Ian Anderson (British politician)

Ian Hugh Myddleton Anderson[1] (1953 – 2 February 2011)[2] was a leading figure on the British far-right in the 1980s and 1990s.

Early background

Anderson was born in Hillingdon. Anderson's involvement in politics began in the mid-1970s when he was close to certain elements on the right of the Conservative Party, particularly the Monday Club.

Anderson viewed himself as a 'respectable' figure in right wing circles and spent some time at the University of Oxford on two separate occasions studying zoology.

National Front

Anderson joined the National Front in the late 1970s and was initially seen as a supporter of National Organiser Martin Webster. However, when the Political Soldier faction, led by figures such as Nick Griffin and Derek Holland, moved against Webster and his assistant Michael Salt, Anderson sided with the rebels and used his casting vote to ensure that Webster and Salt were expelled for mismanagement.

Anderson became a close associate of Andrew Brons and, like Brons, largely indulged the Political Soldiers faction, writing for the Third Positionist party magazine Nationalism Today. He also played a leading role in working with Ian Stuart Donaldson to ensure that Rock Against Communism became the province of the NF rather than the British Movement.[3] As Anderson grew in influence within the NF divisions between the faction led by Brons and himself and the Political Soldiers grew, as Anderson was a strong supporter of electoral participation. He became one of the leading figures grouped around the dissident Flag newspaper (edited by Martin Wingfield) and was expelled by the Official National Front along with the rest of his faction in 1986, reconstituting as the Flag Group. The divisions reached a crisis at the Vauxhall by-election in 1989, where an NF candidate for each faction stood (Patrick Harrington and Ted Budden), splitting support and haranguing one another on live TV as the declaration of votes was made. Anderson, nonetheless, became a powerful figure within the Flag Group and by 1990 was effective leader, Andrew Brons having left the political scene.

In 1987, Troy Southgate and Patrick Harrington, acting for the NF's Security and Intelligence Department (SID), photographed Anderson in Stratford, east London, when it was discovered that his printing business was housed in the same building as the offices of Searchlight, an anti-fascist organisation.

With the Official NF having split into the International Third Position and Third Way, Anderson gained control of the NF in 1990 and attempted to remodel the party back along the lines of John O'Brien in the early 1970s when they had appeared at one stage to be a potential threat to the mainstream parties. The spur for this was undoubtedly the success of the Front National. He had also attempted to gain contacts in the United States and in 1989 he had established a link with Richard Barrett and the Nationalist Movement with a pact known as the 'New Atlantic Charter'.[4] Anderson's NF suffered however from the inactivity and in-fighting of the 1980s, whilst the emergence of the British National Party was also a major check on his ambitions as leader.

National Democrats

Anderson soon came to believe that the negative connotations of the National Front name were proving a bar to success and so in 1995 he relaunched the party as the National Democrats, after a postal ballot of the members. The launch was not without its problems however: within a month, many activists had joined the continuing National Front run by John McAuley.

Anderson maintained contacts in Northern Ireland (which the Flag Group's Joe Pearce had built up during the 1980s), particularly within the right of the Ulster Unionist Party and in the 1997 General Election he stood as a candidate for the Londonderry East constituency. Securing a mere 0.2% share of the vote in the constituency, Anderson soon abandoned his Northern Ireland strategy.

Later activities

The National Democrats became the Campaign for National Democracy pressure group and ceased actively contesting elections.

In 2004, he became a figure in community politics, campaigning for adult learning,[5] local clean-ups,[6] and more shops and fewer restaurants[7] amongst other local campaigns. He was also involved in setting up the People's Campaign to Keep the Pound, along with Anthony Bennett, a leading member of Robert Kilroy-Silk's Veritas.[8]

Anderson was the leader of the short-lived Epping Community Action Group, which was registered with the Electoral Commission as a political party in April 2006.[9] The group stood two candidates, including Anderson, for election to Epping Forest District Council in the 2007 local elections, but came third in both wards. He gained 215 votes in the Epping Hemnall ward beating a British National Party candidate by 68 votes.[10]

Anderson was also involved in a number of other groups such as the Conservative Democratic Alliance. He gave considerable support to UKIP in later years and aided Pam Barden of Save Our Sovereignty (now sponsored by UKIP).[11]

Panther Print

Anderson ran a successful printing business called Panther Print in Dagenham[12][13] that had been a source for cost-effective printing for the nationalist movement.[11] Panther Print was based at Britannia House - the building doubled as National Democrats' HQ.[12]

He died in Epping in 2011 from a brain tumour.[14] His funeral took place on 15 February 2011.[11]

Parliamentary elections contested

Date of election Constituency Party Votes %
Oct 1974 Oxford NF 572 1.0
28 October 1982 Birmingham Northfield NF 411 0.9
1983 Newham South NF 993 3.7
1992 Bristol East NF 270 0.5
1997 East Londonderry NDs 81 0.2
31 July 1997 Uxbridge NDs 157 0.5

References

  1. ^ Anderson's middle name was sometimes given as "Milhous" in writings, although he is registered as "Hugh Myddleton" with the Electoral Commission
  2. ^ "Obituary – Ian Anderson – 1953 – 2011". Efp.org.uk. 11 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  3. ^ N. Lowles & S. Silver, White Noise, London: Searchlight, 1998
  4. ^ The New Atlantic Charter on the Nationalist Movement website Archived 16 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Keep Adult Learning in the Community", Harlow Star
  6. ^ Faye Duxberry, "Clean-up for Co-op", Hillingdon Times, 30 November 2005. Archived from the original
  7. ^ Paul Wellstead, "No more eateries" Archived 5 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Chingford Guardian, 31 January 2006
  8. ^ O. Burkeman, 'Kilroy-Silk colleague linked to ex-National Front leader, The Guardian, 3 February 2005
  9. ^ Electoral Commission registration Archived 29 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ a b c "In memoriam Ian Anderson Flag NF". ukip-vs-eukip.blogspot.com. 9 March 2011.
  12. ^ a b "Normal-ish service resumed". Eddy Butler. 13 March 2012.
  13. ^ Kim Sengupta (15 March 1998). "Paedophile campaign infiltrated". The Independent on Sunday.
    - "Panther Print". Company List.
  14. ^ "Obituary – Ian Anderson – 1953 – 2011 : Heritage and Destiny". Efp.org.uk. 11 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.

External links

Ian Anderson (disambiguation)

Ian Anderson (born 1947) is a British musician, best known as the leader of the rock band Jethro Tull.

Ian Anderson may also refer to:

Ian A. Anderson (born 1947), folk musician and editor of Roots magazine

Ian M. Anderson (born 1985), founder of Afternoon Records

Ian Anderson (British politician) (1953–2011), British National Front leader

Ian Anderson (Manx politician) (1925–2005), Manx (Isle of Man) politician and former President of the Legislative Council

Ian Anderson (Australian footballer) (born 1948), former Australian rules footballer

Ian Anderson (Scottish footballer) (1954–2008), Scottish football defender

Ian Lloyd Anderson (born 1987), Irish actor

Ian Anderson (snooker player) (born 1946), Australian snooker player

Ian Anderson (baseball) (born 1998), baseball player

Ian R Anderson, vocalist of UK bands Crazyhead and The Scavengers

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