ITV (TV network)

ITV is a British free-to-air television network with its headquarters in London, it was launched in 1955 as Independent Television under the auspices of the Independent Television Authority (ITA, then after the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972, the Independent Broadcasting Authority, now Ofcom) to provide competition to BBC Television, that was established in 1932.[1] ITV is also the oldest commercial network in the UK. Since the passing of the Broadcasting Act 1990, its legal name has been Channel 3, to distinguish it from the other analogue channels at the time, namely BBC 1, BBC 2 and Channel 4. In part, the number 3 was assigned because television sets would usually be tuned so that the regional ITV station would be on the third button, with the other stations being allocated to the number within their name.

ITV is a network of television channels that operate regional television services as well as sharing programmes between each other to be displayed on the entire network. In recent years, several of these companies have merged, so currently the fifteen franchises are in the hands of two companies.

The ITV network is to be distinguished from ITV plc, the company that resulted from the merger of Granada plc and Carlton Communications in 2004 and which holds the Channel 3 broadcasting licences in England, Wales, southern Scotland, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland. With the exception of Northern Ireland, the ITV brand is the brand used by ITV plc for the Channel 3 service in these areas. In Northern Ireland, ITV plc uses the brand name UTV. STV Group plc uses the STV brand for its two franchises of central and northern Scotland.

ITV logo 2013
ITV (TV network) channels 2015 map

Branding:   ITV   STV   UTV
Launched22 September 1955
Owned byITV plc and STV Group plc
Audience shareITV Network:
0.88% (+1)
4.76% (HD)
(September 2018, BARB)
SloganMore than TV
CountryUnited Kingdom
HeadquartersLondon, England, UK


Granada TV
Granada Studios, was built in 1954 to house the broadcaster of ITV Granada. Granada, opened in 1956 and is the only franchise to remain an ITV contractor since creation in the studios closed in 2013.

The origins of ITV lie in the passing of the Television Act 1954, designed to break the monopoly on television held by the BBC Television Service.[1] The act created the Independent Television Authority (ITA, then IBA after the Sound Broadcasting Act) to heavily regulate the industry and to award franchises. The first six franchises were awarded in 1954 for London, the Midlands and the North of England, with separate franchises for Weekdays and Weekends.[1] The first ITV network to launch was London's Associated-Rediffusion on 22 September 1955,[2] with the Midlands and North services launching in February 1956 and May 1956 respectively. Following these launches, the ITA awarded more franchises until the whole country was covered by fourteen regional stations, all launched by 1962.

The network has been modified several times through franchise reviews that have taken place in 1963,[3] 1967,[4] 1974,[5] 1980[6][7] and 1991,[8] during which broadcast regions have changed and service operators have been replaced. Only one service operator has ever been declared bankrupt, WWN in 1963,[9] with all other operators leaving the network as a result of a franchise review. Separate weekend franchises were removed in 1968 (with the exception of London)[3] and over the years more services were added; these included a national breakfast franchise from 1983 onward—operating between 6:00 am and 9:25 am—and a teletext service.[6] The Broadcasting Act 1990 changed the nature of ITV; the then regulator the IBA was replaced with a light-touch regulator, the ITC; companies became able to purchase other ITV regional companies[10] and franchises were now being awarded based upon a highest-bidder auction, with few safeguards in place.[8] This heavily criticised part of the review saw four operators replaced, and the operators facing different annual payments to the Treasury: Central Television, for example, paid only £2000—despite holding a lucrative and large region—because it was unopposed, while Yorkshire Television paid £37.7 million for a region of the same size and status, owing to heavy competition.[8][11]

Following the 1993 changes, ITV as a network began to consolidate with several companies doing so to save money by ceasing the duplication of services present when they were all separate companies. By 2004, ITV was owned by five companies, of which two, Carlton and Granada had become major players by owning between them all the franchises in England, Wales, the Scottish borders and the Isle of Man.[12][13][14] That same year, the two merged to form ITV plc[12][13][14] with the only subsequent acquisitions being the takeover of Channel Television, the Channel Islands franchise, in 2011.[15] and UTV, the franchise for Northern Ireland, in 2015.

