Inje County

Inje County (Inje-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. It has the lowest population density of any South Korean county.

Inje

인제군
Korean transcription(s)
 • Revised RomanizationInje-gun
 • McCune-ReischauerInje-gun
Official logo of Inje

Emblem of Inje
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country South Korea
RegionGwandong
Administrative divisions1 eup, 5 myeon
Area
 • Total1,646.33 km2 (635.65 sq mi)
Population
 (2000)
 • Total34,120
 • Density21/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Gangwon

History

Since the first inhabitants came to the Korean peninsula, there have been people living in Inje county. Surrounded by clear and clean rivers and streams and magnificent Soraksan. Inje is located in the mid-east of Gangwon-do, it was at first called Jeojokhyeon in the Goguryeo Kingdom, Heejaehyeon in the Silla Kingdom, Inje in the Goryeo Dynasty, Youngsohyeon and again later Inje in the Joseon Dynasty and finally raised to the status of Inje county in August 1896.[1]

Korean War

The Republic of Korea Army ROK) 5th Infantry Division recaptured Inje town in Operation Rugged in April 1951 as the UN Forces advanced to the Kansas Line, north of the 38th Parallel.[2]

Inje town was lost again to the Chinese People's Volunteer Army during the Fifth Phase Offensive in late April 1951 and was recaptured in the UN May-June 1951 counteroffensive.[2]:474-5

In 1951 the US Marine Corps 1st Medical Battalion operated a field hospital in Inje town.

The 40th Infantry Division assumed responsibility for the defense of the Kansas Line from the 24th Infantry Division from February 1952 supported by the ROK 3rd Infantry Division.

Environment

Inje is located in the Taebaek Mountains and has a landscape dominated by Flora. Many species inhabit several areas of the county, not only mountains but rivers also.

Fauna

  • Asiatic Black Bear : It populates a wide area from Siberia to Afghanistan and Thailand as well as certain Asian islands such as Taiwan and Japan. In Korea, the Asiatic Black Bear can be found in the areas of Paekdusan, Seoraksan, Jirisan. The Asiatic Black Bear is becoming rare in South Korea. It usually lives in broadleaf forest on peaks higher than 1,500m, finding lots of fruits like wild grapes, wild berries, fruits of Acfinidia arguta, especially with acorns. The Asiatic Black Bear has developed a good sense of smell and hearing however cannot see very well.[3]
  • Musk deer : Among the Musk deers in the northern hemisphere, this species in the North-East is divided into 7 subspecies. This subspecies found in the mountains around Mokpo and Jeonranamdo is also reported to be distributed Manchuria, Amur, Ussuri and Eastern Siberia as well as South Korea.

Flora

  • Senecio koreanus : The Senecio Koreanus is a Korean Endemic Species.
  • Carex chordorhiza : The Carex Chordorhiza is a perennial plant growing with sphagnum in a swamp, at first grows straight and then crawls laterally to take root. From its joint it grows a flower stem of up to 20 cm. Its leaves are flat and 1~1.5 cm wide with colors of gray and green. The heads are egg-like and numbered 2~4 which are 5~7 cm long. Male flowers come out upward but female ones downward without any bracts.
  • Megaleranthis saniculifolia : Megaleranthis Saniculifolia is also a Korean Endemic Species and clings to Ranunculaceae. It inhibits the Jeombongsan, Sobaeksan, Jirisan and Taebaeksan areas. Living in the swamps or ridges in deep mountains, the perennial plant sprouts in stubbles. It's between 30 and 40 cm tall. Leaves come from the root of the plant and are divided into three parts at the end, a long leafstalk may be split into 2 to 3 parts again.

Daecheong peak

Daecheong Peak is the highest peak in the Mt. Seorak ranges and is located near at the boundary of Inje county and Yangyang county with an altitude of 1,708m.[8]

The beautiful snow scenes around Daecheong peak are widely known. Inje county is quite cold from early November, with snow falling around its higher peaks. In 2007, the first heavy snow of the year was recorded as early as 16 November.[9]

Ice fishing festival

Because of its cold climate, lots of ice fishing festivals often occur in Inje and also the wider Gangwon-do area. However, the ice fishing in Inje is one of the main attractions in winter with 6,000 tourists per weekday and over 10,000 on weekends.[10]

References

  1. ^ Official page
  2. ^ a b Mossman, Billy (1988). United States Army in the Korean War: Ebb and Flow November 1950-July 1951. United States Army Center of Military History. p. 349. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Inje Official website
  4. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 인제(211)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
  5. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 인제(211)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  6. ^ "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 인제(211)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  8. ^ Official page concerning Tour
  9. ^ Daecheongbong peak is in the very winter (대청봉은 한겨울)2007.11.16 (금)
  10. ^ http://www.ytn.co.kr/_ln/0103_200801260111142622 겨울의 절정...얼음 낚시 릴레이 2008-01-26

External links

Coordinates: 38°04′N 128°10′E / 38.067°N 128.167°E

Ansan (Gangwon)

Ansan (Korean: 안산) is a mountain in the county of Inje, Gangwon-do in South Korea. It is in the north-western area of Seoraksan National Park. It has an elevation of 300 m (984 ft).

Baegamsan (Gangwon)

Baegamsan is a mountain in the counties of Hongcheon and Inje, Gangwon-do in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,099 m (3,606 ft).

Baekdamsa

Baekdamsa (백담사) is a Buddhist temple in Inje County, Gangwon province, South Korea. It was originally built in the 7th century, but because of war and natural disasters has been rebuilt numerous times since then. The present version was completed in 1957. Additionally, the name has also changed over time. Originally called Hangyesa, the new name reflects the "100 pits from Daecheongbong Peak to the temple".

