Iasos or Iassos /ˈaɪəˌsɒs/ (Greek: Ἰασός Iasós or Ἰασσός Iassós), also in Latinized form Iasus or Iassus /ˈaɪəsəs/, was a Greek city in ancient Caria located on the Gulf of Iasos (now called the Gulf of Güllük), opposite the modern town of Güllük, Turkey. It was originally on an island, but is now connected to the mainland. It is located in the Milas district of Muğla Province, Turkey, near the Alevi village of Kıyıkışlacık, about 31 km from the center of Milas.
Iασoς or Iασσoς ‹See Tfd›(in Greek)
The hill with the acropolis, the bouleuterion (center) and a Hellenistic tower (right) near the agora of Iasos.
Shown within Turkey
|Location||Kıyıkışlacık, Muğla Province, Turkey|
Ancient historians consider Iasos a colonial foundation of Argos, but archaeology shows a much longer history. According to the ancient reports, the Argive colonists had sustained severe losses in a war with the native Carians, so they invited the son of Neleus, who had previously founded Miletus, to come to their assistance. The town appears on that occasion to have received additional settlers. The town, which appears to have occupied the whole of the little island, had only ten stadia in circumference; but it nevertheless acquired great wealth, from its fisheries and trade in fish. Iasos was a member of the Delian League and was involved in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC). After the Sicilian expedition of the Athenians, Iasos was attacked by the Spartans and their allies; it was governed at the time by Amorges, a Persian chief, who had revolted from Darius II. It was taken by the Spartans, who captured Amorges and delivered him up to Tissaphernes. The town itself was plundered on that occasion. It became part of the Hecatomnid satrapy in the 4th century and was conquered by Alexander. We afterwards find it besieged by Philip V, king of Macedon, who, however, was compelled by the Romans to restore it to Ptolemy V of Egypt. The mountains in the neighbourhood of Iasus furnished a beautiful kind of marble, of a blood-red and livid white colour, which was used by the ancients for ornamental purposes. Near the town was a sanctuary of Hestia, with a statue of the goddess, which, though standing in the open air, was believed never to be touched by the rain. The same story is related, by Strabo, of a temple of Artemis in the same neighbourhood. Iasus, as a celebrated fishing place, is alluded to by Athenaeus. The place is still existing, under the name of Askem or Asýn Kalessi. Chandler (Travels in As. Min. p. 226) relates that the island on which the town was built is now united to the mainland by a small isthmus. Part of the city walls still exist, and are of a regular, solid, and handsome structure. In the side of the rock a theatre with many rows of seats still remains, and several inscriptions and coins have been found there.
It seems to have been abandoned in about the 15th–16th century, in the Ottoman period, when a small town was founded nearby named Asin Kale or Asin Kurin, in the sanjak of Menteşe within the vilayet of İzmir.
Preliminary research was done by the French archaeologist Charles Texier in 1835. A number of ancient Greek inscriptions were removed from the site which were later donated to the British Museum by the Duke of St Albans. Since then, Iasos and the necropolis have been under regular scientific excavations on behalf of the Italian School of Archaeology at Athens by Doro Levi (1960–1972), Clelia Laviosa (1972–1984) and Fede Berti (1984–2011). From 2011 till 2013 the Director of Iasos excavations has been Marcello Spanu .
"At Iasus, Mycenaean buildings, approximately dated by the presence of LH IIIa ware, have been found below the protogeometric cemetery. Below this again two 'Minoan' levels are reported, the earlier containing local imitations of MM II-LM I ware, the later imported pieces of the Second Palace Period (AJA , 177-8). Middle and Late Minoan ware has also occurred at Cnidus (AJA , 321)."
Four of its bishops are known: Themistius in 421, Flacillus in 451, David in 787, and Gregory in 878 (Michel Le Quien, Oriens Christianus I:913). The see is mentioned in the Nova Tactica, 10th century (Heinrich Gelzer, Georgii Cyprii descriptio orbis romani, nos. 340, 1464), and more recently in the Notitiae Episcopatuum.
Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).Bargylia
Bargylia (; Ancient Greek: Βαργυλία), was a city on the coast of ancient Caria in southwestern Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) between Iasos and Myndus. Bargylia's location corresponds to the modern Turkish town of Boğaziçi in Muğla Province.
The city was said to have been founded by Bellerophon in honour of his companion Bargylos (Greek: Βάργυλος), who had been killed by a kick from the winged horse Pegasus. Near Bargylia was the Temple of Artemis Cindyas. Strabo reports the local belief that rain would fall around the temple but never touch it. Artemis Cindyas and Pegasus appear on coinage of Bargylia.
In 201/200 BC during the Cretan War King Philip V of Macedon wintered his fleet in Bargylia when he was blockaded by the Pergamene and Rhodian fleets.Protarchus the Epicurean philosopher, the mentor of Demetrius Lacon, was a native of Bargylia.
