Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques

The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques), abbreviated INSEE (French pronunciation: ​[inse]), is the national statistics bureau of France. It collects and publishes information about the French economy and people and carries out the periodic national census. Headquartered in Paris, it is the French branch of Eurostat. The INSEE was created in 1946 as a successor to the Vichy regime's National Statistics Service (SNS). It works in close cooperation with the Institut national d'études démographiques (INED).

Purpose

INSEE is responsible for the production and analysis of official statistics in France. Its best known responsibilities include:

  • Organising and publishing the national census.
  • Producing various indices – which are widely recognised as being of excellent quality – including an inflation index used for determining the rates of rents and the costs associated with construction.
  • Eurostat uses INSEE statistics in combination with those of other national statistical agencies to compile comparable statistics for the European Union as a whole. It is also widely recognized as representing France on international questions of statistics.

Organisation

The INSEE is the responsibility of MINEFI, the French Ministry of Finance. The current director is Jean-Luc Tavernier. However, Eurostat considers INSEE as an independent body, although its independence is not written in the law.[1]

Teaching and research

Research and teaching for the INSEE is undertaken by GENES or Group of the National Schools of the Economy and Statistics (French: Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et Statistique) which includes:

  • ENSAE (École nationale de la statistique et de l'administration économique), a grande école which trains INSEE administrators and engineers specialized in statistics, the economy, and finance.
  • ENSAI, (École nationale de la statistique et de l'analyse de l'information), an engineering school.

Codes and numbering system

INSEE gives numerical indexing codes (French: les Codes INSEE) to various entities in France:

  • INSEE codes (known as COG) are given to various administrative units, notably the French communes (they do not coincide with postcodes). The 'complete' code has 8 digits and 3 spaces within, but there is a popular 'simplified' code with 5 digits and no space within:
  • INSEE numbers (13 digits + a two-digit key) are national identification numbers given to people. The format is as follows: syymmlllllooo kk, where
    • s is 1 for a male, 2 for a female for a permanent number; it is 7 for a male, 8 for a female for a temporary number,
    • yy are the last two digits of the year of birth,
    • mm is the month of birth or a number above 20 if the birthdate is unknown
    • lllll is the COG for the location of birth,
    • ooo is an order number to distinguish people being born at the same place in the same year and month.
    • 'kk' is the "control key", equal to 97-(the rest of the number modulo 97).
      There are exceptions for people in particular situations.[2]
  • SIREN codes are given to businesses and nonprofit associations, SIRET codes to their establishments and facilities.[3]

History

Statistics in France before INSEE

INSEE was preceded by several related statistical agencies in France. In 1833, the Statistics Bureau (French: Bureau de la statistique) was created by Adolphe Thiers. In 1840 it was renamed SGF or General Statistics of France.[4]

Under the direction of Lucien March, the SGF expanded its activities. It began an investigation of consumption habits in 1907, following with periodic investigations on retail prices in 1911.

In 1920 Alfred Sauvy introduced competitive entrance exams for SGF recruitment. However, it was René Carmille, a pioneer of the use of the calculators, who laid the foundations of the modern organization. In 1940, the Demographic Service (Service de la démographie) was created under the Ministry of Finance in order to replace the military recruitment office prohibited by the June 1940 Armistice with Nazi Germany. In order to better conceal its undertakings, the Demographic Service absorbed the SGF on 11 October 1941. The new organization was called the SNS or National Statistics Service.[5] As part of this reorganization, six new offices were created in the Northern (occupied) zone whose regional structure is maintained today in INSEE.

René Carmille created an Applied Sciences School (predecessor of the current ENSAE) to specially train members for the SNS.

Carmille worked for Vichy France but he was actually a double agent for the French underground. From his position in the SNS he sabotaged the Nazi census of France, which saved untold numbers of Jewish people from death camps. He also used his department to help mobilize French resistance in Algeria. He was caught by the Nazis and sent to Dachau where he died in 1945.[6]

Creation of INSEE

The SNS was finally transformed into INSEE by the law of 27 April 1946, The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Surveys for the metropolis and overseas France (L'Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques pour la métropole et la France d'outre-mer).

