ISO 22000

ISO 22000 is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization dealing with food safety. It is a general derivative of ISO 9000.

Food safety

Food safety is linked to the presence of food-borne hazards in food at the point of consumption. Since food safety hazards can occur at any stage in the food chain it is essential that adequate control be in place. Therefore, a combined effort of all parties through the food chain is required.

ISO 22000 standard

The ISO 22000 international standard specifies the requirements for a food safety management system that involves the following elements:

Critical reviews of the above elements have been conducted by many scientists.[1][2][3][4] Communication along the food chain is essential to ensure that all relevant food safety hazards are identified and adequately controlled at each step within the food chain. This implies communication between organizations both upstream and downstream in the food chain. Communication with customers and suppliers about identified hazards and control measures will assist in clarifying customer and supplier requirements.

Recognition of the organization's role and position within the food chain is essential to ensure effective interactive communication throughout the chain in order to deliver safe food products to the final consumer.

The most effective food safety systems are established, operated and updated within the framework of a structured management system and incorporated into the overall management activities of the organization. This provides maximum benefit for the organization and interested parties. ISO 22000 has been aligned with ISO 9001 in order to enhance the compatibility of the two standards.

ISO 22000 can be applied independently of other management system standards or integrated with existing management system requirements.

ISO 22000 integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system and application steps developed by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. By means of auditable requirements, it combines the HACCP plan with prerequisite programmes. Hazard analysis is the key to an effective food safety management system, since conducting a hazard analysis assists in organizing the knowledge required to establish an effective combination of control measures. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed. Thus it provides the means to determine and document why certain identified hazards need to be controlled by a particular organization and why others need not.

During hazard analysis, the organization determines the strategy to be used to ensure hazard control by combining the prerequisite programmes and the HACCP plan.

ISO is developing additional standards that are related to ISO 22000. These standards will be known as the ISO 22000 family of standards. At the present time, the following standards will make up the ISO 22000 family of standards:

ISO 22000 - Food safety management systems - Requirements for any organization in the food chain.

ISO 22001 - Guidelines on the application of ISO 9001:2000 for the food and drink industry (replaces: ISO 15161:2001).

ISO/TS 22002- Prerequisite programmes on food safety—Part 1: Food manufacturing; Part 2: Catering; Part 3: Farming; Part 4: Food packaging manufacturing; Part 6: Feed and animal food production

ISO TS 22003 - Food safety management systems for bodies providing audit and certification of food safety management systems.

ISO TS 22004 - Food safety management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 22000:2005.

ISO 22005 - Traceability in the feed and food chain - General principles and basic requirements for system design and implementation.

ISO 22006 - Quality management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 9002:2000 for crop production.

ISO 22000 is also used as a basis for the Food Safety Systems Certification (FSSC) Scheme FSSC 22000. FSSC 22000 is a Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) approved scheme.

ISO 9001 vs ISO 22000

In comparison with ISO 9001, the standard is a more procedural orientated guidance than a principle based one. Apart from that, ISO 22000 is an industrial-specific risk management system for any type of food processing and marketing, which can be closely incorporated with the quality management system of ISO 9001. The detailed similarities and differences of the two standards can be found elsewhere [5], [6], [7],.[8]

Potential justification

In 2004, the European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium sized Enterprises for Standardisation noted that the standard is only suitable for large sized companies and small food businesses will not be able to seek such a high standard due to the lack of resources to pursue the certification. The agency suggested creating an alternative for small food businesses to achieve the same objective.[9] EFSA is now making their efforts on the food legislations that are adaptable for the SMEs in food supply chains.[10] A few critics also proposed that organizations which seek the standard certification should also do the same to the ISO 14001 along with the ISO 9001, as they consider that large amounts of risks are mainly from the primary production in the supply chains rather than the later stages of food processing [11], [12]

