Ifni

Ifni was a Spanish province on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, south of Agadir and across from the Canary Islands.

It had a total area of 1,502 km² (580 sq mi), and a population of 51,517 in 1964. The main industry was fishing.

Ifni
Province of Spain

1958–1969
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Spanish West Africa
Ifni is the very small central red area
Capital Sidi Ifni
Governor-General
 •  1958–1961 (first) Mariano Gómez Zamalloa y Quirce
 •  1969 (last) José Rodríguez
History
 •  Established 12 January 1958
 •  Returned to Morocco 4 January 1969
Area
 •  1969 1,502 km2 (580 sq mi)
Population
 •  1964 51,517 
Ifni txu-oclc-6949452-nh29-10
Map sheet showing boundary of the former Ifni Province.

History

Spain's presence in the area can be traced to a settlement called Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequeña, founded in 1476. After attacks by the Berbers, the Spanish decided to focus on colonising other areas of North Africa and abandoned the region.

In the mid-19th century, when the European powers looked again to Africa for resources, Spain suddenly mooted an interest in its lost late medieval fortress in order to stake a claim to the southern part of Morocco. This served as a pretext for a short war with Morocco in 1859.

The territory and its main town of Sidi Ifni were ceded to Spain by the Sultanate of Morocco on 26 April 1860, but there was little interest in this colonial acquisition until 1934, when the Governor-General of Spanish Sahara took up residence.

Until 1952, Ifni region had the status of a protectorate. In this year, the region became part of Spanish West Africa (entity that grouped the colonies of Spanish Sahara and Cape Juby).

After the Ifni War (1957), most of the territory became occupied de facto by Morocco. In 1958, the colony was made into a Spanish province in order to forestall United Nations criticism of continued colonisation.

Spain formally returned the territory to Morocco on 30 June 1969.[1]

Postage stamps

Spain began issuing postage stamps for Ifni in 1941, initially overprinting Spanish stamps with "TERRITORIO DE IFNI", then issuing new designs in 1943. Issues followed at the rate of about ten per year with the last on 23 November 1968. Most are commonly available and are more often seen unused than used.

See also

References

  1. ^ United Nations Yearbook 1969, pp. 661-64.

External links

Coordinates: 29°22′N 10°11′W / 29.367°N 10.183°W

Army of Africa (Spain)

The Army of Africa (Spanish: Ejército de África, Arabic: الجيش الإسباني في أفريقيا‎, Al-Jaysh al-Isbānī fī Afriqā) or "Moroccan Army Corps" (Cuerpo de Ejército Marroquí') was a field army of the Spanish Army that garrisoned the Spanish protectorate in Morocco from the late 19th century until Morocco's independence in 1956.

At the start of the 20th century, the Spanish Empire's colonial possessions in Africa comprised Morocco, Spanish Sahara, Ifni, Cape Juby and Spanish Guinea.

Catholic Church in Western Sahara

The Catholic Church in Western Sahara is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.

Hassan Rachidi

Hassan Rachidi is a Moroccan journalist and director of Al Jazeera in Morocco.Born July 6, 1957 b Meknes after a university Faculty of Law in Rabat b dabble in the written press and the movement across multiple platforms, including: the Green March and the National Charter.

In June 1980, he was the first journalist to join the Moroccan radio midi 1 B Tangier was to leave for Radio Netherlands in 1990 where he worked as editor and then moved to television in May 1994 by Orbit Rome, where he worked as director of programs prior to joining with Abu Dhabi TV, and then to an Al Jazeera journalist joined the team before eleven years.

He knew Rashidi Hassan Al-Jazeera producer to tell then a war correspondent who has covered several wars in Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and Iraq and was appointed director of the regional office in Morocco 25 December 2003. Oversaw the Maghreb bulletin broadcast from Rabat and follow-up has been prosecuted on the back cover Al-Jazeera to the events of the town of Sidi Ifni.

Moroccan authorities arrested Hassan Rachidi and pulled his license for press publication of alleged false news on the back cover the events in Sidi Ifni, which occurred on June 7, 2008.

Ifni, Algeria

Ifni is a village in the commune of Illizi, in Illizi Province, Algeria. The village is the site of a project to introduce solar energy to Algeria, with 2 households connected to 15 solar power systems.

Ifni War

The Ifni War, sometimes called the Forgotten War in Spain (la Guerra Olvidada), was a series of armed incursions into Spanish West Africa by Moroccan insurgents that began in October 1957 and culminated with the abortive siege of Sidi Ifni.

The war, which may be seen as part of the general movement of decolonization that swept Africa throughout the later half of the 20th century, was conducted primarily by elements of the Moroccan Army of Liberation which, no longer tied down in conflicts with the French, committed a significant portion of its resources and manpower to the capture of Spanish possessions.