List of directors

This is a list of directors of INSEE since its founding:

  • 1946–1961: Francis-Louis Closon
  • 1961–1967: Claude Gruson
  • 1967–1974: Jean Ripert
  • 1974–1987: Edmond Malinvaud
  • 1987–1992: Jean-Claude Milleron
  • 1992–2003: Paul Champsaur
  • 2003–2007: Jean-Michel Charpin
  • 2007–2012: Jean-Philippe Cotis
  • 2012–0000: Jean-Luc Tavernier

See also

References

  1. ^ ACDC2007.free.fr, Eurostat report
  2. ^ DSI.CNRS.fr
  3. ^ SIRENE.tm.fr Archived 24 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine, SIRENE database
  4. ^ French: Statistique Générale de la France
  5. ^ French: Service National des Statistiques
  6. ^ IBM and the Holocaust, Edwin Black, 2001, Crown , p 320-332,

External links

Arrondissement of Albi

The arrondissement of Albi is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 811 and its capital city is Albi.

It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department, with an area of 2,731.7 km2 (1,055 sq mi), the largest in area of the department. It has 186,515 inhabitants and a population density of 68.3 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Albi (49,231 inhabitants), Gaillac (13,820 inhabitants), Carmaux (9,774 inhabitants), Saint-Juéry (6,715 inhabitants) and Rabastens (5,187 inhabitants).

Arrondissement of Béziers

The arrondissement of Béziers is an arrondissement of France in the Hérault department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 341 and its capital city is Béziers. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 153 communes.It is the southernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 2,986.8 km2 (1,153.2 sq mi), 304,108 inhabitants and a density of 101.8 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 6,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Béziers (72,970 inhabitants), Agde (24,651 inhabitants), Pézenas (8,317 inhabitants), Sérignan (6,836 inhabitants) and Bédarieux (6,297 inhabitants).

Arrondissement of Carcassonne

The arrondissement of Carcassonne is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 111 and its capital city is Carcassonne. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 186 communes.It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 2,668.1 km2 (1,030.2 sq mi), 161,254 inhabitants and a density of 60.4 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, in 2012, in the arrondissement are Carcassonne (47,068 inhabitants), Castelnaudary (11,748 inhabitants) and Trèbes (5,280 inhabitants).

Arrondissement of Castres

The arrondissement of Castres is an arrondissement of France in the Tarn department in the Occitanie region. Its INSEE code is 812 and its capital city is Castres.

It is the southernmost arrondissement of the department, with an area of 3,026.2 km2 (1,168 sq mi). It is also the arrondissement with more people living there, with 192,432 inhabitants and a population density of 63.6 inhabitants/km².

Arrondissement of Florac

The arrondissement of Florac is an arrondissement of France in the Lozère department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 481 and its capital city is Florac-Trois-Rivières.

It is the smallest and southernmost of the two arrondissements of the department, with an area of 1,687.5 km2 (651.5 sq mi). It has a population of 13,276 inhabitants and a density of 7.9 inhabitants/km2.There is only a town with more than 1,000 inhabitants, and it is the subprefecture, Florac-Trois-Rivières, with 2,130 inhabitants.

Arrondissement of Limoux

The arrondissement of Limoux is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 112 and its capital city is Limoux. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 138 communes.It is the southernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,780.9 km2 (687.6 sq mi), 44,712 inhabitants and a density of 25.1 inhabitants/km2.The only city in the arrondissement with a population of 10,000 or higher is the capital, Limoux, with 10,180 inhabitants.

Arrondissement of Lodève

The arrondissement of Lodève is an arrondissement of France. It is part of the Hérault département. Its INSEE code is 342 and its capital city is Lodève. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 122 communes.It is the northernmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,819.6 km2 (702.6 sq mi), 92,176 inhabitants and a density of 50.7 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Clermont-l'Hérault (8,221 inhabitants), Lodève (7,552 inhabitants), Gignac (5,654 inhabitants) and Saint-André-de-Sangonis (5,586 inhabitants).

Arrondissement of Mende

The arrondissement of Mende is an arrondissement of France in the Lozère department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 482 and its capital city, and prefecture of the department, is Mende.

It is the larger arrondissement of the department, with an area of 3,479.4 km2 (1,343.4 sq mi). It has a population of 63,613 inhabitants and a density of 18.3 inhabitants/km2.The only important city is Mende with 11,908 people living there in 2012. Other towns are Marvejols (4,950) and Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4,187).

Arrondissement of Montpellier

The arrondissement of Montpellier is an arrondissement of France. It is part of the Hérault département. Its INSEE code is 343 and its capital city, and prefecture of the department, is Montpellier. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Hérault, it has 68 communes.In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,294.6 km2 (499.8 sq mi), a population of 681,343 inhabitants and a density of 526.3 inhabitants/km2.The main cities in the arrondissement are Montpellier (268,456 inhabitants), Sète (44,558 inhabitants), Lunel (25,405 inhabitants), Frontignan (22,728 inhabitants), Mauguio (16,7865 inhabitants), Castelnau-le-Lez (16,664 inhabitants), Lattes (15,719 inhabitants) and Mèze (10,917 inhabitants).

