Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar

Ian Hedworth John Little Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, PC (8 July 1926 – 21 September 2007) was a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom. He was styled Sir Ian Gilmour, 3rd Baronet from 1977, having succeeded to his father's baronetcy, until he became a life peer in 1992. He served as Secretary of State for Defence in 1974, in the government of Edward Heath. He also served in the government of Margaret Thatcher, as Lord Privy Seal from 1979 to 1981.


The Lord Gilmour of Craigmillar

Sir Ian Gilmour 1985
Gilmour being interviewed in 1985
Lord Privy Seal
In office
4 May 1979 – 11 September 1981
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byThe Lord Peart
Succeeded byHumphrey Atkins
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
In office
15 January 1976 – 4 May 1979
LeaderMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byGeorge Younger
Succeeded byFred Mulley
In office
11 March 1974 – 29 October 1974
LeaderTed Heath
Preceded byFred Peart
Succeeded byPeter Walker
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
18 February 1975 – 15 January 1976
LeaderMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byKeith Joseph
Succeeded byWillie Whitelaw
Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
In office
29 October 1974 – 18 February 1975
LeaderTed Heath
Preceded byFrancis Pym
Succeeded byAirey Neave
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
8 January 1974 – 4 March 1974
Prime MinisterTed Heath
Preceded byPeter Carington
Succeeded byRoy Mason
Minister for Defence Procurement
In office
7 April 1971 – 8 January 1974
Prime MinisterTed Heath
Preceded byRobert Lindsay
Succeeded byGeorge Younger
Member of Parliament
for Chesham and Amersham
In office
28 February 1974 – 9 April 1992
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byCheryl Gillan
Member of Parliament
for Central Norfolk
In office
22 November 1962 – 28 February 1974
Preceded byRichard Collard
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born8 July 1926
London, England, UK
Died21 September 2007 (aged 81)
Isleworth, England, UK
Political partyConservative (Before 1999)
Pro-Euro Conservative (1999–2001)
Liberal Democrats (2001–2007)
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
City Law School

Early life

Gilmour was the son of stockbroker Lieutenant Colonel Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet, and his wife, Victoria, a granddaughter of the 5th Earl of Cadogan. His parents divorced in 1929, and his father married Mary, the eldest daughter of the 3rd Duke of Abercorn. The family had land in Scotland and he inherited a substantial estate and shares in Meux's Brewery from his grandfather, Admiral of the Fleet, the Hon. Sir Hedworth Meux.[1]

They lived in the grounds of Syon Park in London, with a house in Tuscany. He was educated at Eton College and read history at Balliol College, Oxford.

He served with the Grenadier Guards from 1944 to 1947. He was called to the bar at Inner Temple in 1952 and was a tenant in the chambers of Quintin Hogg for two years. He bought The Spectator in 1954 and was its editor from 1954 to 1959. He sold The Spectator to the businessman Harold Creighton in 1967. His editorship of the magazine is seen as one of the highlights of that paper's long history.

Member of Parliament

He was elected as Member of Parliament for Central Norfolk in a by-election in 1962, winning by 220 votes. He held this seat until 1974, when his seat was abolished due to boundary changes, and he stood for the safe Conservative seat of Chesham and Amersham, sitting as its MP from 1974 until his retirement in 1992.

In parliament, he was a social liberal, voting to abolish the death penalty, and legalise abortion and homosexuality. He also supported the campaign to join the EEC. He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Quintin Hogg from 1963. He was one of the few members to vote against the Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1968, regarding it as racist and designed to "keep the blacks out".[2]

Gilmour espoused the Arab cause when it was less popular in progressive circles than it later became and supported it throughout his years in the House of Commons, where his chief ally was Dennis Walters.[3]

In government

He served in Edward Heath's government from 1970, holding a variety of junior positions in the Ministry of Defence under Lord Carrington: Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Army from 1970 to 1971, then Minister of State for Defence Procurement until 1972, then Minister of State for Defence. He joined the Privy Council in 1973. He replaced Carrington in January 1974 to join Heath's Cabinet as Defence Secretary, but lost his position after Labour won the most seats in the general election at the end of February. He was in the Shadow Cabinet after the general election in February 1974 as Shadow Defence Secretary to late 1974. From the end of 1974 to February 1975 he was Shadow Northern Ireland Secretary.

