International Triathlon Union

The International Triathlon Union (ITU) is the international governing body for the multi-sport disciplines of triathlon, duathlon, aquathlon and other nonstandard variations.[1] The ITU host the top level international race series the ITU World Triathlon Series and the ITU Triathlon World Cup. More recently, the ITU created a long distance race circuit with official world championships. Long Distance Triathlon races are closer in length to Ironman Triathlon races owned and organized by the World Triathlon Corporation.

The ITU also sanctions and organizes official Aquathlon (swim-run), Duathlon (run-bike-run) and Winter triathlon championships. The ITU is headquartered in Lausanne, Switzerland

International Triathlon Union
International Triathlon Union logo
SportTriathlon
AbbreviationITU
Founded1989
LocationLausanne, Switzerland
PresidentMarisol Casado
Chief ExecAntonio Arimany
Official website
www.triathlon.org

History

Versions of swim bike run multi-sports existed in the 1920s but it wasn't until the term triathlon was coined in 1974 in San Diego, that triathlon exploded in popularity. This rapid development drew the attention of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which initiated a discussion in 1988 to include it in the Olympic Games program. The then IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch held a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden with the intention of making triathlon an Olympic sport as soon as possible. At that meeting Canadian Les McDonald was selected as President to a working committee for triathlon, while Sweden's Sture Jonasson was elected as Secretary.[2]

The International Triathlon Union was founded one year later, on April 1, 1989, at the first ITU Congress in Avignon, France. A total of 30 National Federations attended the initial Congress and preparations were made for the sport's first World Championships to be held in Avignon in August 1989. At this meeting the Olympic distance (later renamed to standard) was set at a 1.5-km swim, 40-km bike and 10-km run the distances were chosen as they were already present at the Olympics for each discipline individually. More than 800 athletes representing 40 countries competed in the first World Championships,and Canada's Les McDonald was elected as ITU's first president in 1989.

ITU began the World Cup series in 1991, staging 11 races in eight countries. Triathlon was officially added to the Olympic Programme by the IOC at its Congress in Paris in 1994. Triathlon made its Olympic debut at the 2000 Games in Sydney, with Switzerland's Brigitte McMahon and Canada's Simon Whitfield earning the sport's first gold medals

Since its inception the ITU maintained its headquarters in Vancouver, Canada until January 1st 2014 when it moved to Lausanne, Switzerland, home of the IOC and many international sporting bodies.

Spain's Marisol Casado was elected as ITU's second president in November of 2008. She became an IOC member in February 2010 at the 122nd IOC Session in ITU's hometown of Vancouver. She was re-elected for a new four-year term in October 2012. The Canadian Loreen Barnett maintains its general secretary 3, with Sarah Springman named 1st  vice-president and honorary member of the World Federation, hence in 2012 it was the only worldwide federation of an Olympic sport with an all-female management. In December 2016, Marisol Casado was re-elected for a third term as president of the International Federation at the 29th Congress held in Madrid 6.

In 2009 the International Triathlon Federation reorganised its top level competitions changing the World championship to the World Triathlon Series, an eight-stage competition circuit in eight different countries, and relegated the world cup down to a second tier series below the world series with less prize money and world ranking points. It also organizes a series of world competitions at different distances from chained sports derived from the triathlon it manages, such as duathlon, aquathlon, cross-triathlon, winter triathlon and paratriathlon.

In June 2017, following the renewal of the federal application, the International Olympic Committee included a third triathlon event on the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, the mixed team relay. With the men's and women's short distance triathlon events, three triathlon events offer Olympic titles to triathletes. By joining other sports who practice these forms of mixed events, this approach within the scope of the promotion of equality policies between men and women triathletes supported by the international federation and its president Marisol Casado.

