Badan Intelijen Negara (State Intelligence Agency), commonly referred to as BIN, is Indonesia's primary intelligence agency. Prior to 2001, it was known as Bakin (Badan Koordinasi Intelijen Negara - State Intelligence Coordinating Agency); its name was changed as part of a general restructuring of the agency. BIN is responsible both for co-ordinating information sharing and operations between Indonesia's other intelligence agencies and for mounting operations on its own.
At the time of its name change in 2001, BIN's role in co-ordinating was deemphasised, but, in the wake of the 2002 Bali bombing, that aspect of the agency's operations was the subject of renewed focus as part of an all-around expansion of the agency's budget and operations.
BIN has been the subject of criticism from human rights groups for its treatment of dissidents and human rights advocates in Indonesia.
The agency is currently headed by Police General Budi Gunawan, as of 9 September 2016. Previous leaders are [Sutiyoso]] from July 2015 to September 2016, Sutanto from 21 October 2009 to 19 October 2011, Syamsir Siregar from 2004 to 2009, and Abdullah Mahmud Hendropriyono from 2001 to 2004.
|State Intelligence Agency (Indonesia)|
|Badan Intelijen Negara|
Indonesian State Intelligence Agency logo
|Headquarters||Jl. Seno Raya, Pejaten Timur - Pasar Minggu. South Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia|
The organizational structure of the BIN was last amended by the Presidential Decree No. 34 Year 2010, which replaces the Presidential Decree No. 52 of 2005. Under the Presidential Regulation, the BIN's organizational structure consists of:
On the morning of January 27, 2019, two bombs exploded at the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Jolo, Sulu, in the Philippines. Twenty people were killed and 102 others injured. The bombings took place a week after the autonomy plebiscite held on January 21 for the creation of Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. It is believed that the attacks were carried out by the Abu Sayyaf, and the Islamic State claimed responsibility. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte responded by issuing an "all-out war" directive against the Abu Sayyaf. The bombings were widely condemned by neighboring and distant countries, local and foreign organizations all issuing condemnations and condolences to the victims of the cathedral attack.A. M. Hendropriyono
Abdullah Mahmud Hendropriyono ( (listen) hen-DROH-pree-oh-NOH; born 7 May 1945) is a retired honorary general from Kopassus, the Indonesian Army special forces group. Hendropriyono was the first head of Indonesia's State Intelligence Agency (BIN), and was general chairman of the Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKPI).Andika Perkasa
Andika Perkasa (born 21 December 1964) is an Indonesian general who currently serves as the Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army (Indonesian: Kepala Staf Angkatan Darat or KASAD). He was appointed by President of Indonesia Joko Widodo in 2018, replacing the retiring Mulyono.
Perkasa began his career as a part of Kopassus and studied in the United States for eight years. He became the Commander of Paspampres by 2014 and saw rapid rise through the ranks, holding important positions and being promoted from a one-star brigadier general to a four-star general within five years.Bakin
Bakin may refer to:
Takizawa Bakin, also known as Kyokutei Bakin, Japanese author
BAKIN, the former Indonesian name of the Indonesian State Intelligence Agency
Bakin, the Esperanto name adopted by Li Yaotang, aka Ba JinBambang Soesatyo
Bambang Soesatyo (born 10 September 1962) is an Indonesian politician and businessman who is the current Speaker of the People's Representative Council. A member of Golkar Party, he was elected into the national legislative body in the 2009 elections. On 15 January 2018, Golkar selected him to replace Setya Novanto, who had resigned as parliament speaker amid a corruption investigation.Din Minimi
Nurdin bin Ismail Amat (born 10 August 1979), better known as Din Minimi, is a former militant of Free Aceh Movement who led an armed band based in Aceh during the 2010s.
Born in East Aceh, he joined the separatist movement in 1997. Following the peace process in Aceh, Minimi spent some time working various jobs before leading a band of armed criminals, disillusioned by the new Acehnese provincial government. In October 2014, he openly declared his stance, and, following the deaths of two Indonesian Army personnel, engaged in conflict with both the Indonesian Police and Army.
In late 2015, Minimi agreed to surrender to the central government in exchange for an amnesty. The granting of the amnesty produced some controversy, and as of 2018, the amnesty has not been formally granted.Garuda Indonesia
Garuda Indonesia (officially PT Garuda Indonesia (Persero) Tbk IDX: GIAA) is the national airline of Indonesia. The airline is headquartered at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, near Jakarta. In 2014, it was announced that the airline would be rated as a 5-star airline by the international airline review firm Skytrax. The air carrier was previously known as Garuda Indonesian Airways.