Lakhsas

Lakhsas is a town in Sidi Ifni Province, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Morocco. According to the 2004 census it had a population of 4194. It is known for Argan oil as other towns and cities in the region. Lakhssas is located on the first national road that lead to the south of the country.

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List of colonial governors of Ifni

This is a list of colonial heads of Ifni (1958−1969), a Spanish province on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. It was located across the Atlantic from the Canary Islands, and south of Agadir.

Moroccan Army of Liberation

The Army of Liberation (Moroccan Arabic: جيش التحرير‎, romanized: Jish Etteḥrir, Berber languages: Aserdas Uslelli) was an organisation of various loosely united militias fighting for the independence of Morocco from the French-Spanish occupation.

It was founded sometime in 1955 as an attempt to organise the various factions of rural Moroccan armed resistance that swept the country as a result of the assassination of Farhat Hached and the exile of king Mohamed ben Youssef. Abdelkrim El Khattabi played an important role in the instigation of the army, through commanders such as Abbas Messaadi and Sellam Ameziane.

Postage stamps and postal history of Cape Juby

Cape Juby is a cape on the coast of southern Morocco, near its border with Western Sahara, directly east of the Canary Islands.

In 1912, Spain negotiated with France (who controlled the affairs of Morocco at the time) for concessions on the southern edge of Morocco. The final Spanish protectorate included a southern strip centred on Cape Juby. On July 29, 1916, Francisco Bens officially occupied Cape Juby. The location was used as a staging post for airmail flights.

When Morocco became independent in 1956, it asked for the cession of Moroccan areas controlled by Spain. After some resistance and some fighting in 1957 during the Ifni War, Cape Juby was ceded to Morocco in 1958. The region is now also known as the Tarfaya Strip.

Postage stamps and postal history of Morocco

The postal history of Morocco is complex due to the country's political development in the 20th century. Mails were sent via post offices operated by the Sherifan post created by the Sultan, and by the European powers. After the partition of Morocco into French and Spanish protectorate and the international zone of Tangier in 1912, France and Spain established postal services in their respective zones.

Sidi Ifni

Sidi Ifni (Berber: Ifni, ⵉⴼⵏⵉ, Arabic: سيدي إفني‎) is a city located in southwest Morocco, on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. It has a population of approximately 20,000 people. The economic base of the city is fishing. It is located in Guelmim-Oued Noun region and Sidi Ifni Province. Its inhabitants are the Shilha from the Ait Baamrane tribe. In 2000, an important fishing port was completed, which serves as a base for fish exports.

Sidi Ifni Airport

Sidi Ifni Airport (Arabic: مطار سيدي إيفني‎) (IATA: SII, ICAO: GMMF) is an airport serving Sidi Ifni, a city in the Guelmim-Oued Noun region in Morocco.

Sidi Ifni Province

Sidi Ifni is a province in the Moroccan region of Guelmim-Oued Noun. It was created in 2009 from the southern part of Tiznit Province, and recorded a population of 115,691 in the 2014 Moroccan census.

Spanish protectorate in Morocco

The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate.

The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, and a southern part of the protectorate around Cape Juby, bordering the Spanish Sahara. The northern zone became part of independent Morocco on 7 April 1956, shortly after France had ceded its protectorate (French Morocco). Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958, after the short Ifni War. The city of Tangiers was excluded from the Spanish protectorate and received a special internationally controlled status.

Since France already held a protectorate over the entire country and controlled Morocco's foreign affairs (since 30 March 1912), it also held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection. The surface area of the zone was about 20,948 km2 (8,088 sq mi), which represents 4.69% of modern-day Morocco.

Tangarfa

Tangarfa is a small town and rural commune in Sidi Ifni Province of the Guelmim-Oued Noun region of Morocco. At the time of the 2004 census, the commune had a total population of 5471 people living in 936 households.

Tioughza

Tioughza is a small town and rural commune in Sidi Ifni Province of the Guelmim-Oued Noun region of Morocco. At the time of the 2004 census, the commune had a total population of 12,268 people living in 2168 households.

Tiradores de Ifni

The Tiradores de Ifni ("Ifni Rifles" or "Ifni Shooters") were volunteer infantry units of the Spanish Army, largely recruited in the enclave of Ifni. Originally consisting of indigenous infantry recruited in Morocco, forming part of the Army of Africa and officered by Spaniards, these troops played a role in the Spanish Civil War (1936–39).

Tnine Amellou

Tnine Amellou is a small town and rural commune in Sidi Ifni Province of the Guelmim-Oued Noun region of Morocco. At the time of the 2004 census, the commune had a total population of 4534 people living in 709 households.

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