In September 2017, the ITU announced the death of its founding and honorary President, Les McDonald, at the age of 84. The special press release, retraced his sporting and professional career, focusing on his success in obtaining Olympic status for triathlon in 2000, as well as his leadership of the federation for 20 years. He was awarded the Order of Canada in 2013 for service to the nation and inducted into the ITU "Hall of Fame" of the in 2014 for all of his work for triathlon.

International structure

ITU Map
Map of world with five continental regions

The ITU is structured into 5 continental regions, through which the national federations (the governing body of triathlon in each country) are affiliated to the ITU. Each regions offers a Continental Championship and Continental Cup Series.

     ASTC – Asian Triathlon Confederation representing 35 national federations[3]
     ATU – African Triathlon Union representing 37 national federations[4]
     ETUA – European Triathlon Union representing 35 national federations[5]
     PATCO – Pan American Triathlon Confederation representing 40 national federations[6]
     OTU – Oceania Triathlon Union representing 13 national federations[7]

Development

The ITU has an ongoing effort to develop the sport especially outside of Europe and English speaking countries. One method is through development grants such as the recent one to the African Triathlon Union, with most of the money to national federations allowing for support of organize events, as well as funding for athlete, coach and Technical Officials courses.[8] Another is athlete scholarships to be given to young athletes that have shown talent but who need more support than their developing National Federation can give, allowing them to perform at an international level, the end goal of these scholarships is the athletes performing for their county at the Olympic games.[9] One global development is the introduction of certifications for coaching and technical officials meaning that important events will be contested at the high level.[10]

Ranking system

The ITU publishes and maintains the World Rankings for the men's and women's competitions in both short and long course for triathlon and duathlon as well as aquathlon and winter triathlon races it also has a ranking for the national teams mixed relay.[11] Each ranking has a slightly different point system but all are calculated via a rolling calendar, by taking a set number of the highest scoring results from the previous 52 weeks and adding them to a set number of the highest scoring results from the 53 to 104 weeks previous. Each races maximum score is decided by the ITU's ranking criteria[12] and then the athlete who comes first will earn that many points with each following athlete earning 7.5% less point than the athlete before them.

Championships

In its founding year the ITU only ran the World triathlon championship, the following year it also began hosting the duathlon world championship. In 1991 the ITU started hosting a series of triathlon races as the triathlon World Cup. The distances chosen for the World championship and World Cup races were 1,500m swimming, 40km of bike and 10km of running, these parameters were chosen from existing distances in swimming, cycling and running disciplines in the Olympic Games. This triathlon distance has become known as the standard distance in the world of triathlon. In 1994 to have a long distance championship similar to Ironman Triathlon events but hosted by the sports governing body the Long Distance Triathlon World Championships was founded and in 1997 parity was brought to duathlon with the Long Distance Duathlon World Championships. Also in 1997 the first Winter Triathlon World Championships was held giving the sport of winter triathlons its own world championship. Then in 1998 the Aquathlon World Championships were inaugurated giving aquathlon its own world championship. In 2009 the Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships was held to organise an elite level international relay. The most recently created tournament is the Cross Triathlon World Championships similar to the long distance it was created to allow the sports governing body to have a world championship instead of XTERRA Triathlon.

The world championship events organised by the ITU include:

References

  1. ^ "Federation Affiliation Criteria". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  2. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "Inside ITU | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  3. ^ "Official Site of Asian Triathlon Confederation". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Official Site of African Triathlon Union". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Official Site of Asian Triathlon Confederation". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Official Site of Pan American Triathlon Confederation". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Official Site of Oceania Triathlon Union". International Triathlon Union. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  8. ^ Union, International Triathlon (2018-04-17). "ITU and ATU combine efforts to continue developing triathlon in Africa | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  9. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "ITU Athlete Scholarship | Development | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  10. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "Development | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  11. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "ITU Current Rankings | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  12. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "Documents | Triathlon.org". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 2018-09-17.