In opposition, Gilmour joined the Conservative Research Department. With Chris Patten, he wrote the Conservative Party manifesto for the October 1974 election – a second loss, by a wider margin. When Margaret Thatcher became the new leader of the Conservative party, she appointed Gilmour as Shadow Home Secretary in 1975, then as Shadow Defence Secretary from 1976 to 1978. He became Lord Privy Seal after the 1979 general election, as the chief Government spokesman in the House of Commons for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, working again under Lord Carrington, who, as Foreign Secretary, sat in the House of Lords. He co-chaired with Carrington the Lancaster House talks, which led to the end of Ian Smith's government in Rhodesia, and the creation of an independent Zimbabwe under Robert Mugabe. He also negotiated with the EEC to reduce Britain's financial contribution.

Backbenches and retirement

Gilmour did not have good relations with Thatcher. Thatcher remarked in her autobiography, somewhat sarcastically: "Ian remained at the Foreign Office for two years. Subsequently, he was to show me the same loyalty from the back-benches as he had in government." [4] He survived a reshuffle in January 1981, but was sacked on 14 September 1981. He announced that the government was "steering full speed ahead for the rocks", and said that he regretted not resigning beforehand.

As a moderate who disagreed with the economic policies of Prime Minister Thatcher, Gilmour became the most outspoken "wet", delivering a lecture at Cambridge in February 1980 where he argued:

"In the Conservative view, economic liberalism à la Professor Hayek, because of its starkness and its failure to create a sense of community, is not a safeguard of political freedom but a threat to it."[5]

Gilmour remained on the backbenches until 1992, and opposed many Thatcherite policies, including the abolition of the Greater London Council, rate-capping and the poll tax. He was in favour of proportional representation. In 1989, he was considered by discontented backbenchers as a possible future leader; in the event, he supported Sir Anthony Meyer in his leadership challenge in December 1989. However, he did not participate in frontline British politics again, and was given a life peerage by John Major in 1992, becoming Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, of Craigmillar in the District of the City of Edinburgh, of which his family were, for several hundred years, the feudal superiors.

He was expelled from the Conservative Party in 1999 for supporting the Pro-Euro Conservative Party in the European Parliament elections. At Question Time on 23 June, Prime Minister Tony Blair described this move as a demonstration of how right-wing and anti-European the party had become.

Beliefs

Gilmour was known for writing coherently from the One Nation perspective of the Conservative Party, in opposition to Thatcherism; in particular in his books Dancing with Dogma (1992) and (with Mark Garnett) Whatever Happened to the Tories (1997) and in his critical articles in journals such as the London Review of Books. His book, Inside Right (1977) is an introduction to conservative thought and thinkers. He also wrote the books The Body Politic (1969), Britain Can Work (1983), Riot, Risings and Revolution (1992), and The Making of the Poets: Byron and Shelley in Their Time (2002).

He was pro-European.[6]

He was president of Medical Aid for Palestinians from 1993 to 1996, and was chairman of the Byron Society from 2003 until his death.

Personal life

On 10 July 1951, Gilmour married Lady Caroline Margaret Montagu-Douglas-Scott, the youngest daughter of the 8th Duke of Buccleuch and sister of John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch. Their wedding was attended by several members of the British Royal Family, including Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother), and the future Elizabeth II. They lived in Isleworth, and had four sons and one daughter. On 22 February 1974, Lady Caroline Gilmour launched HMS Cardiff.[7] His wife died in 2004, but he was survived by their five children, the eldest of whom, the Hon. David Gilmour, succeeded to his father's baronetcy. Among the younger sons, Oliver Gilmour is a conductor and Andrew Gilmour is a senior United Nations official.

Death

Lord Gilmour died on 21 September 2007 of undisclosed causes, aged 81, at West Middlesex Hospital, Isleworth, Greater London, after a short illness.[6]

Cultural portrayals

References

  1. ^ "History in Portsmouth". History in Portsmouth. 20 September 1929. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  2. ^ https://www.newstatesman.com/when-labour-played-racist-card?page=463&qt-trending=1
  3. ^ Alan Watkins, Brief lives: with some memoirs (1982), p. 51
  4. ^ Margaret Thatcher, The Downing Street Years (HarperCollins, 1993), p. 29.
  5. ^ Hugo Young, One of Us (1989) p 200
  6. ^ a b "Lord Gilmour's BBC online obituary". Newsvote.bbc.co.uk. 21 September 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Visiting British Naval Ships British High Commission, Accra". www.britishhighcommission.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 18 August 2004. Retrieved 10 February 2008.
  8. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/lp1958%20g.htm

