Indian Orchard is a neighborhood in the City of Springfield, Massachusetts. It is located in the northeastern corner of the city, beginning about four and a half miles from Metro Center. Containing 1,251 acres plus rights of way and water bodies, it is the fifth largest of Springfield's seventeen neighborhoods. Principal boundaries are the Chicopee River and the Town of Ludlow to the north; the Boston & Albany Railroad to the south; the Town of Wilbraham to the east; and portions of Brookdale Drive, the Athol rail line, and Worcester Street to the west. Located in the northeast corner of Springfield, Indian Orchard affords the quickest commute to Worcester, I-495, and Boston by way of the Mass Turnpike (I-90).
One of Indian Orchard's former mills is now a large artists' studio space; this has been the catalyst for the neighborhood's growing arts & crafts scene. The Indian Orchard Mills/Dane Gallery hosts an artists' open house twice a year. Hubbard Park is a major source of recreational activities. The newly expanded Indian Orchard branch of the Springfield Library offers adult and family activities. The neighborhood is also home to Lake Lorraine State Park, a public swimming beach. Large employers include Solutia and a US Postal Service bulk mail facility. There is a thorough weekly Farmer's Market at 187 Main St, Indian Orchard on Fridays 11:00 - 4:00, from May 8 to October 30.
Indian Orchard was also home to Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company, which converted uranium rods into slugs to be used as nuclear reactor fuel, for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Manhattan Engineer District. The site was remediated in 1995. It is now occupied by a solar energy facility.  
Edward Stephen Kamuda (November 10, 1939 – April 13, 2014) was an American historian who specialized in the study of the RMS Titanic. The Titanic sank on April 14, 1912, after striking an iceberg in the north Atlantic Ocean. Kamuda devoted much of his life to the preservation of the Titanic's legacy as the founder and president of the Titanic Historical Society. Much of his research focused on the biographies of the crew and passengers of the RMS Titanic.Kamuda co-founded the Titanic Historical Society on July 7, 1963, in Indian Orchard, Springfield, Massachusetts, with five other people. The society was originally called the Titanic Enthusiasts of America, but Kamuda changed its name after a widow of a Titanic passenger questioned their "enthusiasm" for the disaster which killed 1,517 people, including her husband. Kamuda, who served as the president of the Titanic Historical Society, saw the society's membership grow to thousands during his lifetime. Under his leadership, the Titanic Historical Society became one of the world's leading centers for the research of the RMS Titanic, as well as its passengers and crew.Kamuda and other members of the society served as consultants for the 1997 film, Titanic, directed by James Cameron. Kamuda helped Cameron with the historical details of the set and story. In return, Cameron cast Kamuda and his wife, society vice president Karen Kamuda, as extras in the film. Before shooting their scene, James Cameron told the assembled Titanic cast and crew, "Because of these two people we are here today." The director also introduced Kamuda to several actors, telling them, "Here's the man who made it all possible." Ed and Karen Kamuda can be seen in the background on the ship's promenade while Leonardo DiCaprio (who plays Jack Dawson) teaches Kate Winslet (Rose DeWitt Bukater) how to spit. Edward Kamuda, who was initially reluctant to appear onscreen in the film, later described the experience on set in a 1997 interview with The Republican, "To look at the books for 40 years and then to walk the decks of the ship - it was a dream come true."In 2012, Kamuda, on behalf of the Titanic Historical Society, presented the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, with the Titanic Centennial Memorial, a 10,000 pound, black granite monument to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the disaster. The Titanic Centennial Memorial, which was dedicated in the Oak Grove Cemetery, includes the names of two Springfield residents who died on the Titanic: Jane Carr, 47, a third class passenger and Milton C. Long, 29, a first class passenger and son of a Springfield mayor and judge.Ed Kamuda died from a long illness at his home on April 13, 2014, at the age of 74. He was survived by his wife, Karen Kamuda. Kamuda was buried at Oak Grove Cemetery in Springfield, Massachusetts.Indian Orchard
Indian Orchard may refer to:
Indian Orchard, Springfield, Massachusetts, a neighborhood in Springfield, Massachusetts
Indian Orchard, a village in Texas Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania
The Indian Orchard Branch Library, a historic landmark in Indian Orchard, MassachusettsMedia Preservation Foundation
Media Preservation Foundation is a United States 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to the archival of media history mainly aimed towards Radio and Television ID Jingles and associated items. It was established in 1994 by Tracy E. Carman and Donald Worsham as an archive for documents and important recordings related to the broadcasting industry.The Foundation has managed to acquire a large collection of items from both current and defunct producers including TM Studios, PAMS, JAM Creative Productions, Johnson & Siday, Futuresonic, FairWest, Wm Meeks Productions, Johnny Mann, Music Makers, Pepper/Tanner, Media General, Jodie Lyons (a/k/a Joseph Callaway Lyons - b.1/3/1930 Jacksonville, FL - d.1/10/2011 Georgetown TX), Tom Merriman, Tony Griffin Productions, Thompson Creative Productions and many others. It is the Foundation's goal to acquire as much of these materials as possible to facilitate the availability of these items for research and other purposes.
