ISO 45001

ISO 45001 is an ISO standard for management systems of occupational health and safety (OH&S), published in March 2018. The goal of ISO 45001 is the reduction of occupational injuries and diseases.[1]

The standard is based on OHSAS 18001, conventions and guidelines of the International Labour Organization including ILO OSH 2001, and national standards.[2][1] It includes elements that are additional to BS OHSAS 18001 (see below: ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007) which it is replacing over a three-year migration period from 2018 to 2021.[3]

ISO 45001 also follows the High Level Structure of other ISO standards like ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 which makes integration of these standards much easier.[4][5]

ISO 45001 adoption
ISO 45001 adoption by country


ISO 45001 was proposed at the ISO in October 2013. The committee ISO/PC 283, created in 2013, had direct responsibility for the standardization process.[6] At least 70 countries contributed to the drafting process.[7] Preparation and committee work lasted until December 2015. From 2015 to 2017, a first draft failed to gain sufficient approval from ISO members and was revised in a second draft, which was approved and refined into a final draft.[6] In the final vote the standard garnered 62 votes in favour, nine abstentions and four votes against from France, India, Spain, and Turkey.[8] The standard was published on 12 March 2018.[6]


ISO 45001 is set to replace OHSAS 18001 over three years following its publication. It uses the management system standard structure guideline Annex SL to allow for simplified integration with other management system standards, such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.[9] The International Accreditation Forum has published requirements for migration from OHSAS 18001 to ISO 45001.[10]

ISO/IEC TS 17021-10:2018 is a technical specification setting out competence requirements for auditing and certification of ISO 45001.[11]


ISO 45001 was adopted as a national standard by Albania, Argentina, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay.N-[1]

ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007

  • Context of the organization (Clause 4.1): The organization shall determine internal and external issues that are relevant to its purpose and that affect its ability to achieve the intended outcome(s) of its OH & S management system.
  • Understanding the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties (clause 4.2): interested parties are workers, suppliers, subcontractors, clients, regulatory authorities.
  • Risk and opportunities (Clauses: 6.1.1,, 6.1.4): companies are to determine, consider and, where necessary, take action to address any risks or opportunities that may impact (either positively or negatively) the ability of the management system to deliver its intended results, including enhanced health and safety at the workplace.
  • Leadership and management commitment (Clauses: 5.1) has stronger emphasis on top management to actively engage and take accountability for the effectiveness of the management system.


n-[1] a [12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59]


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External links

Bureau Veritas

Bureau Veritas S. A. (formerly BVQI, Bureau Veritas Quality International) is an international certification agency. In addition to certifications, they provide HSE expertise (Health, Safety and Environmental). Today the headquarters are in Neuilly-sur-Seine, nearby La Défense. The company went public on the Paris Bourse in October 2007.The organization was originally formed in Antwerp in 1828 as Bureau de Renseignements pour les Assurances Maritimes (Information Office for Maritime Insurance). The Bureau Veritas name was adopted in 1829.

In 2013, Bureau Veritas bought the company 7layers. Bureau Veritas also launched in this year a video about its main businesses and its Testing, Inspection and Certification activities. This video won the 2014 TopCom "Silver Award" in the External Audiovisual category.

Clean Clothes Campaign

The Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) is the garment industry's largest alliance of labour unions and non-governmental organizations. The civil society campaign focuses on the improvement of working conditions in the garment and sportswear industries. Formed in the Netherlands in 1989, the CCC has campaigns in 15 European countries: Austria, Belgium (North and South), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The CCC works with a partner network of more than 250 organizations around the world.


CorpWatch is a research group based in San Francisco, California, USA. Its stated mission is to expose corporate malfeasance, and to advocate for multinational corporate accountability and transparency.

Corporate behaviour

Corporate behaviour is the actions of a company or group who are acting as a single body. It defines the company's ethical strategies and describes the image of the company.

Diesel Loco Shed, Ratlam

Diesel Loco Shed, Ratlam is a engine shed located in Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh in India. It is located north-east of Ratlam Junction falling under Ratlam railway division. The shed caters to the need of freight as well as passenger

trains.Of the three loco sheds in the Western Railway zone, this is the largest among them followed by Vatwa, and Sabarmati .

Equality impact assessment

An equality impact assessment (EqIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.


GxP is a general abbreviation for the "good practice" quality guidelines and regulations. The "x" stands for the various fields, including the pharmaceutical and food industries, for example good agricultural practice, or GAP.

A "c" or "C" is sometimes added to the front of the initialism. The preceding "c" stands for "current." For example, cGMP is an acronym for "current good manufacturing practice". The term GxP is frequently used to refer in a general way to a collection of quality guidelines.

Higg Index

The Higg Index is an apparel and footwear industry self-assessment standard for assessing environmental and social sustainability throughout the supply chain. Launched in 2012, it was developed by the Sustainable Apparel Coalition, a nonprofit organization founded by a group of fashion companies, the United States government Environmental Protection Agency, and other nonprofit entities.