Bibliography

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Collard
Member of Parliament
for Central Norfolk

19621974
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament
for Chesham and Amersham

19741992
Succeeded by
Cheryl Gillan
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Carrington
Secretary of State for Defence
1974
Succeeded by
Roy Mason
Preceded by
Fred Peart
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
1974
Succeeded by
Peter Walker
Preceded by
Francis Pym
Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
1974–1975
Succeeded by
Airey Neave
Preceded by
Keith Joseph
Shadow Home Secretary
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Willie Whitelaw
Preceded by
George Younger
Shadow Secretary of State for Defence
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Fred Mulley
Preceded by
The Lord Peart
Lord Privy Seal
1979–1981
Succeeded by
Humphrey Atkins
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Gilmour
Baronet of Liberton
1977–2007
Succeeded by
David Gilmour
2007 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 2007 in the United Kingdom.

Deaths in September 2007

The following is a list of notable deaths in September 2007.

Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Gilmour (surname)

Gilmour is a surname of Scottish or Irish origin, derived from an anglicisation of the Gaelic name Mac Gille Mhoire (meaning "Son of the Follower of the Virgin Mary"), the same origin as the name McLemore. Notable people with this surname include:

Alan Gilmour, Scottish/Australian playwright and librettist

Andrew Gilmour (cricketer)

Bill Gilmour, various, including:

Bill Gilmour (director) (born 1939), Scottish television director

Bill Gilmour (politician) (born 1942), Canadian politician

Billy Gilmour (1885–1959), Canadian ice hockey player

Clyde Gilmour (1912–1997), Canadian broadcaster and print journalist

David Gilmour, various, including:

Dave Gilmour (ice hockey b. 1882) (1882–1932), Canadian hockey player (Ottawa Silver Seven)

Dave Gilmour (ice hockey b. 1950), major league ice hockey player (Calgary Cowboys)

David Gilmour (writer), Canadian writer and television journalist

David Gilmour, English guitarist and member of Pink Floyd

Sir David Gilmour, 4th Baronet

Dean Gilmour, Canadian dramatist

Doug Gilmour (born 1963), Canadian ice hockey player

Ginger Gilmour, American artist, model and sculptor

Graham Gilmour, (1885–1912) was a British pioneer aviator.

Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar (1926–2007), British politician

James Gilmour (disambiguation), various

John Gilmour, various, including:

Sir John Gilmour of Craigmillar (1605–1671), Lord President of the Court of Session 1661–1671

Sir John Gilmour, 1st Baronet (1845–1920), Scottish Unionist politician

Sir John Gilmour, 2nd Baronet (1876–1940), Scottish Unionist politician, Home Secretary, Secretary of State for Scotland

Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet (1912–2007), Scottish Conservative Party politician, Member of Parliament for East Fife 1961–1979

John Gilmour (ice hockey), (born 1993), Canadian ice hockey player

Lee Gilmour (born 1978), English former professional rugby league footballer

Leon Gilmour (1907–1996), American printmaker

Léonie Gilmour (1873–1933), American educator, editor, and journalist.

Raymond Gilmour (born 1959), Northern Irish republican paramilitary who later became a double agent, reporting to British security

Robert Gilmour Leckie (1833–1914), Canadian mining engineer

Index of World War II articles (I)

I'll Remember April

I Airborne Corps (United Kingdom)

I Armored Corps (United States)

I Canadian Corps

I Corps (Australia)

I Corps (France)

I Corps (Germany)

I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps (United States)

I Kikan

I See a Dark Stranger

I SS Panzer Corps

I Was Monty's Double (film)

I.Ae. 25 Mañque

Iaşi pogrom

Iain Macleod

Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk

Iain Tennant

Iakovos Kambanelis

Ian Carmichael

Ian Edward Fraser

Ian Fleming

Ian Frank Bowater

Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar

Ian Hacking

Ian Hawkins

Ian Hogg (Royal Navy officer)

Ian Jacob

Ian Johnson (cricketer)

Ian Keith, 12th Earl of Kintore

Ian Kershaw

Ian MacAlister Stewart

Ian McGeoch

Ian Oswald Liddell

Ian Robertson, Lord Robertson

Ian Smith

Ian Stanley Ord Playfair

Ian Stuart Donaldson

Ian V. Hogg

Ian Willoughby Bazalgette

Iannis Xenakis

IAR 80

Ibō Takahashi

IBM and the Holocaust

Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia

Ibrahima Sonko

Icchak Cukierman

Ice-Cold in Alex

Icebreaker (Suvorov)

