ISO 3166-3

ISO 3166-3 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries.[1] It was first published in 1999.

Each former country name in ISO 3166-3 is assigned a four-letter alphabetic code. The first two letters are the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of the former country, while the last two letters are allocated according to the following rules:[2]

  • If the country changed its name, the new ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code is used (e.g., Burma changed its name to Myanmar, whose new alpha-2 code is MM), or the special code AA is used if its alpha-2 code was not changed (e.g., Byelorussian SSR changed its name to Belarus, which has kept the same alpha-2 code).
  • If the country merged into an existing country, the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of this country is used (e.g., the German Democratic Republic merged into Germany, whose alpha-2 code is DE).
  • If the country was divided into several parts, the special code HH is used to indicate that there is no single successor country (e.g., Czechoslovakia was divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia), with the exception of Serbia and Montenegro, for which XX is used to avoid duplicate use of the same ISO 3166-3 code, as the alpha-2 code CS had twice been deleted from ISO 3166-1, the first time due to the split of Czechoslovakia and the second time due to the split of Serbia and Montenegro.

Besides the former country name and its ISO 3166-3 code, each entry in ISO 3166-3 also contains its former ISO 3166-1 codes, its period of validity, and the new country names and ISO 3166-1 codes used after its deletion from ISO 3166-1.

After a country is deleted from ISO 3166-1, its alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes will be transitionally reserved for a transitional period of at least fifty years. After the expiration of the transitional period, these codes are free to be reassigned.

If a country changes its name without any territorial change, its ISO 3166-1 numeric code remains the same. For example, when Burma was renamed Myanmar without territorial change in 1989, its alphabetic codes were changed, but its numeric code 104 has remained the same.

Currently, a few ccTLDs using deleted alpha-2 codes are still active or being phased out. However, alpha-2 codes which were deleted before the popularization of the Domain Name System in the late 1980s and early 1990s were never used for the Internet's country code top-level domains (ccTLDs). Likewise, ISO 3166-2, the ISO standard for country subdivision codes which was first published in 1998, predated the deletion of many alpha-2 codes.

Current codes

The following is a complete list of the current ISO 3166-3 codes, with the following columns:

  • Former country name – English short country name officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA)
  • Former codes – ISO 3166-1 alpha-2, alpha-3, and numeric codes
  • Period of validity – Years when codes were officially assigned
  • ISO 3166-3 code – Four-letter code assigned for former country name
  • New country names and codes – Successor countries and their ISO 3166-1 codes

Click on the button in the header to sort by ISO 3166-3 code.

