Ilie Năstase

Ilie "Nasty" Năstase (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈli.e nəsˈtase] (listen), born 19 July 1946) is a Romanian former world No. 1 professional tennis player, and one of the world's top players of the 1970s. He was ranked world No. 1 from 23 August 1973 to 2 June 1974.

Năstase is one of the ten players in history who have won more than 100 ATP professional titles (58 singles and 45 in doubles).[3] He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1991. Năstase won seven Grand Slam titles: two in singles, three in men's doubles and two in mixed doubles. He also won four Masters Grand Prix year-end championship titles and seven Championship Series titles (1970–73), the precursors to the current Masters 1000.

Năstase wrote several novels in French in the 1980s.[4][5]

He is the first male player to have won a French Open title without dropping a set (1973).

Ilie Năstase
Ilie Nastase 1
Ilie Năstase in 2009
Country (sports)Romania Romania
ResidenceConstanța
Born19 July 1946 (age 72)
Bucharest, Romania
Height1.82 m (6 ft 0 in)
Turned pro1969 (amateur tour from 1966)
Retired1985
PlaysRight-handed (one-handed backhand)
Prize moneyUS$ 2,076,761
Int. Tennis HoF1991 (member page)
Singles
Career record930–354 (72.43%) in pre Open-Era & Open Era [1]
Career titles58 Open Era [2]
Highest rankingNo. 1 (23 August 1973)[3]
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open1R (1981)
French OpenW (1973)
WimbledonF (1972, 1976)
US OpenW (1972)
Other tournaments
Tour FinalsW (1971, 1972, 1973, 1975)
WCT FinalsQF (1974, 1977, 1978)
Doubles
Career record479–208
Career titles45 (ATP listed)
Highest rankingNo. 10 (30 August 1977)[3]
Grand Slam Doubles results
French OpenW (1970)
WimbledonW (1973)
US OpenW (1975)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
WimbledonW (1970, 1972)
US OpenF (1972)
Team competitions
Davis CupF (1969Ch, 1971Ch, 1972)

Career

Ilie Năstase (Davis Cup)
Năstase playing a Davis Cup match against the Netherlands in The Hague (1973)
Stamps of Romania, 2004-094
Năstase on a 2004 Romanian stamp

At the beginning of his career in 1966, Năstase travelled around the world competing with his good friend Ion Țiriac. Together, they represented Romania in the Davis Cup competition, being three times runners up: in 1969, 1971, and 1972.

In singles, Năstase won his first tournament at Cannes on 16 April 1967. His first victories against top players happened in 1969 in Stockholm, where he defeated Tony Roche and Stan Smith.

Năstase became one of the best players in 1970, with many experts ranking him as the sixth-best player in the world at that time, behind the Australians Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, John Newcombe, and Tony Roche and the American Arthur Ashe. Năstase's high ranking resulted from his success at the Italian Open in Rome and at the U.S. Indoor Open in Salisbury, Maryland. With Tiriac, Năstase won the men's doubles title at the French Open.

In 1971, Năstase was the runner-up at the French Open, where he lost the final in four sets to Jan Kodeš. In December, Năstase won his first Masters Grand Prix title.

In 1972, he became the no. 2 in the world, owing to his winning the US Open in a five-set final over Arthur Ashe. This tournament was the only event of the year in which all the best players participated. Two months before at Wimbledon, Năstase narrowly lost to Stan Smith in an epic[6] five-set final, one of the most exciting championship matches there.[7] Although Smith took the title, public sympathy lay with the volatile Romanian.[6]

In the Davis Cup, Năstase was undefeated in singles until losing to Stan Smith in the final played on clay in his native Bucharest. In December at the year-end tour finals, Năstase took revenge against Smith, winning his second consecutive Masters Grand Prix title.