Organisation (other networks)

UTV 2016
UTV (ITV plc)

The ITV network is not owned or operated by one company, but by a number of licensees, which provide regional services while also broadcasting programmes across the network. Since 2016, the fifteen licences are held by two companies, with the majority held by ITV Broadcasting Limited, part of ITV plc.

The network is regulated by the media regulator Ofcom who is responsible for awarding the broadcast licences. The last major review of the Channel 3 franchises was in 1991, with all operators' licences having been renewed between 1999 and 2002 and again from 2014 without a further contest. While this has been the longest period that the ITV Network has gone without a major review of its licence holders, Ofcom announced (following consultation) that it would split the Wales and West licence from 1 January 2014, creating a national licence for Wales and joining the newly separated West region to Westcountry Television, to form a new licence for the enlarged South West of England region.

All companies holding a licence were part of the non-profit body ITV Network Limited, which commissioned and scheduled network programming, with compliance previously handled by ITV plc and Channel Television. However, due to amalgamation of several of these companies since the creation of ITV Network Limited (and given Channel Television is now owned by ITV plc), it has been replaced by an affiliation system.[16] Approved by Ofcom, this results in ITV plc commissioning and funding the network schedule, with STV and UTV paying a fee to broadcast it.[16] All licensees have the right to opt out of network programming (except for the national news bulletins), however many do not due to pressures from the parent company or because of limited resources.[16] Prior to the affiliate system being introduced, STV would frequently (and sometimes controversially) opt out of several popular network programmes – such as the original run of the first series of Downton Abbey – citing the need to provide more Scottish content to its viewers.[17]

As a public service broadcaster, the ITV network is obliged to broadcast programming of public importance, including news, current affairs, children's and religious programming as well as party election broadcasts on behalf of the major political parties and political events, such as the Budget. The network also needs to produce accessible output containing subtitles, signing and audio description. In exchange for this programming, the ITV network is available on all platforms free to air and can be found at the top of the EPG of all providers.

Since the launch of the platform in 1998, all of the ITV licensees have received gifted capacity on the digital terrestrial television platform. At present, the companies are able to broadcast additional channels and all choose to broadcast the ITV plc owned ITV2, ITV3, ITV4 and CITV in their region. UTV and STV (formerly Scottish Television and Grampian Television) previously broadcast their own services – UTV2 in Northern Ireland and S2 in central and northern Scotland – until 2002, when they adopted the ITV plc channels. The broadcasters all make use of the Digital 3&4 multiplex, shared with Channel 4. ITV Encore launched on June 2014 and ITVBe launched in October 2014. ITV Box Office launched in February 2017.

ITV plc

The Leeds Studios, used by ITV Yorkshire. Each ITV region originally had its own studios, however the rise of publisher-broadcasters like Carlton Television and the takeover of regions caused several studios to be closed.

ITV plc owns thirteen of the fifteen franchises and broadcasts to England, Wales, southern Scotland, the Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and Northern Ireland through its subsidiary companies ITV Broadcasting Limited, and UTV Limited [15] The company also owns the breakfast contractor[18] that broadcasts across the network between 6:00 and 9:25am each morning using the Good Morning Britain (previously Daybreak) and Lorraine names. The company broadcasts a centralised service under the ITV brand. In Northern Ireland, ITV uses the UTV brand name.

The group also owns ITV Studios, the production arm of the company and formed from an amalgamation of all the production departments of the regional licences they own. The company produces a large proportion of ITV's networked programming (around 47%, but previously as high as 66% according to some reports[19]), with the rest coming primarily from independent suppliers (under the Broadcasting Act 1990, at least 25% of ITV's total output must be from independent companies).[20] ITV plc hope to increase the amount of in-house programming to as close to the 75% limit as possible.

The group cut the number of regional news programmes offered from 17 in 2007 to 9 by 2009, resulting several regions being merged to form one programme, including the Border Television and Tyne Tees Television regions, the Westcountry Television and West regions and the removal of sub regional programming, with some regions only represented by pre-recorded segments. [21]

STV Group

STV Group plc owns two franchises, covering central and northern Scotland, through subsidiary companies STV Central and STV North, broadcasting a central service under the STV brand.