ISO 19011

ISO 19011 is an international standard that sets forth guidelines for management systems auditing. The current version is ISO 19011:2018.

It is developed by the International Organization for Standardization.

The standard offers four resources to organizations to "save time, effort and money":

A clear explanation of the principles of management systems auditing.

Guidance on the management of audit programs.

Guidance on the conduct of internal or external audits.

Advice on the competence and evaluation of auditors.


Intertek Group plc is a multinational assurance, inspection, product testing and certification company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Lead auditor

Most publicly traded corporations typically have an internal auditing department, led by a Chief Audit Executive ("CAE"), with lead internal auditors managing small teams of internal auditors for one audit engagement. Lead auditor is a position between senior auditor and head of division.

In public accounting firms, a lead auditor for an audit engagement is usually chosen from among the senior auditors.

Management system

A management system is a set of policies, processes and procedures used by an organization to ensure that it can fulfill the tasks required to achieve its objectives. These objectives cover many aspects of the organization's operations (including financial success, safe operation, product quality, client relationships, legislative and regulatory conformance and worker management). For instance, an environmental management system enables organizations to improve their environmental performance and an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) enables an organization to control its occupational health and safety risks, etc.

Many parts of the management system are common to a range of objectives, but others may be more specific.

A simplification of the main aspects of a management system is the 4-element "Plan, Do, Check, Act" approach. A complete management system covers every aspect of management and focuses on supporting the performance management to achieve the objectives. The management system should be subject to continuous improvement as the organization learns.

Elements may include:

Leadership Involvement & Responsibility

Identification & Compliance with Legislation & Industry Standards

Employee Selection, Placement & Competency Assurance

Workforce Involvement

Communication with Stakeholders (others peripherally impacted by operations)

Identification & Assessment of potential failures & other hazards

Documentation, Records & Knowledge Management

Documented Procedures

Project Monitoring, Status and Handover

Management of Interfaces

Standards & Practices

Management of Change & Project Management

Operational Readiness & Start-up

Emergency Preparedness

Inspection & Maintenance of facilities

Management of Critical systems

Work Control, Permit to Work & Task Risk Management

Contractor/Vendor Selection & Management

Incident Reporting & Investigation

Audit, Assurance and Management System review & Intervention

Nigel Howard Croft

Nigel Howard Croft (born 1956 in Rotherham, South Yorkshire, UK) was appointed as Chairman of ISO’s Technical Committee TC 176/SC 2 in February 2010, with overall responsibility for the ISO 9001 standard, used worldwide as a basis for certification of quality management systems, and the ISO 9004 guidelines standard aimed at improving organisational performance, among others. His third and final term as Chairman expired at the end of 2018. He has subsequently been appointed to lead the revision of "Annex SL" of the ISO Directives, that forms the basis for over 40 management system standards including those on environmental management (ISO 14001), Occupational Health and Safety (ISO 45001), Information Security (ISO 27001), Anti-bribery (ISO 37001), Food Safety (ISO 22000) and many more.

OHSAS 18001

OHSAS 18001, Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series, (officially BS OHSAS 18001) is a British Standard for occupational health and safety management systems. Compliance with it enables organizations to demonstrate that they have a system in place for occupational health and safety. BS OHSAS 18001 is being replaced by ISO 45001, which was published in March 2018 by the International Organization for Standardization. Organizations which are certified to BS OHSAS 18001 should migrate to ISO 45001 by March 2021 if they want to retain a recognized certification.

Pollutant release and transfer register

Pollutant release and transfer registers (PRTRs) are systems to collect and disseminate information on environmental releases and transfers of toxic chemicals from industrial and other facilities.

They were established in several countries after the 1984 Bhopal Disaster, and the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, which affirmed the "right-to-know" of communities and workers about toxics chemicals and other substances

Renato Tronchetti Provera


SA8000 is an auditable certification standard that encourages organizations to develop, maintain, and apply socially acceptable practices in the workplace.

It was developed in 1989 by Social Accountability International, formerly the Council on Economic Priorities, by an advisory board consisting of trade unions, NGOs, civil society organizations and companies. The SA8000's criteria were developed from various industry and corporate codes to create a common standard for social welfare compliance.

Safeguard (magazine)

Safeguard is a New Zealand magazine devoted to occupational health and safety. It features articles and information on managing health and safety in the workplace and is aimed at employers in all industries and at health and safety professionals. The magazine was launched as a quarterly in 1988 by the Occupational Safety and Health Service (OSH) of the Department of Labour. It was subsequently taken over by a commercial company, Colour Workshop. Safeguard is now published bi-monthly by Thomson Reuters (Auckland).

Sustainability reporting

A sustainability report is an organizational report that gives information about economic, environmental, social and governance performance.Sustainability reporting is not just report generation from collected data; instead it is a method to internalize and improve an organization’s commitment to sustainable development in a way that can be demonstrated to both internal and external stakeholders.

Toxics Release Inventory

The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is a publicly available database containing information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities in the United States.

Occupational diseases
and injuries
Occupational hygiene
Agencies and organizations
See also
Ethics and
ISO standards by standard number

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