Ice stock sport (also known as Bavarian Curling) is a winter sport, somewhat similar to curling. In German, it is known as Eisstockschießen. Competitors slide ice stocks over an ice surface, aiming for a target, or to cover the longest distance. Ice stocks have a gliding surface, to which a stick (ca 30 cm) is attached. The sport, mostly practised in southern Germany, Austria and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol in Italy, has been demonstrated at the Winter Olympic Games on two occasions. Although the sport is traditionally played on an ice surface, events are also held on tarmac in summer.
Although the sport is probably much older, the first proof of ice stock sport being practised stems from a 16th-century painting by Belgian painter Pieter Brueghel. It would take until the 1930s before the sport became organized. A German federation was established in 1934, and German championships were established two years later.
European Championships were first held in 1951, and World Championships were first held in 1983, after the International Federation Ice Stock Sport (IFE) had been established.
First written mentioning of icestock sport as messengers arrive to bring news of the capture of Richard Lion-heart to Leopold V, Duke of Austria, who were playing icestock on the frozen river Danube by Vienna shortly before Christmas 1192.
Source: Vatikan Library, Rom (Pope Celestine III excommunicated Leopold V) Source: University Library of Karlsruhe at a time when it still was publicly accessible
There are several disciplines in ice stock sport, of which only target shooting and distance shooting are contested in international championships.
In target shooting, two teams of four players each take turns in aiming for a target, the so-called Daube. Points are gained by being closest to the Daube after all four players have thrown their stock.
In distance shooting, the aim is simply to slide away the ice stock as far as possible.
The Asia Swimming Federation (AASF) overseas international aquatics competition in Asia, and is affiliated to the Olympic Council of Asia and to FINA.
The AASF was founded in 1978 in Bangkok; and currently has its administrative headquarters in Muscat, Oman.
As of August 2009, the AASF President is Sheikh Khalid Mohammed Al Badr Al Sabah of Kuwait.Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations
The Association of IOC Recognised International Sports Federations (ARISF) is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation constituted through and recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The ARISF's members are international sports federations recognised by the IOC that currently do not compete in either the Summer or Winter Olympics. It was formed in 1983. It is headed by Raffaele Chiulli, who is the President of ARISF.Curling at the Winter Olympics
Curling was included in the program of the inaugural Winter Olympic Games in 1924 in Chamonix although the results of that competition were not considered official by the International Olympic Committee until 2006. Curling was a demonstration sport at the 1932 Games, and then again after a lengthy absence in 1988 and 1992. The sport was finally added to the official program for the 1998 Nagano Games.
Until 2018, men's and women's events were contested. An additional event, mixed doubles, was rejected for 2010 because the Olympic Programme Commission felt it had not developed enough, but was approved for the 2018 Winter Olympics at an IOC Executive Board meeting in June 2015.Since the 1998 Olympics, Canada has generally dominated the sport with their men's teams winning gold in 2006, 2010, and 2014, and silver in 1998 and 2002. The women's team won gold in 1998 and 2014, a silver in 2010, and a bronze in 2002 and 2006. Their mixed doubles team won gold in 2018.
The related ice stock sport (Eisstockschießen in German) was a demonstration event in 1936 and 1964. These events are not considered additional demonstrations of curling.Demonstration sport
A demonstration sport is a sport which is played to promote it, most commonly during the Olympic Games, but also at other sporting events.
Demonstration sports were officially introduced in the 1912 Summer Olympics, when Sweden decided to include glima, traditional Icelandic wrestling, in the Olympic program, but with its medals not counting as official. Most organizing committees then decided to include at least one demonstration sport at each edition of the Games, usually some typical or popular sport in the host country, like baseball at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games and taekwondo at the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games. From 1912 to 1992, only two editions of the Summer Olympics did not have demonstration sports on their program. Some demonstration sports eventually gained enough popularity to become an official sport in a subsequent edition of the Games. Traditionally, the medals awarded for the demonstration events followed the same design as the Olympic medals, but of a smaller size. They are never included in the medal count.
Demonstration sports were suspended after the 1992 Summer Olympics, as the Olympic program grew bigger and it became more difficult for the organizing committees to give them the appropriate attention, since the IOC required the same treatment to be dispensed for official and demonstration sports. It is unlikely that they will be reintroduced as a requirement for future Olympic organizing committees. However, the Beijing Olympic Committee received permission from the IOC to run a wushu (martial arts) competition parallel to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Wushu Tournament Beijing 2008.From the 1984 Summer Olympics until the 2004 Summer Olympics, two Paralympic events (a men's and a women's wheelchair racing event) were included in the athletics programme of each Games. These events are considered by many as a demonstration sport, but are, in fact, used to promote the Paralympic Games. Disabled events in alpine and Nordic skiing (1988 only) were also held as demonstration sports at the 1984 and 1988 Winter Olympics.Eissporthalle Gletscher
The Eissporthalle Gletscher, is a German Icesport arena, which lies in Kupfermühle, near the border between Germany and Denmark. The EIssporthalle Gletscher was the home arena of the Flensburger EC. The arena belongs to the Hotel des Nordens and the Danish Fleegard-Group.