The company has had several disputes with ITV plc in recent years over network programming. STV aims to broadcast more Scottish programmes at peak times and so removed several key ITV plc programmes from their schedule in July 2009 including The Bill, Midsomer Murders and Lewis.[22] Despite STV's explanation of expense, ITV plc were angered by the decision, as a recent schedule change had made The Bill central to their programming, and broadcast the programmes on ITV3 as well to ensure Scottish viewers could see the programmes. On 23 September ITV was reported to be in the process of suing STV for £20 million, as ITV plc felt dropping the shows constituted a breach of network agreements;[23] STV subsequently counter-sued ITV plc for £35 million.

The dispute was ended in 2011 with STV agreeing to pay ITV plc £18 million. The signing of the new affiliation deal has resulted in STV paying a flat fee for all networked programming, and so to drop any programmes is unlikely due to the large costs involved.[24]

Current licensees

There are fourteen regional licences and one national licence for the breakfast service. Other licences exist to provide specific programming services, such as Teletext and national news, but are not listed here. All licences listed here were renewed until the end of 2014. Licences in England and Wales were held by the individual regional ITV plc owned companies prior to November 2008.[25]

Regional Channel 3 Licences
Licence Service Area Licence Holder[26] Licence held since Parent Company Service Name On Air Name
Northern Scotland STV North Limited 30 September 1961 STV Group plc STV North STV
Central Scotland STV Central Limited 31 August 1957 STV Group plc STV Central STV
Northern Ireland UTV Limited 31 October 1959 ITV plc[27] Ulster Television UTV
Channel Islands ITV Broadcasting Limited March 2017 ITV plc ITV Channel TV ITV [Note 1]
England–Scotland Border ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Border ITV
North East England ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Tyne Tees ITV
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and North Norfolk ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Yorkshire ITV
North West England [Note 2] and Isle of Man [Note 3] ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Granada ITV
Wales and West of England ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Wales
ITV West
ITV Cymru Wales [Note 4]
Midlands [Note 5] ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Central ITV
East of England ITV Broadcasting Limited December 2006 [Note 6] ITV plc ITV Anglia ITV
London (Weekdays) ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV London (weekdays) ITV
London (Weekends) ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV London (weekends) ITV
South and South East England ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Meridian ITV
South West England ITV Broadcasting Limited November 2008 ITV plc ITV Westcountry ITV
National Channel 3 Licences
Licence Service Area Licence Holder[26] Licence held since Parent Company Service Name On Air Name
National breakfast time [Note 7] ITV Breakfast Broadcasting Limited 1993 ITV plc [Note 8] ITV Breakfast ITV


ITV share of viewing 1992-2007
ITV share of viewing 1981–2008 Broadcasters' Audience Research Board figures.

For over 60 years of ITV, its homegrown programmes have become among the best remembered as well as being extremely successful. Before the 1990s, nearly all of the content for the channel was produced by the fifteen franchise licensees: the regional companies.

However, in the last decade, and following legislation in the Broadcasting Act 1990 imposing a 25% quota for commissioning of independent productions,[20] the number of programmes from independent production companies not connected to the traditional ITV Network, has increased rapidly. Notable examples include Talkback Thames (one half of which, Thames Television, was itself a former ITV franchisee), producers of The Bill and co-producers of The X Factor, and 2waytraffic (previously Celador), producers of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?.

From the late 1990s, ITV's long-standing commitment to strong current affairs and documentary programming began to diminish with the ending of productions such as World in Action (Granada Television), This Week (Rediffusion London/Thames Television), First Tuesday (Yorkshire Television), Network First, Survival (Anglia Television), and Weekend World (LWT) and their replacement with populist shows such as Tonight. News at Ten was also axed in 1999, although it was reinstated in 2001. In December 2009, the final edition of ITV's long-running arts programme, The South Bank Show was broadcast.

ITV's primetime schedules are dominated by its soap operas, such as the flagship Coronation Street and Emmerdale. At the start of the 21st century, Independent Television faced criticism for including a large amount of "reality TV" programmes in the schedule, such as Celebrity Fit Club, Celebrity Wrestling and Love Island. In its defence, ITV does continue to show its major strengths in the fields of sports coverage and drama productions, and it continues to schedule national news in primetime.