Ichinohe Hyoe

Ida Jenbach

Identification in Nazi camps

Idflieg

Idris I of Libya

If This Is a Man

Iftikhar Khan

IG Farben Building

IG Farben Trial

IG Farben

Ignace Dubus-Bonnel

Ignacio Corleto

Ignacy Jeż

Ignacy Oziewicz

Ignatius J. Galantin

Ignatius Wolfington

Ignatz Waghalter

Ignaz Maybaum

Ignaz Pleyel

Ignazio Silone

Igo Sym

Igor Newerly

Igor Yanovskiy

II Canadian Corps

II Corps (Poland)

II Corps (United Kingdom)

II Corps (United States)

II SS Panzer Corps

II. Jagdkorps

III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps

III Corps (Germany)

III Corps (India)

III Corps (United Kingdom)

III Corps (United States)

IJA 11th Independent Mixed Brigade

IJA 144th Division

IJA 145th Division

IJA 18th Independent Mixed Brigade

IJA 1st Cavalry Brigade

IJA 1st Independent Mixed Brigade

IJA 2nd Independent Mixed Brigade

IJA 3rd Cavalry Brigade

IJA 4th Cavalry Brigade

IJA Cavalry Group

IJA Independent Mixed Brigades

IJN 10th Area Fleet

IJN 2nd Fleet

IJN 3rd Fleet

IJN 4th Fleet

IJN 5th Fleet

IJN 6th Fleet

IJN 7th Fleet

IJN 8th Fleet

Ijuin Gorō

Ikazuchi-class destroyer

Ike Franklin Andrews

Ike: Countdown to D-Day

IL-2 Sturmovik (video game series)

IL-2 Sturmovik (video game)

IL-2 Sturmovik: Forgotten Battles

IL-2 Sturmovik: 1946

IL-2 Sturmovik: Cliffs of Dover

IL-2 Sturmovik: Battle of Stalingrad

Il Cuore nel Pozzo

Ilag

Ilarie Voronca

Ilija Pantelić

Ilija Trifunović-Birčanin

Ill Met by Moonlight

Illustrious-class aircraft carrier

Ilmari Juutilainen

Ilse Koch

Ilse Weber

Ilya Wolston

Ilyushin Il-10

Ilyushin Il-2

Ilyushin Il-4

Images of the Last Battalion

IMAM Ro.51

IMAM Ro.57

Imants Sudmalis

Imed Mhedhebi

Imeson Field

Imitation General

Immanuel J. Klette

Immokalee Airport

Immortal Sergeant

Imperial General Headquarters

Imperial Guard of Japan

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Imperial Japanese Army politics and background

Imperial Japanese Army Railways and Shipping Section

Imperial Japanese Army Uniforms

Imperial Japanese Army

Imperial Japanese colonialism in Manchukuo

Imperial Japanese Naval Academy

Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service

Imperial Japanese Navy Armor Units

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Imperial Japanese Navy fuel

Imperial Japanese Navy General Staff

Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces

Imperial Japanese Navy of World War II

Imperial Japanese Navy of World War Two

Imperial Japanese Navy submarines

Imperial Japanese Navy

Imperial Japanese rations

Imperial Klans of America

Imperial Prince Kuniyoshi Kuni

Imperial Rescript to Soldiers and Sailors

Imperial Way Faction

Imperialism

Implacable-class aircraft carrier

Imre Ámos

Imre Kertész

In Defense of Internment

In Harm's Way

In Love and War (1958 film)

In the Navy (film)

In the Presence of Mine Enemies

In the Shadow of Your Wings

In Which We Serve

INA Defence Committee

INA trials

Incheon

Incident At Vichy

Independence-class aircraft carrier

Independence Municipal Airport (Kansas)

