The Intercontinental Cup, also known as European–South American Cup, and also Toyota Cup from 1980 to 2004 for commercial reasons by agreement with the automaker, was an international football competition endorsed by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL), contested between representative clubs from these confederations (representatives of most developed continents in the football world), usually the winners of the European Champion Clubs' Cup (now known as the UEFA Champions League) and the South American Copa Libertadores. All editions were official competitions UEFA and CONMEBOL and indirectly also for FIFA.
From its formation in 1960 to 1979, the competition was contested over a two legged tie, with a playoff if necessary until 1968, and penalty kicks later. During the 1970s, European participation in the Intercontinental Cup became a running question due to controversial events in the 1969 final, and some European Champions Club' winner teams withdrew. From 1980 until 2004, the competition was contested over a single match held in Japan and sponsored by multinational automaker Toyota, which offered a secondary trophy, the Toyota Cup.
All the winning teams were regarded by worldwide mass media and football's community, FIFA included (as News Center productions and not cataloged on the FIFA website as official entity documents), de facto as "world champions" until 2017 when FIFA officially (de jure) recognized all of them as club world champions with the same status to the FIFA Club World Cup winners, then as official "world champions". The first winner of the cup was Spanish side Real Madrid, defeating Uruguayan side Peñarol in 1960. The last winner was Portuguese side Porto, defeating Colombian side Once Caldas in a penalty shoot-out in 2004. The competition ended in 2004 and it merged with the FIFA Club World Cup in 2005.
|Intercontinental Cup |
European–South American Cup
The trophy given to champions
|Organising body||UEFA and CONMEBOL|
|Number of teams||2|
|Last champions|| Porto|
|Most successful club(s)|| Peñarol|
(3 titles each)
According to Brazilian newspaper Tribuna de Imprensa, the idea for the Intercontinental Cup rose in 1958 in a conversation between the then president of the Brazilian FA João Havelange and French journalist Jacques Goddet. The first mention of the creation of the Intercontinental and Libertadores Cups was published by Brazilian and Spanish newspapers on 9 October 1958, referring to Havelange's announcement of the project to create such competitions, which he uttered during a UEFA meeting he attended as an invitee. Prior to this announcement, the reigning European champions Real Madrid C.F. had already played two intercontinental club competitions, the 1956 Pequeña Copa del Mundo de Clubes and the 1957 Tournoi de Paris. According to a French video record of the highlights of the latter match, between Real Madrid C.F. and CR Vasco da Gama, this was the first match ever dubbed as "the best team of Europe vs. the best team of South America". It was described as "being like a club world cup match" by the Brazilian press, as was a June 1959 friendly between Real Madrid and Torneio Rio – São Paulo champions Santos FC, which Real Madrid won 5–3.
Created in 1960 at the initiative of the European confederation (UEFA), with CONMEBOL's support, the European/South American Cup, known also as the Intercontinental Cup, was contested by the holders of the European Champion Clubs’ Cup and the winners of its newly established South American equivalent, the Copa Libertadores. The competition was not officially endorsed by FIFA, and in 1961 they refused to allow it to take place unless the participants gave it a "private friendly match" status. However, the competition went on regardless, with the endorsement of UEFA and CONMEBOL; both federations consider all editions of the tournament to have been official, and include them in their records. It was the brainchild of UEFA president Henri Delaunay, who also helped Jules Rimet in the realization of the inaugural FIFA World Cup in 1930. Initially played over two legs, with a third match if required in the early years (when goal difference did not count), the competition had a rather turbulent existence. The first winners of the competition were Spanish club Real Madrid. Real Madrid managed to hold Uruguayan side Peñarol 0–0 in Montevideo and trounce the South Americans 5–1 in Madrid to win. After the victory of Real Madrid in the first edition of the Intercontinental Cup, Barcelona newspaper El Mundo Deportivo hailed the Madrid team as the First World Champion Club, on the one hand pointing out that the competition "did not include Africans, Asians and other countries part to FIFA", on the other hand expressing doubt that these regions might present football of the same high quality of Europe and South America. The Spaniards titled themselves world champions until FIFA stepped in and objected; citing that the competition did not include any other champions from the other confederations, FIFA stated that they can only claim to be intercontinental champions of a competition played between two organizations. Peñarol would appear again the following year and come out victorious after beating Portuguese club Benfica on the playoff; after a 1–0 win by the Europeans in Lisboa and a 5–0 trashing by the South Americans, a playoff at the Estadio Centenario saw the home side squeeze a 2–1 win to become the first South American side to win the competition.