ITV's strong daytime line-up helped by programmes such as This Morning, Loose Women, Good Morning Britain, Dickinson's Real Deal and game shows Tipping Point and The Chase are very popular, achieving the highest audience share during the daytime slot.[28]

National and international news

Since the network started, Independent Television News Limited (ITN) has held the contract to produce news for the ITV Network, with 30-minute national news bulletins broadcast at 1:30 pm, 6:30 pm, and 10:00 pm. These bulletins were broadcast under the ITN brand between 1955 and 1999, when a new network identity reinforced the ITV brand, resulting in the new bulletins being broadcast under the ITV News brand.[29][30]

ITN has long been respected in the news industry as a source of reliable information and news, and as a result the service has won many awards for their programmes, the latest being in May 2011 when News at Ten was named best news programme by the Royal Television Society and BAFTA.


Between 6 am to 9.25 am on Monday to Friday, ITV broadcast two breakfast programmes called Good Morning Britain and Lorraine. Good Morning Britain keeps viewers up to date with all the latest news, sports, features and weather, whilst Lorraine predominantly focuses on celebrity interviews, recipes, fashion and showbiz.

Regional news

The regional ITV companies are required to provide local news as part of their franchise agreement, with the main local bulletin at 6pm and regional bulletins located after each national news programme. In addition to this, traditionally ITV companies would provide other regional programming based on current affairs, entertainment or drama. However, apart from a monthly political programme, most non-news regional programming in the English regions was dropped by ITV plc in 2009, although it continues in Wales and the Channel Islands, as well as on STV and UTV & from 2014 ITV Border Scotland.[31] On 14 January 2013, ITV plc regional news programmes titles were discontinued in favour of more generic branding under the ITV News title with the region listed as the subheading. However some "heritage" brand names were retained including Calendar, Granada Reports and Lookaround. On the 28 June 2014, ITV Cymru Wales News returned to its historic name of Wales at Six.

Current regions

Former programmes


The ITV National Weather forecast was first broadcast in 1989, using data supplied by the Met Office, and was presented by a number of weather forecasters. The forecasts are sponsored in which the sponsors message, would appear prior to and following the forecast. The forecasts are made immediately after the main national news bulletins.

Prior to the creation of the national forecast, regional forecast provided by each regional companies were shown in each region only. The regional forecasts today are incorporated into the main regional news bulletins, and in the summer months, includes a Pollen Count.


ITV covers many popular sports. The channel emphasises coverage of football, with the channel previously holding the UK terrestrial rights to the UEFA Champions League and with the channel sharing coverage of international football events such as the World Cup with the BBC. On 30 March 2007, The Football Association announced that it had agreed a new four-year £425m television deal for ITV and Setanta Sports to show FA Cup and England international matches (the Scottish regional broadcaster STV blacks out those games and replaces them with regular programming). The deal with the FA represented a 42% increase on the existing deal with BBC Sport and BSkyB.

In May 2009, ITV acquired the rights to broadcast live cricket from the Indian Premier League. The network also covers motorsport, rugby, and other sports.

Children's programming

The network broadcasts children's programming under the CITV (Children's ITV) strand. Children's programming was originally provided during weekday afternoons and weekend mornings, however following the launch of the CITV Channel in 2006, all children's programming, with the exception of the weekend ITV Breakfast slot, were relocated from the ITV line-up to the CITV channel in 2007, a move which was challenged by Ofcom in April 2007.

Teletext provider

The Public Teletext Licence[32] allows the holder to broadcast a text-based information service around the clock on Channel 3 (as well as Channel 4 and S4C) frequencies. Teletext on ITV was provided by ORACLE from 1974 until 1993 and from 1993 to 2010 by Teletext Ltd., whose news, sport and TV listings pages rivalled the BBC's offering, Ceefax on terrestrial and BBC Red Button on digital. Teletext Ltd. also provided digital teletext for the Channel 3 services, as well as the text output for both Channel 4 and S4C under the same licence and Channel 5. However, the licence was revoked by Ofcom on 29 January 2010 for failing to provide news and local non-news information on ITV and there is currently no teletext licence holder for ITV.[33]

Schools programming

Schools programming on the network began in 1957 in some regions and expanded as more regions began broadcasting. It is a contractual obligation for the ITV company to broadcast schools programming, and this was initially broadcast as part of the normal scheduling. The programmes were moved into a segment for broadcast during the day in the 1960s, under the banner Independent Television for Schools and Colleges and from 1987 were broadcast on Channel 4 in the ITV Schools on Channel 4 segment. In 1993, this segment became Channel 4 Schools and later in 2000 4Learning. These strands of programming consisted of schools programming from all the ITV companies or from independent sources. The schools strand itself is now defunct, with no particular branding segment used.

