International studies

International Studies (IS) generally refers to the specific university degrees and courses which are concerned with the study of ‘the major political, economic, social, and cultural issues that dominate the international agenda’.[1] Predominant topics are politics, economics and law on a global level. The term itself can be more specifically defined as ‘the contemporary and historical understanding of global societies, cultures, languages and systems of government and of the complex relationships between them that shape the world we live in’.[2] The terms and concepts of International Studies and international relations are strongly related; however, International relations focus more directly on the relationship between countries, whereas International Studies can encompass all phenomena which are globally oriented.

History

The history of the discipline of International Studies is strongly linked with the history of the study of international relations, as described in the International Relations entry. However, the study of International Studies as a separate entity to International Relations emerged throughout the 20th century, as an increasingly complex world began to be influenced by globalization, and a greater number of issues emerged (rather than only inter-country relations). The discipline was greatly influenced by the establishment of the International Studies Association,[3] which was established in 1959 by a ‘group of academics and practitioners’[4] with the aim of ‘seeking to pursue mutual interests in world affairs through the organization of a professional association’.[4] The establishment of the association reflected the increasing interest in global issues and reflected the need for international academic dialogue. Throughout the later stages of the 20th century and into the 21st century, many education institutions worldwide developed International Studies degrees (both undergraduate and postgraduate). The emergence and increasing popularity of these degrees reflect the general patterns of increasing global interconnectedness and globalization, in that education providers, are becoming more aware that the discipline is becoming increasingly relevant and necessary in the context of the 21st century. The discipline has become increasingly popular in Australia as well as in East Asian countries. Dr. Hanson and Dr. Weber of the University of Queensland state that;

‘Australia has become a highly popular destination for students wishing to undertake Coursework, Masters and Ph.D. programs in International Relations, Peace and Conflict Studies and Development. Collectively, these inter-related fields have come to be called International Studies, and many of Australia’s universities have responded to the increasing demand for programs in this area’[5]

In 2008, the third OCIS conference (Oceanic Conference on International Studies) was held at the University of Queensland’.[5] The conference brought together over 200 academics, with the keynote speaker Andrew Linklater (the Woodrow Wilson Professor of International Politics at the University of Aberystwyth in Wales) noting ‘how vibrant and intellectually stimulating International Studies now is in Australia’’.[5] The increasing popularity of the discipline in Australia led to the International Studies Association to establish an Asia-Pacific Regional Section of the ISA at the University of Queensland in 2009’,[5] which was seen as an ‘indication of the growth of this area’’[5] in Australia.

Etymology

International Studies is sometimes also known as global studies. The terms can be used interchangeably and may be influenced by left vs right inclinations.

Purpose/aim of study

Many educational institutions have developed International Studies degrees and courses in order to engage students with the increasing number of issues and phenomena which have arisen in an increasingly globalized world. As such, most education providers justify the need for the degrees by relating the increasing importance of the discipline with real-world situations and employment opportunities. For example, the University of Technology Sydney states that the purpose of their International Studies degree is to ‘prepare graduates for careers and contributions in a world of social and cultural diversity being transformed by globalisation, allowing students to draw connections between global phenomena and local practices in work and life’.[6] Often, universities will relate the study of International studies with other industries. Monash University describes the relevance for International Studies; ‘as the world globalizes and nations and economies become more integrated, it is important to understand our world and the ideas and beliefs of our neighbors and trading partners. In order to compete in the international marketplaces of products, ideas and knowledge we need to understand and respect the cultures and beliefs of others.[7]

Types of programs

At many universities, International Studies is offered in both undergraduate and postgraduate pathways. As an undergraduate degree, the discipline is most often offered as part of an Arts Degree, as either a minor or major of straight Arts Degrees[8][9] or as specialist Arts Degrees.[10][2][11][12] It is also often offered as a postgraduate degree as an honors or masters as a progression from the undergraduate degrees offered by the various institutions.[13]

Types of studies

The International Studies discipline is usually offered as either part of an arts degree or as a specialist arts degree. As such, students are able to select from a very broad range of subjects to undertake. However, some areas of study which are regularly offered include:[2]