See also


  1. ^ Klaas Wenztel, Richard Jackson of Zimbabwe. "ISO 22000: Requirements for Food Safety Management Systems". Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  2. ^ Hiroshi, Ogawa. "Sterilization and sanitation technologies in the latest food manufacture processes, Total food safety management by ISO 22000 "food safety management system"". Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  3. ^ Mijanović Markuš, Marina (May 2006). "ISOC 22000:2005 and HACCP" (PDF). Festival kvaliteta 2006. Asocijacija za kvalitet i standardizaciju Srbije. Retrieved 17 October 2010.
  4. ^ Prati, R; Deborah A. McIntyre (2004). "The new ISO 22000 (final proposal) norm on food safety management". Ingredienti Alimentari. Chiriotti Editori Spa. 3 (4): 19–21.
  5. ^ Surak, John G. "Comparison of ISO 9001 and ISO 22000" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  6. ^ Faergemand, Jacob; Dorte Jespersen. "ISO 22000 to ensure integrity of food supply chain" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  7. ^ Frost, Roger. "ISO 22000 is first in family of food safety management system standards" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  8. ^ Goichiro, Yukawa. "The points of ISO 22000". Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  9. ^ European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for Standardisation (2004). "Normapme Food Group Position on TC 34 draft standard ISO 22000" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  10. ^ NORMAPME (2007). "Promoting craft and SMEs in the area of European standardisation" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  11. ^ Dias Report (2003). "Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food sector" (PDF). Retrieved 29 February 2008.
  12. ^ URS/PK Project Report (2007). "Training Courses on International Standards and Regulations for the Food Industry" (PDF). Retrieved 29 February 2008.

Further reading

  • Surak, John G. "A Recipe for Safe Food: ISO 22000 and HACCP". Quality Progress. October 2007. pp. 21–27.

External links

Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital

Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital (ABMH) is a multi-speciality medical centre located at Pimpri-Chinchwad in the west Indian state of Maharashtra. The hospital is named for the late Mr. Aditya Birla. Mrs. Rajashree Birla, chairperson of the Aditya Birla Foundation which is funding the medical centre, is steering this project.It is Maharashtra's First Joint Commission International (JCI) and National Accreditation Board for Hospital (NABH) accredited hospital, and also India's First HACCP and ISO: 22000:2005 certified hospital.

Bonn Group of Industries

Bonn group of Industries is food company based in Ludhiana Punjab, India. Founded in 1985, it produces a variety of food products including breads, biscuits, cakes and cookies. These products are sold in both Indian and International markets. The company is registered under ISO 22000 – 2005 Certification by TUV as well as ISO 9001-2008 by TNV Certification. Operations are approved by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The founder and Chairman of the company is Manjit Singh. The Group expanded into many units in northern region of India with their headquarters in Jhabewal, Chandigarh Road, Ludhiana. The factory works are handled by two units running under the names of Bonn Food Industries and Bonn Nutrients Pvt. Ltd.

Dudhsagar Dairy

The Mehsana District Cooperative Milk Producers' Union Ltd., popularly known as Dudhsagar Dairy, is a member of the state-level Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation, Anand. Dudhsagar Dairy is the largest dairy in Asia, processing on an average 1.41 million kilograms of milk each day. It has established a network for procuring milk from 4,500,000 milk producers through 1150 village milk cooperatives.

Today, Dudhsagar Dairy has a membership of over 520,000 dairy farmers. Its consolidated turnover in 2012-13 was more than Rs. 34 billion. The union procured 614.7 million kg of milk during 2012-13 at an average milk procurement of 3.2 million kg of milk per day during peak season.

The union is ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14000:2004, and ISO 22000:2005 certified and is an environment-friendly organisation.

The building was designed by the architect Achyut Kanvinde.

Food safety

Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent food-borne illness. The occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illnesses resulting from the ingestion of a common food is known as a food-borne disease outbreak. This includes a number of routines that should be followed to avoid potential health hazards. In this way food safety often overlaps with food defense to prevent harm to consumers. The tracks within this line of thought are safety between industry and the market and then between the market and the consumer. In considering industry to market practices, food safety considerations include the origins of food including the practices relating to food labeling, food hygiene, food additives and pesticide residues, as well as policies on biotechnology and food and guidelines for the management of governmental import and export inspection and certification systems for foods. In considering market to consumer practices, the usual thought is that food ought to be safe in the market and the concern is safe delivery and preparation of the food for the consumer.