In 1973, he was in sensational form.[6] By winning 17 tournaments, including the French Open, a doubles title at Wimbledon, and a third Masters title, Năstase was the undisputed world No.1 that year. In the Davis Cup, he won seven of eight singles rubbers, including a victory over Tom Okker, the "Flying Dutchman." In matches against the other top players, Năstase was 1–0 against Newcombe and 1–1 against Smith. The Romanian won the French Open without dropping a set (a feat repeated by Björn Borg in 1978 and 1980 and by Rafael Nadal in 2008, 2010 and 2017), and he won the French Open (clay), Rome (clay) and Queen's Club (grass) in succession, a feat never repeated in the open era, though Borg won Rome, the French Open, and Wimbledon in succession in 1978, and Nadal won the French Open, Queen's Club, and Wimbledon in succession in 2008. Năstase was seeded no.2 for Wimbledon 1973, behind the defending champion Stan Smith. When the newly formed ATP withdrew its players from the tournament following the suspension by the ITF of Yugoslav Nikola Pilić, only three ATP players (Năstase, Roger Taylor and Ray Keldie) defied the boycott and were fined by the ATP's disciplinary committee. Nastase was promoted to no.1 seed for the players in the subsequently weakened field and publicly stated his support for the ATP action but insisted that as a serving Captain, he was under orders from the Romanian army and government to compete and thus could not boycott the tournament. Some contemporary press speculation and later biographies have suggested Năstase contrived to lose his fourth round match to American Sandy Mayer, but to have lost any earlier to a considerably less able player would have been too obvious.[8][9] Năstase has never publicly commented on this speculation.

In 1974, he was the only player to qualify for both the WCT Finals and the Masters Grand Prix finals. As usual, Năstase played well in the Masters, in particular against Newcombe in the semifinals. (Năstase finished his career with a 4–1 record versus Newcombe, losing only their first match in 1969.) The Romanian, however, lost the final to Guillermo Vilas in five sets.

For the fifth consecutive year, Năstase reached the Masters Grand Prix Final in 1975, where he defeated Björn Borg, 6–2, 6–2, 6–1.

During the first half of 1976, Năstase won four tournaments (Atlanta WCT, Avis Challenge Cup WCT, US Open Indoor, and La Costa), and head-to-head, he led Connors 2–1, Vilas 1–0, Ashe 1–0, and Borg 2–0. Năstase did not enter the Australian Open, which was again avoided by most of the top players. Năstase was prevented from entering the French Open because he participated in World Team Tennis. In the second half of the year, Nastase lost to Borg in the men's singles final of Wimbledon and in the semifinals of the US Open. Năstase won three other tournaments during the second half of the year, the Pepsi Grand Slam, South Orange, and the four-man tournament of Caracas, Venezuela, in October (not to be confused with the Caracas WCT tournament in March), making seven tournament championships for the year. Năstase was the world No. 3, behind Connors and Borg.

In 1977, Năstase finished no. 9 in the ATP rankings. He was a quarterfinalist at the French Open and at Wimbledon (losing to Borg), and participated in the WCT Finals. It was during his quarterfinal match at Wimbledon that Năstase had a memorable row with umpire Jeremy Shales.[10] Shales called him "Năstase" when asking him to move to the advantage court, "like a master speaks to a naughty schoolboy."[11] (Năstase has also said Shales asked him to pick up a piece of paper that had blown onto the court, saying, "Năstase, pick up that paper."[12]) Năstase angrily replied, "You call me Mr. Năstase!". Since this incident umpires have always used a courtesy title when addressing the players directly. Mr. Nastase later became the title of his autobiography.

Năstase was still one of the 20 best players in 1978. At Wimbledon, he again reached the quarterfinals, losing to Okker after defeating Roscoe Tanner.

During the remainder of his career, Năstase steadily declined and only occasionally defeated a good player, such as Johan Kriek in the third round of the 1982 US Open. Năstase retired from the tour in October 1985 at the age of 39 after playing in the tournament in Toulouse, although he did play the challenger tournament at Dijon in June 1988.

Controversy

In 1977, Năstase used a 'spaghetti string' (double-strung) racquet to end Guillermo Vilas's 46 match winning streak. The racquet was known for creating large amounts of top spin and unpredictable bounces. Vilas considered quitting the match in protest of the racquet.[13] A few days later, the ATP banned the use of such racquets.[14]

During the US Open in 1979, Năstase was defaulted from his match against John McEnroe. The umpire had previously docked Năstase a point in third set and then a game in the fourth for arguing and stalling. A near riot followed as the crowd disagreed with the umpire's decision, by throwing beer cans and cups on court. The match was eventually restarted with the umpire being replaced before McEnroe ran out the winner.[15][16][17][18]

In 1994 Năstase, Davis Cup captain of his country, was banned for an away match against Great Britain, following his conduct in a tie against South Africa.[19]