  • the political, social, economic and cultural relationships within the international system
  • foreign policy, diplomacy and other modes of interaction between the countries of the world
  • the significance of foreign societies, cultures, and systems of government
  • the international movement of people as immigrants, refugees, workers, students, tourists and investors
  • the role of international organizations
  • the globalization of the world economy
  • foreign languages
  • history

Different countries' approaches

Australia

As discussed, the study of the International Studies discipline in Australia occurs mostly within universities and generally approaches the subject as a holistic study of international affairs and phenomena. The study is also offered in some Australian high schools. The VCE system, operating within Victoria, offers International Studies as an elective to year 12 students.[14] The two units offered in International Studies VCE are ‘Global issues and conflicts’ and ‘International Relations’.[14]

Canada

There are several International Studies programs in Canada that offer both undergraduate and graduate degrees. The Glendon College International Studies Program, the School for International Studies at Simon Fraser University, the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, the Balsillie School of International Affairs, the Centre for Global Studies at Huron University College, Centre d'études et de Recherches Internationales de l'Université de Montréal, International Studies degree at the University of Regina, the International Studies MA Program at the University of Northern British Columbia and the Institut québécois des hautes études internationales are the leading programs.

Chile

In Chile there are two undergraduate programs. The oldest, International Studies undergraduate program which is offered by the Universidad de Santiago de Chile. This programme emphasises four core areas: International Relations, Methodology, International Trade, and Defense and Security. This programme has also been recognized through the participation of their students in different simulations of the United Nations System, like the National Model of United Nations NMUN in New York and Kobe 2016[15], and in the Modelo Naciones Unidas para Latinoamerica y el Caribe(MONULAC) in Antigua[16]. The university opened this undergraduate programme in 2008 and it represents a very promising development in the study of the Social Sciences in Latin America. The Instituto de Estudios Avanzados(IDEA) of the same university also offers a Masters in International Studies. In 2018, the Universidad de Chile open a same programm in cooperation between different academic units like Facso and [17]

United Kingdom

In the UK the British International Studies Association (BISA) develops and promotes the study of International Studies, Global Politics and related subjects through teaching, research and the facilitation of contact between scholars. International Studies is often related to or attached to the study in International Relations. At the University of Oxford, the Centre for International Studies "exists to promote and advance research in International Relations".[18] In this sense the use of the term International Studies differs to that of the Australian use of the term in that it is tied to the discipline of International Relations, rather than addressing them as separate entities. The Institute of Development Studies (IDS)] based in Sussex, is a leading global charity for international development research, teaching, and communications.

United States

There exist a number of institutions which promote International Studies in the United States of America. The Centre for Strategic & International Studies is a foreign policy think tank which aims to ‘provide strategic insights and policy solutions to decisionmakers in government, international institutions, the private sector, and civil society’.[19] The Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies is a research center based at Stanford University which is a ‘primary center for innovative research on major international issues and challenges’.[20] Both institutions focus primarily on the study of international affairs and relations in relation to US foreign policy, and therefore differ in the Australian approach to International Studies. Alternatively, the undergraduate International Studies program at St. John Fisher College in Rochester, NY is a holistic program that more closely follows the Australian model. <http://www.sjfc.edu/academics/arts-science/departments/international>

Career prospects

As stated, many institutions attempt to promote their International Studies degrees by promoting the career prospects for graduates. The University of Melbourne has stated that graduates of its International Studies major will be ‘attractive to prospective employees in the public and private sectors including international inter-governmental and non-governmental organizations’.[21] Similarly, RMIT University has stated that ‘the degree prepares you to apply your knowledge of globalization, language and culture in international workplace settings’,[22] such as ‘business, government and non-government organizations in a range of areas’.[22]

The discipline is also working under a premise that employment opportunities in the field of International Studies will steadily increase with the increasing level of interconnectedness which is occurring as a result of globalisation; ‘Opportunities for positions requiring international knowledge and skills are increasing and have created a need for graduates who are highly skilled, interculturally attuned and able to think and act globally/locally, as well as being bilingual’.[22]