Bangtaesan

Bangtaesan is a mountain in the county of Inje, Gangwon-do in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,444 m (4,738 ft).

Daeamsan

Daeamsan is a mountain in the province of Gangwon-do, South Korea. It sits on the boundary between the counties of Inje and Yanggu. Daeamsan has an elevation of 1,304 m (4,278 ft).

Daebawisan

Daebawisan (Gangwon-do) is a mountain of South Korea. It has an altitude of 1091 metres

Gachilbong (Inje County)

Gachilbong is a mountain of South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,164 metres

Gachilbong (Inje County/Yanggu County)

Gachilbong is a mountain that sits on the boundary between the counties of Yanggu and Inje, in Gangwon-do, South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,240.4 m (4,070 ft).

Gadeukbong

Gadeukbong is a mountain in the county of Inje, Gangwon-do, in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,059.7 m (3,477 ft).

Gaeinsan

Gaeinsan is a mountain in the counties of Inje and Hongcheon, Gangwon-do, in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,341 m (4,400 ft).

Garibong

Garibong is a mountain in the county of Inje, Gangwon-do, in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,059.7 m (3,477 ft).

Inje Speedium

Inje Speedium is a motor racing circuit in Inje County, South Korea. The circuit is part of a larger complex, named the Inje Auto Theme Park, that includes a hotel and condominiums. The main course is 3.908 kilometres (2.428 mi), but can be split into separate 2.577-kilometre (1.601 mi) and 1.375-kilometre (0.854 mi) circuits.The track opened with a round of the Japanese Super Taikyu series on 25 May 2013, and held the opening round of the 2013 Asian Le Mans Series season on 4 August 2013.

Jeombongsan

Jeombongsan is a mountain between the counties of Inje and Yangyang, Gangwon-do in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,424.2 m (4,673 ft).

Maebongsan (Inje, Gangwon-do)

Maebongsan is a mountain in the county of Inje, Gangwon-do in South Korea. It has an elevation of 1,271.1 m (4,170 ft).

Ohm Ki-young

Ohm Ki-Young is a popular news anchor and the former CEO of Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) in South Korea.

Oseam

Oseam or Oseam Temple is a small Korean Buddhist temple located in the area of Mangyeongdae Pavilion, Mount Seorak, Gangwon Province, South Korea. It is an annex of Baekdamsa Temple which is the head temple of the third district in the Jogye Order.Oseam was first established as Gwaneumam (觀音庵) by Monk Jajang in 643, the 12th year of Queen Seondeok's reign during the Silla Kingdom and Monk Bou (普雨) reconstructed the temple in 1548 during the King Myeongjong of the Joseon Dynasty. The temple name was changed to Oseam after Monk Seoljeong (雪淨) rebuilt it in 1643 during the King Injo's reign. A famous tale regarding Monk Seoljeong and the name has been handed down.

Park In-hwan

Park In-hwan (August 15, 1926 – March 20, 1956) was a Korean poet and author.

Seoraksan

Seoraksan is the highest mountain in the Taebaek mountain range in the Gangwon Province in eastern South Korea. It is located in a national park near the city of Sokcho. After the Hallasan volcano on Jeju Island and Jirisan in the south, Seoraksan is the third highest mountain in South Korea. The Daechongbong Peak (대청봉) of Seoraksan reaches 1,708 meters (5,603 feet). The mountain is sometimes considered the backbone of South Korea.

Soyang River

Soyang River is a river of South Korea. It is a river of the Han River system. This river has its source in Inje County, Gangwon province.

Climate data for Inje (1981–2010, extremes 1971–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
18.6
(65.5)
22.6
(72.7)
31.2
(88.2)
33.0
(91.4)
35.4
(95.7)
36.3
(97.3)
37.3
(99.1)
33.2
(91.8)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
16.3
(61.3)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
4.2
(39.6)
10.0
(50.0)
18.0
(64.4)
22.9
(73.2)
26.6
(79.9)
28.1
(82.6)
28.7
(83.7)
24.5
(76.1)
18.9
(66.0)
10.7
(51.3)
3.7
(38.7)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.2
(22.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.5
(38.3)
10.6
(51.1)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68.0)
23.1
(73.6)
23.3
(73.9)
18.1
(64.6)
11.6
(52.9)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Average low °C (°F) −11.0
(12.2)
−8.1
(17.4)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
9.2
(48.6)
14.6
(58.3)
19.3
(66.7)
19.4
(66.9)
13.5
(56.3)
6.0
(42.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
−7.2
(19.0)
4.7
(40.5)
Record low °C (°F) −25.9
(−14.6)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−14.9
(5.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
0.1
(32.2)
3.4
(38.1)
9.8
(49.6)
9.0
(48.2)
0.7
(33.3)
−6.5
(20.3)
−14.0
(6.8)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−25.9
(−14.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.5
(0.69)
20.7
(0.81)
38.0
(1.50)
61.1
(2.41)
97.7
(3.85)
118.2
(4.65)
307.2
(12.09)
294.0
(11.57)
156.4
(6.16)
40.7
(1.60)
39.5
(1.56)
19.7
(0.78)
1,210.5
(47.66)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.7 6.2 7.9 7.3 9.1 9.9 14.9 13.3 8.3 5.6 7.0 6.2 102.4
Average snowy days 9.4 7.4 4.9 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.1 6.5 30.8
Average relative humidity (%) 67.4 64.0 62.0 57.5 65.7 71.7 79.0 79.2 77.2 72.9 69.6 68.7 69.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 160.5 159.9 192.0 211.8 224.1 205.2 159.0 174.3 175.7 175.7 139.5 146.2 2,128.1
Percent possible sunshine 52.5 52.6 51.8 53.6 50.8 46.3 35.3 41.3 47.1 50.5 45.8 49.3 47.8
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[4][5][6] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[7]
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