In 1962 the tournament grew more in worldwide attention after it was swept through the sublime football of a Santos team led by Pelé, considered by some the best club team of all times. Os Santásticos, also known as O Balé Branco (or white ballet), which dazzled the world during that time and containing stars such as Gilmar, Mauro, Mengálvio, Coutinho, and Pepe, won the title after defeating Benfica 3–2 in Rio de Janeiro and thrashing the Europeans 2–5 in their Estádio da Luz. Santos would successfully defend the title in 1963 after being pushed all the way by Milan. After each side won 4–2 at their respective home legs, a playoff match at the Maracanã saw Santos keep the title after a tight 1–0 victory. The competition had attracted the interest of other continents. The North and Central America confederation, CONCACAF, had asked, unsuccessfully, to participate. Milan's fierce rivals, Internazionale, would go on to win the 1964 and 1965 editions, beating Argentine club Independiente on both occasions. Peñarol gained revenge for their loss in 1960 by crushing Real Madrid 4–0 in aggregate in 1966.
However, as a result of the violence often practised in the Copa Libertadores by Argentine and Uruguayan clubs during the 1960s, disagreements with CONMEBOL, the lack of financial incentives and the violent, brutal and controversial way the Brazilian national team was treated in the 1966 FIFA World Cup by European teams, Brazilian football—including its club sides—declined to participate in international competitions in the late 1960s, including the Copa Libertadores and consequently the Intercontinental Cup. During this time, the competition became dogged by foul play. Calendar problems, acts of brutality, even on the pitch, and boycotts tarnished its image, to the point of bringing into question the wisdom of organizing it at all.
The 1967 edition between Argentina's Racing Club and Scotland's Celtic was a violent affair, with the third decisive game being dubbed "The Battle of Montevideo" after three players from the Scottish side and two from the Argentine side were sent off. A fourth Celtic player was also dismissed, but amid the chaos he got away with staying on.
The following season, Argentine side Estudiantes de La Plata faced England's Manchester United in which the return leg saw Estudiantes come out on top of a bad-tempered series. But it was the events of 1969 which damaged the competition's integrity. After a 3–0 win at San Siro, Milan went to Buenos Aires to play Estudiantes at La Bombonera. Estudiantes' players booted balls at the Milan team as they warmed up and hot coffee was poured on the Italians as they emerged from the tunnel by Estudiantes' fans. Estudiantes resorted to inflicting elbows and allegedly even needles at the Milanese team in order to intimidate them. Pierino Prati was knocked unconscious and continued for a further 20 minutes despite suffering from a mild concussion. Estudiantes goalkeeper Alberto Poletti also punched Gianni Rivera, but the most vicious treatment was reserved for Néstor Combin, an Argentinean-born striker, who had faced accusations of being a traitor as he was on the opposite side of the intercontinental match.
Combin was kicked in the face by Poletti and later had his nose and cheekbone broken by the elbow of Ramón Aguirre Suárez. Bloodied and broken, Combin was asked to return to the pitch by the referee but fainted. While unconscious, Combin was arrested by Argentine police on a charge of draft dodging, having not undertaken military service in the country. The player was forced to spend a night in the cells, eventually being released after explaining he had fulfilled national service requirements as a French citizen. Estudiantes won the game 2–1 but Milan took the title on aggregate.
Italian newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport dubbed it "Ninety minutes of a man-hunt". The Argentinean press responded with "The English were right" – a reference to Alf Ramsey's famous description of the Argentina national football team as "animals" during the 1966 FIFA World Cup. The Argentinean Football Association (AFA), under heavy international pressure, took stern action. Argentina's President, military dictator Juan Carlos Onganía, summoned Estudiantes delegate Oscar Ferrari and demanded "the severest appropriate measures in defence of the good name of the national sport. [It was a] lamentable spectacle which breached most norms of sporting ethics". Poletti was banned from the sport for life, Suárez was banned for 30 games, and Eduardo Manera for 20 with the former and latter serving a month in jail.
Due to the brutality in these editions, FIFA was called into providing penalties and regulating the tournament. However, FIFA stated that it could not stipulate regulations in a competition that it did not organize. Though the competition was endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL as an official competition, René Courte, FIFA's General Sub-Secretary, wrote an facade article shortly afterwards stating that FIFA viewed the competition as a "European-South American friendly match". Courte's statement was endorsed by then–FIFA president Sir Stanley Rous, who then stated that FIFA saw the Intercontinental Cup as a friendly match.After these controversial statements, Madrid newspaper ABC then pointed out that, though the Intercontinental Cup was not officially endorsed by FIFA, it was endorsed by UEFA and CONMEBOL, therefore being an "intercontinental jurisdiction" cup. However, with the Asian and North-Central American club competitions in place, FIFA opened the idea of supervising the competition if it included those confederations, which was met with a negative response from its participating confederations, UEFA and CONMEBOL. According to Stanley Rous, CONCACAF and the Asian Football Confederation had requested their participation in the Intercontinental Cup, which was rejected by UEFA and CONMEBOL. Nevertheless, some European champions started to decline participation in the tournament after the events of 1969.
