Indoor hockey

Indoor hockey, is an indoor variant of outdoor "field" hockey. It is not to be confused with indoor roller hockey variants such as rink hockey or inline hockey.

Indoor hockey stick
Indoor hockey stick
Indoor Hockey Field Large
Indoor hockey pitch

It is traditionally and mainly played as a pastime by outdoor field hockey players during the off-season or when conditions are unsuitable for outdoor play. Indoor hockey is played in regular national and international championships. The first Indoor Hockey World Cup was organized in 2003. It included countries which do not compete at the highest level of the outdoor game.

Indoor hockey
Highest governing bodyInternational Hockey Federation
NicknamesHockey
First played1950
Characteristics
ContactYes
TypeIndoor
EquipmentIndoor hockey ball, indoor hockey stick, mouthguard, gloves, shinpads
Presence
OlympicNo
World GamesInvitational in 2005

Rules

Indoor hockey differs from its outdoor parent in several ways:

  • The pitch is smaller than the outdoor pitch. An indoor pitch is 18m to 22m wide by 36m to 44m long, divided by a center line. The shooting circle is a semicircle measured out 9m from each goal post. Side-boards mark the sidelines, helping to keep the ball on the pitch and allowing players to play against it. When the ball goes over the endline, the defensive team will restart play regardless of which team played the ball last. The pitch is made of wood or synthetic material. The board surface facing the playing surface is angled slightly to encourage ball to bounce down not up.
  • The goals are smaller than in field hockey: 2m high by 3m wide and a minimum of 1m deep. (This is the same size as Team Handball goals as early indoor hockey used existing handball courts)
  • A team consists of six[1] players on the pitch, one of whom is a goalkeeper, with a maximum 12 players on a team.
  • Internationally the game is divided into two 20-minute halves. (In the German indoor league, they play 30 minute halves with the ability to call time outs as in basketball.) Halftime break is 15 minutes. In case of a regulation tie teams play up to two 5-minute golden-goal overtimes; otherwise, the game will be decided by penalty strokes (5 rounds for each team followed by sudden-death rounds in case of ties thereafter).
  • The players may not hit the ball, but only push it or deflect it, and may not raise the ball except in the shooting circle, with the purpose of scoring a goal.
  • The balls and the sticks are similar, but players prefer lighter sticks than for the outdoor game.

History

Indoor hockey developed in Germany during the 1950s, quickly spreading to other European nations. Belgium was one of the countries to adopt the field hockey variant, and in 1966 René Frank, a native of Belgium, who was later to become President of the FIH, persuaded the German Hockey Associations to give responsibility over the rules of Indoor Hockey to the FIH. This led to the FIH recognising indoor hockey in its constitution in 1968.[2]

Whereas in many countries field hockey is played all year long, in Germany and Austria the hockey season is divided evenly into a field hockey half in summer and an indoor hockey season in winter.

The first FIH sanctioned tournament matches of Indoor Hockey were played in 1972.

World Cup

The International Hockey Federation organizes the Indoor Hockey World Cup. The first Indoor World Cup was held in Leipzig, Germany in 2003, where the home nation won both the men's and women's gold medals. Eurosport television ratings for the recent Indoor Hockey World Cup, held in Leipzig, Germany, have shown the event to garner large audiences. A total of 20 million viewers watched 13 hours broadcast on Eurosport, with ten matches aired live. Peak viewing audience reached 889,000 viewers during the opening Poland vs.USA match, with the average live viewing figure for the whole tournament at 601,000. Germany and Poland, Eurosport’s two strongest markets, showed particular interest, with more than 4 million different viewers tuning in from Germany, and more than 1.5 million watching from Poland. The average audience, calculated across several of Eurosport’s key territories, showed a strong bias towards young males according to Eurosport’s research. Arnaud Simon, Eurosport's Program Director commented: 'The first Indoor World Cup was a very exciting event, well suited for television and with good production standards. These characteristics were rewarded with very strong ratings, particularly considering that many of the matches were aired at off-peak viewing times.'

Els van Breda Vriesman, the President of the International Hockey Federation, added: 'The figures speak for themselves, proving not only that hockey has mass appeal on television, but also that the target audience presents a very attractive commercial proposition for potential sponsors and advertisers.'

Germany defended their titles in Vienna, Austria in February 2007. The German men were successful, although the women were beaten in the semi-final by Spain, who went on to lose the final against the Netherlands.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ FIH Announces changes to Indoor Hockey - July 18th, 2013
  2. ^ FIH - A History of the Rules of Indoor Hockey Archived 2006-09-04 at the Wayback Machine

External links

2018 Women's Indoor Hockey World Cup

The 2018 Women's Indoor Hockey World Cup was the fifth edition of this tournament and played from 7 to 11 February 2018 in Berlin, Germany.Germany defeated the Netherlands 2–1 in the final to win their third title, while Belarus secured their first medal.