Independent Operational Group Narew

Independent Operational Group Polesie

Independent State of Croatia

India in World War II

Indian 26th Infantry Division

Indian 6th Infantry Division

Indian Army Act,1911

Indian Independence League

Indian National Army

Indian National Council

Indian Ocean raid

Indiana Jones et le Temple du Péril

Indicator net

Indische Legion

Indochina Expedition order of battle

Indochina Expeditionary Army

Industrial plans for Germany

Inessa Armand

Infamy Speech

Infantry Assault Badge

Infantry Regiment Großdeutschland

Infoage Science/History Learning Center

Informationsdienst gegen Rechtsextremismus

Ingar Nielsen

Inge Scholl

Ingeborg Refling Hagen

Inger Aufles

Ingleburn Army Camp

(The) Inglorious Bastards

Inglourious Basterds

Ingo Zechner

Ingram de Ketenis

Inner Mongolian Army

Inoue Yoshika

Insect-class gunboat

Inside Hitler's Bunker

Inside the Third Reich

Inspectorate General of Aviation

Inspectorate General of Military Training

Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris

Institut d'études politiques de Grenoble

Institut de France

Institut de radioastronomie millimétrique

Institut für Sexualwissenschaft

Institut Laue-Langevin

Institute for Historical Review

Intelligence and the Japanese Civilian

Interim Committee

Interim Peace

International Commission on Holocaust Era Insurance Claims

International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust

International Holocaust Cartoon Competition

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

International Military Tribunal for the Far East

International Refugee Organization

International response to the Holocaust

International Third Position

International Tracing Service

Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport

INTRIA (Nazi Germany)

Invalides (Paris Métro and RER)

Invasion and Occupation of the Andaman Islands during World War II

Invasion and occupation of the Andaman Islands during World War II

Invasion of French Indochina

Invasion of Iceland

Invasion of Lingayen Gulf

Japanese invasion of Manchuria

Soviet invasion of Manchuria

Invasion of Normandy

Invasion of Palawan

Invasion of Poland (1939)

Invasion of Tulagi (May 1942)

Invasion of Yugoslavia

Invasion stripes

Invisible Agent

Invisible Eagle

Involvement of Croatian Catholic clergy with the Ustaša regime

Ioan Cantacuzino

Ioan Dumitrache

Ioan Hristea

Ioan Mihail Racoviţă

Ioan P. Culianu

Ioan Pălăghiţă

Ioannis Metaxas

Ioannis Rallis

Ion Antonescu

Ion Calvocoressi

Ion Gheorghe Maurer

Ion Gigurtu

Ion Ionescu de la Brad

Ion Mihalache

Ion Minulescu

Ion Panţuru

Ion Pillat

Ion Valentin Anestin

Ion Vincze

Iona Nikitchenko

Iordan Chimet

Ios Teper

Iosif Stalin-class passenger ship

Iosif Stalin tank

Iowa-class battleship

Ip massacre

IRA-Abwehr collaboration in World War II

IRA Abwehr World War II

Ira C. Eaker

Ira Hayes

Iraqforce

Irena Iłłakowicz

Irena Sendler

Irene Galitzine

Irene Gut Opdyke

Irene Tanner

Irgun and Lehi internment in Africa

Irina Livezeanu

IRIS-T

Iris Chang

Iris Clert Gallery

Irish neutrality during World War II

Irma Grese

Irmfried Eberl

Irmgard Huber

Iron Cross

Iron Duke-class battleship

Iron Guard

Iron Range National Park

Iron Wolf (Lithuania)

Irvan Perez

Irving Baxter

Irving Davis

Irving Farmer Kennedy

Irving Kristol

Irving Wiltsie

Irwin Shaw

Irène Jacob

Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Némirovsky

Is Paris Burning?

Isaac C. Kidd, Jr.