See also

References

  1. ^ The British International Studies Association (2016). About International Studies. Viewed 3/4/2017 <https://www.bisa.ac.uk/index.php/119-about-international-studies/420-about-international-studies>
  2. ^ a b c Flinders University. (2010). Bachelor of International Studies. Viewed 21/9/2010 <http://www.flinders.edu.au/courses/undergrad/bis/>
  3. ^ International Studies Association. (2010). Welcome to ISA. Viewed 21/9/2010 <http://www.isanet.org/>
  4. ^ a b International Studies Association. (2010). History and Purpose. Viewed 21/9/2010 < http://www.isanet.org/history_purpose/2007/12/history-of-isa.html>
  5. ^ a b c d e International Graduate, Australia. (2010). International Studies in Australia. Viewed 21/9/10 < http://www.internationalgraduate.net/country/australia/international-studies-australia.htm>
  6. ^ University of Technology Sydney: Arts and Social Sciences. (2010). Global Studies. Viewed 21/9/2010 < "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  7. ^ ’Monash University: Arts. (2010). International Studies Program. Viewed 21/9/2010 <http://arts.monash.edu.au/historical-studies/international/>
  8. ^ Monash University: Arts. (2010). International Studies Program. Viewed 21/9/2010 <http://arts.monash.edu.au/historical-studies/international/>
  9. ^ The University of Melbourne, Faculty of Arts. (2007). International Studies. Viewed 21/9/2010 <"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-05. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  10. ^ University of South Australia: Program Information – 2010. (2010). Bachelor of Arts (International Studies). Viewed 21/9/2010 <"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  11. ^ University of New South Wales: Arts and Social Sciences - School of Social Sciences and International Studies. (2010). International Studies. Viewed 21/9/2010 <"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  12. ^ The University of Queensland: School of Political and International Studies. (2010). Undergraduate Programs. Viewed 22/9/2010 < "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-16. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  13. ^ RMIT University: Future Students. (2010). International Studies – Bachelor of Arts (Honours). Viewed 22/9/2010 <http://www.rmit.edu.au/programs/bh049>
  14. ^ a b Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority. (2010). International Studies. Viewed 22/9/2010 <http://www.vcaa.vic.edu.au/vce/studies/intstudies/internationalindex.html>
  15. ^ "Brillante desempeño de nuestros estudiantes en "Debates Modelo" de la ONU". Universidad de Santiago de Chile.
  16. ^ Campo, Valentina del. "Estudiantes de la FAE son reconocidos en conferencia latinoamericana de Modelo de Naciones Unidas". fae.usach.cl.
  17. ^ Instituto de Estudios Internacionales
  18. ^ About Us, University of Oxford: Centre for International Studies, Retrieved December 30, 2012
  19. ^ Center for Strategic & International Studies. (2010). About Us. Viewed 22/9/2010 <http://csis.org/about-us>
  20. ^ Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. (2010). Introduction. Viewed 22/9/2010 <http://fsi.stanford.edu/docs/about_fsi>
  21. ^ The university of Melbourne, Faculty of Arts. (2007). International Studies. Viewed 21/9/2010<"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-05. Retrieved 2010-10-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)>
  22. ^ a b c RMIT University: Future Students. (2010). International Studies – Bachelor of Arts. Viewed 21/9/2010 <http://www.rmit.edu.au/programs/bp048>

Further reading

External links

Aligarh Muslim University

Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) is an Indian public central university. It was originally established by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875. The College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920. The main campus of AMU is located in the city of Aligarh. It has its three off-campus centres at Malappuram (Kerala), Murshidabad (West Bengal) and Kishanganj (Bihar). The university is an Institute of National Importance provided under the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution at its commencement.

Center for Strategic and International Studies

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a think tank based in Washington, D.C., in the United States. CSIS was founded as the "Center for Strategic and International Studies" of Georgetown University in 1962. The center conducts policy studies and strategic analyses of political, economic and security issues throughout the world, with a specific focus on issues concerning international relations, trade, technology, finance, energy and geostrategy.In the University of Pennsylvania's 2017 Global Go To Think Tanks Report, CSIS is ranked the number one think tank in the world for "Top Defense and National Security Think Tanks (Table 14)", the number two think think in the United States across all fields (table 7), and was also ranked as the 4th best think tank for "Think Tanks with the Most Innovative Policy Ideas/Proposals (Table 45)." CSIS has been named the number one think tank for Defense and National Security for the past seven years.