Former country name Former codes Period of validity ISO 3166-3 code New country names and codes
British Antarctic Territory BQ, ATB,  -  1974–1979 BQAQ Merged into Antarctica (AQ, ATA, 010)
Burma BU, BUR, 104 1974–1989 BUMM Name changed to Myanmar (MM, MMR, 104)
Byelorussian SSR BY, BYS, 112 1974–1992 BYAA Name changed to Belarus (BY, BLR, 112)
Canton and Enderbury Islands CT, CTE, 128 1974–1984 CTKI Merged into Kiribati (KI, KIR, 296)
Czechoslovakia CS, CSK, 200 1974–1993 CSHH
Divided into:
Czech Republic (CZ, CZE, 203)
Slovakia (SK, SVK, 703)
Dahomey DY, DHY, 204 1974–1977 DYBJ Name changed to Benin (BJ, BEN, 204)
Dronning Maud Land NQ, ATN, 216 1974–1983 NQAQ Merged into Antarctica (AQ, ATA, 010)
East Timor [note 1] TP, TMP, 626 1974–2002 TPTL Name changed to Timor-Leste (TL, TLS, 626)
France, Metropolitan FX, FXX, 249 1993–1997 FXFR Merged into France (FR, FRA, 250)
French Afars and Issas AI, AFI, 262 1974–1977 AIDJ Name changed to Djibouti (DJ, DJI, 262)
French Southern and Antarctic Territories FQ, ATF,  -  1974–1979 FQHH Divided into:
Part of Antarctica (AQ, ATA, 010) (i.e., Adélie Land)
French Southern Territories (TF, ATF, 260)
German Democratic Republic DD, DDR, 278 1974–1990 DDDE Merged into Germany (DE, DEU, 276)
Gilbert and Ellice Islands GE, GEL, 296 1974–1979 GEHH Divided into:
Kiribati (KI, KIR, 296)
Tuvalu (TV, TUV, 798)
Johnston Island JT, JTN, 396 1974–1986 JTUM Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM, UMI, 581)
Midway Islands MI, MID, 488 1974–1986 MIUM Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM, UMI, 581)
Netherlands Antilles AN, ANT, 530
[note 2]
1974–2010 [note 3] ANHH Divided into:
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (BQ, BES, 535) [note 4]
Curaçao (CW, CUW, 531)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) (SX, SXM, 534)
Neutral Zone NT, NTZ, 536 1974–1993 NTHH Divided into:
Part of Iraq (IQ, IRQ, 368)
Part of Saudi Arabia (SA, SAU, 682)
New Hebrides NH, NHB, 548 1974–1980 NHVU Name changed to Vanuatu (VU, VUT, 548)
Pacific Islands (Trust Territory) PC, PCI, 582 1974–1986 PCHH Divided into:
Marshall Islands (MH, MHL, 584)
Micronesia, Federated States of (FM, FSM, 583)
Northern Mariana Islands (MP, MNP, 580)
Palau (PW, PLW, 585)
Panama Canal Zone PZ, PCZ,  -  1974–1980 PZPA Merged into Panama (PA, PAN, 591)
Serbia and Montenegro CS, SCG, 891 2003–2006 CSXX
[note 5]
Divided into:
Montenegro (ME, MNE, 499)
Serbia (RS, SRB, 688)
Sikkim SK, SKM,  -  1974–1975 SKIN Merged into India (IN, IND, 356)
Southern Rhodesia RH, RHO, 716 1974–1980 RHZW Name changed to Zimbabwe (ZW, ZWE, 716)
United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands PU, PUS, 849 1974–1986 PUUM Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM, UMI, 581)
Upper Volta HV, HVO, 854 1974–1984 HVBF Name changed to Burkina Faso (BF, BFA, 854)
USSR SU, SUN, 810 1974–1992 SUHH Divided into: [note 6]
Armenia (AM, ARM, 051)
Azerbaijan (AZ, AZE, 031)
Estonia (EE, EST, 233)
Georgia (GE, GEO, 268)
Kazakhstan (KZ, KAZ, 398)
Kyrgyzstan (KG, KGZ, 417)
Latvia (LV, LVA, 428)
Lithuania (LT, LTU, 440)
Moldova, Republic of (MD, MDA, 498)
Russian Federation (RU, RUS, 643)
Tajikistan (TJ, TJK, 762)
Turkmenistan (TM, TKM, 795)
Uzbekistan (UZ, UZB, 860)
Viet-Nam, Democratic Republic of VD, VDR,  -  1974–1977 VDVN Merged into Viet Nam (VN, VNM, 704)
Wake Island WK, WAK, 872 1974–1986 WKUM Merged into United States Minor Outlying Islands (UM, UMI, 581)
Yemen, Democratic YD, YMD, 720 1974–1990 YDYE Merged into Yemen (YE, YEM, 887)
Yugoslavia YU, YUG, 891
[note 7]
1974–2003 YUCS Name changed to Serbia and Montenegro (CS, SCG, 891)
Zaire ZR, ZAR, 180 1974–1997 ZRCD Name changed to Congo, the Democratic Republic of the (CD, COD, 180)
Notes
  1. ^ East Timor was included in ISO 3166-1 under the name of Portuguese Timor from 1974 to 1977.
  2. ^ The ISO 3166-1 numeric code of the Netherlands Antilles was changed from 532 to 530 after Aruba split away in 1986.
  3. ^ The period of validity was corrected from 1974–2011 to 1974–2010 with a reissue of ISO 3166-3 Newsletter I-6.
  4. ^ The territory name was corrected from "Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba" to "Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba" in ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-9.
  5. ^ Initially the ISO 3166-3 code CSHH was assigned to represent Serbia and Montenegro (Newsletter I-4), even though it had already been assigned to represent Czechoslovakia. The ISO 3166/MA later rectified the problem by agreeing to assign the ISO 3166-3 code CSXX to represent Serbia and Montenegro (Newsletter I-5).
  6. ^ Despite being part of the USSR, Belarus (then Byelorussian SSR) and Ukraine (then Ukrainian SSR) already had their own ISO 3166-1 codes due to them being UN members since 1945.
  7. ^ The ISO 3166-1 numeric code of Yugoslavia was changed from 890 (for the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) to 891 (for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) in 1993.

Changes

The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-3 when necessary. The updating of ISO 3166-3 is totally dependent on the updating of ISO 3166-1.

ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available on the ISO website.