External links

2008 ITU Triathlon World Cup

The 2008 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes. There were twelve races held in twelve countries, each held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run (an Olympic-distance triathlon). Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall World Cup for which an additional prize purse was awarded. The 2008 World Cup was sponsored by BG Group. The 2008 World Cup series marked the final year of this race and championship format as the ITU shifted its focus to developing the World Championship Series.

2010 ITU Triathlon World Cup

The 2010 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes held during the 2010 season. Eight races were announced as part of the 2010 World Cup series. Each race was held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run (an Olympic-distance triathlon). Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall 2010 ITU Triathlon World Championships point totals.

2011 ITU Duathlon World Championships

The 2011 ITU Duathlon World Championships was a duathlon competition held in Gijón, Spain from 24–25 September 2011 and organized by the International Triathlon Union (ITU). The championship course included a 10k run, a 38.4k bike, and a 5k run. Titles for amateur duathletes, elite paraduathletes, and elite duathletes were awarded during the two days of competition.

2011 ITU Triathlon World Cup

The 2011 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes to be held during the 2011 season. For 2011, nine races were announced as part of the World Cup series. The ninth and final race in Auckland, New Zealand was added as a test race for the 2012 ITU World Triathlon Series Grand Final. Each race was held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run (an Olympic-distance triathlon). Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall 2011 ITU Triathlon World Championships point totals.

2012 ITU Triathlon World Cup

The 2012 ITU Triathlon World Cup was a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes held during the 2012 season. For 2012, nine races were announced as part of the World Cup series. Each race was held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run (an Olympic-distance triathlon). Alongside a prize purse, points were awarded at each race contributing towards the overall 2012 ITU World Triathlon Series point totals. Eight of the nine stops in the world cup series are repeat destinations, with the stop in Banyoles, Spain being a new venue location for the cup.

2012 ITU World Triathlon Series

The 2012 ITU World Triathlon Series was a series of eight World Championship Triathlon events that led up to a Grand Final held in Auckland, New Zealand in October 2012. The Series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU).The World Triathlon Series (WTS) visited Sydney, San Diego, Madrid, Kitzbühel, Hamburg, London, Stockholm, and Auckland. The series took place during the 2012 Summer Olympic year with many countries using the results of some series races to determine which athletes would qualify to represent their nation in triathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics.The series included two sprint distance races and six Olympic distance races. The series stop in Stockholm also served as the location for the 2012 ITU Team Triathlon World Championships. The Grand Final in Auckland included the World Championships for Under 23, Junior and Paratriathlon division, which was decided over a single race. Elite level competitors were crowned champions in Auckland based on the final WTS point standings.

2013 ITU World Triathlon Series

The 2013 ITU World Triathlon Series was a series of eight World Championship Triathlon events that led up to a Grand Final held in London in September 2013. The Series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU).

The World Triathlon Series (WTS) visited Auckland, San Diego, Madrid, Yokohama, Kitzbühel, Hamburg, Stockholm, and London.

The series included two sprint distance races and six Olympic distance races. The series stop in Hamburg also served as the location for the 2013 ITU Team Triathlon World Championships. The Grand Final in London included the World Championships for Under 23, Junior and Paratriathlon division, which were decided over a single race. Elite level competitors were crowned champions based on the final WTS point standings.

2014 ITU Triathlon World Cup

The 2014 ITU Triathlon World Cup is a series of triathlon races organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU) for elite-level triathletes held during the 2014 season. For 2014, ten races were announced as part of the World Cup series. Each race is held over a distance of 1500 m swim, 40 km cycle, 10 km run (an Olympic-distance triathlon).

2014 ITU World Triathlon Series

The 2014 ITU World Triathlon Series was a series of eight World Championship Triathlon events that lead up to a Grand Final held in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The Series was organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU). At the conclusion of the series Javier Gómez of Spain and Gwen Jorgensen of the United States were declared the 2014 ITU World Champions.

2015 ITU World Triathlon Series

The 2015 ITU World Triathlon Series is a series of ten World Championship Triathlon events that lead up to a Grand Final held in Chicago. The Series is organised under the auspices of the world governing body of triathlon, the International Triathlon Union (ITU).

