Ibaraki Prefecture

Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県 Ibaraki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu.[1] Ibaraki Prefecture has a population of 2,871,199 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 6,097.19 km² (2,354.14 sq mi). Ibaraki Prefecture borders Fukushima Prefecture to the north, Tochigi Prefecture to the northwest, Saitama Prefecture to the southwest, and Chiba Prefecture to the south.

Mito is the capital and largest city of Ibaraki Prefecture, with other major cities including Hitachi, Hitachinaka, and Tsukuba.[2] Ibaraki Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast to the northeast of Tokyo, and is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, the most populous metropolitan area in the world. Ibaraki Prefecture features Lake Kasumigaura, the second-largest lake in Japan, and Mount Tsukuba, one of the most famous mountains in Japan. Ibaraki Prefecture is home to Kairaku-en, one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan, and is an important center for the martial art of Aikido.

Ibaraki Prefecture

茨城県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese茨城県
 • RōmajiIbaraki-ken
Flag of Ibaraki Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Ibaraki Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Ibaraki Prefecture
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
IslandHonshu
CapitalMito
SubdivisionsDistricts: 7, Municipalities: 44
Government
 • GovernorKazuhiko Ōigawa
Area
 • Total6,097.19 km2 (2,354.14 sq mi)
Area rank23rd
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total2,871,199
 • Rank11th
 • Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-08
Websitewww.pref.ibaraki.jp
Symbols
BirdEurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
FlowerRose (Rosa)
TreeUme tree (Prunus mume)

History

Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki.

Geography

Map of Ibaraki Prefecture Ja
Map of Ibaraki Prefecture
     City      Town
View from Art Tower Mito south
Mito
つくば中央公園と筑波山
Tsukuba
Tsuchiura downtown Tsuchiura-city
Tsuchiura
Kashima Port
Kashima

Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.

As of 1 April 2012, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park and nine Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]

Cities

Thirty-two (32) cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Ibaraki's industries include energy production, particularly nuclear energy, as well as chemical and precision machining industries. Hitachi is a world wide company as well as a city name where the company was founded.

Mt.Tsukuba 22
Pdddy field at Mt. Tsukuba foot
Joban Line in Tsuchiura City 01
Lotus field and Joban Line
Sweet potato field in Namegata, Ibaraki 06
Sweet potato field

Ibaraki is an agricultural prefecture contributing more or less to Japanese dining tables. As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage.[4]

Demographics

Ibaraki's population is decreasing more rapidly than any other prefecture.[5]

Culture

Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa (recently merged into Chikusei), and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region.

Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain.[6]

There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki.

Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and pottery.

The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japan's three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties.

Education

University

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki.

Kashima Stadium 1
Prefectural Kashima Soccer Stadium

Football (soccer)

Volleyball

Rugby

  • Kashima Rugby Football Club RFC

Baseball

Wrestling

  • Hitachi Pro Wrestling (Regional group)

Basketball

Tourism

山頂から霞ヶ浦を望む

A panoramic view of Kasumigaura and Tsuchiura, from Mount Hokyo

Fukuroda Falls 16

Fukuroda Falls in Daigo

Mount Tsukuba in winter

A view of Mount Tsukuba, from Tsukuba City

Suigo Itako Ayame Garden 07

A view of Suigo Itako Iris Garden

New Rokkakudo, May 20, 2012

A view of Rokkakudo and Pacific Ocean in Kitaibaraki

Oarai Coast 09

Torii of Oarai Coast

Miharashino Oka (Hitachi Seaside Park) 17

Nemophila in spring in Hitachi Seaside Park

Transportation and access

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,025,497—    
19031,200,475+1.22%
19131,328,329+1.02%
19201,350,400+0.24%
19251,409,092+0.85%
19301,487,097+1.08%
19351,548,991+0.82%
19401,620,000+0.90%
19451,944,344+3.72%
19502,039,418+0.96%
19552,064,037+0.24%
19602,047,024−0.17%
19652,056,154+0.09%
19702,143,551+0.84%
19752,342,198+1.79%
19802,558,007+1.78%
19852,725,005+1.27%
19902,845,382+0.87%
19952,955,530+0.76%
20002,985,676+0.20%
20052,975,167−0.07%
20102,969,770−0.04%
20152,917,857−0.35%
source:[7]