In 2017, while captaining his country's Fed Cup team against Great Britain, Năstase was overheard commenting about Serena Williams' unborn child and asked Britain's Fed Cup captain Anne Keothavong for her room number. Năstase had previously made unfounded comments about Williams allegedly doping. Before the Great Britain and Romania began their two-day World Group play-off,[20] Năstase had allegedly stormed in to the media centre to confront British journalists over the reporting of his comments the previous day. Năstase could only find Press Association tennis correspondent Eleanor Crook before launching into a tirade about the reporting.[21] During the second rubber he was ejected from the stadium for unsportsmanlike conduct.[22] In a statement the International Tennis Federation (ITF) additionally confirmed that Năstase had his accreditation removed and would take no further part in the tie.[23] The next day the ITF provisionally suspended Năstase under the Fed Cup Regulations for a breach of the Fed Cup Welfare Policy; meaning that he was banned from the site of any ITF event.[24] When Năstase was ejected from the stadium he met Crook again and, separated by a large number of security guards, verbally attacked her.[25] The next day, despite being banned from the venue, Năstase reappeared and went to have lunch in the onsite restaurant. He additionally sent flowers to the British team.[26] On the 21st of July 2017 he was suspended by the ITF until 2021.

Williams released a statement on social media branding the comments about her unborn child as racist, noting that it saddened her that we live in a society where these comments can be made.[27] Năstase then apologised on social media regarding the comments he made about Williams, but made comments about Konta speaking to the umpire which upset him.[28] In a further interview with the BBC, Năstase justified his comments to Konta stating that he only abused her after being ejected from the court and did so as a fan rather than a captain. Năstase additionally added that he regretted his behaviour in the incident.[29] Nastase was not invited to the French Open and Wimbledon following his suspension.[30] The Madrid Open however invited Nastase to be part of the prize giving ceremony, which was won by Simona Halep (another Romanian player). This was a move that was deemed irresponsible by the WTA who had revoked Nastase's privileges while the ITF carried out its investigation.[31][32]

Further allegations of sexism from Năstase then came to light. Pam Shriver said that Năstase would frequently in a joking manner ask if she was still a virgin. After about thirty occasions of this happening Shriver asked him to stop saying that, which he did. Dominique Monami, captain of the Belgium team, then mentioned that Năstase had abused her in the round prior to the match with Great Britain.[33] Monami later added that Năstase was abusive for two games during the Elise Mertens and Irina-Camelia Begu match.[34]

Playing style

Considered one of the most gifted tennis players in history[35], Ilie Năstase was noted both for his sorcery with the racket and his ability to entertain, amusing spectators with his antics and mimicry. Even during a crucial phase of a match, he was likely to do something bizarre that would entertain the crowd.[6] Nicknamed the "Bucharest Buffoon", Năstase could master all the shots, playing either baseline or serve-and-volley.[3]

One of the fastest players, he is remembered for his magnificent lobs and retrieves. Năstase could apply a discomfiting spin to his shots, being an expert at putting the ball just beyond an opponent's reach. His greatest weakness was a fragile nervous system and erratic temperament, but when he maintained his concentration during a match, he could conjure up the most devastating tennis,[6] being regarded as a tennis magician[6] or an artist creating with great originality and panache.[3]

Năstase pioneered a distinctive tennis shot, a backward, over-the-shoulder wrist-flick useful as a last resort in recovering lobs. Tennis writer Bud Collins dubbed the shot the "Bucharest Backfire" after Năstase.[36]

According to The Independent, Năstase is best remembered for being one of the best players never to win the singles title at Wimbledon, for his tantrums, and his good looks.[37]

Athletic distinctions

  • Năstase won the Tennis Masters Cup tournament (today ATP World Tour Finals) four times, in 1971, 1972, 1973 and 1975. Only Roger Federer (6 times), Pete Sampras, Ivan Lendl and Novak Djokovic (5 times) succeeded to win more.
  • He is one of the five tennis players (third place) in the world who won more than 100 pro titles (57 singles and 45 doubles) according to the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) website,[3] though there are many titles that are not included in the ATP statistics. (see Career statistics section).
  • Năstase was the first professional sports figure to sign an endorsement contract with Adidas in 1972.