Availability outside the UK

ITV (as UTV) is widely available in Ireland, where it is received directly in areas bordering Northern Ireland, or in coastal areas from Wales (as ITV Cymru Wales). Until 2015, it was also carried on cable, when it was replaced by UTV Ireland, which was itself replaced by be3, now Virgin Media Three. It is also available on cable and IPTV in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Since 27 March 2013, it has been offered by the British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) to members of HM Forces and their families around the world, replacing the BFBS3 TV channel, which already carried a selection of ITV programmes.[34]


Since the launch of ITV, there have been concerns from politicians and the press that ITV faced a conflict concerning programme audiences and advertisers. As advertisers are reluctant to buy advertising space around low viewing programmes, there is a pressure on ITV to broadcast more popular programmes in peak times. This has become more profound in recent years following a relaxation in regulation and significantly more competition in the advertising market following the huge increase in commercial channels. In recent years, programmes have started to dominate from the reality television genre including the celebrity and talent show subgenres. This has led to accusations of ITV 'dumbing down' their programmes and appealing to the 'lowest common denominator', accusations that are at odds with the network's status as a public service broadcaster.[35][36][37] ITV was also heavily criticised for scaling back its regional programmes, including regional news.

Awards and nominations

Year Association Category Nominee(s) Result
2017 Diversity in Media Awards Broadcaster of the Year ITV Nominated

On-air identity

ITV logo 1989-1998

First logo, used from 1989 to 1998

ITV logo 1998 - 2006

Second logo used from 1998 to 2006

ITV logo

Third logo used from 2006 to 2013

ITV logo 2013

Fourth logo in use since 2013

See also


  1. ^ Since 2013 all presentation has only carried the ITV name, however the name ITV Channel Television was previously used on-screen. This is now restricted to voice announcements before regional programmes.
  2. ^ Up to 1968, the service for a single Northern area consisting of both the current North West region and most of the current Yorkshire region was provided by Granada Television for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  3. ^ Coverage was transferred from ITV Border and Tyne Tees to ITV Granada following DSO in the Isle of Man in July 2009.
  4. ^ Usually just ITV.
  5. ^ Up to 1968, the service for the Midlands region was provided by ATV for Monday to Friday and by ABC Television for weekends.
  6. ^ "Anglia Television Limited", which had provided the service since 1959, had its name changed to "ITV Broadcasting Limited" on 29 December 2006.
  7. ^ The current breakfast holder, ITV Breakfast Ltd, is a rebrand of GMTV, which took over from the previous incumbent, TV-am in 1993.
  8. ^ ITV plc purchased the remaining stake of GMTV (now ITV Breakfast) from The Walt Disney Company in November 2009.