Edition/Newsletter Date issued Former country name added Notes
ISO 3166-3:1999 1999-03-11 First edition of ISO 3166-3
Newsletter I-1 2002-11-15 East Timor In accordance with ISO 3166-1 Newsletter V-5 and Newsletter V-6
Newsletter I-2 2002-11-22 France, Metropolitan Correction. Entry inadvertently omitted from ISO 3166-3 when first published in 1999
Newsletter I-3 2003-07-23 Yugoslavia In accordance with ISO 3166-1 Newsletter V-8
Newsletter I-4 2006-09-26 Serbia and Montenegro In accordance with ISO 3166-1 Newsletter V-12
Newsletter I-5 2006-12-01 None Rectify Newsletter I-4 by assigning the code CSXX to represent Serbia and Montenegro
Newsletter I-6 2011-03-14
(corrected
2013-02-06)
Netherlands Antilles In accordance with ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-8
ISO 3166-3:2013 2013-11-19 Second edition of ISO 3166-3 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)

See also

References

  1. ^ "ISO 3166-3:2013". International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
  2. ^ Clive Feather (2003-07-25). "Country codes in ISO 3166 (Table 2: codes withdrawn from use)".

Sources and external links

Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia (; Czech and Slovak: Československo, Česko-Slovensko), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate.

From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia was part of the Eastern Bloc with a command economy. Its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949 and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of May 1955. A period of political liberalization in 1968, known as the Prague Spring, was forcibly ended when the Soviet Union, assisted by several other Warsaw Pact countries, invaded. In 1989, as Marxist–Leninist governments and communism were ending all over Europe, Czechoslovaks peacefully deposed their government in the Velvet Revolution; state price controls were removed after a period of preparation. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the two sovereign states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

ISO 3166

ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.

ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes. It defines three sets of country codes:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are the most widely used of the three, and used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions).

ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the alpha-2 codes.

ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division, with the advantage of script (writing system) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.The alphabetic country codes were first included in ISO 3166 in 1974, and the numeric country codes were first included in 1981. The country codes have been published as ISO 3166-1 since 1997, when ISO 3166 was expanded into three parts, with ISO 3166-2 defining codes for subdivisions and ISO 3166-3 defining codes for former countries.As a widely used international standard, ISO 3166-1 is implemented in other standards and used by international organizations to allow facilitation of the exchange of goods and information. However, it is not the only standard for country codes. Other country codes used by many international organizations are partly or totally incompatible with ISO 3166-1, although some of them closely correspond to ISO 3166-1 codes.

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They are the most widely used of the country codes published by ISO (the others being alpha-3 and numeric), and are used most prominently for the Internet's country code top-level domains (with a few exceptions). They are also used as country identifiers extending the postal code when appropriate within the international postal system for paper mail, and has replaced the previous one consisting one-letter codes. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its first edition in 1974.

ISO 3166-2

ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code. It was first published in 1998.

The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names. Each complete ISO 3166-2 code consists of two parts, separated by a hyphen:

The first part is the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code of the country;

The second part is a string of up to three alphanumeric characters, which is usually obtained from national sources and stems from coding systems already in use in the country concerned, but may also be developed by the ISO itself.Each complete ISO 3166-2 code can then be used to uniquely identify a country subdivision in a global context.

As of 26 November 2018 there are 4,965 codes defined in ISO 3166-2. For some countries, codes are defined for more than one level of subdivisions.

List of ISO 3166 country codes

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) created and maintains the ISO 3166 standard – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. The ISO 3166 standard contains three parts:

ISO 3166-1 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country codes defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. It defines three sets of country codes:

ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 – two-letter country codes which are also used to create the ISO 3166-2 country subdivision codes and the Internet country code top-level domains.

ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 – three-letter country codes which may allow a better visual association between the codes and the country names than the 3166-1 alpha-2 codes.

ISO 3166-1 numeric – three-digit country codes which are identical to those developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division, with the advantage of script (writing system) independence, and hence useful for people or systems using non-Latin scripts.

ISO 3166-2 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision code defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces, states, departments, regions) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-3 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 3: Code for formerly used names of countries defines codes for country names which have been deleted from ISO 3166-1 since its first publication in 1974.The ISO 3166-1 standard currently comprises 249 countries, 193 of which are sovereign states that are members of the United Nations. Many dependent territories in the ISO 3166-1 standard are also listed as a subdivision of their parent country in the ISO 3166-2 standard.

List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 1-4999

This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.

Tz database

The tz database is a collaborative compilation of information about the world's time zones, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems. Paul Eggert is its current editor and maintainer, with the organizational backing of ICANN. The tz database is also known as tzdata, the zoneinfo database or IANA time zone database, and occasionally as the Olson database, referring to the founding contributor, Arthur David Olson.Its uniform naming convention for time zones, such as America/New_York and Europe/Paris, was designed by Paul Eggert. The database attempts to record historical time zones and all civil changes since 1970, the Unix time epoch. It also includes transitions such as daylight saving time, and also records leap seconds.The database, as well as some reference source code, is in the public domain. New editions of the database and code are published as changes warrant, usually several times per year.

ISO 3166 – Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions
ISO 3166-1
country codes
ISO 3166-2
country subdivision codes
ISO 3166-3
codes for former names of countries
ISO standards by standard number
1–9999
10000–19999
20000+

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