium". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  22. ^ Inglewood arena row: LA Clippers launch MSG countersuit
  23. ^ Legaspi, Althea; Legaspi, Althea (May 24, 2018). "Grammy CEO Accused of Covering Telecast Shortfall With Bad MusiCares Deals". Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  24. ^ [https://www.billboard.com/articles/business/8458899/nyc-grammys-msg-warned-recording-academy-barclays In Deal for NYC Grammys, MSG Warned Recording Academy That 'No Events Could Be At Barclays'
  25. ^ "MusiCares Announces Independent Investigation Into Person of the Year, Harassment Allegations". Billboard. Retrieved December 11, 2018.

External links

Full Moon Records

Full Moon Records was an American record label existing from 1974 to 1992. Prominent signed acts included Chicago, Joe Walsh and Dan Fogelberg.

Beginning in 1974 with Fogelberg, Full Moon Records was originally a subsidiary "spin-off" label from Epic Records that was created by Irving Azoff. The first album to be released under the label was Fogelberg's second album, Souvenirs. In 1980, distribution moved from CBS to Warner Bros. (movie soundtracks included). Some of the artists affected by the acquisition were Chicago, Grand Funk Railroad, and Johnny Lee. The company was absorbed by Warner Bros. in 1992. The only exception was Fogelberg, whose Full Moon recordings bore the Full Moon logo and were distributed by Epic throughout. The label was briefly revived in 2009 for the release of Fogelberg's final studio album "Love In Time", with distribution thru Universal Music Enterprises.

Giant Records (Warner)

Giant Records was launched in 1990 as a joint venture between Warner Bros. Records and record executive Irving Azoff.

In 1990, Giant became a subsidiary label for Warner Music Group. Its first release, in early 1991, was the Gulf War all-star tribute song "Voices That Care," assembled by producer David Foster. That spring, "Hold You Tight" by Tara Kemp was released and went on to become a Top 5 single. In the months that followed, Giant Records released the soundtrack album for the film New Jack City, selling 16 million copies worldwide. The label signed such acts as MC Hammer, Jade, Lord Finesse, and teen pop star Jeremy Jordan. Giant also signed established acts such as Big Car, Miles Zuniga, Steely Dan, Warren Zevon, Oingo Boingo, Chicago, Deep Purple, Morbid Angel, Brian Wilson, and Kenny Rogers. The label also operated a country music division in Nashville; the first act signed was Dennis Robbins.In 1993, Giant became dissatisfied with Warner Music Group's practice of international affairs, so it made a deal with BMG to distribute its recordings outside the U.S. By the mid- to late 1990s, the company had replaced most of its staff and launched a subsidiary label called Revolution Records; Brian Wilson signed with the new label in 1997.The company later reverted to its original name and distributed Paladin Records, which included singer-songwriter Steve Forbert. In 2001, Warner Music Group ended its joint venture with Giant, which was absorbed into Warner Bros. Records.

In February 2015, Warner Music Sweden announced that it would reactivate Giant's name; the first single released under the new Giant Records banner was Simon Erics's "Waiting for the Sun."

Paul Geary

Paul Geary (born July 24, 1961, Medford, Massachusetts) is an American rock and roll drummer and Artist Manager. He is a co-founder and drummer of the Rock band Extreme. He left the group in 1994 to pursue a career in artist management. He was succeeded by former Annihilator drummer Michael Mangini, who is currently the drummer for Dream Theater.Geary founded Global Artist Management in Boston in 1995. One of his first signings was a then little-known Boston rock band Godsmack who would go on to sell more than twelve million albums under his watch. Geary ran Global Artist Management for 10 years before being acquired by music mogul Irving Azoff and relocating to Los Angeles in 2005.

Geary worked alongside Jared Paul and Irving Azoff at "AGP" (for Azoff, Geary, Paul) Management (a division of Front Line Management Group) until January 2013, at which time Irving Azoff resigned from the company, and Geary and his staff returned once more to operate under the moniker "Global Artist Management".

Geary's management credits include The Smashing Pumpkins, Alter Bridge, Godsmack, Creed, The Scorpions, Fuel, Steel Panther, Jason Bonham, Hoobastank, Joe Perry (of Aerosmith fame), and his former band Extreme.

Global Artist Management signed on to co-manage The Hollywood Vampires with Shep Gordon in 2017. Principle members of the Vampires include Joe Perry, Johnny Depp and Alice Cooper.

Pollstar

Pollstar is a trade publication for the concert industry. It gets its information primarily from the agents, managers and promoters who produce concerts.It was purchased by Oak View Group, a venue consultancy founded by Tim Leiweke and Irving Azoff, in July 2017.

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