Media Preservation Foundation has also been known for providing materials back to media outlets, primarily radio stations, who are in the process of creating historic retrospectives of their history. Media Preservation Foundation aids those companies in the media that were not good at keeping copies of their own histories and materials.
In addition to ID Jingles, the foundation has a large collection of archives for CBS Radio's WTIC Radio in Hartford, Connecticut; Clear Channel's WHYN Radio in Springfield, Massachusetts and many others. The Foundation has also acquired materials from private collectors including the archives of the late Francis Holler, Jr. (a/k/a Frank Holler - d.10/15/2015 Newington CT) in December 2015. Multiple warehouses containing thousands of reels, DATs CDs, Cassettes and even transcription disks is maintained by the Foundation in Indian Orchard, Springfield, Massachusetts. Some Foundation archives are also housed in Northridge, California. Types of jingles preserved by the foundation also include Emergency Broadcast System jingles.Media Preservation Foundation has published a definitive history book on ID Jingles called, The Hits Between The Hits: The History Of Radio ID Jingles. It is authored by one of the directors of the foundation, Donald Worsham.Polish-American Roman Catholic parishes in New England
Polish-American Roman Catholic parishes - founded by Polish immigrants in New England, United States from 1887. There are 78 Polish-American Roman Catholic parishes in 10 dioceses.
Fr. Franciszek Chalupka was the founder of the first Polish-American parishes in New England.
Media related to Churches built by Polish immigrants in New England at Wikimedia CommonsWreck of the RMS Titanic
The wreck of the RMS Titanic lies at a depth of about 12,500 feet (3.8 km; 2.37 mi), about 370 miles (600 km) south-southeast off the coast of Newfoundland. It lies in two main pieces about a third of a mile (600 m) apart. The bow is still recognizable with many preserved interiors, despite deterioration and damage sustained hitting the sea floor. In contrast, the stern is completely ruined. A debris field around the wreck contains hundreds of thousands of items spilled from the ship as she sank. The bodies of the passengers and crew would have also been distributed across the sea bed, but have been consumed by other organisms.
Titanic sank in 1912, when she collided with an iceberg during her maiden voyage. Numerous expeditions tried using sonar to map the sea bed in the hope of finding it, but were unsuccessful. In 1985, the wreck was finally located by a joint French–American expedition led by Jean-Louis Michel of IFREMER and Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The wreck has been the focus of intense interest and has been visited by numerous expeditions. Controversial salvage operations have recovered thousands of items, which have been conserved and put on public display.
Many schemes have been proposed to raise Titanic, including filling the wreck with ping-pong balls, injecting it with 180,000 tons of Vaseline, or using half a million tons of liquid nitrogen to encase it in an iceberg that would float to the surface. However, the wreck is too fragile to be raised and is now protected by a UNESCO convention.