Railways

Cable cars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

Ports

  • Kashima Port

Airports

Pronunciation

The prefecture is often alternatively pronounced "Ibaragi" by those who speak the regional dialect known as Ibaraki-ben. However, the correct pronunciation is "Ibaraki". According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki",[8] this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 642, at Google Books.
  3. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  4. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  5. ^ "Gov't data show exodus to Tokyo from other parts of Japan continues". Japan Today. 1 February 2019. Archived from the original on 3 February 2019.
  6. ^ Aikikai Foundation Ibaraki Branch Dojo "[1] Founder and Iwama", Retrieved August 25, 2017
  7. ^ Statistics Bureau of Japan
  8. ^ いばらぎじゃなくていばらき [Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki]

References

External links

Coordinates: 36°14′N 140°17′E / 36.233°N 140.283°E

Akatsuka Station (Ibaraki)

Akatsuka Station (赤塚駅, Akatsuka-eki) is a JR East railway station located in Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Fujishiro Station

Fujishiro Station (藤代駅, Fujishiro-eki) is a JR East railway station located in Toride, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Hitachinaka, Ibaraki

Hitachinaka (ひたちなか市, Hitachinaka-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 June 2019, the city had an estimated population of 155,187, and a population density of 1,552 persons per km². Its total area is 99.96 square kilometres (38.59 sq mi). It is a "hiragana city", the place name is written with the hiragana syllabary, and not the traditional kanji.

Ibaraki, Ibaraki

Ibaraki (茨城町, Ibaraki-machi) is a town located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of September 2015, the town had an estimated population of 32,924, and a population density of 271 persons per km2. Its total area is 121.58 km2.

Ibaraki 1st district

Ibaraki 1st district (茨城県第1区, Ibaraki-ken dai-ikku or simply 茨城1区, Ibaraki-ikku) is a single-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the national Diet of Japan. It is located in the central region of Ibaraki Prefecture, and covers the prefecture's Mito (except the former Uchihara Town), Shimotsuma (except Chiyokawa Village), Kasama (except the area of Kasama City), Chikusei, Sakuragawa, Hitachiōmiya (except Gozenyama Village), and Higashi-Ibaraki District’s Shirosato Town.

As of 2015, this district was home to 404,818 constituents.

Ibaraki Airport

Ibaraki Airport (茨城空港, Ibaraki Kūkō) is an airport in the city of Omitama, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. It also serves as air base for the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) under the name Hyakuri Air Base. It is the closest fighter base to Tokyo. The airport was known as Hyakuri Airfield (百里飛行場, Hyakuri Hikōjō) prior to March 2010, when civil aviation operations began.The airport is located about 85 km (53 mi) north of Tokyo, and is intended to serve as a low-cost alternative to Tokyo's larger Narita and Haneda airports. Built as a result of large public investment, the airport has been criticized as being a symbol of wasteful government spending and as being unnecessary, opening with only one flight per day.As of September 2014, a total of eight routes are operated from the airport, all by low-cost carriers. One advantage of Ibaraki is its closer access to Tsukuba Science City (via roadway), where the highest concentration of technology firms exists in Japan. The airport currently has no advantage over Narita airport in public transport into Tsukuba, with both taking 1 hour.

Jōban Expressway

The Jōban Expressway (常磐自動車道, Jōban Jidōsha-dō), abbreviated Jōban-dō (常磐道), is a national expressway in Japan. It is owned and operated by East Nippon Expressway Company. It is signed E6 under the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Kashima, Ibaraki

Kashima (鹿嶋市, Kashima-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of April 2018, the city had an estimated population of 67,560, and a population density of 631 persons per km². Its total area is 106.02 square kilometres (40.93 sq mi). Kashima is the home of the J. League's Kashima Antlers. Its home field, Kashima Soccer Stadium, was used as a site during the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The city is also the site of the Kashima Shrine, a Shinto shrine which is considered the birthplace of many influential styles of Japanese swordsmanship (Kenjutsu). It is one of the oldest shrines in eastern Japan.

