Interview (journalism)

A journalistic interview takes the form of a conversation between two or more people: interviewer(s) ask questions to elicit facts or statements from interviewee(s). Interviews are a standard part of journalism and media reporting.[1] In journalism, interviews are one of the most important methods used to collect information,[2][3] and present views to readers, listeners, or viewers.

Thed Björk interview 2012
An interview with Thed Björk, a Swedish racing driver.
Xuxa, Brasília 2014
Xuxa, Brazilian television presenter, during an interview.

History

Although the question-and-answer interview in journalism dates back to the 1850s,[4] the first known interview that fits the matrix of interview-as-genre has been claimed to be the 1756 interview by Archbishop Timothy Gabashvili (1704- 1764), prominent Georgian religious figure, diplomat, writer and traveler, who was interviewing Eugenios Voulgaris (1716-1806), renowned Greek theologian, Rector of Orthodox School of Mount Athos.[5]

Publications

Several publications give prominence to interviews, including:

Cosplayers at Comicdom 2012 in Athens, Greece grant interviews to the MTV television channel 21
Journalists interviewing a cosplayer

Famous interviews

See also

References

  1. ^ Scanlan, Chip (March 4, 2013). "How journalists can become better interviewers". Poynter. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  2. ^ "Four Principles". www.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  3. ^ Martin, María Emilia. "The Art of the Interview". Global Investigative Journalism Network. Retrieved 2017-03-22.
  4. ^ Maslennikova, Anna (2008). "Putin and the tradition of the interview in Russian discourse". In Beumers, Birgit; Hutchings, Stephen; Rulyova, Natalia (eds.). The Post-Soviet Russian Media: Conflicting Signals. BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies. Routledge. p. 89. ISBN 9781134112395. Retrieved 2016-03-02. The interview in the question-and-answer format first appeared in the United States as late as the 1850s (Silvester 1996: 4). Compare: Silvester, Christopher, ed. (1993). The Penguin Book of Interviews: An Anthology from 1859 to the Present Day. Viking. p. 5. ISBN 9780670839650. Retrieved 2016-03-02. Edwin L. Shuman in his Practical Journalism (1903) quotes an American editor, whom he discreetly calls 'Brown', as attributing the first interview to the New York Herald in 1859 [...].
  5. ^ Paata Natsvlishvili, For the Genesis of Interview as a Genre, European Scientific Journal, December 2013, https://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/2376/0
Daniela Arbex

Daniela Arbex (born in Juiz de Fora on April 19, 1973) is a prestiged Brazilian journalist and writer, known by non-fictional books about human rights abuses.

Interview

An interview is a conversation where questions are asked and answers are given. In common parlance, the word "interview" refers to a one-on-one conversation between an interviewer and an interviewee. The interviewer asks questions to which the interviewee responds, usually so information may be transferred from interviewee to interviewer (and any other audience of the interview). Sometimes, information can be transferred in both directions. It is a communication, unlike a speech, which produces a one-way flow of information.

Interviews usually take place face-to-face and in person, although modern communications technologies such as the Internet have enabled conversations to happen in which parties are separated geographically, such as with videoconferencing software, and telephone interviews can happen without visual contact. Interviews almost always involve spoken conversation between two or more parties, although in some instances a "conversation" can happen between two persons who type questions and answers back and forth.

Interviews can range from Unstructured interview or free-wheeling and open-ended conversations in which there is no predetermined plan with prearranged questions, to highly structured conversations in which specific questions occur in a specified order. They can follow diverse formats; for example, in a ladder interview, a respondent's answers typically guide subsequent interviews, with the object being to explore a respondent's subconscious motives. Typically the interviewer has some way of recording the information that is gleaned from the interviewee, often by writing with a pencil and paper, sometimes transcribing with a video or audio recorder, depending on the context and extent of information and the length of the interview. Interviews have a duration in time, in the sense that the interview has a beginning and an ending.

The traditional two-person interview format, sometimes called a one-on-one interview, permits direct questions and followups, which enables an interviewer to better gauge the accuracy of responses. It is a flexible arrangement in the sense that subsequent questions can be tailored to clarify earlier answers. Further, it eliminates any possible distortion by having third parties present.

Face to face interviewing makes it easier for people to interact and form a connection, and it helps both the potential employer and potential hire who they might be interacting with. Further, face to face interview sessions can be more enjoyable.

Interview (disambiguation)

An interview is a type of conversation. The term may also refer to...

Jschool

Jschool is an independent journalism college based in Brisbane, Australia.

The college, founded in 2001, admitted its first students in 2002.

Jschool is directed and was founded by journalist and educator John Henningham.

Mahdi Tajik

Mahdi Tajik (born 1381, Tehran) is an Iranian students’ activist, journalist and political prisoner. He was arrested for the first time in 2005 by the security forces. He was also arrested by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards in 2006, for founding a student activist organization. In the same year, the Revolutionary Court sentenced him to two and a half years in prison which was reduced to cash surcharge afterwards.For the third time, Mahdi Tajik was arrested in January 2010 and transferred to the section 350 of Evin prison. He was sentenced to 27 months of prison and 30 years of prohibition from any interview, journalism, writing articles, membership and political activity in any political parties.

He also begins serving his sentence on 12 Feb 2013 and released on furlough on 05 Oct 2013.Mahdi Tajik is an expert nuclear physicist and has a master's degree in North American Studies from Tehran University Law School.

Languages

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