Inter Press Service (IPS) is a global news agency. Its main focus is the production of news and analysis about events and processes affecting economic, social and political development. The agency largely covers news on the Global South, civil society, and globalization.
|Inter Press Service|
Inter Press Service was set up in 1964 as a non-profit international cooperative of journalists. Its founders were the Italian journalist Roberto Savio and the Argentine political scientist Pablo Piacentini. Initially, the primary objective of IPS was to fill the information gap between Europe and Latin America after the political turbulence following the Cuban revolution of 1959 (Giffard in Salwen and Garrison, 1991).
Later, the network expanded to include all continents, beginning with a Latin American base in Costa Rica in 1982, and extended its editorial focus. In 1994, IPS changed its legal status to that of a "public-benefit organization for development cooperation".
In 1996 IPS had permanent offices and correspondents in 41 countries, covering 108 nations. It had as subscribers over 600 print media, around 80 news agencies and database services, and 65 broadcast media, in addition to over 500 NGOs and institutions.
IPS’s stated aims are to give prominence to the voices of marginalized and vulnerable people and groups, report from the perspectives of developing countries, and to reflect the views of civil society. The mainstreaming of gender in reporting and the assessment of the impacts of globalization are a priority.
IPS may be unique in its concentration on developing countries and the strong relationships with civil society. For this reason, IPS has even been termed the probably "largest and most credible of all 'alternatives' in the world of news agencies" (Boyd-Barrett and Rantanen, 1998: 174/5), being the "first and only independent and professional news agency which provides on a daily basis information with a Third World focus and point of view" (Boyd-Barrett and Thussu, 1992: 94; cf. Giffard, 1998: 191; Fenby, 1986).
Despite all the laudable aims, it is, however, important to see that IPS has never possessed the resources to be a major player in the international media landscape. Because of its focus on longer background pieces focusses on development issues impacting the lives of people in the South instead of concise news, it is yet to be a news provider for mainstream media in developed countries. In fairness to IPS, mainstream media often rely on their own fly in and out journalists from where IPS reports.
IPS is registered as an international not-for-profit association. It has 'general' NGO consultative status with ECOSOC at the United Nations, and the OECD status of "ODA eligible international organization".
Five editorial desks coordinate the network of journalists around the world: Montevideo (regional bureau for Latin America), Berlin-London (Europe and the Mediterranean), Bangkok (Asia and the Pacific), New York (North America and the Caribbean) and Johannesburg (Africa). Most of IPS's journalists and editors are native to the country or region in which they are working.
IPS receives funding from various sources: through its subscribers and media clients, as beneficiary of multilateral and national development cooperation programmes, and as recipient of project financing from foundations. It is not, as most other agencies, financed by a country or a group of newspapers. Hence, the agency’s budget is comparatively small. Still it manages to be "roughly the sixth largest international news-gathering organization" (Rauch, 2003: 89).
The actual role of IPS in the international mediascape is hard to assess. Clipping services are expensive, and do not exist in many countries where IPS is strong. Additionally, in some countries news agencies are not credited in bylines. One study by the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization for media coverage of the FAO in 1991 found that of the nearly 3000 clippings with news agency bylines, 13% credited IPS, making it the third-most cited agency. IPS reports were collected from 138 different publications in 39 countries - more countries than any other agency. IPS was particularly strong in Latin America - 72% of clippings from Latin America with news agency bylines came from IPS.
Bangladesh–Venezuela relations are the bilateral relations between Bangladesh and Venezuela.Bianet
Bianet (acronym for Turkish: Bağımsız İletişim Ağı, lit. '"Independent Communication Network"') is an independent Turkish press agency based in Istanbul. It was established in 2000 by journalist Nadire Mater, former representative of Reporters Without Borders, and left-wing activist Ertuğrul Kürkçü and since November 2003 is tied with Inter Press Service. It is mostly funded by the European Commission through the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR). Erol Önderoğlu served as the monitoring editor for Bianet for several years. His work for Bianet included quarterly reports on free speech in Turkey.Boudewijn Poelmann
Boudewijn Poelmann (born 3 February 1949, Bussum) is a Dutch entrepreneur and cofounder of Holland's National Postcode Lottery. In 1983, he helped to start the media company, Novamedia.
Before establishing Novamedia in 1983, he worked with DAF and Oxfam Novib (Dutch organization for international development aid). At Oxfam Novib he was responsible for fundraising and oversaw its publishing house. In addition, he acquired experience in European TV, telephone and printed media businesses. Until September 1992 he was also the director of Inter Press Service, Europe.
Poelmann is one of the founders/owners of Independent Media, which became the second largest publishing house in the Russian Federation. He was the chairman of the board of directors until 2004 when Independent Media was sold to Sanoma Publishing. In 2004, he co-founded City AM, a daily financial newspaper in London. One year later he co-founded the new Dutch publishing house Nieuw Amsterdam. He was a member of the board of Feyenoord Rotterdam.Eric LeCompte (non-profit)
Eric LeCompte is an American commentator on politics, finance and religion. He serves on a working group with the UN Conference on Trade and Development. He is the current executive director of Jubilee USA Network. Prior to working with Jubilee USA, he served as the event coordinator at School of the Americas Watch.Halle Jørn Hanssen
Halle Jørn Hanssen (born 18 February 1937) is a Norwegian television correspondent, development aid administrator and politician.