Kashima Soccer Stadium

Kashima Soccer Stadium (カシマサッカースタジアム, Kashima Sakkā Sutajiamu) is a football stadium in the city of Kashima, in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. It is the home stadium of the Kashima Antlers, a team in the J1 League. The stadium has a capacity of 40,728.Before the creation of the J. League, Kashima's forerunner, Sumitomo Steel S.C., played at the nearby Sumitomo Steel plant's athletic grounds.

Kasumigaura Air Field

Kasumigaura Air Field (霞ヶ浦飛行場, Kasumigaura Hikōjō, ICAO: RJAK) is a military aerodrome of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Camp Kasumigaura (霞ヶ浦駐屯地, Kasumigaura Chūtonchi), 2.7 NM (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) south of Tsuchiura in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Kuji River

Kuji River (Japanese: 久慈川(くじがわ), Hepburn: Kuji-gawa) is a river in Fukushima Prefecture, Tochigi Prefecture and Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. It rises at the northern slope of Mount Yamizo, where the border of these three prefectures is located, and flows into Pacific Ocean at Hitachi and Tokai in Ibaraki Prefecture. It has a length of 124 kilometers (77 mi) and a drainage area of 1,490 square kilometers (580 sq mi), and is designated as a Class A river.The name of Kuji is thought to have been named after whale (kujira in Japanese). Hitachi no kuni fudoki, one of the existent Fudoki, says, "There were a hill that resembled a whale (kujira). Then the emperor named the land Kuji." The river is known for ayu fishing, and in 2006 it had the second largest catch of ayu in Japan after Naka River, which is also located in Ibaraki Prefecture. The fishing weir (梁 yana) for tourists is installed along the river in Daigo. Famous Fukuroda Falls are located on Taki River (滝川 Takigawa), which is one of its tributary rivers. On midwinter a phenomenon called shiga can be observed in the river. Shiga is a phenomenon in which frazil ice that is generated at the bottom floats on the surface. Distribution of freshwater fish like salvelinus and masu salmon captured in Fukushima Prefecture had been restricted after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, though in Kuji River the restricion was gradually removed.

Mito, Ibaraki

Mito (水戸市, Mito-shi) is the capital city of Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of September 2015, the city has an estimated population of 270,953, and a population density of 1,250 persons per km2. Its total area is 217.32 km2.

Mito HollyHock

Mito HollyHock (水戸ホーリーホック, Mito Hōrīhokku) is a Japanese professional football (soccer) club, currently playing in the J2 League. The team's hometown is located in Mito, Ibaraki Prefecture.

Its nickname "HollyHock" derives from the family crest of the Tokugawa clan who governed from Mito in the Edo period.

Mito Line

The Mito Line (水戸線, Mito-sen) is a railway line connecting Oyama Station in Tochigi Prefecture and Tomobe Station in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. The line is 50.2 km (31.2 mi) long and is owned and operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East).

Joban Line E501 series and E531 series ten car sets continue on to Iwaki, Fukushima while the 5 car sets go to Oyama. They separate at Tomobe.

Naka River (Saitama Tokyo)

Naka River (中川, Naka-gawa) is a river that flows from Hanyu, Saitama to Edogawa, Tokyo, Japan. It is 83.7 kilometres (52.0 mi) long. At the river's end, it merges with the Arakawa River.

Ryutsu Keizai Dragons Ryugasaki

Ryutsu Keizai Dragons Ryugasaki (流通経済大学ドラゴンズ龍ヶ崎, Ryūtū Keizai Doragonsu Ryūgasaki) are a Japanese football club based in Ryūgasaki, Ibaraki Prefecture. They play in Japan Football League, the top amateur league of the country. Their team colors are grey and navy after the colors of Ryutsu Keizai University.

Sawa Station (Ibaraki)

Sawa Station (佐和駅, Sawa-eki) is a JR East railway station located in Hitachinaka, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Takahama Station (Ibaraki)

Takahama Station (高浜駅, Takahama-eki)} is a JR East railway station located in Ishioka, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Tomobe Station

Tomobe Station (友部駅, Tomobe-eki) is a JR East railway station located in Kasama, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

Shadow picture of Ibaraki PrefectureIbaraki Prefecture
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