Indian-Ocean Rim Association

The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), formerly known as the Indian Ocean Rim Initiative and Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), is an international organisation consisting of coastal states bordering the Indian Ocean.[4] The IORA is a regional forum, tripartite in nature, bringing together representatives of Government, Business and Academia, for promoting co-operation and closer interaction among them. It is based on the principles of Open Regionalism for strengthening Economic Cooperation particularly on Trade Facilitation and Investment, Promotion as well as Social Development of the region.[5] The Coordinating Secretariat of IORA is located at Ebene, Mauritius.

Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
Logo of Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
Map of IORA countries
HeadquartersEbene, Mauritius
Working languages
• Secretary General
Dr Nomvuyo Nokwe[1]
• Chair
 South Africa (2018)[2]
• Vice Chair
 United Arab Emirates (2018)[3]
• 6 March 1997
Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation
Time zoneUTC+2 to +10.5


The organisation was first established as Indian Ocean Rim Initiative in Mauritius on March 1995 and formally launched on 6–7 March 1997 by the conclusion of a multilateral treaty known as the Charter of the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation.[6] The idea is said to have taken root during a visit of former South African Foreign Minister, Pik Botha, to India in November 1993. It was cemented during the subsequent presidential visit of Nelson Mandela to India in January 1995. Consequently, an Indian Ocean Rim Initiative was formed by South Africa and India. Mauritius and Australia were subsequently brought in. In March 1997, the IOR-ARC was formally launched, with seven additional countries as members: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Yemen, Tanzania, Madagascar and Mozambique.[7]

The apex body of the IOR-ARC is the Council of (Foreign) Ministers (COM). The meeting of the COM is preceded by the meetings of the Indian Ocean Rim Academic Group (IORAG), Indian Ocean Rim Business Forum (IORBF), Working Group on Trade and Investment (WGTI), and the Committee of Senior Officials (CSO).[8]

Objectives & Priority Areas of Cooperation

The objectives of IORA are as follows:[6]

  1. To promote sustainable growth and balanced development of the region and member states
  2. To focus on those areas of economic cooperation which provide maximum opportunities for development, shared interest and mutual benefits
  3. To promote liberalisation, remove impediments and lower barriers towards a freer and enhanced flow of goods, services, investment, and technology within the Indian Ocean rim.

Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) has identified six priority areas, namely:

  1. maritime security,
  2. trade and investment facilitation,
  3. fisheries management,
  4. disaster risk reduction,
  5. academic and scientific cooperation and
  6. tourism promotion and cultural exchanges.

In addition to these, two focus areas are also identified by IORA, namely Blue Economy and Women's Economic Empowerment.[9]

IORA members undertake projects for economic co-operation relating to trade facilitation and liberalisation, promotion of foreign investment, scientific and technological exchanges, tourism, movement of natural persons and service providers on a non-discriminatory basis; and the development of infrastructure and human resources, poverty alleviation, promotion of maritime transport and related matters, cooperation in the fields of fisheries trade, research and management, aquaculture, education and training, energy, IT, health, protection of the environment, agriculture, disaster management.


The Association comprises 22 member states and 7 dialogue partners, the Indian Ocean Tourism Organisation and the Indian Ocean Research Group have observer status.[10]

Dialogue Partners

Countries with the status of dialogue partners are:[10]


Malcolm Turnbull in Jakarta 2017 10
Leaders at the 2017 IORA Summit
Year # Dates Country City Web site
2017 1st 5–7 March  Indonesia Jakarta

See also


  1. ^ "Secretary-General". Indian Ocean Rim Association. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  2. ^ "IORA Chair".
  3. ^ "Vice Chair".
  4. ^ "IORA Membership". Indian Ocean Rim Association. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  5. ^ "Scope of Work - OPEN REGIONALISM". Indian Ocean Rim Association. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Formation". Indian Ocean Rim Association. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  7. ^
  8. ^ "About IOR-ARC". Indian Ocean Rim Initiative and Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation 2013 Australia. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b "Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Australia). Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  11. ^

External links

2017 IORA Summit

2017 Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Summit was scheduled on March 5–7, 2017 in Jakarta Convention Centre, Indonesia. It was the first IORA Summit and the 20th IORA meeting, previous meetings were only minister level. Leaders attending the summit included President of South Africa Jacob Zuma and President of Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena. China and Japan also attended the summit as dialogue partners. Some 12,000 security personnel, both the police and military, were deployed to secure the event.

Australia–Kenya relations

Australia–Kenya relations refer to bilateral relations between Australia and Kenya.

Azerbaijan–India relations

Azerbaijan-Indian relations are the bilateral ties between India and Azerbaijan.