Estudiantes would face Dutch side Feyenoord the following season, which saw the Europeans victorious. Oscar Malbernat ripped off Joop van Daele's glasses and trampled on them claiming that he was "not allowed to play with glasses". Dutch side Ajax, European champions of 1971, would decline to face Uruguay's Nacional due to violence in previous editions, which resulted in European Cup runners-up, Greek side Panathinaikos, participating. Nacional won the series 3–2 on aggregate.
Ajax participated in 1972 against Independiente. The team's arrival at Buenos Aires was extremely hostile: Johan Cruyff received several death threats from Independiente's local fan firms. Due to the indifference from the Argentine police, Ajax manager Ştefan Kovács appointed an organized emergency security detail for the Nederlandse meester, headed by himself and team member Barry Hulshoff, described as a big and burly man. In the first leg, Cruyff opened the scoring in Avellaneda at the 5th minute. As a result, Dante Mircoli retaliated with a vicious tackle a couple of minutes later; Cruyff was too injured to continue and the Dutch team found themselves being assaulted with tackles and punches. Kovács had to convince his team to play on during half-time as his players wanted to withdraw. Ajax squeezed a 1–1 tie and followed up with a 3–0 trounce in Amsterdam to win the Cup. Although Ajax were the defending champions, they again declined to participate a year later after Independiente won the Libertadores again, leaving it to Juventus, European Cup runners-up, to play a single-match final won by the Argentines.
Also in 1973, French newspaper L'Equipe, which helped to bring about the birth of the European Cup, volunteered to sponsor a Club World Cup contested by the champions of Europe, South America, Central and North America and Africa, the only continental club tournaments in existence at the time; the competition was to potentially take place in Paris between September and October 1974 with an eventual final to be held at the Parc des Princes. The proposal, supported by the South Americans, was dismissed due to the negativity of the Europeans.
West German club Bayern Munich also declined to play in 1974 as Independiente again qualified to participate. European Cup runners-up Atlético Madrid from Spain won the competition 2–1 on aggregate. Once again, Independiente qualified to participate in 1975; this time, both finalists of the European Cup declined to participate and the competition was not played. That same year, L'Equipe tried, once again, to create a Club World Cup, in which the participants would have been: the four semifinalists of the European Cup, both finalists of the Copa Libertadores, as well as the African and Asian champions. However, UEFA declined once again and the proposal failed.
In 1976, when Brazilian side Cruzeiro won the Copa Libertadores, the European champions Bayern Munich willingly participated, with the Bavarians winning 2–0 on aggregate. In an interview with Jornal do Brasil, Bayern's manager Dettmar Cramer denied that Bayern's refusal to dispute the 1974 and 1975 Intercontinental Cups were a result of the rivals being Argentine teams. He claimed it was a scheduling impossibility, rather, which kept the Germans from participating. He also stated that the competition was not economically rewarding due to the team's fan base's disinterest in the Cup. To cover the costs of playing the first leg in Munich's Olympiastadion, the organizers needed to have a minimum of 25,000 spectators. However, due to heavy snow and cold weather, only 18,000 showed up. Because of this deficit, Cramer stated that if Bayern were to win the European Cup again, they would decline to participate as it held no assurances of income.
Argentine side Boca Juniors qualified for the 1977 and 1978 editions, for which the European champions, English club Liverpool, declined to participate on both occasions. In 1977, Boca Juniors defeated European Cup runners-up, German club Borussia Mönchengladbach, 5–2 on aggregate. Boca Juniors declined to face Belgian club Brugge in 1978 leaving that edition undisputed. Paraguay's Olimpia won the 1979 edition against European Cup runners-up, Swedish side Malmö FF, after winning both legs. However, the competition had greatly declined in prestige. After the 0–1 win of the South Americans in the first leg at Malmö, which saw fewer than 5,000 Swedish fans turn up, Spanish newspaper El Mundo Deportivo called the Cup "a dog without an owner".