Australia women's national indoor hockey team

The Australia women's national indoor hockey team are Australia's national women's indoor hockey team. As of January 2016, they are ranked 8th in the world. Australia competes internationally in indoor hockey, with the Australian women’s indoor team undertaking a tour annually. Every four years, Australia competes in the FIH Indoor Hockey World Cup. The Australian national indoor team is nominated and selected from the indoor Australian Championships.

EuroHockey Indoor Nations Championship

The EuroHockey Indoor Nations Championship is a European indoor field hockey competition organized by the European Hockey Federation (EHF). The tournament was started in 1974 for both men's competition and the women's competition.

In the men's competition, Germany is the most successful team, having won the tournament 12 times out of 13 between 1974 and 2008. For women, Germany is also the most successful team, having won all titles but one between 1974 and 2008. The only national team beside Germany to win the men's competition between 1974 and 2008 is Russia, having done so in 2008 by defeating Germany in the gold medal game. The only team beside Germany to win the women's competition between 1974 and 2008 is England, having done so in 1996 by defeating Germany in the gold medal game.

The 2010 edition of the men's tournament is the first to not feature Germany in the top four.

First indoor ice hockey game

On March 3, 1875, the first recorded indoor ice hockey game took place at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Organized by James Creighton, who captained one of the teams, the game was between two nine-member teams, using a wooden 'puck'. Members used skates and sticks used for outdoor hockey and shinny games in Nova Scotia, where Creighton was born and raised. It is recognized as the first organized ice hockey game.

Indoor Hockey Asia Cup

The ASHF Indoor Asia Cup is an international men's and women's indoor field hockey tournament governed by the Asian Hockey Federation (ASHF). It was introduced in 2008 for men's competition and the women's competition was added a year later in 2009.

Indoor Hockey World Cup

The Indoor Hockey World Cup is an international indoor field hockey competition organised by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). The tournament was first held in 2003 and it is held every four years.

Indoor Pan American Cup

The Indoor Pan American Cup is an international indoor hockey competition for men and women organised by the Pan American Hockey Federation (PAHF). The tournament started in the year 2002 for both men's and women's competition.

Apart from 2004 and 2008 edition, the winner (for 2002, 2005 and 2010, including runner-up) of each tournament was awarded an automatic berth to the Men's World Cup and the Women's World Cup, as the continental champion.

In the men's competition, Canada has won the tournament four times. For the women's, Argentina and Canada, each has won two times.

Indoor hockey at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games

Indoor hockey at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games was held in Macau, China from 26 October to 3 November 2007.

Indoor hockey at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games

The indoor hockey competitions at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games in Kuala Lumpur were held at MATRADE Exhibition and Convention Centre in Segambut.The 2017 Games feature competitions in two events (one event for each gender).

Indoor hockey at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games – Men's tournament

The men's indoor hockey tournament at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games was held from 21 to 26 August in Malaysia. In this tournament, 6 Southeast Asian teams played in the men's competition.All matches were played at MATRADE Exhibition and Convention Centre in Segambut.

Indoor hockey at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games – Women's tournament

The women's indoor hockey tournament at the 2017 Southeast Asian Games was held from 21 to 25 August in Malaysia. In this tournament, 5 Southeast Asian teams played in the women's competition.All matches were played at the MATRADE Exhibition and Convention Centre in Segambut.

Indoor hockey at the World Games

Indoor field hockey was contested at the 2005 World Games as an invitational sport. It has not been contested in any edition of the World Games ever since.

Iran men's national field hockey team

The Iranian hockey team is the national field hockey team of Iran. It is governed by the Hockey Federation of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Kazakhstan women's national field hockey team

The Kazakhstan women's national field hockey team represents Kazakhstan in international field hockey competitions.

Malaysian Hockey Confederation

The Malaysian Hockey Confederation (MHC) is the national governing body for Malaysia men's national field hockey team, Malaysia women's national field hockey team, Malaysia national under-21 field hockey team, Malaysia national women's under-21 field hockey team, Malaysia national indoor hockey team and Malaysia national women's indoor hockey team than also manage the field hockey in Malaysia. It is affiliated to the Asian Hockey Federation (AHF) and member of the International Hockey Federation (FIH).

The current MHC president is Dato' Sri Subahan Kamal.

Men's EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup

The Men's EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup is an annual indoor hockey club competition organised by the EHF. It is the premier club tournament of Europe for indoor hockey and contested by the champions of the eight strongest EHF national associations.

Pan American Hockey Federation

The Pan American Hockey Federation is the field and Indoor hockey federation for the Americas. It consists of 30 Members. It is associated with the International Hockey Federation and hosts several continental competitions for national teams.

Silke Müller

Silke Müller (born 11 November 1978) is a field hockey midfielder from Germany, who won the gold medal with the German National Women's Team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece.

Women's EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup

The Women's EuroHockey Indoor Club Cup is an annual indoor hockey club competition organised by the EHF. It is the premier club tournament of Europe for indoor hockey and contested by the women's champions of the eight strongest EHF national associations.

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