The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), formerly known as the Indian Ocean Rim Initiative and Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), is an international organisation consisting of coastal states bordering the Indian Ocean. The IORA is a regional forum, tripartite in nature, bringing together representatives of Government, Business and Academia, for promoting co-operation and closer interaction among them. It is based on the principles of Open Regionalism for strengthening Economic Cooperation particularly on Trade Facilitation and Investment, Promotion as well as Social Development of the region. The Coordinating Secretariat of IORA is located at Ebene, Mauritius.
Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
Map of IORA countries
• Secretary General
|Dr Nomvuyo Nokwe|
|South Africa (2018)|
• Vice Chair
|United Arab Emirates (2018)|
• 6 March 1997
|Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation|
|Time zone||UTC+2 to +10.5|
The organisation was first established as Indian Ocean Rim Initiative in Mauritius on March 1995 and formally launched on 6–7 March 1997 by the conclusion of a multilateral treaty known as the Charter of the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Co-operation. The idea is said to have taken root during a visit of former South African Foreign Minister, Pik Botha, to India in November 1993. It was cemented during the subsequent presidential visit of Nelson Mandela to India in January 1995. Consequently, an Indian Ocean Rim Initiative was formed by South Africa and India. Mauritius and Australia were subsequently brought in. In March 1997, the IOR-ARC was formally launched, with seven additional countries as members: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Yemen, Tanzania, Madagascar and Mozambique.
The apex body of the IOR-ARC is the Council of (Foreign) Ministers (COM). The meeting of the COM is preceded by the meetings of the Indian Ocean Rim Academic Group (IORAG), Indian Ocean Rim Business Forum (IORBF), Working Group on Trade and Investment (WGTI), and the Committee of Senior Officials (CSO).
The objectives of IORA are as follows:
Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) has identified six priority areas, namely:
In addition to these, two focus areas are also identified by IORA, namely Blue Economy and Women's Economic Empowerment.
IORA members undertake projects for economic co-operation relating to trade facilitation and liberalisation, promotion of foreign investment, scientific and technological exchanges, tourism, movement of natural persons and service providers on a non-discriminatory basis; and the development of infrastructure and human resources, poverty alleviation, promotion of maritime transport and related matters, cooperation in the fields of fisheries trade, research and management, aquaculture, education and training, energy, IT, health, protection of the environment, agriculture, disaster management.
Countries with the status of dialogue partners are:
2017 Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Summit was scheduled on March 5–7, 2017 in Jakarta Convention Centre, Indonesia. It was the first IORA Summit and the 20th IORA meeting, previous meetings were only minister level. Leaders attending the summit included President of South Africa Jacob Zuma and President of Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena. China and Japan also attended the summit as dialogue partners. Some 12,000 security personnel, both the police and military, were deployed to secure the event.Australia–Kenya relations
Australia–Kenya relations refer to bilateral relations between Australia and Kenya.Azerbaijan–India relations
Azerbaijan-Indian relations are the bilateral ties between India and Azerbaijan.Bosnia and Herzegovina–India relations
Indian-Bosnian relations are the bilateral ties between India and Bosnia and Herzegovina. India's Budapest office is concurrently accredited to Sarajevo as resident mission/embassy, while Bosnia and Herzegovina has its office in New Delhi.Brunei–India relations
Brunei–India relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Brunei and India. Brunei has a high commission in New Delhi, and India has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.Comoros–India relations
Comoros–India relations refers to the international relations that exist between Comoros and India. The Embassy of India in Antananarivo, Madagascar is concurrently accredited to Comoros. India also maintains an Honorary Consulate General in Moroni. Comoros maintains an Honorary Consulate in New Delhi.Foreign relations of Mauritius
Mauritius has strong and friendly relations with the West, as well as with South Asian countries and the countries of southern and eastern Africa. It is a member of the World Trade Organization, the Commonwealth of Nations, La Francophonie, the African Union, the Southern Africa Development Community, the Indian Ocean Commission, COMESA, and the recently formed Indian Ocean Rim Association. Her Majesty Elizabeth II was the head of state of Mauritius.
Trade, commitment to democracy, and the country's small size are driving forces behind Mauritian foreign policy. The country's political heritage and dependence on Western markets have led to close ties with the European Union and its member states, particularly the United Kingdom and France. Mauritius' only immediate neighbour is Reunion Island, a overseas department of France that is also part of the European Union.
Considered part of Africa geographically, Mauritius has friendly relations with other African states in the region, particularly South Africa, by far its largest continental trading partner. Mauritian investors are gradually entering African markets, notably Madagascar and Mozambique. Mauritius coordinates much of its foreign policy with the Southern Africa Development Community and the Organisation of African Unity. The country is also a member of the Port Management Association of Eastern and Southern Africa (PMAESA).
Relations with France and India are strong for both historical and commercial reasons. Foreign embassies in Mauritius include Australia, South Korea the United Kingdom, People's Republic of China, Egypt, France, India, Madagascar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Bangladesh and the United States.
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India and Kosovo relations refers to official tie between two nations, the Republic of India and the Republic of Kosovo. Two countries have no official relations, as India has not recognized Kosovo as a nation.India–Latvia relations
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India–Papua New Guinea relations refer to foreign relations between India and Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea has a High Commission in New Delhi, whilst India operates a High Commission in Port Moresby.India–Spain relations
India–Spain relations refers to interstate relations between India and Spain.India–Uzbekistan relations
India–Uzbekistan relations refers to the international relations that exist between India and Uzbekistan.Iora
For the international organization, see Indian Ocean Rim Association
For the Australian Aboriginal people of the Sydney region, see Eora
The ioras are a small family, Aegithinidae, of four passerine bird species found in Pakistan and southeast Asia. The family is composed of a single genus, Aegithina. They were formerly grouped with the leafbirds and fairy-bluebirds, in the family Irenidae.Iranian Research Organization for Science and Technology
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IROST has made great advances in providing alternative sources of energy, namely solar energy, biodiesel from microalgae and bi-ethanol from agricultural waste. IROST has also made progress in pharmacological fields.IROST undertakes commissioned research with International Organizations such as,
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Organisation of Islamic Conference Standing Committee on Scientific & Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH)
Commission on Science and Technology for Sustainable Development in the South (COMSATS)
Third World Academy of Science (TWAS)
Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO)
International Federation of Inventors' Associations (IFIA)
Asian Pacific Center for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)
Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC)Kenya–Oman relations
Kenya–Oman relations are bilateral relations between Kenya and Oman.