Isaac C. Kidd

Isaac D. White

Isaac de Benserade

Isaac Klein

Isaac Pierre de Villiers

Isaac Westergren

Isabella of France

Isabelle Mir

Isabelle Severino

Isabelle White

Isacque Graeber

Isadora Duncan

Isadore S. Jachman

Isamu Chō

Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Takeshita

Isao Harimoto

Isaías Medina Angarita

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Ise-class battleship

Ishimoto Shinroku

Ishinosuke Uwano

Isidor Zuckermann

Isidore Cohen

Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire

Isidore Goudeket

Island at War

Isle Louvier, Paris

Ismar Isidor Boas

Ismet Muftić

Isoroku Yamamoto's sleeping giant quote

Isoroku Yamamoto

Israel's Department Store

Israel Brodie

Israel Eldad

Israel Gelfand

Israel Gutman

Israel Halperin

Israel Holmgren

Israel Shahak

Israfil Mamedov

Issei Japanese American

Issen gorin

Issey Miyake

Istjude

István Barta

István Bárány

István Horthy

István Nyers

ISU-122

ISU-152

It's Everybody's War

It Ain't Half Hot Mum

It Happened Here

Itagaki Taisuke

Italia irredenta

Italian-occupied France

Italian 101 Motorised Division Trieste

Italian 102 Motorised Division Trento

Italian 24 Infantry Division Gran Sasso

Italian 26 Infantry Division Assiette

Italian 29 Division Peloritana

Italian 30 Infantry Division Sabauda

Italian 5 Infantry Division Cosseria

Italian American internment

Italian Army equipment in World War II

Italian Army in Russia

Italian battleship Andrea Doria

Italian battleship Caio Duilio

Italian battleship Conte di Cavour

Italian battleship Giulio Cesare

Italian battleship Littorio

Italian battleship Roma (1940)

Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto

Italian bombings on Palestine in World War II

Italian Campaign (World War II)

Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force

Italian Co-Belligerent Army

Italian Co-Belligerent Navy

Italian colonial ship Eritrea

Italian concentration camps

Italian conquest of British Somaliland

Italian cruiser Alberico da Barbiano

Italian cruiser Alberto da Giussano

Italian cruiser Armando Diaz

Italian cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni

Italian cruiser Duca degli Abruzzi

Italian cruiser Emanuele Filiberto Duca d'Aosta

Italian cruiser Eugenio di Savoia

Italian cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere

Italian cruiser Giuseppe Garibaldi (1936)

Italian cruiser Gorizia

Italian cruiser Luigi Cadorna

Italian cruiser Muzio Attendolo

Italian cruiser Raimondo Montecuccoli

Italian cruiser Zara

Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia

Italian guerrilla war in Ethiopia

Italian invasion of France

Italian Libyan Colonial Division

Italian resistance movement

Italian ship Ramb I

Italian ship Ramb II

Italian ship Ramb III

Italian ship Ramb IV

Italian Social Republic

Italian submarine Alagi

Italian submarine Axum

Italian submarine Console Generale Liuzzi

Italian submarine Enrico Toti

Italian submarine Iride

Italian submarine Scirè (1938)

Italian submarine Vettor Pisani

Italian war in Soviet Union, 1941-1943

Italian war prisoners in Soviet Union 1942-1954

Italie 13

Italie 2

Italo Calvino

Italo Gariboldi

Italo Santelli

Ithaca 37

Ito Toshiyoshi

Itō Sukeyuki

Itzchak Tarkay

Itzhak Katzenelson

Itzhak Stern

Iuliu Maniu

Œuvre de secours aux enfants

IV Corps (United Kingdom)

IV Corps (United States)

IV SS Panzer Corps

Iva Toguri D'Aquino

Ivan's Childhood

Ivan Chernyakhovsky

Ivan Šarić (archbishop)

Ivan Šubašić

Ivan Ewart

Ivan Fedyuninsky

Ivan Flyorov

Ivan Golubets

Ivan Goran Kovačić

Ivan Hirst

Ivan Hrynokh

Ivan Ivanov Bagryanov

Ivan Joseph Martin Osiier

Ivan Konev

Ivan Lyon

Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub

Ivan Ribar

Ivan Riley

Ivan Selin

Ivan Sidorenko

Ivan Simson

Ivan Stedman

Ivan Tyulenev

Ivan Vasilyevich Smirnov

Ivan Yefimovich Petrov

Ivanoe Bonomi

Ivar Eriksen

Iven Giffard Mackay

Iver C. Olsen

Ivica Šurjak

Ivica Todorov

Ivo Herenčić

Ivo Lola Ribar

Ivor Campbell

Ivor Dent

Ivor Parry Evans

Ivor Porter

Ivor Rees

Iván Hindy

Iwaichi Fujiwara

Iwane Matsui

Iwao Takamoto

Iwo Jima

IX Corps (United Kingdom)

IX Corps (United States)

IX Troop Carrier Command

IX Waffen Alpine Corps of the SS (Croatian)

Izieu

Izumo-class cruiser

Izzy Cohen

Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 8th Earl of Radnor

Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 8th Earl of Radnor (10 November 1927 – 10 August 2008) was a British nobleman. He was the son of William Pleydell-Bouverie, 7th Earl of Radnor and Helena Olivia Adeane.

