Indianism (arts)

Indianism (in Portuguese: Indianismo) is a Brazilian literary and artistic movement that reached its peak during the first stages of Romanticism, though it had been present in Brazilian literature since the Baroque period.

In Romantic contexts, it is called "the first generation of Brazilian Romanticism", being succeeded by the "Ultra-Romanticism" and the "Condorism".

Vitor meirelles - moema02
Moema, by Brazilian Romantic painter Victor Meirelles

Historical context

After the independence of Brazil from Portugal in 1822, a heavy wave of nationalism spread through the Brazilian people. Inspired by this, poets and writers began to search for an entity that could represent and personify the newly created Brazilian nation.

Ultimo tamoio 1883
The Last Tamoio, by Rodolfo Amoedo

Since there was no Middle Ages in Brazil, it could not be the knight, as in the European chivalric romances; it could not be the Portuguese man either, since Brazilians still held resentment for the years of colonization; it could not be the black man either, since the mentality of the time did not allow it. Influenced by Enlightenment ideals, especially works by Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the "noble savage" myth, the authors chose the Brazilian Indian to represent the new nation.

Characteristics

Indianist works are characterized by always having an Indian as the protagonist. The poetry is very patriotic and nationalistic, exalting Brazilian fauna, flora, riches and people.

Major proponents

Gonçalves Dias
Gonçalves Dias, the most famous Indianist poet

Literature

Baroque

Neoclassicism

Romanticism

Arts

See also

References

Indianism

Indianism may refer to:

Indian nationalism

Indianism (arts), a Brazilian literary and artistic movement

Indigenismo, a Latin American political movement in the mid twentieth-century

Indianist movement, a movement in American classical music

Indigenism

Indigenism can refer to several different ideologies associated with indigenous peoples, is used differently by a various scholars and activists, and can be used purely descriptively or carry political connotations.

Countries
Movements
Writers
Music
Theologians and
philosophers
Visual artists
Related topics

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