Injured list

In Major League Baseball (MLB), the injured list [IL] (known as the disabled list [DL] prior to the 2019 season) is a method for teams to remove their injured players from the roster in order to summon healthy players.

General guidelines

Players are placed on either the 10-day (prior to the 2017 season, 15-day)[1] or the 60-day injured list, usually depending on the severity and/or recovery time of the injury. A player may be shifted from the 10-day to the 60-day injured list at any time, but not vice versa. The player may not rejoin the team until 10 or 60 days has elapsed; however, a player's time on the injured list may exceed the specified number of days, and, further, if a player is transferred to the 60-day injured list after August 1, he may not return to the active roster that season. The rule about rejoining the team only applies to active duty. Players are permitted to stay with the team and attend games, though players may leave the team for short term minor league rehabilitation assignments to prepare for their return to the active roster.

The 10-day injured list does not count the player on the active roster (comprising the 25-man roster until September 1), whereas the 60-day injured list does not require the player to be counted on either the team's active roster or its 40-man roster; however, a team's 40-man roster must be full in order for the option of a placement on the 60-day injured list to be available.[2]

Placing a player on the injured list opens a spot on the active roster. Another player from the minor leagues, free agent pool, a traded player, or a recovered player coming off the injured list may be used to fill this spot. This allows a team to avoid being penalized because it avoids the disadvantage of playing with a reduced roster.

Retroactive placement may be made at most 10 days after the time of injury.[3]

Concussion list

Starting with the 2011 season, Major League Baseball instituted a new injured list, a 7-day list specifically for concussions. The idea is to prevent long-term brain damage which may take up to 7 days by current standards.[4] If a player is not activated from the concussion injured list after those 7 days have passed, he is automatically transferred to the 10-day injured list.

Paternity list

Also in 2011, Major League Baseball instituted a paternity list. This allows a team to replace a player who is an expectant father for 1–3 days on the roster to be available for the birth of his child.[5]

Bereavement list

A player may be placed on the bereavement list upon attending to a seriously ill member in the player's immediate family or to a death in the family. The bereavement list may span from a minimum of three to a maximum of seven games.[6] Umpiring's bereavement list for death in the immediate family may span up to a full season.[7]

Minor League Baseball

Minor League Baseball uses a seven-day injured list for all injuries. Players who are on the 40-man roster but get hurt in the minor leagues are placed on the minor league IL, but not on the major league IL. One problem this poses is that a player who is injured in the minors and who would be placed on the major league 60-day IL cannot be placed on the 60-day, meaning the 40-man roster spot is not freed up.

The freed-up roster spot can be strategically valuable, leading to occasional creative use of injured lists by MLB teams and their affiliates (similar to teams appealing or dropping the appeal of a suspended player to maximize player contribution). Players who are performing poorly and are slightly injured might be put on the IL so they can go to the minors on rehab, when the MLB club might only want them in the minors because they are playing poorly. There are rules against blatantly "gaming the system" in the Collective Bargaining Agreement between the players and the league.

A team may keep an injured player on the roster but keep him listed as 'day-to-day' to indicate that the medical staff is unable to determine when the player can resume normal playing activities again. If the injury turns out to be minor, then the player may resume playing without having to wait to come off the injured list; however, depending upon the circumstances, the team may find itself effectively shorthanded in the meantime.

Players recovering from an injury may appear in a limited number of minor league games while still on the injured list in order to prepare for reactivation. Non-pitchers may stay in the minor league club for up to 20 days; pitchers for up to 30 days.[8]

History

The term "disabled list" was used as far back as 1887, and was common terminology in MLB for over 100 years until being changed to the current "injured list" prior to the 2019 season.[9] The name was changed after MLB was requested to do so by disability advocates, and also allows the term to be consistent with other professional sports that use an "injured reserve list".[10]

The categories and variety of disabled lists have changed numerous times over the years. The 15-day disabled list was introduced in 1966, joining 10-day, 21-day and 30-day options, and the 60-day disabled list in 1990. Prior to 1990, the number of players who could be placed on each list was limited, players with major league contracts were not allowed to go to the minor leagues for rehabilitation, and there was less flexibility about when they could return to action. The 10-day disabled list was dropped in 1984 but restored for the 2017 season (replacing the 15-day option), and the 21-day and 30-day options were dropped in 1990 with the introduction of the 60-day disabled list.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "CBA ending All-Star link to World Series' home-field advantage". ESPN.com. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  2. ^ "MLB Miscellany: Rules, regulations and statistics" MLB.com
  3. ^ "Scout.com: MLB Roster Rules"
  4. ^ MLB institutes 7-day injured list for concussions ESPN
  5. ^ Bay returns, appreciative of paternity leave MLB.com
  6. ^ "MLB Status Lists".
  7. ^ Imber, Gil (March 20, 2015). "Off Bereavement, Sam Holbrook Returns to Field". Close Call Sports & Umpire Ejection Fantasy League.
  8. ^ "Transactions Primer"
  9. ^ Mather, Victor (February 12, 2019). "After 103 years, MLB changes 'disabled list' to 'injured list'". Boston.com. New York Times News Service. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  10. ^ Oz, Mike (February 7, 2019). "MLB changes the name of the 'Disabled List' at the request of disability advocates". Yahoo Sports.
  11. ^ Dawkins, Corey. "The Disabled List: A History". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
2019 Los Angeles Dodgers season

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Arizona League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 18 teams of Minor League Baseball's Arizona League.