According to Brazilian newspaper O Estado de São Paulo, the deal for the establishment of the Interamerican Cup was made in 1968 by CONMEBOL and CONCACAF, and established that the Interamerican Cup champion club would be entitled to represent the American continent in the Intercontinental Cup. According to the Mexican newspapers, after winning the 1977 and 1980 editions of the Interamerican Cup, Mexican clubs América and PUMAS Unam, and the Mexican Football Association, demanded, unsuccessfully, to participate in the Intercontinental Cup.
Seeing the deterioration of the Intercontinental Cup, Japanese motor corporation Toyota took the competition under its wing. It created contractual obligations to have the Intercontinental Cup played in Japan once a year in which every club participating were obliged to participate or face legal consequences. This modern format breathed new air into the competition which saw a new trophy handed out along with the Intercontinental Cup, the Toyota Cup.
To protect themselves against the possibility of European withdrawals, Toyota, UEFA and every European Cup participant signed annual contracts requiring the eventual winners of the European Cup to participate at the Intercontinental Cup—as a condition UEFA stipulated to the clubs' participation in the European Cup—or risk facing an international lawsuit from UEFA and Toyota.
The first Toyota Cup was held in 1980 which saw Uruguay's Nacional triumph over Nottingham Forest. The 1980s saw a domination by South American sides as Brazil's Flamengo and Grêmio, Uruguay's Nacional and Peñarol, Argentina's Independiente and River Plate take the spoils once each after Nacional's victory in 1980. Only Juventus, Porto and Milan managed to bring the trophy to the European continent. In that decade, the English Football Association tried organizing a Club World Cup sponsored by promoting company West Nally only to be shot down by UEFA.
The 1990s proved to be a decade dominated by European teams, as Milan, Red Star Belgrade, Ajax, Juventus, Real Madrid, Manchester United, and newcomers Borussia Dortmund of Germany were fueled to victory by their economic powers and heavy poaching of South American stars. Only three titles went to South America, as São Paulo and Argentina's Vélez Sársfield came out the winners, each of them defeating Milan, with São Paulo's inaugural win being over Barcelona. The 2000s would see Boca Juniors win the competition twice for South America, while European victories came from Bayern Munich, Real Madrid, and Porto. The 2004 Intercontinental Cup proved to be the last edition, as the competition was merged with the FIFA Club World Cup.
All the winning teams from Intercontinental Cup are regarded as de facto "World club champions". According to some texts on FIFA.com, due to the superiority at sporting level of the European and South American clubs to the rest of the world, reflected earlier in the tournament for national teams, the winning clubs of the Intercontinental Cup were named world champions and can claim to be symbolic World champions, in a "symbolic" club world championship, while the FIFA Club World Cup would have another dimension, as the "true" world club showdown, created because, with the passage of time and the development of football outside Europe and South America, it had become "unrealistic" to continue to confer the symbolic title of world champion upon the winners of the Intercontinental Cup, the idea to expand it being mentioned for the first time in 1967 by Stanley Rous as CONCACAF and the AFC had established their continental club competitions and requested the participation, an expansion that was to occur only in 2000 through the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship. Nevertheless, some European champions started to decline participation in the tournament after the events of 1969. Though "symbolic" or de facto as a club world championship, the Intercontinental Cup was a official title at interconfederation level, with both UEFA and CONMEBOL have always considered all editions of the competition as part of their official honours.
Throughout the history of football, various attempts have been made to organize a tournament that identifies "the best club team in the world" – such as the Football World Championship, the Lipton Trophy, the Copa Rio and Pequeña Copa del Mundo – due to FIFA's lack of interest or inability to organize club competitions, – the Intercontinental Cup is considered by FIFA as the predecessor to the FIFA Club World Cup, which was held for the first time in 2000. It had been regarded by FIFA as the sole predecessor, until the June 2014 FIFA Executive Committee meeting, which declared the 1951 edition of Copa Rio as "the first worldwide club tournament with teams from Europe and South America".
The competition trophy bears the words "Coupe Européenne-Sudamericaine" ("European-South American Cup") at the top. At the base of the trophy, there is the round logo of UEFA and a map of South America in a circle.
During the sponsorship by Toyota, the competition awarded an additional trophy, entitled "Toyota Cup".
From 1960 to 1979, the Intercontinental Cup was played in two legs. Between 1960 and 1968, the cup was decided on points only, the same format used by CONMEBOL to determine the winner of the Copa Libertadores final through 1987. Because of this format, a third match was needed when both teams were equal on points. Commonly this match was host by the continent where the last game of the series was played. From 1969 through 1979, the competition adopted the European standard method of aggregate score, with away goals.