Arrondissement of Narbonne

The arrondissement of Narbonne is an arrondissement of France in the Aude department in the Occitanie région. Its INSEE code is 113 and its capital city is Narbonne. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Aude, it has 109 communes.It is the easternmost of the arrondissements of the department. In 2012, before its borders were modified, it had an area of 1,690 km2 (652.5 sq mi), 156,373 inhabitants and a density of 92.5 inhabitants/km2.The main cities, with more than 5,000 inhabitants in 2012, in the arrondissement are Narbonne (51,869 inhabitants), Lézignan-Corbières (10,883 inhabitants), Coursan (6,056 inhabitants), Port-la-Nouvelle (5,653 inhabitants) and Sigean (5,476 inhabitants).

Canton of Parthenay

The canton of Parthenay is a canton located in the arrondissement of Parthenay, in the département of Deux-Sèvres, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine région of France. The canton is made up of 11 undivided communes.

ENSAE ParisTech

ENSAE ParisTech (officially École nationale de la statistique et de l'administration économique) is one of the most prestigious French Grandes écoles of engineering and a member of ParisTech (Paris Institute of Technology). ENSAE ParisTech is known as the branch school of École Polytechnique for statistics, data science and machine learning.

It is one of France's top schools of economics, statistics, data science and machine learning and is directly attached to France's Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE) and the French Ministry of Economy and Finance.

Students are given a proficient training both in economics and statistics and they can specialize in macroeconomics, microeconomics, statistics or finance.

The ENSAE has the ability to train its students for the French actuary graduation (Institut des Actuaires).

Institut National de la Statistique

Institut national de la statistique may refer to:

Institut national de la statistique et de l'analyse économique (INSAE), in Benin

Institut national de la statistique et de la démographie(fr) (INSD), in Burkina Faso

Institut national de la statistique (INS), or National Institute of Statistics (Cameroon), in Cameroon

Institut national de la statistique, des études économiques et démographiques(fr) (INSEED), in Chad

Institut national de la statistique(fr) (INS), in Côte d'Ivoire

Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques(fr) (INSEE), in France

Institut national de la statistique (Mali)(fr) (INSTAT), in Mali

Institut national de la statistique (Madagascar)(fr) (INSTAT), in Madagascar

Institut national de la statistique (INS), in Niger

Institut national de la statistique, or Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain) (INE), in Spain

Institut national de la statistique (INS), in Tunisia

List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits

Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits. The cities listed all have populations over 300,000. The list deals exclusively with the areas within city administrative boundaries as opposed to urban areas or larger urban zones (metropolitan areas), which are generally larger in terms of population than the main city.

As some cities have very narrow city limits and others very wide, the list may not give an accurate view of the comparative magnitude of different places, and the figures in the list should be treated with caution. Paris is the most populous urban area in the European Union, but the strict definition of the administrative limits of the City of Paris results in a far lower population shown in the table.

List of metropolitan areas by population density

List of metropolitan areas by population density is a list covering the top 50 most densely populated cities.

Lozère

Lozère (French pronunciation: ​[lɔzɛʁ]; Occitan: Losera [luˈzeɾɔ]) is a department in the region of Occitanie in southern France near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère.

STATEC

STATEC (officially in French: Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg) is the government statistics service of Luxembourg. It is headquartered in the Kirchberg quarter of Luxembourg City.

Tidiane N'Diaye

Tidiane N'Diaye (born 20 August 1950) is a Franco-Senegalese anthropologist, economist, and writer.

He is the author of a number of publications on the history of Black Africa and the African diaspora, as well as numerous economic studies of the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques on the French overseas departments (Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique).

N'Diaye's essays on the Arab slave trade (Le génocide voilé "the veiled genocide", Étude de la traite négrière arabo-musulmane "study of the Arab-Muslim negro slave trade") were nominated for the Prix Renaudot in 2008.

Zone d'études et d'aménagement du territoire

In 1967 the Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies, INSEE), together with the French Commissariat général and DATAR (Délégation à l'aménagement du territoire et à l'action régionale) declared the nominal division of France into eight large regions. These were named Zones d'études et d'aménagement du territoire (Research and National Development Zones) or ZEAT.

Within the European Union the ZEAT corresponds to the first level in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS 1).

National statistical services of Europe

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