Ionian School (music)

The term Ionian (or Heptanese) School of Music (Greek: Επτανησιακή Σχολή, literally: "Seven Islands' School") denotes the musical production of a group of Heptanesian composers, whose heyday was from the early 19th century till approximately the 1950s. Conventionally, it is divided in two periods: the First Generation (Πρὠτη Γενιά) from 1815, till the end of the 1860s, and the Second Generation (Δεύτερη Γενιά) from 1871 and onwards. Prominent representatives of this genre include Nikolaos Mantzaros, Spyridon Xyndas, Spyridon Samaras, Pavlos Carrer[1] and Dionysios Lavrangas. The Music Museum of the Philharmonic Society of Corfu has in its collections several scores by these and other 19th and 20th century Ionian composers.

Music of Greece
Orfeu-atenas
General topics
Genres
Specific forms
Media and performance
Music awards
Music charts
Music festivals
Music media
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem"Hymn to Liberty"
Regional music
Related areasCyprus, Pontus, Constantinople, South Italy
Regional styles

History

XyndasAnnaWinter
The first page of 'Quinteto Finale' from Act III of the opera Anna Winter by Xyndas (composer's autograph). It is exhibited in the Music Museum of the Philharmonic Society of Corfu.

The major inspiration for the Ionian School was considered to be the Italian musical tradition. However, as late as the 1820s composers from Ionian Islands succeeded in shaping their own path towards 'national music' initially by using the Greek vernacular language, and later by incorporating folklore elements both from the local tradition and from that of mainland Greece.

Bibliography

  • The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, London 2001, ISBN 0-333-60800-3
  • Stanley I. Sadie: The New Grove dictionary of Opera, London 1992, ISBN 0-333-48552-1
  • Friedrich Blume (Hrsg.): Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, München und Kassel 1989, ISBN 3-7618-5913-9 ‹See Tfd›(in German)
  • Xepapadakou, Avra (2013). "Pavlos Carrer [Paolo Karrer]". Grove Music Dictionary. New York: Oxford University Press.

References

  1. ^ Xepapadakou, Avra (2013). "Pavlos Carrer [Paolo Karrer]". Academia.
Dionysius Rodotheatos

Dionysius Rodotheatos (Greek: Διονύσιος Ροδοθεάτος, Italian: Dionisio Rodoteato; 1849, Ithaca – 1892, Corfu) was a Greek conductor and composer.

Ionian School

Ionian school or Heptanese school may refer to:

In ancient Ionia (Greek Ιωνία)

Ionian School (philosophy), school of thoughtIn modern Ionian Islands (Greek Ιόνια νησιά)

Ionian School (painting) or Heptanese School, art movement from the 17th to 19th centuries

Ionian School (literature) or Heptanese School, art movement from the 18th and 19th centuries

Ionian School (music) or Heptanese School, art movement from the 19th and 20th centuries

Music of the Heptanese

The music of the Heptanese is the folk music of the geographic and historical region of the Ionian Islands. It is based a lot on the western European style. It is dominant the use of guitars and mandolins, while the kantadhes (romantic serenades from the Ionian Islands) are very popular. The island of Zakynthos has a diverse musical history with influences also from Crete. Some notable musicians and composers are Nikolaos Mantzaros, Dionysios Lavrangas and Nikos Hatziapostolou.,

The Church music (Byzantine) of the islands is also different from the rest of Greece, with a lot of western and Catholic influences on the Orthodox rite. The region is also notable for the birth of the first School of modern Greek classical music (Heptanesean or Ionian School, Greek: Επτανησιακή Σχολή), established in 1815.

Folk dances of the islands include:

Ai Georgis

Ballos

Cerigotikos

Diavaritikos

Fourlana

Kerkiraikos

Syrtos

Nikolaos Mantzaros

Nikolaos Chalikiopoulos Mantzaros (Greek: Νικόλαος Χαλικιόπουλος Μάντζαρος, Greek pronunciation: [ɲiˈkola.os xaliˈcʝopulos ˈmant͡saros]; Italian: Niccoló Calichiopoulo Manzaro, 26 October 1795 – 12 April 1872) was a Greek-Italian composer born in Corfu and the major representative of the so-called Ionian School of music (Επτανησιακή Σχολή).

Outline of Greece

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Greece:

Greece – sovereign country located on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe. Greece borders Albania, Bulgaria, and North Macedonia to the north, and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east and south of mainland Greece, while the Ionian Sea lies to the west. Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands.

Greece lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia and Africa. It is heir to the heritages of ancient Greece, the Roman and Byzantine Empires, and nearly four centuries of Ottoman rule. Greece is the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games (for this reason, unless it is the host nation, it always leads the Parade of Nations in accordance with tradition begun at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics), Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama including both tragedy and comedy.

Greece is a developed country, a member of the European Union since 1981, a member of the Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union since 2001, NATO since 1952, the OECD since 1961, the WEU since 1995 and ESA since 2005. Athens is the capital; Thessaloniki, Patras, Heraklion, Volos, Ioannina, Larissa and Kavala are some of the country's other major cities.

Pavlos Carrer

Pavlos Carrer (also Paolo Carrer; Greek: Παύλος Καρρέρ; 12 May 1829 – 7 June 1896) was a Greek composer, one of the leaders of the Ionian art music school and the first to create national operas and national songs on Greek plots, Greek librettos and verses, as well as melodies inspired by the folk and the urban popular musical tradition of modern Greece.

Spyridon Samaras

Spyridon-Filiskos Samaras (also Spyros, Spiro Samara; Greek: Σπυρίδων Σαμάρας) (29 November [O.S. 17 November] 1861 – 7 April [O.S. 25 March] 1917) was a Greek composer particularly admired for his operas who was part of the generation of composers that heralded the works of Giacomo Puccini. His compositions were praised worldwide during his lifetime and he is arguably the most internationally appreciated Greek composer before Dimitri Mitropoulos. He is best known for composing the Olympic hymn.

Spyridon Xyndas

Spyridon Xyndas or Spiridione Xinda (Greek: Σπυρίδων Ξύνδας; June 8, 1812 – November 25, 1896) was a Greek composer and guitarist, whose last name has also been transliterated as "Xinta", "Xinda", "Xindas" and "Xyntas".

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.