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Detroit Tigers minor league players

Below is a partial list of minor league baseball players in the Detroit Tigers system.

Dominican Summer League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 44 teams of Minor League Baseball's Dominican Summer League.

Eastern League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 12 teams of Minor League Baseball's Eastern League. The rosters may drastically change over the course of the calendar year due to assignments into higher or lower-level leagues.

Florida State League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 12 teams of Minor League Baseball's Florida State League.

Gulf Coast League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 16 teams of Minor League Baseball's Gulf Coast League.

Injured reserve list

The injured reserve list (abbr. IR list) is a designation used in professional sports leagues for athletes who become injured and temporarily unable to play. The exact name of the list varies by league; it is known as "injured reserve" in the National Football League (NFL) and National Hockey League (NHL), the "injured list" in the Canadian Football League (CFL), and the injured list (historically known as the "disabled list") in Major League Baseball (MLB). The National Basketball Association (NBA) does not have a direct analog to an injured reserve list, instead using a more general-purpose "inactive list" that does not require a player to be injured.

It is used because the rules of these leagues allow for only a certain numbers of players on each team's roster. Designating a player as "Injured/Reserve" frees up a roster spot, enabling the team to add a new replacement player during the injured athlete's convalescence.

International League rosters

Each of the 14 teams of Minor League Baseball's International League carry a 25-man active roster. Only these players are eligible to play.

Teams may have any number of inactive players on their rosters at a given time who do not count toward active roster limits. Injured players may be placed on the injured list (7-day or 60-day). The temporary inactive list and bereavement list are for players attending to personal matters. Major league players may be placed on rosters for injury rehabilitation for a maximum of 20 days for non-pitchers and 30 days for pitchers.Players who are ineligible to play due to failure to adhere to the Minor League Drug Prevention and Treatment Program, violations of their contract, who are receiving team disciplinary action, or who are unable to join the team due to visa problems may be placed on the restricted or suspended lists. These players count against a team's active roster limit.

Each team usually has a three-man coaching staff including a manager, hitting coach, and pitching coach. Depending on each Major League Baseball organization's development approach, some teams may have additional coaches.

List of Major League Baseball team rosters

Below are the full rosters, including the coaching staffs, of all 30 Major League Baseball teams. All teams are allowed up to 40 players on their roster, which doesn't include players on the 60-day injured list.

Major League Baseball rosters

A Major League Baseball roster is a roster of players allowed by league agreement to play for their respective Major League Baseball team. There are two types of rosters in general, the "active roster" of 25 players and the "expanded roster" of 40 players.

Major League Baseball transactions

Major League Baseball transactions are changes made to the roster of a major league team during or after the season. They may include waiving, releasing, and trading players, as well as assigning players to minor league teams.

Midwest League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 16 teams of Minor League Baseball's Midwest League.

Minor League Baseball rosters

As with nearly all North American professional team sports, the size of Minor League Baseball teams is limited by rosters. These size limits vary by each classification. All Major League Baseball-affiliated Triple-A and Double-A teams are limited to 25-man active rosters. Unaffiliated Mexican League teams have 35-man rosters, but are limited to 30 active players per game. Class A-Advanced and Class A teams are limited to 25 active players with a total of 35 players under control with additional limitations in regard to prior minor league experience. Teams at lower levels have 35-man active rosters with limitations on minor league service time. A team's reserve roster consists of players on the injured list, those who are restricted or suspended, or who are otherwise temporarily inactive. Major league players on rehabilitation assignments do not count against active roster limits.

New York–Penn League rosters

Below are the full rosters and coaching staff of the 14 teams of Minor League Baseball's New York–Penn League.

Pacific Coast League rosters

Each of the 16 teams of Minor League Baseball's Pacific Coast League carry a 25-man active roster. Only these players are eligible to play.

Teams may have any number of inactive players on their rosters at a given time who do not count toward active roster limits. Injured players may be placed on the injured list (7-day or 60-day). The temporary inactive list and bereavement list are for players attending to personal matters. Major league players may be placed on rosters for injury rehabilitation for a maximum of 20 days for non-pitchers and 30 days for pitchers.Players who are ineligible to play due to failure to adhere to the Minor League Drug Prevention and Treatment Program, violations of their contract, who are receiving team disciplinary action, or who are unable to join the team due to visa problems may be placed on the restricted or suspended lists. These players count against a team's active roster limit.

Each team usually has a three-man coaching staff including a manager, hitting coach, and pitching coach. Depending on each Major League Baseball organization's development approach, some teams may have additional coaches.

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