  1. ^ a b c "Commercial Television: A Guide to the constitution and working of the new service". The Times. 19 August 1955. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  2. ^ "1955: New TV channel ends BBC monopoly". BBC Online. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b "No New Independent Tv Companies Appointed". Times. 9 January 1964. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  4. ^ "BIG five' pattern for Independent TV". Times. 22 December 1966. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Discussions start on TV contract extensions". Times. 11 October 1974. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  6. ^ a b Gosling, Kenneth (25 January 1980). "Breakfast-time television and dual regions for Midlands and the South planned by IBA". Times. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  7. ^ Gosling, Kenneth (29 December 1980). "Southern and Westward TV lose franchises and others to be restructured". Times. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  8. ^ "Rescue Operation' For Tv Company". Times. 24 September 1963. Retrieved 18 January 2013.
  9. ^ Frean, Alexandra (25 November 1993). "ITV rule changes herald takeovers". Times. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  10. ^ ITC, quoted in Encouraging Bidding In The Single Licence National Lottery Framework report, UK National Lottery Commission, 19 November 2004
  11. ^ a b "History". ITV plc. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  12. ^ a b Madslein, Jorn (2 February 2004). "ITV: A third force in broadcasting". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  13. ^ a b Tryhorn, Chris (2 February 2004). "Finally, ITV plc is born". Guardian. London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  14. ^ a b Mark Sweney, Tara Conlan (18 October 2011). "ITV plc buys Channel Television". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  15. ^ a b c McIvor, Jamie (5 March 2012). "Broadcaster STV reaches new deal with ITV". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  16. ^ McIvor, Jamie (25 August 2011). "STV counts cost of ITV peace deal". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  17. ^ Robinson, James (26 November 2009). "ITV takes full control of breakfast TV broadcaster GMTV". Guardian. London. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  18. ^ "Lygo quits Channel 4". C21 Media. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  19. ^ a b Evans, Richard (20 June 1990). "Dispute over ITV and BBC quotas". Times. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  20. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (12 September 2007). "Unions slam ITV regional cuts". London: MediaGuardian. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  21. ^ Holmwood, Leigh (21 July 2009), The Bill to be shown on ITV3 so Scottish viewers don't miss out, London: The Guardian, retrieved 2 November 2010
  22. ^ "ITV launches £38m STV legal claim". BBC News. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  23. ^ McCulloch, Scott (5 March 2012). "Business7 – Business News – Scottish Business News – STV agrees new Channel 3 licensing deal with ITV". Business7. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  24. ^ "Television Broadcast Licensing Update November 2008". Ofcom. November 2008. Archived from the original on 31 July 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  25. ^ a b "Channel 3 (ITV)". Ofcom. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  26. ^ "ITV buys Irish broadcaster UTV for £100m". Independent. 20 August 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
  27. ^ Brown, Maggie (25 January 2013). "BBC1 daytime revamp hits BBC2 and Channel 4 ratings". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
  28. ^ "About ITN". ITN. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  29. ^ "ITV News". ITN. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  30. ^ Douglas, Torin (25 September 2008). "Analysis: Ofcom's regional news proposals". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  31. ^ "Public Teletext Licence" (PDF). Ofcom. 17 December 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 September 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2007.
  32. ^ "Teletext Revocation Notice" (PDF). Ofcom. 29 January 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  33. ^ BFBS TV IS CHANGING Archived 17 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Murray-Watson, Andrew (10 September 2006). "ITV 'dumbing down' threatens ad revenues". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  35. ^ Thomas, Liz (3 November 2010). "ITV has dumbed down and appeals to 'lowest common denominator' say its bosses". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
  36. ^ Sherryl Wilson (2005). "9". In Catherine Johnson and Rob Turnock (ed.). ITV Cultures: Independent Television over Fifty years. Maidenhead: Open University Press. pp. 159–176. ISBN 9780335217298.

External links

Parent companies

Graham Gold

Graham Gold (born 5 July 1954) is a British DJ. Gold is primarily known as a DJ whose sets were broadcast live Friday nights on Kiss (UK radio station) and distributed on the Universal Music TV label. These weekly live broadcasts were considered revolutionary in the industry. Gold's popular weekly show played a major role in Kiss FM growing into a radio powerhouse. Gold was ranked No. 83 by Dash Berlin in Dash's "Most Popular DJs in the World of All Time."

Hour of Mystery (UK TV series)

Hour of Mystery is an hour-long UK mystery anthology television series. Donald Wolfit introduced each of the episodes, which aired on the ITV (TV Network) in 1957.Only two of the episodes are known to exist, out of the 20 made.Episodes included adaptations of The Man in Half Moon Street, The Woman in White, Portrait in Black, and Night Must Fall.

ITV 50

ITV 50 was a special event around September 2005, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the ITV terrestrial television network's launch; the official anniversary was stated as being 22 September, the anniversary of the first ITV region, Associated-Rediffusion, beginning broadcasts.

Other regions, though not launched in 1955, were also involved in the celebrations, broadcasting network and local ITV50 celebration programming. All ITV plc regions received ITV50 presentational material including branded graphics and station idents. STV (then Scottish and Grampian) and UTV screened much of the networked ITV 50 content, using some of the ITV 50 presentation.