Awards and accolades

Political career

He holds the rank of Major General in the Romanian military. He entered politics in the 1990s, making an unsuccessful run for mayor of Bucharest in 1996.[40] Elected to the Romanian Senate for a Bucharest seat in 2012, he initially sat for the Conservative Party, switching to the National Union for the Progress of Romania in July 2015, after the former party ceased to exist.[41]

Personal life

Năstase has been married four times: his first wife was Dominique Grazia, a Belgian fashion model, whom he married at the age of 26, and with whom he has a daughter, Nathalie. They were married for ten years. His second wife was American actress Alexandra King, whom he married in 1984 and with whom he adopted two children, Nicholas and Charlotte. His third wife was Romanian fashion model Amalia Teodosescu, whom he married in 2004. They have two children, Alessia and Emma Alexandra. After they split up in 2010, he married Romanian fashion model Brigitte Sfăt in 2013.[42][43]

Maxim has placed Năstase at number 6 on its top ten "Living Sex Legends" list, as he is reputed to have slept with over 2500 women.[44] Năstase's own guess, which was at 800–900 women, was too low for the writer of his biography who wanted a larger number, to improve his reputation, as it evidently did.[45] After hearing this, his third wife, Amalia, said that she was happy to have conquered such a man. Năstase met Amalia at a Sting concert and married her in a Greek Orthodox ceremony on 5 June 2004 followed by a Civil ceremony in July of the same year. They divorced in February 2010, after six years of marriage.[46]

As he played for the Army's sports club Steaua, he was an employee of the Ministry of Defence.. He was granted the rank of retired Major General.[47]

On 25 May 2018, Năstase was arrested twice within a six-hour span in one day for drunk driving and riding a scooter through a red light.[48]

Career statistics

Singles performance timeline

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

Qualifying matches and Walkovers are neither official match wins nor losses.

Tournament 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 SR W–L Win %
Australian Open 1R 0 / 1 0–1 0.00
French Open 2R 1R QF F 1R W QF 3R QF 1R 3R 2R 3R 1R 1 / 14 33–13 71.74
Wimbledon 3R 4R 2R F 4R 4R 2R F QF QF 3R 1R 1R 0 / 13 35–13 72.92
US Open 4R 3R W 2R 3R QF SF 2R 2R 2R 1R 4R 1R 1R 1R 1 / 15 29–14 67.44
Win–Loss 0–0 0–0 1–1 5–3 7–2 9–3 13–2 11–2 9–3 7–3 10–2 9–3 4–1 1–2 3–2 2–4 4–3 2–2 0–2 0–1 2 / 42 97–41 70.29
The Masters W W W F W 4 / 5 22–3 88.00
Davis Cup P P P F P F F SF QF P P QF P QF 1R 2R 1R 0 / 17 74–22 77.08
Tournaments 0 0 2 11 11 19 32 29 27 25 23 20 22 21 19 26 24 11 12 4 338
Titles–Finals 0–0 0–0 0–0 1–2 2–3 7–11 12–16 15–18 6–11 5–9 6–13 3–5 2–5 0–1 0–0 0–2 0–0 0–0 0–0 0–0 *59 / 96 *59–37 61.46
Overall Win–Loss 0–2 2–2 9–2 24–13 40–13 76–12 120–20 114–17 77–21 91–21 76–13 48–19 48–21 30–23 22–25 22–26 15–25 8–13 4–14 1–4 827/1133 **827–306 72.99
Year End Ranking 1 10 7 3 9 16 49 79 79 79 118 202 431 $2,076,761
  • * including 57 pre-ATP and ATP titles
  • ** including 749 – 287 (overall – 1036) listed by the ATP

Records

  • These records were attained in the Open Era of tennis.
Championship Years Record accomplished Player tied
Masters Grand Prix 1971–1975 88.00% (22–3) match winning percentage[49] Stands alone
Grand Prix Tour 1968–1985 42 five set match wins Stands alone
WCT Challenge Cup 1976–1978 3 singles titles Stands alone
Omaha Open 1972–1973 2 singles titles Stands alone

