It is maintained by the Technical Committee for Information and Documentation (TC 9846).
A format for the exchange of bibliographic Information, it was developed in the 1960s under the direction of Henriette Avram of the Library of Congress to encode the information printed on library cards. It was first created as ANSI/NISO Standard Z39.2, one of the first standards for information technology, and called Information Interchange Format. The 1981 version of the standard was titled Documentation—Format for bibliographic information interchange on magnetic tape. The latest edition of that standard is ANSI/NISO Z39.2-1994 (R2016) (ISSN 1041-5653). The ISO standard supersedes Z39.2. As of December 2008 the current standard is ISO 2709:2008.
An ISO 2709 record has three sections:
Note that although tags are often displayed as labels on bibliographic fields and each bibliographic field has an associated tag, the tags are stored in the directory not in the bibliographic field.
There are three kinds of fields in the ISO 2709 record:
MARC21 is an instance of ISO 2709 that has the following characteristics:
A document management system (DMS) is a system (based on computer programs in the case of the management of digital documents) used to track, manage and store documents and reduce paper. Most are capable of keeping a record of the various versions created and modified by different users (history tracking). The term has some overlap with the concepts of content management systems. It is often viewed as a component of enterprise content management (ECM) systems and related to digital asset management, document imaging, workflow systems and records management systems.IIF
IIF may refer to:
IIf and ?:, the inline-if computing function
Indirect immunofluorescence, one of several types of immunofluorescence
Information Interchange Format (IIF), a record serialization format specified in ISO 2709, also published as ANSI Z39.2.
Institute of International Finance (IIF), an association of international financial institutions
International Indonesia Forum (IIF), an organisation which holds annual interdisciplinary seminars in Indonesia.
International Institute of Forecasters (IIF), a nonprofit organization devoted to advancing the science of forecasting, and publisher of International Journal of Forecasting and Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting.
Intuit Interchange Format, a file format used by Intuit's Quickbooks softwareISO/IEC 2022
ISO/IEC 2022 Information technology—Character code structure and extension techniques, is an ISO standard (equivalent to the ECMA standard ECMA-35) specifying
a technique for including multiple character sets in a single character encoding system, and
a technique for representing these character sets in both 7 and 8 bit systems using the same encoding.Many of the character sets included as ISO/IEC 2022 encodings are 'double byte' encodings where two bytes correspond to a single character. This makes ISO-2022 a variable width encoding. But a specific implementation does not have to implement all of the standard; the conformance level and the supported character sets are defined by the implementation.List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 1-4999
This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.MARC standards
MARC (MAchine-Readable Cataloging) standards are a set of digital formats for the description of items catalogued by libraries, such as books. Working with the Library of Congress, American computer scientist Henriette Avram developed MARC in the 1960s to create records that could be read by computers and shared among libraries. By 1971, MARC formats had become the US national standard for dissemination of bibliographic data. Two years later, they became the international standard.
There are several versions of MARC in use around the world, the most predominant being MARC 21, created in 1999 as a result of the harmonization of U.S. and Canadian MARC formats, and UNIMARC, widely used in Europe. The MARC 21 family of standards now includes formats for authority records, holdings records, classification schedules, and community information, in addition to the format for bibliographic records.NewGenLib
NewGenLib is an integrated library management system developed by Verus Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domain expertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management in Hyderabad, India. NewGenLib version 1.0 was released in March 2005. On 9 January 2008, NewGenLib was declared free and open-source under GNU GPL. The latest version of NewGenLib is 3.1.1 released on 16 April 2015. Many libraries across the globe (mainly from the developing countries) are using NewGenLib as their Primary integrated library management system as seen form the NewGenlib discussion forum.PMB (software)
PMB is a fully featured open source integrated library system. It is continuously developed and maintained by the French company PMB Services.
ISO standards by standard number