ITV London

ITV London is the on-air brand name used by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the two ITV broadcast franchises, Carlton Television (weekdays) and London Weekend Television (weekends) in the London ITV region. Its terrestrial digital signal is transmitted from Crystal Palace in South London.

ITV Sunday Night Drama

ITV Sunday Night Drama is a UK television anthology series produced by ABC Weekend Television, Associated Television (ATV), Associated-Rediffusion Television, and Granada Television. 74 episodes aired on the ITV (TV network) from 1959 to 1980.

Directors included Ken Russell, Mike Newell (director), Waris Hussein, and Vivian Matalon. Among its writers were Christopher Fry, Ken Russell, Arthur Hailey, Christopher Hampton, and Arnold Bennett.

Guest stars included Anthony Hopkins, Christopher Plummer, James Mason, Jean Marsh, Michael Kitchen, Kate Nelligan, Michael Gambon, David Warner (actor), and Judy Geeson.

ITV West Country

ITV West Country is the British television service provided by ITV Broadcasting Limited for the South West England franchise area on the ITV network. Previously, between 2009 and 2013, the area was a non-franchise region, branded with the same name, incorporating the former ITV Westcountry franchise area and the ITV West sub-region of the ITV Wales & West franchise. Each company that makes up the new region still legally exists. ITV Wales & West Ltd, ITV Wales & West Group Ltd and Westcountry Television Ltd are each, along with most other regional companies owned by ITV plc, listed on as a "dormant company".

Independent Television

Independent television can refer to:

Africa Independent Television, a Nigerian satellite television station

Independent Television (Bangladesh), a Bangladeshi 24/7 news channel

Independent Television, a British television network:

ITV (TV network), a television network covering the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands

ITV (TV channel), a brand name used by ITV plc for twelve franchises of the ITV Network covering England, Southern Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands

ITV Digital, a UK digital terrestrial TV broadcaster, which opened in 1998 as ONdigital and closed in 2002

ITV plc, a British company which owns thirteen of the fifteen ITV Network franchises

ITV Studios, a production company owned by ITV plc, the main website of ITV plc

Independent station, a terrestrial television station not affiliated to networks

ION Television, previously called i: Independent Television

Televisão Independente, a Portuguese television channel

Independent TV (India), Indian direct to home operator

Jack Rowan (actor)

Jack Rowan (born 18 February 1997) is a BAFTA award winning British actor best known for his role as Bonnie in Peaky Blinders and Sam in Born to Kill. He has also had small roles in numerous television dramas including Casualty, Silent Witness, and ITV's Beowulf.Before becoming an actor, Rowan was an amateur boxer from age 12 winning 18 of his 27 fights.Rowan is also interested in performance poetry.

Jane Eyre (1997 film)

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This version of the story is notable for omitting the middle scenes with Mrs Reed, the Rivers' relationship to Jane, and her paternal uncle's inheritance from his estate in Madeira. It was originally shown on ITV on 9 March 1997 in the UK and shown on A&E-TV on 19 October 1997 in the USA. Sometimes repeated on ITV3.

Late Night Theatre

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Love Story (UK TV series)

Love Story is a 60-minute UK anthology television series produced by Associated Television (ATV). 128 episodes aired on ITV (TV network) from 1963–1974.

Its guest stars included Vanessa Redgrave, Lynn Redgrave, Dudley Moore, Wendy Hiller, Malcolm McDowell, Patrick MacNee, John Hurt, Geoffrey Palmer (actor), Judy Cornwell, Leo McKern, David Hemmings, Judy Parfitt, Anna Massey, Felicity Kendal, Edward Fox, Sam Wanamaker, Ian McShane, Michael Kitchen, George Maharis and Margaret Whiting.

Roll Over Beethoven (TV series)

Roll Over Beethoven is a British television sitcom produced by Central Independent Television and transmitted on the ITV (TV network) in 1985.Written by the duo Laurence Marks and Maurice Gran, the series starred Nigel Planer as millionaire heavy metal star Nigel Cochrane, who turns life in a sleepy Surrey village upside down when he purchases the manor house, installing a recording studio in his new home and planning to record his first solo album there.