See also

References

  1. ^ Garcia, Gabriel. "Ilie Nastase: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Tennismem SL. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  2. ^ Garcia, Gabriel. "Ilie Nastase: Career match record". thetennisbase.com. Tennismem SL. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "ATP Legends profiles – Ilie Nastase". atpworldtour.com.
  4. ^ Jim Sarni (24 August 1986). "Nastase Aces Novel Of Tennis Break Point". SunSentinel.
  5. ^ Robert Sullivan (9 November 1987). "A Tennis Tale With Faults". Sports Illustrated.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Octagon > Athletes & Personalities > Ilie Nastase". Octagon-uk.com. 19 July 1946. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  7. ^ "Ilie Nastase "Bucharest Bufoon"". Archived from the original on 22 December 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). tennisfame.com
  8. ^ Evans, Richard. 'Ilie Nastase' May 1978 Aidan Ellis Publishing. ISBN 978-0856280580
  9. ^ Robertson, Max. 'Wimbledon: Centre Court of the Game' May 1984 Parkwest Publications. ISBN 978-0881864502
  10. ^ "Obituary: Jeremy Shales". The Guardian. 26 September 2005. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Wimbledon 2015: The top 10 tantrums in SW19 - including Nick Kyrgios". The Telegraph. June 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  12. ^ Robertson, Peter (5 July 2014). "Whatever happened to… tennis superstar Ilie Nastase?". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  13. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/magazine/the-chaotic-spectacle-of-the-1977-us-open.html
  14. ^ Question of the Day: Revisiting the Spaghetti Racquet. TENNIS.com (February 2013). Retrieved on 2017-02-23.
  15. ^ "Down Memory Lane: The day John McEnroe and Ilie Nastase caused a racket at US Open - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk".
  16. ^ Lorge, Barry; Lorge, Barry (31 August 1979). "McEnroe Triumphs After Near-Riot" – via washingtonpost.com.
  17. ^ Dwork, David. "Top 5 Ridiculous U.S. Open Moments".
  18. ^ "Hodgkinson: The US Open's quirkiest moments".
  19. ^ "Tennis: Cup ban for Nastase". 31 May 1994.
  20. ^ "Serena Williams: Ilie Nastase heard making derogatory comment". 21 April 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  21. ^ "Ilie Nastase brands female British journalist 'stupid' after reporting his racist comment about Serena's baby".
  22. ^ "Tennis match suspended with Konta left in tears as Nastase is removed from court". 22 April 2017.
  23. ^ "Fed Cup - ITF statement regarding Ilie Nastase". www.fedcup.com.
  24. ^ "Fed Cup - ITF issues Nastase provisional suspension". www.fedcup.com.
  25. ^ "I was grateful for security men – PA reporter Crooks on Nastase fury – Sports Journalists' Association". www.sportsjournalists.co.uk.
  26. ^ "Ilie Nastase strolls through the front door to defy International Tennis Federation".
  27. ^ "Serena Williams brands Ilie Nastase comments 'racist'".
  28. ^ "Ilie Nastase apologises for Fed Cup behaviour but can't resist dig at Johanna Konta".
  29. ^ "Ilie Nastase: Romania's Fed Cup captain to quit game if punished by ITF". 28 April 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  30. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/tennis/ilie-nastase-banned-french-open-wimbledon-royal-box-a7721756.html
  31. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-05-14/ilie-nastase-cast-a-shadow-on-madrid-open-final-wta/8525316
  32. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/13/sports/tennis/rafael-nadal-defeats-novak-djokovic-to-reach-madrid-open-final.html?_r=0
  33. ^ "Exclusive: Ilie Nastase accused of earlier case of sexism by Belgian Fed Cup captain Dominique Monami".
  34. ^ "Ilie Nastase's previous Fed Cup misconduct laid bare by Belgian captain - 'he called me a big bitch'".
  35. ^ Ilie Nastase: Bucharest Buffoon
  36. ^ Siegel, Alan (September 8, 2010). "Roger Federer and the History of Tennis Trick Shots". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 6, 2015.
  37. ^ "Nastase embodies an era with a touch of class". The Independent. London. 28 June 2003. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  38. ^ "France honours beloved Nastase". Archived from the original on 24 July 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2009.
  39. ^ "For his 70th, Ilie Nastase awarded by Romania president". Miami Herald. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  40. ^ Jane Perlez (11 March 1996). "Ilie Nastase, Bad Boy of Tennis, Runs Hard to Take Over Bucharest CityHall". The New York Times.
  41. ^ (in Romanian) Parliamentary profile
  42. ^ "LE-A IUBIT ȘI LE-A FERICIT! ELE AU FOST MIRESELE LUI ILIE NĂSTASE!" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  43. ^ "Ilie Năstase și Brigitte Sfăt s-au casatorit. Țiriac: Spune ce vrei, dar să nu mă chemi la divorț, pentru că nu vin !" (in Romanian). Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  44. ^ "Sheen Only No. 2 on 'Living Sex Legends' List". Zap2it.com. 30 May 2006. Archived from the original on 17 September 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  45. ^ "Michael Palin meets Ilie Nastase " o'connors o'pinions". Seahorse-design.com. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
  46. ^ Alastair McKay (1 February 2006) Ilie Nastase, the Romanian George Best, based on an Interview with Ilie Năstase during the 2004 promotional tour for his autobiography.
  47. ^ "Wimbledon Diary: Nastase dictates his own style". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
  48. ^ "Ilie Nastase arrested twice in a day, accused of drunken driving". USA Today. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  49. ^ "Tournament History". Barclays ATP World Tour Finals. Retrieved 20 February 2012.