British Triathlon Federation

The British Triathlon Federation (formerly the British Triathlon Association) is the national governing body for triathlon, duathlon and associated multisport in Great Britain. It administers triathlon in England, Scotland, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. It represents Britain at the world body, the International Triathlon Union (ITU) and the regional body the European Triathlon Union (ETU). The BTF also selects athletes to represent the national team, at races such as the world triathlon series and the Olympic games.

ITU Aquathlon World Championships

The ITU Aquathlon World Championships have been held annually since 1998, typically a few days preceding and in the same location as the ITU Triathlon World Championships, however since 2007 the championships have been held as totally separate events in different locations. The championships involve a continuous swim-run, typically with run being 5 km and the swim being between 750m and 1 km (however the distances have varied during the event's history). The championships are organised by the International Triathlon Union.

ITU Cross Triathlon World Championships

The Cross Triathlon World Championship is a triathlon race held annually since 2011 however, unlike normal triathlon races the Cross Triathlon (or X-tri) discipline is off road over difficult terrain. The championship typically involves a 1km swim, 20-30km mountain bike and 6-10km trail run. he championships are organised by the International Triathlon Union.

ITU Duathlon World Championships

The ITU Duathlon World Championships have been held annually since 1990. The championships involve a continuous run-cycle-run, with the format since 1994 being a first run of 10 km, a cycle of 40 km and a second run of 5 km (distances varied prior to 1994). The championships are organised by the International Triathlon Union (ITU).

ITU Long Distance Triathlon World Championships

The ITU Long Distance Triathlon World Championships is a triathlon race held annually since 1994. The championships involve a continuous swim-cycle-run, over distances varying between that of an Olympic-distance and an Iron-distance triathlon race. The championships are organised by the International Triathlon Union.

ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships

The ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships, were a triathlon championship held over half of the Standard distance, that is 750 m swim, 20 km bicycle and 5 km run. The inaugural championships were held in 2010, and organised by the International Triathlon Union. In 2011 the championship was held as an event as part of the 2011 ITU World Championship Series. However for every year after 2011 multiple sprint events where held as part of the ITU World Triathlon Series and no delineation was made between them and so no title has been awarded at the elite level. Currently only a sprint world championship for age group competitors and is held on the same day as the grand elite final of the World Triathlon Series .

ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships

The ITU Triathlon Mixed Relay World Championships, is an annual team triathlon competition organized by the International Triathlon Union (ITU). The competition is completed in teams of four, two men and two women, with each member doing a super-sprint distance triathlon.

Triathlon Association of the Philippines

The Triathlon Association of the Philippines is the national governing body for Triathlon in the Philippines. It is accredited by the International Triathlon Union which is the governing body for the sport of Triathlon in the world. The association is also a member of the Asian Triathlon Confederation. The Asian Triathlon Confederation gave the Triathlon Association of the Philippines "developed status" in its 2014 and 2015 evaluation of its members in the areas of technical officials, coaches development and athletes development.On February 27, 2018, TRAP was awarded as the National Sports Association of the Year in the Philippine Sportswriters Association Annual Awards, citing their gold medal finishes in Men's and Women's Triathlon events in the 2017 Southeast Asian Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Triathlon South Africa

Triathlon South Africa is the Sport governing body for the sport of triathlon in South Africa. It is responsible for the management of sports such as duathlon, aquathlon and triathlon within South Africa. It is affiliated to International Triathlon Union (ITU), and the African Triathlon Union.

National members of the International Triathlon Union
African (ATU)
America (PATCO)
Asia (ASTC)
Europe (ETU)
Oceania (OTU)
ASOIF (32)
Summer Olympics Federations
AIOWF (7)
Winter Olympics Federations
ARISF (39)
Others recognised by IOC
Others in GAISF (21)
GAISF observer members (9)
Others (20)

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