He was born in Brønnøy, and worked as a teacher in Vinje, Sør-Trøndelag before enrolling at the University of Oslo. He graduated with the cand.mag. degree in 1964, and worked as a researcher at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs from 1965 up to and including 1968. Having been the chairman of the Young Liberals of Norway from 1964 to 1966, in early 1969 he was hired as secretary for the Liberal Party. Immediately after the 1969 election he was hired in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. In 1978 he became the first correspondent for Africa in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, which was the only television station in Norway at that time. As a correspondent he was stationed in Nairobi.Hanssen left the Liberal Party in 1972, as the party split over disagreements of Norway's proposed entry to the European Economic Community. He joined the Labour Party instead, and served three terms as a local politician in Bærum municipal council.In 1982 he left his job in the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, and was hired in the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation. In 1992 he was hired in the Norwegian People's Aid, becoming secretary general in 1994. He left in 2001, and has since worked as a freelance writer, lecturer and advisor. Among other topics, he has advised the Norwegian People's Aid about democracy building in Sudan.Hanssen has also been involved in Inter Press Service, Eurostep, the Panos Network, Attac Norway and the Norwegian Forum for Environment and Development. He resides at Høvik.Islam in Namibia
Namibia is home to a small but growing Muslim community.Jim Lobe
Jim Lobe (born January 4, 1949) is an American journalist and the Washington Bureau Chief of the international news agency Inter Press Service.Khadijatou Bint Ahmed
Khadijatou Bint Ahmed, sometimes known as Khadija Mint Ahmed Aïche, is a Mauritanian politician, who in 1987, as minister of mines and industry, became the country's first woman cabinet minister.She is a native of Boutilimit.In 1987, Mauritania's President, Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, named three women to cabinet-level posts to "correct countless managerial mistakes committed in the past". Bint Ahmed was appointed minister of mines and industries, Lalla Mariam Bint Moulaye was appointed associate director of the presidential cabinet, and N'Deye Tabar Fall became general secretary of the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs. Her tenure lasted until 1990.Speaking to the Inter Press Service, Abass Braham, a blogger and social critic, said, "It seems a long way since the country got its first woman minister in the person of Khadijatou Bint Ahmed in 1987. Since then the rapid pace of urbanisation and increased outside influence that came with economic modernisation made it possible to question and even challenge customary behaviour patterns in some parts of the country. The expansion of modernisation meant that traditional nomadic customs were subjected to close scrutiny ... Thus you see many women doing business or other jobs traditionally reserved for men."Kibra Constituency
Kibra Constituency is an electoral constituency in Nairobi County, Kenya. It is one of seventeen constituencies in the county. It is located to the southwest of the City of Nairobi, and includes Kibera slum and adjoining estates. The constituency was created prior to the 2013 general election. The Kibra Member of Parliament is Ken Okoth, of the Orange Democratic Movement.
Kibra is a Nubian word meaning 'forest' or 'jungle'. The Nubians have lived in what is now Kibra since the end of the Second World War, when they were allocated land by the British colonial government.The entire constituency is located within Nairobi County, and has an area of 12.1 km². It was part of Langata Constituency until the Kenyan general election of 2013, when it was hived off by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission.Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism
The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism, named for the war correspondent, Martha Gellhorn, was established in 1999 by the Martha Gellhorn Trust. It is founded on the following principles:
The award will be for the kind of reporting that distinguished Martha: in her own words "the view from the ground". This is essentially a human story that penetrates the established version of events and illuminates an urgent issue buried by prevailing fashions of what makes news. We would expect the winner to tell an unpalatable truth, validated by powerful facts, that exposes establishment conduct and its propaganda, or "official drivel", as Martha called it. The subjects can be based in this country or abroad.