Further reading

  • Mr Nastase: The Autobiography. HarperCollins UK. 2005. ISBN 0-00-717839-5.
  • Evans, Richard I. (1978). Nastase. Henley-on-Thames: A. Ellis. ISBN 0-85628-058-5.

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
World No. 1
23 August 1973 – 2 June 1974
Succeeded by
John Newcombe
1969 Davis Cup

The 1969 Davis Cup was the 58th edition of the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. 51 teams would enter the competition, 34 in the Europe Zone, 9 in the Americas Zone, and 8 in the Eastern Zone.Brazil defeated Mexico in the Americas Zone final, India defeated Japan in the Eastern Zone final, and Romania and Great Britain won the Europe Zones. In the Inter-Zonal Zone, Great Britain defeated Brazil, Romania defeated India, and then Romania defeated Great Britain in the final. Romania then fell to defending champions the United States in the Challenge Round. The final was played at the Harold Clark Courts in Cleveland, Ohio, United States on 19-21 September. This marked the first time the final was played on hard courts.

1971 Davis Cup

The 1971 Davis Cup was the 60th edition of the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. 50 teams would enter the competition, 28 in the Europe Zone, 13 in the Americas Zone, and 9 in the Eastern Zone.

Brazil defeated Mexico in the Americas Zone final, India defeated Japan in the Eastern Zone final, and Romania and Czechoslovakia won the Europe Zones. In the Inter-Zonal Zone, Brazil defeated Czechoslovakia, Romania defeated India, and Romania defeated Brazil in the final. Romania then fell to defending champions the United States in the Challenge Round. The final was played at the Olde Providence Racquet Club in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States on 8-11 October.South Africa was excluded from the tournament as part of the growing international opposition to its apartheid policies.

1971 Grand Prix (tennis)

The 1971 Pepsi Cola Grand Prix was a professional tennis circuit held that year. It incorporated three of the four grand slam tournaments, the Grand Prix tournaments. It was the second edition of the Grand Prix circuit and was run by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ITLF). In addition to regular tournament prize money a bonus prize money pool of £60,000 ($150,000) was available to be divided among the 20 highest ranking players after the last tournament. To be eligible for a share of the bonus pool a player had to compete in a minimum of nine tournaments. The circuit culminated in a Masters event in Paris, France for the seven highest point scoring players. Stan Smith was the winner of the circuit with 187 ranking points and four tournament victories.

1971 Monte Carlo Open

The 1971 Monte Carlo Open was a combined men's and women's tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts at the Monte Carlo Country Club in Monte Carlo, Monaco . The men's tournament was part of the 1971 Pepsi-Cola Grand Prix circuit. It was the 65th edition of the event and was held from 5 April through 11 April 1971. Ilie Năstase and Gail Chanfreau won the singles titles.

1972 Davis Cup

The 1972 Davis Cup was the 61st edition of the most important tournament between national teams in men's tennis. This year would mark the abolishment of the Challenge Round. The previous year's champion would now play in all matches, rather than advance directly to the Challenge Round. The winner of the Inter-Zonal Zone would be declared the champion. 56 teams would enter the competition, 34 in the Europe Zone, 11 in the Americas Zone, and 11 in the Eastern Zone.

The United States defeated Chile in the Americas Zone final, Australia defeated India in the Eastern Zone final, and Romania and Spain won the Europe Zones. In the Inter-Zonal Zone, the USA defeated Spain and Romania defeated Australia. The USA defeated Romania in the final, giving the US their 5th straight title. The final was played at the Club Sportiv Progresul in Bucharest, Romania, on 13–15 October.