He enlists the help of local piano teacher Belinda Purcell (Liza Goddard) to help him master the keyboard. An unlikely friendship – then romance – develops between the two as they collaborate on the album, much to the disapproval of Belinda's father, retired schoolmaster Oliver (Richard Vernon). As the series progresses, Nigel briefly leaves to go on a promotional tour of the album, while Belinda develops her talent for composing by working on an album of her own.

ITV screened all thirteen episodes in one go with a week's break in April 1985, but Roll Over Beethoven was in fact recorded in two separate production blocks. The first six episodes were directed by Derrick Goodwin, whilst Nic Phillips took over for episodes 7–13.

The Tenors

The Tenors (formerly known as The Canadian Tenors) are a vocal group consisting of Victor Micallef, Fraser Walters and Clifton Murray. They perform operatic pop music that is a mixture of classical and pop, featuring songs such as "The Prayer" and Panis angelicus from the former genre, and Leonard Cohen's Hallelujah from the latter.Originating from Canada, Micallef from Toronto, Walters from Vancouver and Murray from Port McNeill, the Tenors have performed on more than 60 international television programs. They appeared on the Oprah Winfrey Show with Celine Dion in 2010, at the 63rd Primetime Emmy Awards, at the opening ceremonies of 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver and on ITV (TV network) Diamond Jubilee Show at Windsor Castle for HM Queen Elizabeth II. The venues they have performed in include the Tel Aviv Opera House, and the Mandalay Bay Events Center in Las Vegas. They also appeared on the 2009 and 2016 Grey Cup broadcasts and on CBC Television's Holiday Festival of Ice. Their most recent proud moment was appearing at the 85th Annual Rockefeller Tree Lighting which aired on NBC November 29, 2017.

They have shared the stage with Sarah McLachlan, Neil Young, Paul Anka, Justin Bieber, Paul McCartney, Brian McKnight, David Foster, and Natalie Cole.

Universal Music Group released their platinum-selling self-titled debut album and double-platinum holiday album, The Perfect Gift. The Tenors filmed a PBS special at the Smith Center for the Performing Arts that began airing in 2012.The Canadian Tenors were renamed The Tenors in November 2012 in advance of their third album, Lead With Your Heart. Also in 2012, The Tenors signed a US distribution deal with Verve Records.

Lead With Your Heart went platinum in Canada in seven weeks. The album garnered a 2013 JUNO Award for Adult Contemporary Album of the Year and a JUNO nomination for the Jack Richardson Producer of the Year Award for Bob Ezrin's production of "Forever Young." Lead With Your Heart was featured on Katie, Good Morning America, Access Hollywood, ET Canada, CNN Morning Live, e-Talk and FOX & Friends.

In July 2016, the Tenors announced that Remigio Pereira would no longer be performing with the group because he altered the lyrics to the Canadian national anthem at the 2016 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in San Diego—from "With glowing hearts we see thee rise, the True North strong and free," to "We're all brothers and sisters, all lives matter to the great."In 2019, they performed at a house for the birthday party of one of Karl's friends.

Theatre 70

Theatre 70 is a 70 minute UK dramatic television anthology series produced by Associated Television (ATV). Twenty-five episodes aired on the ITV (TV network) from 1960-61. Guest actors included Zoe Caldwell, Robert Horton (actor), André Morell and Margaret Whiting.

Weekend Playhouse

Weekend Playhouse is a one-hour UK television anthology drama series produced by London Weekend Television (LWT) and airing on ITV (TV network) in 1984. There were seven episodes.

Guest stars included Bob Hoskins, Michael Kitchen, and Brenda Blethyn.

Westside 89.6FM

Westside Radio 89.6FM is a community radio station based in Hanwell, Greater London broadcasting to the surrounding area of West London offering music and local information. The station was launched on 13 September 2007 after being awarded a community radio licence by Ofcom.They broadcast from purpose built studios based at Clocktower Mews in Hanwell after moving from previous studios based in Southall.

The new website launched Monday 11 February 2013 at 5:00pm.

X Factor (Brazilian TV series)

X Factor is a Brazilian reality television music competition show created by Simon Cowell and produced by FremantleMedia and Syco Entertainment, which airs on Band, with reruns airing the following day on TNT. The series premiered on August 29, 2016. On July 7, 2017, it was confirmed that the programme would not be returning for a second series.

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