Bosnia and Herzegovina–India relations

Indian-Bosnian relations are the bilateral ties between India and Bosnia and Herzegovina. India's Budapest office is concurrently accredited to Sarajevo as resident mission/embassy, while Bosnia and Herzegovina has its office in New Delhi.

Brunei–India relations

Brunei–India relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Brunei and India. Brunei has a high commission in New Delhi, and India has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.

Comoros–India relations

Comoros–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between Comoros and India. The Embassy of India in Antananarivo, Madagascar is concurrently accredited to Comoros. India also maintains an Honorary Consulate General in Moroni. Comoros maintains an Honorary Consulate in New Delhi.

Foreign relations of Mauritius

Mauritius has strong and friendly relations with the West, as well as with South Asian countries and the countries of southern and eastern Africa. It is a member of the World Trade Organization, the Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, the African Union, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, and the recently formed Indian Ocean Rim Association. Her Majesty Elizabeth II was the head of state of Mauritius.

Trade, commitment to democracy, and the country's small size are driving forces behind Mauritian foreign policy. The country's political heritage and dependence on Western markets have led to close ties with the European Union and its member states, particularly the United Kingdom and France. Mauritius' only immediate neighbour is Reunion Island, a overseas department of France that is also part of the European Union.

Considered part of Africa geographically, Mauritius has friendly relations with other African states in the region, particularly South Africa, by far its largest continental trading partner. Mauritian investors are gradually entering African markets, notably Madagascar and Mozambique. Mauritius coordinates much of its foreign policy with the Southern Africa Development Community and the Organisation of African Unity. The country is also a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA).

Relations with France and India are strong for both historical and commercial reasons. Foreign embassies in Mauritius include Australia, South Korea the United Kingdom, People's Republic of China, Egypt, France, India, Madagascar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Bangladesh and the United States.

Mauritius is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

Indian Ocean Research Group

The Indian Ocean Research Group Inc. (IORG) is an Indian Ocean Regional academic network. The key objective of IORG is to initiate a policy-oriented dialogue, in the true spirit of partnership, among governments, industries, NGOs and communities, towards realizing a shared, peaceful, stable and prosperous future for the Indian Ocean region. IORG is currently based at the University of Adelaide, and Curtin University, Australia, but members come from all across the world.

India–Kenya relations

India–Kenya relations are bilateral diplomatic relations between the Republic of India and the Republic of Kenya.

India–Kosovo relations

India and Kosovo relations refers to official tie between two nations, the Republic of India and the Republic of Kosovo. Two countries have no official relations, as India has not recognized Kosovo as a nation.

India–Latvia relations

India–Latvia relations refer to the bilateral relations between India and Latvia. Two countries established diplomatic relations at 1991, following the independence of Latvia. India's mission to Latvia is accredited from the Indian embassy in Stockholm, Sweden; while Latvia maintains an embassy and a consulate in New Delhi.

India–Luxembourg relations

India–Luxembourg relations refer to foreign relations between India and Luxembourg. Luxembourg has an embassy in New Delhi, whilst the Indian Embassy in Brussels is accredited to Luxembourg.

India–Montenegro relations

The Republic of India officially recognized Montenegro on August 2, 2006, when they established diplomatic relations between the two countries.India is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Vienna, Austria. India also has an honorary consulate in Podgorica

India–Papua New Guinea relations

India–Papua New Guinea relations refer to foreign relations between India and Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea has a High Commission in New Delhi, whilst India operates a High Commission in Port Moresby.

India–Spain relations

India–Spain relations refers to interstate relations between India and Spain.

India–Uzbekistan relations

India–Uzbekistan relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Uzbekistan.


For the international organization, see Indian Ocean Rim Association

For the Australian Aboriginal people of the Sydney region, see Eora

The ioras are a small family, Aegithinidae, of four passerine bird species found in Pakistan and southeast Asia. The family is composed of a single genus, Aegithina. They were formerly grouped with the leafbirds and fairy-bluebirds, in the family Irenidae.

Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology

Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology (IROST) is a comprehensive science policy research center directly attached to the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Iran which was approved and ratified by Revolutionary Council of Iran in 1980. IROST is the biggest research center in Iran and is particularly engaged in development of strategies, policies, R&D systems, management, foresight and evaluation of related Science and Technology (S&T) development and S&T for economic progress.

IROST has made great advances in providing alternative sources of energy, namely solar energy, biodiesel from microalgae and bi-ethanol from agricultural waste. IROST has also made progress in pharmacological fields.IROST undertakes commissioned research with International Organizations such as,

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Organisation of Islamic Conference Standing Committee on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH)

Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South (COMSATS)

Third World Academy of Science (TWAS)

Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO)

International Federation of Inventors' Associations (IFIA)

Asian Pacific Center for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)

Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC)

Kenya–Oman relations

Kenya–Oman relations are bilateral relations between Kenya and Oman.

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