1972 Grand Prix (tennis)

The 1972 Commercial Union Assurance Grand Prix was a professional tennis circuit held that year and organized by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF). It consisted of 33 Grand Prix tournaments in different categories including three of the four Grand Slam tournaments and was followed by a season-ending Masters tournament. The circuit ran from February through November.The 1972 Grand Prix circuit ran in competition with the 1972 World Championship Tennis circuit and, to a lesser extent, with the smaller 1972 USLTA Indoor Circuit. In July 1971 at its annual meeting, the ILTF voted to ban all WCT contract professionals from their tournaments and facilities from the beginning of 1972 onwards. This meant that leading WCT players such as Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Arthur Ashe and John Newcombe did not initially have permission to compete in the Grand Prix circuit and Newcombe could not defend his two consecutive Wimbledon titles of 1970 and 1971. In April 1972, however, an agreement was reached between the ILTF and WCT that divided the 1973 tour in a WCT circuit that ran from January through April and a Grand Prix circuit that was scheduled for the rest of the year. Under the agreement the players contracted by the WCT could play in the Grand Prix events as of September 1972. The deal was ratified at the annual ILTF meeting in July.

1973 French Open

The 1973 French Open was a tennis tournament that took place on the outdoor clay courts at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris, France. The tournament ran from 21 May until 3 June. It was the 77th staging of the French Open, and the second Grand Slam tennis event of 1973. Ilie Năstase and Margaret Court won the singles titles.

1973 Grand Prix (tennis)

The 1973 Commercial Union Assurance Grand Prix was a tennis circuit administered by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) which served as a forerunner to the current Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour and the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour. The circuit consisted of the four modern Grand Slam tournaments and open tournaments recognised by the ILTF. This article covers all tournaments that were part of that year's Men's Grand Prix. The Commercial Union Assurance Masters and Davis Cup Final are included in this calendar but did not count towards the Grand Prix.

1973 Monte Carlo Open

The 1973 Monte Carlo Open, also known by its sponsored name Craven Monte Carlo Championships, was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts at the Monte Carlo Country Club in Monte Carlo, Monaco . The tournament was part of the Rothmans Spring Mediterranean Circuit, a series of six tournaments held in France, Monaco, Spain and Italy from March to May 1973. It was the 67th edition of the event and was held from 16 April through 21 April 1973. Ilie Năstase won the singles title.

1973 Torneo Godó

The 1973 Torneo Godó or Trofeo Conde de Godó was a men's tennis tournament that took place on outdoor clay courts at the Real Club de Tenis Barcelona in Barcelona, Spain. It was the 21st edition of the tournament and was part of the 1973 Grand Prix circuit. It was held from October 8 through October 14, 1973. First-seeded Ilie Năstase won the singles title.

1974 Torneo Godó

The 1974 Torneo Godó or Trofeo Conde de Godó was a tennis tournament that took place on outdoor clay courts at the Real Club de Tenis Barcelona in Barcelona, Spain. It was the 22nd edition of the tournament and was part of the 1974 Grand Prix circuit. It was held from 14 October through 20 October 1974. Fourth-seeded Ilie Năstase won the singles title.

1975 Grand Prix (tennis)

The 1975 Commercial Union Assurance Grand Prix was a professional tennis circuit administered by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) which served as a forerunner to the current Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour and the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour. The circuit consisted of the four modern Grand Slam tournaments and open tournaments recognised by the ILTF. The Commercial Union Assurance Masters, Davis Cup Final and Nations Cup are included in this calendar but did not count towards the Grand Prix.

The men's schedule started in December 1974 with the Australian Open and continued in May 1975 following the conclusion of the rival 1975 World Championship Tennis circuit which ran from January to early May.

1977 World Championship Tennis circuit

The 1977 season of the World Championship Tennis (WCT) circuit was one of the two rival professional male tennis circuits of 1977. It was organized by World Championship Tennis (WCT) and consisted of a preliminary series of twelve tournaments leading up to a singles play-off in Dallas and doubles play-off in Kansas City in May. 23 players participated and the season final was played by the eight best performers. It was won by American Jimmy Connors who defeated compatriot Dick Stockton in four sets. The total prize money for the 1977 WCT circuit was $2,400,000.Additionally there were three special events that did not count towards the standings; the Aetna World Cup held in Hartford between America and Australia (10–13 March), the $320,000 Challenge Cup in Las Vegas (14–20 November) and the Tournament of Champions held in Lakeway, Texas (10–13 March, 10–13 July) and Madison Square Garden, New York (17 September).