Since its founding, CSIS "has been dedicated to finding ways to sustain American prominence and prosperity as a force for good in the world," according to its website.

CSIS is officially a bipartisan think tank with scholars that represent varying points of view across the political spectrum. The think tank is known for inviting well-known foreign policy and public service officials from the U.S. Congress and the executive branch including those affiliated with either the Democratic or the Republican Party as well as foreign officials of varying political backgrounds. It has been labeled a "centrist" think tank by U.S. News & World Report.The center hosts the Statesmen's Forum, a bipartisan venue for international leaders to present their views. Past speakers have included UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and National Security Advisor Tom Donilon. The center also conducts the CSIS-Schieffer School Dialogues, a series of discussions hosted by Bob Schieffer, of CBS News, in addition to the Global Security Forum, with keynote addresses by Defense Department officials including former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel.

Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge

The Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge (abbreviated POLIS) is the department at the University of Cambridge responsible for research and instruction in political science, international relations and public policy. It is part of the Faculty of Human, Social, and Political Science.

Faculty of Human, Social, and Political Science, University of Cambridge

The Faculty of Human, Social, and Political Science at the University of Cambridge was created in 2011 out of a merger of the Faculty of Archaeology and Anthropology and the Faculty of Politics, Psychology, Sociology and International Studies. According to the Cambridge HSPS website: graduates pursue careers in "research (both academic and policy research), the Civil Service (including the Foreign Office), journalism, management consultancy, museums, conservation and heritage management, national and international NGOs and development agencies, the Law, teaching, publishing, health management, and public relations."The Faculty houses 3 departments: Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, Department of Politics and International Studies and Department of Sociology. Each of these departments has a worldwide reputation for teaching and research, and the undergraduate curriculum (Tripos) is designed to serve both students who have a clear disciplinary commitment at the time of application as well as those who want a broader multidisciplinary degree. Students with a passion for politics can take advantage of links with such departments as Economics and History, those with interests in Sociology can draw on Anthropology and Geography, while those dedicated to pursuing an archaeology career can specialise from the first year or combine this with Biological and Social Anthropology.

Undergraduate students study several disciplines in their first year and then specialise in one or two disciplines in their second and third years. Clearly specified tracks (Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Politics, Psychology, Social Anthropology, Sociology, or a combination of disciplines) ensure that students graduate with appropriate intellectual and professional skills. Assyriology and Egyptology are also possible specialisations, within the Archaeology track.

At the postgraduate level, there are established one-year M.Phils in Archaeology (including Assyriology and Egyptology), Biological Anthropology, International Studies, Social Anthropology and Sociology. The sociology M.Phil allows for specialisation in one of four areas: reproduction; political economy; marginality and exclusion; and media and culture. A new M.Phil in Politics was launched in 2008.

For further post graduate study, Ph.D students conduct research within a wide range of subjects within Archaeology, Assyriology, Egyptology, Biological and Social Anthropology, Politics & International Studies and Sociology.

The Faculty is currently spread across several sites. The SPS Library (now affiliated with the University Library) and the Department of Sociology are on Free School Lane at the New Museums Site. The Department of Politics & International Studies is currently located at the Alison Richard Building on the Sidgwick Site. The Department of Archaeology & Anthropology is spread across the Downing Site, New Museums Site, and Henry Wellcome Building.

Global studies

Global studies is the interdisciplinary study of political, economic, legal, ecological and cultural interconnectedness. Predominant subjects are politics, economics and law on an international level. Global studies is oriented around the study of globalization as it relates to intercontinental politics, the global economy, international law, market relations, the movement of people and resources, global communications, the effect of human activity on the environment, and many more topics. Global studies is often used to map global change and is both micro and macro in scope. The Cambridge English Dictionary defines global studies as "the study of political, economic, and social situations in the world".Global studies tackles the aforementioned topics by examining global power structures influenced by perspectives such as Orientalism and Eurocentrism. Global studies is distinguished from international studies by its broader focus – international studies is only one aspect of global studies. In cases such as international studies or international relations, the concept of 'national' confines the meaning of those fields of study. By comparison, global studies has a broader reach, from the global to the local.