On a headland next to the harbour at Bargylia there once stood a large tomb monument. Dating from the Hellenistic period (between 200-150 BC), the monument was dedicated to the sea monster Scylla. The over life-size figure of Scylla, along with a group of deferential and expectant hounds, was originally located at the apex of the building. The remains of this sculptural group, along with other parts of the stone structure, can be found in the British Museum's collection.There are currently reasonably extensive ruins at Bargylia, including the remnants of a temple, a theatre, a large defensive wall and a palaestra.Elixir (Iasos album)
Elixir (also titled Wave #2: Elixir and Elixir: The Visionary Gateway to Celestial Realms) is a studio album by new-age musician Iasos.
It was released on cassette and CD by his Inter-Dimensional Music label in 1983. Elixir is one of more positive-sounding albums by Iasos and features quasi-symphonic arrangements. It was described by AllMusic as essential Iasos recording.The second half of "Helios & Vesta" was reworked in track "The Royal Court of The Goddess Vesta" from album Jeweled Space (first released in 1981). Extended version of "The Angels of Comfort" lasting 29:30 was earlier released on his 1978 album Angelic Music while
"*Crystal*White*Fire*Light*" appeared in 1979 on Crystal Love and "The Descent Of Spring" in 1983 on Essence of Spring.Garth Paltridge
Garth William Paltridge (born 24 April 1940, Brisbane, Queensland) is a retired Australian atmospheric physicist. He is a Visiting Fellow at the Australian National University and Emeritus Professor and Honorary Research Fellow at the Institute of Antarctic and Southern Oceans Studies (IASOS), University of Tasmania.Güllük Gulf
Güllük Gulf (Turkish: Güllük Körfezi), also called Mandalya Gulf, is an Aegean gulf of Turkey.
The gulf is situated to the north of Bodrum Peninsula and to the south of Dilek Peninsula. Administratively, its coast is a part of Bodrum and Milas ilçes (districts) of Muğla Province, except for a small region, which is a part of Didim ilçe of Aydın Province. The width of the gulf from north to south is over 13.5 miles (21.7 km), and the distance between the entrance and the maximum inlet, from west to east, is also over 20 miles (32 km).The gulf is famous for tourist resorts such as Güllük, Torba, Güvercinlik and Türkbükü. The archaeological site of Iasos is also at the east coast of the gulf. Some coves on the eastern part of the bay are occupied by fish farms which threaten to spoil the environment.Iasion
In Greek mythology, Iasion (Ancient Greek: Ἰασίων, Iasíōn) or Iasus (Ἴασος, Íasos), also called Eetion (Ἠετίων, Ēetíōn), was usually the son of the nymph Electra and Zeus and brother of Dardanus, although other possible parentage included Zeus and Hemera or Corythus and Electra.
Iasion founded the mystic rites on the island of Samothrace. With Demeter, he was the father of twin sons named Ploutos and Philomelus, and another son named Corybas.
At the marriage of Cadmus and Harmonia, Iasion was lured by Demeter away from the other revelers. They had intercourse as Demeter lay on her back in a freshly plowed furrow. When they rejoined the celebration, Zeus guessed what had happened because of the mud on Demeter's backside, and out of envy killed Iasion with a thunderbolt. However, some say Demeter pled so eloquently that Zeus granted his son immortality, ranking him among the lesser deities.
Some versions of this myth conclude with Iasion and the agricultural hero Triptolemus then becoming the Gemini constellation.Iasos (musician)
Iasos (born 1947 in Greece), an American resident since 1951, he is a new age musician living in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. He is one of the earliest creators of the "new age" genre. His company, Inter-Dimensional Music, is based in Sausalito, California. The psychology department at Plymouth State College rated his Angelic Music album as being closest to the music heard by people who have had Near-death experiences. The Buddhist philosopher Alan Watts has said "Iasos is doing the classical music of the New Age." Guitarist Lee Underwood has said "Angelic Music...perhaps exemplif(ies) the best this genre has to offer."Iasus (Laconia)
Iasus or Iasos (Ancient Greek: Ἴασος) was a town in ancient Laconia, which Pausanias describes as belonging to the Achaeans. William Smith conjectures that Iasus may be the same as Oeum; the editors of the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World conjecture that it may be the same as Caryae.Its site is dependent on which, if either, of the conjectures is correct.Jeweled Space
Jeweled Space is a studio album by new-age musician Iasos.