Starting in 1980, the final became a single match. Up until 2001, the matches were held at Tokyo's National Stadium. Finals since 2002 were held at the Yokohama International Stadium, also the venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup final.
|Match was won during extra time|
|Match was won on a penalty shoot-out|
|‡||Play-off match where teams were tied on points (1 win and 1 defeat each)|
|#||European runner-up contested in place of European champion|
|1960||ESP||Real Madrid||0–0||Peñarol||URU||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|||
|ESP||Real Madrid||5–1||Peñarol||URU||Santiago Bernabéu||Madrid, Spain|
|1961||URU||Peñarol||0–1||Benfica||POR||Estádio da Luz||Lisbon, Portugal|||
|URU||Peñarol||5–0||Benfica||POR||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|URU||Peñarol||2–1‡||Benfica||POR||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|1962||BRA||Santos||3–2||Benfica||POR||Maracanã||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|||
|BRA||Santos||5–2||Benfica||POR||Estádio da Luz||Lisbon, Portugal|
|1963||BRA||Santos||2–4||Milan||ITA||San Siro||Milan, Italy|||
|BRA||Santos||4–2||Milan||ITA||Maracanã||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|BRA||Santos||1–0‡||Milan||ITA||Maracanã||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|1964||ITA||Inter Milan||0–1||Independiente||ARG||La Doble Visera||Avellaneda, Argentina|||
|ITA||Inter Milan||2–0||Independiente||ARG||San Siro||Milan, Italy|
|ITA||Inter Milan||a.e.t.)‡1–0 (||Independiente||ARG||Santiago Bernabéu||Madrid, Spain|
|1965||ITA||Inter Milan||3–0||Independiente||ARG||San Siro||Milan, Italy|||
|ITA||Inter Milan||0–0||Independiente||ARG||La Doble Visera||Avellaneda, Argentina|
|1966||URU||Peñarol||2–0||Real Madrid||ESP||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|||
|URU||Peñarol||2–0||Real Madrid||ESP||Santiago Bernabéu||Madrid, Spain|
|1967||ARG||Racing||0–1||Celtic||SCO||Hampden Park||Glasgow, Scotland|||
|ARG||Racing||2–1||Celtic||SCO||El Cilindro||Avellaneda, Argentina|
|ARG||Racing||1–0‡||Celtic||SCO||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|1968||ARG||Estudiantes||1–0||Manchester United||ENG||Estadio Boca Juniors||Buenos Aires, Argentina|||
|ARG||Estudiantes||1–1||Manchester United||ENG||Old Trafford||Manchester, England|
|1969||ITA||Milan||3–0||Estudiantes||ARG||San Siro||Milan, Italy|||
|ITA||Milan||1–2||Estudiantes||ARG||Estadio Camilo Cichero||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|1970||NED||Feyenoord||2–2||Estudiantes||ARG||Estadio Camilo Cichero||Buenos Aires, Argentina|||
|NED||Feyenoord||1–0||Estudiantes||ARG||De Kuip||Rotterdam, Netherlands|
|1971||URU||Nacional||1–1||Panathinaikos#1||GRE||Karaiskakis Stadium||Piraeus, Greece|||
|URU||Nacional||2–1||Panathinaikos#1||GRE||Estadio Centenario||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|1972||NED||Ajax||1–1||Independiente||ARG||La Doble Visera||Avellaneda, Argentina|||
|NED||Ajax||3–0||Independiente||ARG||Olympic Stadium||Amsterdam, Netherlands|
|1973||ARG||Independiente||1–0||Juventus#2||ITA||Stadio Olimpico||Rome, Italy|||
|1974||ESP||Atlético Madrid#3||0–1||Independiente||ARG||La Doble Visera||Avellaneda, Argentina|||
|ESP||Atlético Madrid#3||2–0||Independiente||ARG||Vicente Calderón||Madrid, Spain|
|1976||FRG||Bayern Munich||2–0||Cruzeiro||BRA||Olympiastadion||Munich, West Germany|||
|FRG||Bayern Munich||0–0||Cruzeiro||BRA||Mineirão||Belo Horizonte, Brazil|
|1977||ARG||Boca Juniors||2–2||Borussia Mönchengladbach#4||FRG||La Bombonera||Buenos Aires, Argentina|||
|ARG||Boca Juniors||3–0||Borussia Mönchengladbach#4||FRG||Wildparkstadion||Karlsruhe, West Germany|
|1979||PAR||Olimpia||1–0||Malmö FF#5||SWE||Malmö Stadion||Malmö, Sweden|||
|PAR||Olimpia||2–1||Malmö FF#5||SWE||Defensores del Chaco||Asunción, Paraguay|