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Not to be confused with the similarly-named Geneva School of Diplomacy and International RelationsThe Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, or the Graduate Institute (in French: Institut de hautes études internationales et du développement (previously known as Institut des hautes études internationales), abbreviated IHEID (previously HEI, IHEI, or IUHEI) is a government-accredited postgraduate institution of higher education located in Geneva, Switzerland.The institution counts one UN secretary-general (Kofi Annan), seven Nobel Prize recipients, one Pulitzer Prize winner, and numerous ambassadors, foreign ministers, and heads of state among its alumni and faculty. Founded by two senior League of Nations officials, the Graduate Institute maintains strong links with that international organisation's successor, the United Nations, and many alumni have gone on to work at UN agencies. The school is a full member of the APSIA.Founded in 1927, the Graduate Institute of International Studies (IHEI or HEI) is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the world's first graduate institute dedicated solely to the study of international affairs. It offered one of the first doctoral programmes in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller postgraduate institution also based in Geneva founded in 1961. The merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.Today the school enrols close to a thousand postgraduate students from over 100 countries. Foreign students make up nearly 90% of the student body and the school is officially a bilingual English-French institution, although the majority of classes are in English. With Maison de la Paix acting as its primary seat of learning, the Institute's campuses are located blocks from the United Nations Office at Geneva, International Labour Organization, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, International Committee of the Red Cross, World Intellectual Property Organization and many other international organisations.It runs joint degree programmes with universities such as Smith College and Yale University, and is Harvard Kennedy School's only partner institution to co-deliver double degrees.

Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies

The Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies (also known as the Jackson School and abbreviated as "JSIS") is a school within the University of Washington's College of Arts and Sciences that specializes in research and instruction in area studies and is most noted for its work in Oriental Studies. Founded in 1909 as the Department of Oriental Subjects, its current name honors Henry M. Jackson.

Houston Academy for International Studies

The Houston Academy for International Studies (HAIS) is a Houston Independent School District charter school in Midtown Houston, Texas, United States. It is located on the Houston Community College System's Central College campus. It opened in August 2006.

International Studies Association

The International Studies Association (ISA) is a professional association for scholars, practitioners and graduate students in the field of international studies. Founded in 1959, ISA now has over 7,000 members in 110 countries and is the most respected and widely known scholarly association in this field. Endeavoring to create communities of scholars dedicated to international studies, ISA is divided into 6 geographic subdivisions (Regions), 29 thematic groups (Sections) and 4 Caucuses which provide opportunities to exchange ideas and research with local colleagues and within specific subject areas. ISA publishes leading journals in the field of international studies and the annual convention routinely draws over 6,500 attendees.

ISA publishes six academic journals (International Studies Quarterly, International Studies Review, International Studies Perspectives, Foreign Policy Analysis, International Political Sociology, Journal of Global Security Studies, co-sponsors a seventh (International Interactions), publishes a comprehensive compendium of international studies and maintains a variety of online resources for the international academic community.It is a US association with headquarters in Storrs, Connecticut.

Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey

The Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS), formerly known as the Monterey Institute of International Studies, is an American graduate school within Middlebury College, a private college in Middlebury, Vermont.

Established in 1955, the school provides instruction on a campus in Monterey, California. The Institute offers a wide range of master's programs and certificates in various disciplines such as environmental policy, international policy, language teaching, and translation and interpretation. MIIS has two graduate professional schools known as the Graduate School of Translation, Interpretation, and Language Education (GSTILE) and the Graduate School of International Policy and Management (GSIPM), and several related centers.

Munk School of Global Affairs

The Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Toronto is an interdisciplinary academic centre with various research and educational programs committed to the field of globalization. It offers master's degrees in Global Affairs, Public Policy, European, Russian, and Asia-Pacific studies. The school also offers a certificate program in global journalism.

Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies

The Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) is a division of Johns Hopkins University based in Washington, D.C., United States, with campuses in Bologna, Italy; and Nanjing, China. It is generally considered one of the top graduate schools for international relations in the world. The institution is devoted to the study of international affairs, economics, diplomacy, and policy research and education.Among the political scientists and economists based here are former World Bank Chief Economist Anne Krueger; and military historian and former Counselor of the U.S. Department of State Eliot Cohen. Its students are selected from a large pool of applicants from all parts of the world.The SAIS Washington D.C. campus is located on Massachusetts Avenue's Embassy Row, just off Dupont Circle and across from the Brookings Institution and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and next to the Center for Global Development and the Peterson Institute. The school has hosted world leaders on a regular basis for public debate in international affairs.

Shanghai International Studies University

The Shanghai International Studies University (SISU) (Chinese: 上海外国语大学) is a Chinese university specialising in languages, literary studies, comparative culture and diplomatic studies. It's one of top eight foreign studies universities in China, and is a Chinese Ministry of Education Double First Class Discipline University, with Double First Class status in certain disciplines.SISU is known for being one of the earliest institutions where China’s higher education in foreign languages took shape. SISU was among the first batch of schools admitted to the Project 211. Like its rival Beijing Foreign Studies University, SISU is known for its strict admission selection. The Ministry of Education has designated SISU's English Literature a National Key Subject along with the English Literature of Peking University.

Stanford University centers and institutes

Stanford University has many centers and institutes dedicated to the study of various specific topics. These centers and institutes may be within a department, within a school but across departments, an independent laboratory, institute or center reporting directly to the Dean of Research and outside any school, or semi-independent of the University itself.

University of International Studies of Rome

The Università degli studi Internazionali di Roma (Italian for "University of International Studies of Rome - UNINT) is a private Italian and state-recognised university located in Rome, Italy.

It was founded in 1996 as Libera Università degli Studi S. Pio V (LUSPIO University) and is organized in 3 Faculties.

University of Memphis

The University of Memphis, colloquially known as U of M, is a public research university in Memphis, Tennessee. Founded in 1912, the university has an enrollment of more than 21,000 students.

The university maintains The Center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI), The Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law, the former Lambuth University campus (now a branch campus of The University of Memphis), The Loewenberg College of Nursing, The School of Public Health, The College of Communication and Fine Arts, The FedEx Institute of Technology, The Advanced Distributed Learning Workforce Co-Lab, and The Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology.

University of Pittsburgh Center for International Studies

University Center for International Studies (UCIS), the first center of its kind when created in 1968, provides a university-wide integration of international scholarship at the University of Pittsburgh. This center provides a university-wide framework for students, faculty, other scholars who have an interest in international studies. UCIS encompasses centers for area studies and centers on topical specializations in international studies. It coordinates international education curricula and provides support services such as the Study Abroad Program, which helps students study abroad during their college experience. It does not offer degrees but awards certificates of attainment to degree candidates in the University's schools. Carl Beck served as the first director of the UCIS.

University of the Pacific (United States)

University of the Pacific (Pacific or UOP) is a private university that has three campuses located in Sacramento, San Francisco, and Stockton, California. It is the oldest chartered university in California, the first independent co-educational campus in California, and both the first conservatory of music and first medical school on the West Coast.

It was first chartered on July 10, 1851, in Santa Clara, California, under the name California Wesleyan College. The school moved to San Jose in 1871 and then to Stockton 96 years ago in 1923. Pacific is accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC). In addition to its liberal arts college and graduate school, Pacific has schools of business, dentistry, education, engineering, international studies, law, music, and pharmacy and health sciences.

It has extensive collections pertaining to jazz musician and alumnus Dave Brubeck, who in 1953 released the live album Jazz at the College of the Pacific. It is also home to the papers of environmental pioneer John Muir.

Westchester Academy for International Studies

The Westchester Academy for International Studies (WAIS) is a public charter school in the Spring Branch Independent School District in Houston, Texas. It serves grades 6–12 and is an International Baccalaureate continuum school, authorized for Middle Years, Career-related, and Diploma Programmes. As of 2017 Dr. Valerie Muniz is the director.

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