He married, firstly, Anne Garden Seth-Smith, daughter of Donald Farquaharson Seth-Smith, on 8 July 1953 and they were divorced in 1962. He and Anne had two sons:

William Pleydell-Bouverie, 9th Earl of Radnor (b. 5 January 1955)

Hon. Peter John Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 14 January 1958), married Hon. Jane Victoria Gilmour (b. 1959), daughter of Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar, in 1986 and had issue.He married, secondly, Margaret Robin Fleming, daughter of Robin Fleming, in 1963 and they were divorced in 1985. They had four daughters:

Lady Martha Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1964)

Lady Lucy Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1964)

Lady Belinda Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1966) whose husband died recently.

Lady Frances Pleydell-Bouverie (b. 1973)He married, thirdly, Mary Jillean Gwenellan Eddy, daughter of William Edward Montague Eddy, in 1986. He died at Longford Castle in 2008.

From 1971 to 2008 he served as Governor of the French Hospital in Rochester, Kent. Successive Earls of Radnor were governors of the hospital from the eighteenth century to 2015.

List of Conservative Party (UK) MPs

This is a list of Conservative Party MPs. It includes all Members of Parliament elected to the British House of Commons representing the Conservative Party from 1834 onwards. Members of the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly or the European Parliament are not listed. Those in italics are overall leaders of the Conservative Party, those in bold are Prime Ministers.

List of United Kingdom MPs who died in the 2000s

This is a list of individuals who were former or serving Members of Parliament for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom who died in the 2000s.

List of University of Oxford people in British public life

This is a list of University of Oxford people in British public life. Many were students at one (or more) of the colleges of the University, and others held fellowships at a college.

This list forms part of a series of lists of people associated with the University of Oxford – for other lists, please see the main article List of University of Oxford people.

Pro-Euro Conservative Party

The Pro-Euro Conservative Party was a British political party announced by John Stevens and Brendan Donnelly in February 1999, formed to contest the 1999 European Parliament Elections. The founders were Members of the European Parliament who had resigned from the UK Conservative Party in protest at its anti-euro stance. Their reported aim was to replace Eurosceptic William Hague as Conservative leader with Europhile Kenneth Clarke. Stevens later said that they had intended to push Ken Clarke, Michael Heseltine, Chris Patten and other pro-Europeans in the Conservative Party into "an SDP-style breakaway, in combination with the Liberal Democrats". The Pro-Euro Conservative Party disbanded in 2001.

Saudi Arabia–United Kingdom relations

According to the British government, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have long been close allies. The origins of these relations date back to the time of the First World War, when Ibn Saud signed the 1915 Treaty of Darin with the British government, thereby accepting the status of a British protectorate. On 20 May 1927, the British government and the Kingdom of Nejd concluded the Treaty of Jeddah, a further agreement. The United Kingdom was among the first states that recognised the country in 1926 and had a diplomatic delegation in the country. Saudi Arabia opened its embassy in London in 1930, which was the country's second official foreign affairs body abroad and led by Hafiz Wahbah.Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom are strategic allies. There are more than 200 joint ventures between British and Saudi Companies, worth $17.5 billion, and some 30,000 British nationals are living and working in Saudi Arabia as well as nearly 100,000 Saudi nationals living in the UK. Saudi Arabia is the United Kingdom's primary trading partner in the Middle East and the United Kingdom is Saudi Arabia’s most closest European ally.The UK has an embassy in Riyadh, consulate in Jeddah and trade office in Al Khobar. The current British ambassador to Saudi Arabia is Simon Collis. Saudi Arabia has an embassy and consulate in London. Mohammed bin Nawwaf bin Abdulaziz has been the Saudi ambassador to the UK since 2005. He is a member of the House of Saud.

Sir David Gilmour, 4th Baronet

The Hon. Sir David Robert Gilmour, 4th Baronet (born 14 November 1952) is a British author.

Coat of arms of Ian Gilmour, Baron Gilmour of Craigmillar
Coronet of a British Baron
Gilmour of Craigmillar Escutcheon
Crest
A Dexter Hand holding a Scroll of Paper within a Garland of Laurel proper
Escutcheon
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure three Writing Pens Argent (Gilmour); 2nd and 3rd, Sable in a Saltire Argent a Crescent Gules (Little)
Motto
Nil Penna Sed Usus (Not the pen, but custom) [8]
Minister for Co-ordination of Defence
Ministers for Defence
Secretaries of State for Defence

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