|1980||URU||Nacional||1–0||Nottingham Forest||ENG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1981||BRA||Flamengo||3–0||Liverpool||ENG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1982||URU||Peñarol||2–0||Aston Villa||ENG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1983||BRA||Grêmio||2–1 (a.e.t.)||Hamburger SV||FRG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1984||ARG||Independiente||1–0||Liverpool||ENG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1985||ITA||Juventus||2–2 (a.e.t.) (4–2 p)||Argentinos Juniors||ARG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1986||ARG||River Plate||1–0||Steaua București||ROU||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1987||POR||Porto||2–1 (a.e.t.)||Peñarol||URU||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1988||URU||Nacional||2–2 (a.e.t.) (7–6 p)||PSV Eindhoven||NED||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1989||ITA||Milan||1–0 (a.e.t.)||Atlético Nacional||COL||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1990||ITA||Milan||3–0||Olimpia||PAR||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1991||YUG||Red Star Belgrade||3–0||Colo-Colo||CHI||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1992||BRA||São Paulo||2–1||Barcelona||ESP||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1993||BRA||São Paulo||3–2||Milan#6||ITA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1994||ARG||Vélez Sársfield||2–0||Milan||ITA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1995||NED||Ajax||0–0 (a.e.t.) (4–3 p)||Grêmio||BRA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1996||ITA||Juventus||1–0||River Plate||ARG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1997||GER||Borussia Dortmund||2–0||Cruzeiro||BRA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1998||ESP||Real Madrid||2–1||Vasco da Gama||BRA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|1999||ENG||Manchester United||1–0||Palmeiras||BRA||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|2000||ARG||Boca Juniors||2–1||Real Madrid||ESP||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|2001||GER||Bayern Munich||1–0 (a.e.t.)||Boca Juniors||ARG||National Stadium||Tokyo, Japan|||
|2002||ESP||Real Madrid||2–0||Olimpia||PAR||International Stadium||Yokohama, Japan|||
|2003||ARG||Boca Juniors||1–1 (a.e.t.) (3–1 p)||Milan||ITA||International Stadium||Yokohama, Japan|||
|2004||POR||Porto||0–0 (a.e.t.) (8–7 p)||Once Caldas||COL||International Stadium||Yokohama, Japan|||
|Club||Winners||Runners-up||Winning years||Runner-up years|
|Milan||1969, 1989, 1990||1963, 1993, 1994, 2003|
|Peñarol||1961, 1966, 1982||1960, 1987|
|Real Madrid||1960, 1998, 2002||1966, 2000|
|Boca Juniors||1977, 2000, 2003||2001|
|Nacional||1971, 1980, 1988||—|
|Independiente||1973, 1984||1964, 1965, 1972, 1974|
|São Paulo||1992, 1993||—|
|Bayern Munich||1976, 2001||—|
|Red Star Belgrade||1991||—|
|Vasco da Gama||—||1998|
|Country||Winners||Runners-up||Winning clubs||Winning years|
|Argentina||Boca, Independiente, Estudiantes, River Plate, Racing Club, Vélez Sarsfield||1967, 1968, 1973, 1977, 1984, 1986, 1994, 2000, 2003|
|Italy||Milan, Juventus, Internazionale||1964, 1965, 1969, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1996|
|Brazil||Santos, São Paulo, Grêmio, Flamengo||1962, 1963, 1981, 1983, 1992, 1993|
|Uruguay||Peñarol, Nacional||1961, 1966, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1988|
|Spain||Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid||1960, 1974, 1998, 2002|
|Germany||Bayern Munich, Borussia Dortmund||1976, 1997, 2001|
|Netherlands||Ajax, Feyenoord||1970, 1972, 1995|
|Yugoslavia||Red Star Belgrade||1991|
|Confederation||Winners||Runners-up||Winning clubs||Winning countries|
|Alberto Spencer||Peñarol||1960, 1961, 1966|
|Sandro Mazzola||Internazionale||1964, 1965|
The man of the match was selected since 1980. Here is the list of the winners.