It was released on cassette by his Inter-Dimensional Music label in 1981 and then re-released in 1986, 12 April 1987 and 2008 (1986 and 1987 versions are better-known). Most of the versions include two equally 30-minutes long tracks, "The Valley Of Enchimed Peace" and "The Royal Court Of The Goddess Vesta" (on some versions lengths vary). They are ambient, drone-like electronic new-age pieces. It was described by author as "subtle background music to be played at low volume" and consist of cool, soothing first track and warm, nurturing second one. The second track is reworked second half of "Helios & Vesta" from Iasos's earlier 1983 album Elixir.Laodice III
Laodice III (in Greek Λαοδικη) also known as Laodika, was a Princess of Pontus and a Seleucid Queen. She was regent for her first born son, Antiochus, during the Anabase expedition of her husband, Antiochus III the Great, between 212 and 206 BC. Antiochus created a royal cult dedicated to her in 193 BC. In 192 BC she was pushed out of political life due to her husband's remarriage. Her last known activities are documented in 177–176 BC and relate to the court of her son, Seleucus IV.List of ambient music artists
This is a list of ambient music artists. This includes artists who have either been very important to the genre or have had a considerable amount of exposure (such as those who have been on a major label). This list does not include little-known local artists. Artists are listed by the first letter in their name (not including the words "a", "an", or "the"), and individuals are listed by last name.Lyco of Iasos
Lyco (or Lycon, Greek: Λύκων, but also called Lycus; 4th century BCE) of Iasos, in Caria, was a Pythagorean philosopher. He wrote a polemical attack on Aristotle's lavish lifestyle, and so probably lived in the second half of the 4th century BCE. He wrote a work On the Pythagorean Life, in which he emphasized, among other things, Pythagoras' "temperate way of life."Lycon
Lycon may refer to:
Lycon, a son of King Hippocoon of Sparta in Greek mythology
Lycon, a prosecutor in the trial of Socrates mentioned in Plato's dialogue, the Apology
Lyco of Iasos (4th century BC) Pythagorean philosopher
Lyco of Troas (3rd century BC) Peripatetic philosopher
Asyut, Egypt, a city whose Latin name was LyconMilas Museum
Milas Museum (Turkish: Milas Müzesi) is a museum of archaeology and ethnography in Muğla Province of Turkey.
It is situated in Milas ilçe (district) of Muğla Province at 37°18′48″N 27°47′03″E. It was established in 1987. The museum is in a two-story building with a 1.5 decares (0.37 acres) yard. Most of the exhibited items are from Stratonicea, Iasos, Damlıboğaz (Hydai), and Beçin. The number of exhibited items are 3,025 archaeological items, 164 ethnographic items and 1,174 coins.Nicoletta Momigliano
Nicoletta Momigliano, FSA, is an archaeologist specialising in Minoan Crete and its modern reception. She was born in Milan, Italy, in 1960, where she attended primary and secondary school. She read Classics (Letteratura Classica) at the University of Pisa, where she graduated in 1982. She obtained her MA (1984) from the Institute of Archaeology of the University of London (now part of University College London), and her PhD from University College London (1989), under the supervision of John Nicolas Coldstream. From 1990 to 1993 she was a non-stipendiary Junior Research Fellow at Wolfson College, Oxford and a Research Assistant to Ann Brown, who was responsible for the Sir Arthur Evans Archive and the Aegean collections at the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. From 1993 to 1996 she was the Richard Bradford McConnell Research Fellow in Aegean Archaeology at Balliol College, Oxford (duties involved delivering undergraduate lectures for the special module of 'Homeric Archaeology and Early Greece 1550-700 BC'). From 1996 to 1998 she was a Lecturer in Archaeology at the Department of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bradford. She has been teaching at the University of Bristol since September 1998.
In 1991 she received the Michael Ventris Award for Mycenaean Studies, for her research on Duncan Mackenzie. In 2003, she was elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London. She has directed and co-directed archaeological projects in Crete (Knossos, Palaikastro) and Turkey (Iasos, Çaltılar). Her publications include many articles and books on Aegean prehistory, especially Minoan archaeology. From 2007 to 2010 she was the Editor of the Annual of the British School at Athens, a journal currently rated of the highest international standard by the European Reference Index for the Humanities in three subjects: Classical Studies, History, and Archaeology. She is currently the Director of the Institute of Greece, Rome, and the Classical Tradition at the University of Bristol.Teichiussa
Teichiussa or Teichioussa (Ancient Greek: Τειχιοῦσσα) was a town of ancient Caria or of Ionia in the territory of Miletus, and according to Thucydides, a possession of the latter city. It was a polis (city-state) and a member of the Delian League. During the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans struck at Iasos from here.Its site is located near Kazıklı, Asiatic Turkey.The Rowan Brothers
The Rowan Brothers is the eponymous debut studio album by the country rock duo The Rowan Brothers.İzmir Archaeological Museum
The Izmir Archeology Museum (Turkish: İzmir Arkeoloji Müzesi) is an archeology museum in Izmir, Turkey, containing a number of artifacts from around the Gulf of Izmir. Most of the artifacts, which include busts, statues, statuettes, tools, and various eating and cooking utensils, come from the Bronze Age, or from the Greek and Roman periods.