Founded in 1947 as KLM Interinsulair Bedrijf, the airline is now a major airline and the 20th member of the global airline alliance SkyTeam. It is the second largest airline of Indonesia after Lion Air and it operates scheduled flights to a number of destinations in Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, Australia and Europe from its main hub in Jakarta, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, as well as services to Australia and Asia from Ngurah Rai International Airport (Bali) and a large number of domestic flights from both Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport (Makassar) and Kualanamu International Airport (Medan).At its peak in the late 1980s up to the mid-1990s, Garuda operated an extensive network of flights all over the world, with regularly scheduled services to Los Angeles, Paris, Rome, Fukuoka, Adelaide, Johannesburg, Cairo and other cities in Europe, Australia and Asia. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a series of financial and operational difficulties hit the airline hard, which included the in-flight murder of a human rights activist, causing it to drastically cut back services. In 2009, the airline undertook a five-year modernization plan known as the Quantum Leap, which overhauled the airline's brand, livery, logo and uniforms, as well as newer, more modern aircraft and facilities and a renewed focus on international markets, and earning the airline awards such as Most Improved Airline, 5-Star Airline, and World's Best Cabin Crew.The airline also operated a budget subsidiary Citilink, which provided low-cost flights to multiple Indonesian destinations and was spun-off in 2012. In November 2018, the airline through its subsidiary Citilink took over operations as well as financial management of Sriwijaya Air by a cooperation agreement (KSO).Kopassus
Kopassus (a portmanteau of Komando Pasukan Khusus or "Special Forces Command") is an Indonesian Army (TNI-AD) special forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism, intelligence gathering and Special reconnaissance (SR).
Kopassus was founded on 16 April 1952. It gained worldwide attention after several operations such as the Indonesian invasion of East Timor and the release of hostages from Garuda Indonesia Flight 206.
The Special Forces spearheaded some of the government's military campaigns: putting down regional rebellions in the late 1950s, the Operation Trikora (Western New Guinea campaign) in 1961–1962, the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation from 1962–1966, the massacres of alleged communists in 1965, the East Timor invasion in 1975, and subsequent campaigns against separatists in various provinces.
Kopassus is alleged by national and international media and human rights-affiliated NGOs to have committed violations of human rights in East Timor, Aceh, Riau and Papua and the capital Jakarta. Notably in the Western press, published articles in mainstream media may include epithets such as "the notorious Kopassus".Malari incident
The Malari incident ([maˈlari]; Indonesian: Peristiwa Malari, short for Malapetaka Lima Belas Januari, "Fifteenth of January Disaster") was a student demonstration and riot that happened from 15 to 16 January 1974. In reaction to a state visit by the Japanese Prime Minister, Kakuei Tanaka, students held a demonstration protesting corruption, high prices, and inequality in foreign investments. After provocation by suspected agent provocateurs, the demonstrations became riots, which eventually turned into a pogrom. By the end of the incident, 11 protestors had been killed and hundreds of cars and buildings destroyed.
The riots caused numerous changes. Suharto's New Order government enacted a series of economic reforms meant to improve Native Indonesian representation in partnerships with foreign investors, General Sumitro (then Deputy Chief of the Armed Forces), was forced to retire, and numerous repressive measures were enforced by the government.Marciano Norman
Lieutenant General (Ret) Marciano Norman (born Banjarmasin, 28 October 1954) is the former Director the Indonesian State Intelligence Agency.Munir Said Thalib
Munir Said Thalib (8 December 1965 – 7 September 2004) was an Indonesian activist. The founder of the Kontras human rights organisation and laureate of the 2000 Right Livelihood Award, Munir was assassinated in 2004 while travelling to Utrecht University to pursue a Master's degree in international law and human rights. He is one of Indonesia's most famous human rights and anti-corruption activists.Norman (name)
Norman is both a surname and a given name. The surname has multiple origins including English, Irish (in Ulster), Scottish, German, Norwegian, Ashkenazi Jewish and Jewish American. The given name Norman is mostly of English origin, though in some cases it can be an Anglicised form of a Scottish Gaelic personal name.Pindad SS2
The SS2 (short for Indonesian: Senapan Serbu 2, "Assault Rifle 2") is a replacement for the Pindad SS1 created by PT Pindad. It had been seen during the ASEAN Army Rifles contest by foreign media in 2006 aside from exposure by local Indonesian media.
The SS2 assault rifles are currently being brought into service with the Indonesian military and police. They will gradually replace the SS1 assault rifles which have been in service with the security forces since the 1990s.Working Cabinet (Joko Widodo)
The Working Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Kerja) was sworn in on 27 October 2014, by President of Indonesia Joko Widodo.
National intelligence agencies