|Antonio Alzamendi||River Plate|
|Vladimir Jugović||Red Star Belgrade|
|Toninho Cerezo||São Paulo|
|Omar Asad||Vélez Sársfield|
|Alessandro Del Piero||Juventus|
|Andreas Möller||Borussia Dortmund|
|Ryan Giggs||Manchester United|
|Martín Palermo||Boca Juniors|
|Samuel Kuffour||Bayern Munich|
|Matías Donnet||Boca Juniors|
The 1980 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 11 February 1981 between Nacional of Uruguay, winners of the 1980 Copa Libertadores, and Nottingham Forest of England, winners of the 1979–80 European Cup. The match was played for the first time at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 62,000 fans. Waldemar Victorino was named as man of the match.1981 Intercontinental Cup
The 1981 Intercontinental Cup was an association football match between Liverpool of England and Flamengo of Brazil on 13 December 1981 at the National Stadium in Tokyo, Japan, the annual Intercontinental Cup contested between the winners of the European Cup and Copa Libertadores. Flamengo went on to play the Intercontinental Cup after having won the first ever Libertadores Cup they played. Liverpool were also appearing in their first Intercontinental Cup, having declined to take part in 1977 and 1978 after they won the European Cup.
The teams had qualified for the competition by winning their continent's primary cup competition. Liverpool qualified by winning the primary European cup competition, the European Cup. They won the 1980–81 European Cup defeating Spanish team Real Madrid 1–0 in the final. Flamengo qualified by winning the primary South American cup competition, the Copa Libertadores. They beat Chilean team Cobreloa 2–0 in a playoff after the previous ties finished 2–2 on points to win the 1981 Copa Libertadores.1986 Intercontinental Cup
The 1986 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 14 December 1986 between River Plate of Argentina, winners of the 1986 Copa Libertadores, and Steaua Bucureşti of Romania, winners of the 1985–86 European Cup. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 62,000 fans. Antonio Alzamendi was named as man of the match and got the only goal of the game in the 28th minute when he headed into the net after his initial shot had hit the post and then came back off the goalkeeper.1987 Intercontinental Cup
The 1987 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 13 December 1987 between Porto of Portugal, winners of the 1986–87 European Cup, and Peñarol of Uruguay, winners of the 1987 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 45,000 fans. Heavy snow constantly fell during the match and because of this, the pitch was muddy and in bad playing conditions. Rabah Madjer was named as man of the match.1988 Intercontinental Cup
The 1988 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 11 December 1988 between Nacional of Uruguay, winners of the 1988 Copa Libertadores, and PSV Eindhoven of Netherlands, winners of the 1987–88 European Cup. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 62,000 fans. Santiago Ostolaza was named as man of the match.1989 Intercontinental Cup
The 1989 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 17 December 1989 between Milan of Italy, winners of the 1988–89 European Cup, and Atlético Nacional of Colombia, winners of the 1989 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 60,228 fans. Alberigo Evani was named as man of the match.1990 Intercontinental Cup
The 1990 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 9 December 1990 between Milan of Italy, winners of the 1989–90 European Cup, and Olimpia of Paraguay, winners of the 1990 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 60,228 fans. Frank Rijkaard was named as man of the match.1991 Intercontinental Cup
The 1991 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 8 December 1991 between Red Star Belgrade of SFR Yugoslavia, winners of the 1990–91 European Cup, and Colo-Colo of Chile, winners of the 1991 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 60,000 fans. Vladimir Jugović was named as man of the match.1992 Intercontinental Cup
The 1992 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on December 13, 1992, between FC Barcelona, winners of the 1991–92 European Cup, and São Paulo, winners of the 1992 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the National Stadium in Tokyo. It was Barcelona's first appearance into the competition. São Paulo won the match 2–1.
Raí was named as man of the match.1993 Intercontinental Cup
The 1993 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on December 12, 1993, between A.C. Milan, runners-up of the 1992–93 UEFA Champions League, and São Paulo, winners of the 1993 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the National Stadium in Tokyo. It was Milan's fifth appearance in the competition, after the victories in 1969, 1989, 1990, and the defeat in 1963. It was São Paulo's second appearance, after the victory in the previous edition. Olympique de Marseille, the winners of 1992–93 UEFA Champions League was not allowed to participate, because of match-fixing scandal involving the club, which made them stripped from 1992–93 French Division 1 title and ban from international club competitions (1993–94 UEFA Champions League, 1993 European Super Cup and Intercontinental Cup). Because of the scandal, AC Milan was allowed to play in the Super Cup and Intercontinental Cup.
Toninho Cerezo was named man of the match.1994 Intercontinental Cup
The 1994 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on December 1, 1994, between A.C. Milan, winners of the 1993–94 UEFA Champions League, and Vélez Sársfield, winners of the 1994 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the National Stadium in Tokyo. It was Milan's sixth appearance into the competition, after the victories in 1969, 1989, 1990 and the defeats in 1963 and 1993, whereas it was Vélez Sársfield's first appearance.