Built in 1983, the arena is mostly used by ice skaters. The arena can be used between November first and April first every year. Between the years of 1985 and 2004 the Flemsburgs Ice Hockey Team played its league matches at "Gletscherhalle". The seating capacity is 300. The arena can be used also for sports like Figure Skating or Ice stock sport, but not for Curling.
During the ice skating season, there is an Ice Disco held once a week.
Every year the Aggewars, an ice stock tournament is held in the arena.Federation of International Touch
The Federation of International Touch (FIT) is the worldwide governing body for Touch football.
The Federation of International Touch was formed at a meeting held in conjunction with the Australian National championships that were held in Melbourne in 1985.Flensburger EC
Flensburger EC (German: Flensburger Eissportclub), later called Flensburg-Harrisleer Eissportclub (1986) is a German hockey and Icesportclub.
Established in 1984, the Flensburger EC started with sports ice hockey, ice stock sport and figure skating. Their home arena was the Gletscher Eissporthalle in Harrislee-Kupfermühle.
Since 2003 the Flensburger EC has been inactive.Gössendorf
Gössendorf is a municipality in the district of Graz-Umgebung in the Austrian state of Styria with 3793 inhabitants (appointed date 31 October 2013 )Ice rink
An ice rink (or ice skating rink) is a frozen body of water and/or hardened chemicals where people can ice skate or play winter sports. Besides recreational ice skating, some of its uses include ice hockey, bandy, rink bandy, ringette, broomball, speed skating, figure skating, ice stock sport and curling as well as exhibitions, contests and ice shows. There are two types of rinks in prevalent use today: natural, where freezing occurs from cold ambient temperatures, and artificial (or mechanically frozen), where a coolant produces cold temperatures in the surface below the water, causing the water to freeze. There are also synthetic ice rinks where skating surfaces are made out of plastics.Ice stock sport at the Winter Olympics
Ice stock sport, also known as Bavarian Curling, was featured in the Winter Olympic Games demonstration programme in 1936 and 1964.International Skyrunning Federation
The International Skyrunning Federation (ISF) is the world governing body for skyrunning. The ISF today counts 41 Member nations.International Trail Running Association
International Trail Running Association (ITRA) is the governing body for trail running. It was formed in 2013, emerging from the 1st International Trail Running Conference held in 2012. Trail running was first recognised by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) in 2015 as a discipline of athletics.International Weightlifting Federation
The International Weightlifting Federation (IWF), headquartered in Budapest, is the international governing body for the sport of Olympic weightlifting.
The IWF was founded in 1905, and has 187 member nations. The IWF president is Tamás Aján of Hungary.
Originally called the Fédération Haltéphile International (FHI), it changed its name to IWF between the 1972 and 1976 Summer Olympics.Its affiliated continental federations are:
Weightlifting Federation of Africa (WFA);
Asian Weightlifting Federation (AWF);
European Weightlifting Federation (EWF);
Oceania Weightlifting Federation (OWF);
Pan American Weightlifting Federation (PAWF).List of international sports federations
This is a list of international sports federations, each of which serves as a non-governmental governing body for a given sport and administers its sport at a world level, most often crafting rules, promoting the sport to prospective spectators and fans, developing prospective players, and organizing world or continental championships. Some international sports federations like the International Swimming Federation and the International Skating Union may oversee multiple activities referred to in common parlance as separate sports: FINA, for example governs swimming, diving, synchronised swimming, and water polo as separate 'disciplines' within the single 'sport' of Aquatics.
International sports federations form an integral part of the Olympic and Paralympic movements. Each Olympic sport is represented by its respective international sport federation, which in turn help administer their respective events during the Games. For a sport to become an Olympic sport, its respective international sport federation must be recognized by the International Olympic Committee.Likewise, an international sports federation must be recognized by the International Paralympic Committee for its sport to become a paralympic sport, though in the latter case, several Paralympic Sports are governed by a dedicated committee of the International Paralympic Committee itself, under the World Para branding, for example track and field athletics for disabled athletes is governed by the IPC itself, under the name World Para Athletics. Other Paralympic sports are governed within the structure of the able-bodied equivalent: for example, the UCI governs both able-bodied and paralympic cycling.Professional Bowls Association
The Professional Bowls Association is an international organisation which promotes Bowls worldwide and organises competitions, including the World Indoor Bowls Championships with other Bowls Associations. It also operates as the world governing body for Bowls.SC Pfullendorf
SC Pfullendorf is a German sports club based in Pfullendorf, Baden-Württemberg. The 700-member club is best known for its football department, but also has departments for chess, table tennis and ice stock sport, a winter sport similar to curling.Union Internationale Motonautique
The Union Internationale Motonautique (UIM) is the international governing body of powerboating, based in the Principality of Monaco. It was founded in 1922, in Belgium, as the Union Internationale du Yachting Automobile.World Snowshoe Federation
The World Snowshoe Federation (WSSF), former International Snowshoe Federation (ISF or ISSF), is the world governing body for Snowshoe running.Since 2015 has changed its name to the present, for not to be confused with the other international federations existing: ISSF (International Shooting Sport Federation) and ISF (International Skyrunning Federation).World Sport Stacking Association
The World Sport Stacking Association (WSSA) is the international governing body for sport stacking. The WSSA, which is headquartered in Englewood, Colorado, sanctions stacking competitions worldwide and maintains world and national records for the sport.