The prize is awarded annually to journalists writing in English whose work has appeared in print or in a reputable internet publication.Matameye
Matameye is a town and urban commune, administrative centre of the Matameye Department in Niger, with a population of 17,930 as of 2001. In 2005 a road was completed from Matameye to Takieta. Since 2011 many people have moved to Matameye from Tânout and Gouré because of the food crisis, in search for better harvests, abandoning their homes and schools.Mohammed Omer
Mohammed Omer (Arabic: محمد عمر), (born 1984) is a Palestinian journalist. He has reported for numerous media outlets, including The New York Times, the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Al Jazeera, New Statesman, Pacifica Radio, Electronic Intifada, The Nation, Inter Press Service, Free Speech Radio News, Vermont Guardian, ArtVoice Weekly, the Norwegian Morgenbladet, and Dagsavisen, the Swedish dailies Dagen Nyheter and Aftonbladet the Swedish magazine Arbetaren, the Basque daily Berria, the German daily Junge Welt and the Finish magazine Ny Tid. He also founded Rafah Today and is the author of several books, including Shell-ShockedOslobođenje
Oslobođenje (Bosnian pronunciation: [oslobod͡ʑěːɲe]; English: Liberation) is a daily newspaper in Bosnia and Herzegovina based in the capital city Sarajevo. Founded on 30 August 1943, in the midst of the World War II, on a patch of territory liberated by Partisans, in what was otherwise German-occupied country, paper gained recognition over the years for its high journalistic standards and is recipient of numerous domestic honors and international awards in a branch.Peru–United States Trade Promotion Agreement
The United States–Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (Spanish: Acuerdo de Promoción Comercial Perú – Estados Unidos o Tratado de Libre Comercio Perú – Estados Unidos) is a bilateral free trade agreement, whose objectives are eliminating obstacles to trade, consolidating access to goods and services and fostering private investment in and between the United States and Peru. Besides commercial issues, it incorporates economic, institutional, intellectual property, labor and environmental policies, among others. The agreement was signed on April 12, 2006; ratified by the Peruvian Congress on June 28, 2006; by the U.S. House of Representatives on November 2, 2007 and by the U.S. Senate on December 4, 2007. The Agreement was implemented on February 1, 2009.Roberto Savio
Roberto Savio (born in Rome, Italy, but also holding Argentine nationality) is a journalist, communication expert, political commentator, activist for social and climate justice and advocate of global governance. He has spent most of his career with Inter Press Service (IPS), the news agency which he founded in 1964 along with Argentine journalist Pablo Piacentini.Savio studied Economics at the University of Parma, followed by post-graduate courses in Development Economics under Gunnar Myrdal, History of Art and International Law in Rome. He started his professional career as a research assistant in International Law at the University of Parma.Street News Service
Street News Service (SNS) is a news agency for street newspapers run by the International Network of Street Papers (INSP). It carries articles, essays and news from newspapers sold and sometimes written by homeless and poor people. It helps street papers worldwide to share stories with each other with other alternative press. Mainstream news services Thomson Reuters and Inter Press Service support SNS with photos and training.The news service is distributed weekly in three languages to over 200 journalists. SNS also has a team of 46 volunteers translators, offering translation to 15 languages.It was originally started as a collaboration between the North American Street Newspaper Association (NASNA) and AlterNet.Vere Bird Jr.
Vere Bird Jr. (c. 1937 - 31 March 2013) was an Antiguan lawyer and politician who served as chairman of the Antigua Labour Party (ALP) and a government minister. He is the son of Vere Bird, the former Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda, and brother of Lester Bird, who later held the same position.
Bird entered politics in 1981. Three years later he was elected to the House of Representatives and became Minister of Aviation, Public Information and Public Utilities. As minister, Bird conducted a purchase deal for Dominican water before being made Minister of Public Works and Communications on 1 January 1987. In this role, he oversaw the reconstruction of V. C. Bird International Airport, which was the subject of controversy after it was discovered that he had granted a contract for the construction of a new runway to a company in which he was a shareholder. This led to conflict within the ALP, but Bird remained a minister. He was later fired after a scandal in which Israeli weapons, sold to Antigua and Barbuda, were found in the hands of the Medellín Cartel of Colombian drug smugglers – it was discovered that the weapons had been transferred at Bird's instruction, and a report by Sir Louis Blom-Cooper recommended that he be prohibited from holding public office again.
Despite this decision, Bird returned to government on 15 May 1996 as Minister of Science, Technology and Communications, with a transfer to the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Business Development following the 1999 general election. In 2000, he became Minister of Agriculture, Lands and Fisheries; in this role, he negotiated an end to the Antiguan boycott of agricultural goods from Trinidad and Tobago. The ALP lost the 2004 general election and were replaced by a United Progressive Party government under Baldwin Spencer. Bird remained involved in politics, and along with six other senior ALP members was arrested in 2009 after an unauthorised May Day rally. The seven politicians were found guilty of public order offences, although the trial was delayed following a seizure suffered by Bird. He suffered two more seizures in 2010, after the completion of the trial, and died on 31 March 2013 of heart failure.Yukpa people
Yukpa is an Amerindian ethnic group that inhabits the northeastern part of the Cesar Department in northern Colombia by the Serranía del Perijá bordering Venezuela. Their territory covers the eastern areas of the municipalities of Robles La Paz, Codazzi and Becerril in Resguardos (indian reserve) named Socorpa, Menkue, El Cozo Iroka and some other small areas in Venezuela. According to an Inter Press Service story, the majority of the Yukpa, who number nearly 10,000, live in Venezuela although some communities are still located in the mountains across the border in Colombia. The Yukpa people have been known to consume certain nest-inhabiting wasp species, such as Polistes pacificus, which make paper nests that can be quickly knocked from its hanging place on a tree directly into a fire, where the larvae are then toasted.