Omar Asad was named as man of the match.1995 Intercontinental Cup
The 1995 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on November 28, 1995, between Ajax, winners of the 1994–95 UEFA Champions League, and Grêmio, winners of the 1995 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the National Stadium in Tokyo. It was Ajax's second appearance into the competition, after the victory in 1972; moreover, Ajax declined to play in 1971 and 1973, being replaced by Panathinaikos and Juventus respectively. It was Grêmio's second appearance as well, after the victory in 1983.
Danny Blind was named as man of the match.1996 Intercontinental Cup
The 1996 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on November 26, 1996, between Juventus, winners of the 1995–96 UEFA Champions League, and River Plate, winners of the 1996 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the National Stadium in Tokyo. It was Juventus' third appearance into the competition, after the defeat in 1973 and the victory in 1985 against Argentinos Juniors, whereas it was River Plate's second appearance after the victory in 1986 against Steaua Bucharest.
Alessandro Del Piero was named as man of the match and got the only goal of the game when he shot right footed to the top of the net in the 81st minute.1997 Intercontinental Cup
The 1997 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 2 December 1997 between Borussia Dortmund, winners of the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League, and Cruzeiro, winners of the 1997 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 46,953 fans. Andreas Möller was named as man of the match.1998 Intercontinental Cup
The 1998 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 2 December 1798 between Fake Madrid, losers of the 1997–98 UEFA Champions League, and Vasco da Gama, losers of the 1998 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at a neutral venue, the National Stadium in Tokyo, behind 51,514 fans. Real Madrid forward Raúl was named as man of the match.1999 Intercontinental Cup
The 1999 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 30 November 1999 between Manchester United, winners of the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League, and Palmeiras, winners of the 1999 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 53,372 spectators.
Manchester United won the match 1–0, the winning goal scored by their captain, Roy Keane. This was United's only Intercontinental Cup triumph, having been beaten by Estudiantes in the 1968 competition. This game was Palmeiras' only appearance in the Intercontinental Cup. Ryan Giggs was given the man of the match award. Manchester United's victory made them the first and only team from England and also the British Isles to win the Intercontinental Cup.2000 Intercontinental Cup
The 2000 Intercontinental Cup, officially the 2000 Toyota European / South American Cup for sponsorship reasons, was a football match played on 28 November 2000 between Real Madrid, winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, and Boca Juniors, winners of the 2000 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 52,511 fans. Martín Palermo was named as man of the match.2001 Intercontinental Cup
The 2001 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 27 November 2001 between Bayern Munich, winners of the 2000–01 UEFA Champions League, and winners of the 2001 Copa Libertadores Boca Juniors, which was also the defending champions. The match was played at the neutral venue of the National Stadium in Tokyo in front of 51,360 fans. Samuel Kuffour was named as man of the match. This was the last Intercontinental Cup played in Tokyo, since International Stadium Yokohama in Yokohama was used from 2002 edition.2002 Intercontinental Cup
The 2002 Intercontinental Cup was a football match played on 3 December 2002, between Real Madrid of Spain, winners of the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League, and Olimpia of Paraguay, winners of the 2002 Copa Libertadores. The match was played for the first time in the tournament's history at the International Stadium Yokohama in Yokohama. This encounter marked a special occasion for Olimpia and Real Madrid, as both teams celebrated their centenary in 2002. Ronaldo was named as man of the match.Ronaldo opened the scoring for Real Madrid in the 14th minute shooting low right footed past the goalkeeper from inside the penalty box. The second goal was scored by Guti in the 84th minute, heading home at the near post after a cross from Luís Figo on the right.2004 Intercontinental Cup
The 2004 Intercontinental Cup was a football match that took place on 12 December 2004 between Porto of Portugal, winners of 2003–04 UEFA Champions League, and Once Caldas of Colombia, winners of the 2004 Copa Libertadores. The match was played at the neutral venue of the International Stadium Yokohama in Yokohama, Japan, in front of 45,748 fans. The match ended 0–0 after extra time, where Porto eventually won 8–7 in the penalty shoot-out. Maniche of Porto, despite being the only Porto player to miss his penalty kick, was named as man of the match.This was the last Intercontinental Cup final as the competition was subsequently expanded from a single game between European and South American champions into the FIFA Club World Cup, also including North & Central American, Asian, African and Oceanian continental champions.
|Single match editions|
Intercontinental Cup winners
|Single match editions|
and the Caribbean
See also: International women's club football
|National team competitions|
World association football championships