Ion Țiriac

Ion Țiriac (Romanian pronunciation: [iˈon t͡siriˈak]; born 9 May 1939), also known as the 'Brașov Bulldozer' is a Romanian businessman and former professional tennis and ice hockey player. A former top 10 player, he is the winner of one grand slam title, the 1970 French Open in men's doubles. Țiriac was the first man to play against a woman in a sanctioned tennis tournament (against Abigail Maynard, in 1975). The highlight of his ice hockey career was participating as defenseman in the Romanian national team at the 1964 Winter Olympics.

He gained notoriety in his (mostly) post-playing years as an advisor-coach-manager for the likes of Ilie Năstase, Manuel Orantes, Adriano Panatta, Guillermo Vilas, Henri Leconte and Boris Becker. Țiriac is the developer and owner of the Mutua Madrid Open masters tennis tournament. In 2013, he was elected as contributor into the International Tennis Hall of Fame. He has currently been managing French tennis player Lucas Pouille since December 2016.

As a tennis player he played dramatic 5 setters against Rod Laver, Stan Smith, Jan Kodeš or Manuel Orantes. His singles record includes wins over Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Roscoe Tanner, Manuel Orantes, Andrés Gimeno, Adriano Panatta or Niki Pilić. He never won against compatriot Ilie Năstase in their six meetings. He played 3 Davis Cup finals (in 1969, 1971 and 1972).

Jan Kodeš

Jan Kodeš (born 1 March 1946) is a Czech former tennis player who won three Grand Slam singles events in the early 1970s.

Kodeš's greatest success was achieved on the clay courts of the French Open played at the Stade Roland Garros. He won the singles title there in 1970, beating Željko Franulović in the final in straight sets, and again in 1971, this time defeating Ilie Năstase in the final in four sets. He also won Wimbledon on grass in 1973, although 13 of the top 16 players, and 81 players in total, did not play the tournament that year because of a boycott over the banning from Wimbledon of Nikola Pilić by the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF). Kodeš beat home favorite Roger Taylor in the semifinals in five sets and Alex Metreveli in the final in three straight sets.Kodeš never played the Australian Open but he was twice the runner-up at the US Open, in 1971, losing to Stan Smith, and 1973 when he lost in five sets to John Newcombe.Kodeš reached his highest tour ranking of World No. 5 in September 1973. During his career, he won a total of eight top-level singles titles and 17 doubles titles.

He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1990. In 2013 he received the Czech fair play award from the Czech Olympic Committee. He is an economics graduate of the Prague University.

Juan Gisbert Sr.

Juan Gisbert Sr. (born 5 April 1942) is a retired amateur and professional tennis player from the 1960s and 1970s.

He won one ATP singles title (plus at least three others before the Open era) and reached the finals at the Australian Championships in 1968 and Cincinnati in 1971.

Manuel Orantes

Manuel Orantes Corral (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈnwel oˈɾantes koˈral]; born 6 February 1949) is a former tennis player from Spain who was active in the 1970s and 1980s. He won the US Open men's singles in 1975, beating defending champion Jimmy Connors in the final. Orantes reached a career-high singles ranking of World No. 2.

Stan Smith

Stanley Roger Smith (born December 14, 1946 in Pasadena, California) is a former world No. 1 American tennis player and two-time Grand Slam singles champion who also, with his partner Bob Lutz, formed one of the most successful doubles teams of all time. Together, they won many major titles all over the world. In 1970, Smith won the first year end championship Masters Grand Prix title. Smith's two major singles titles were the 1971 US Open (over Jan Kodeš in the final), and 1972 Wimbledon (over Ilie Năstase in the final). In 1972, he was the year-ending world No. 1 singles player. In 1973, he won his second and last year end championship title at the Dallas WCT Finals. In addition, he won four Grand Prix Championship Series titles. His name is also used in a popular brand of tennis shoes. In his early years he improved his tennis game through lessons from Pancho Segura, the Pasadena Tennis Patrons, and the sponsorship of the Southern California Tennis Association headed by Perry T. Jones.

Tom Okker

Thomas Samuel Okker (nicknamed "the Flying Dutchman"; born 22 February 1944) is a Dutch former tennis player who was active from the mid-1960s until 1980. He was ranked among the world's top 10 singles players for seven consecutive years, 1968–74, reaching a career high of World No. 3 in 1974. He also was ranked World No. 1 in doubles in 1969.

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