Food can transmit pathogens which can result in the illness or death of the person or other animals. The main mediums are bacteria, viruses, mold, and fungus (which is Latin for mushroom). It can also serve as a growth and reproductive medium for pathogens. In developed countries there are intricate standards for food preparation, whereas in lesser developed countries there are fewer standards and less enforcement of those standards. Another main issue is simply the availability of adequate safe water, which is usually a critical item in the spreading of diseases. In theory, food poisoning is 100% preventable. However this cannot be achieved due to the number of persons involved in the supply chain, as well as the fact that pathogens can be introduced into foods no matter how many precautions are taken.

The five key principles of food hygiene, according to WHO, are:

Prevent contaminating food with pathogens spreading from people, pets, and pests.

Separate raw and cooked foods to prevent contaminating the cooked foods.

Cook foods for the appropriate length of time and at the appropriate temperature to kill pathogens.

Store food at the proper temperature.

Use safe water and safe raw materials.

Fujimitsu Corporation

Content in this edit is translated from the existing Japanese Wikipedia article at フジミツ; see its history for attribution

Fujimitsu Corporation (フジミツ株式会社, Fujimitsu Kabushiki-gaisha) is a manufacturer of fish surimi products based in the city of Nagato, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. In 2008, it was Japan's eighth largest surimi manufacturer in terms of sales. The company's products include surimi standards such as kamaboko, chikuwa, and imitation crab as well as original products, such as Cheese Colone, which are bite-size balls of kamaboko with a cheese food filling. Fujimitsu's Cheese Colone won a bronze medal from Monde Selection in 2010.

Hazard analysis and critical control points

Hazard analysis and critical control points, or HACCP (), is a systematic preventive approach to food safety from biological, chemical, and physical hazards in production processes that can cause the finished product to be unsafe and designs measures to reduce these risks to a safe level. In this manner, HACCP attempts to avoid hazards rather than attempting to inspect finished products for the effects of those hazards. The HACCP system can be used at all stages of a food chain, from food production and preparation processes including packaging, distribution, etc. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) require mandatory HACCP programs for juice and meat as an effective approach to food safety and protecting public health. Meat HACCP systems are regulated by the USDA, while seafood and juice are regulated by the FDA. All other food companies in the United States that are required to register with the FDA under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, as well as firms outside the US that export food to the US, are transitioning to mandatory hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls (HARPC) plans.HACCP is believed to stem from a production process monitoring used during World War II because traditional "end of the pipe" testing on artillery shell's firing mechanisms could not be performed, and a large percentage of the artillery shells made at the time were either duds or misfiring. HACCP itself was conceived in the 1960s when the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) asked Pillsbury to design and manufacture the first foods for space flights. Since then, HACCP has been recognized internationally as a logical tool for adapting traditional inspection methods to a modern, science-based, food safety system. Based on risk-assessment, HACCP plans allow both industry and government to allocate their resources efficiently in establishing and auditing safe food production practices. In 1994, the organization International HACCP Alliance was established, initially to assist the US meat and poultry industries with implementing HACCP, and now its membership has been spread over other professional and industrial areas.Hence, HACCP has been increasingly applied to industries other than food, such as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. This method, which in effect seeks to plan out unsafe practices based on science, differs from traditional "produce and sort" quality control methods that do nothing to prevent hazards from occurring and must identify them at the end of the process. HACCP is focused only on the health safety issues of a product and not the quality of the product, yet HACCP principles are the basis of most food quality and safety assurance systems. In the United States, HACCP compliance is regulated by 21 CFR part 120 and 123. Similarly, FAO and WHO published a guideline for all governments to handle the issue in small and less developed food businesses.


Heladiv is a tea company based in Sri Lanka. The company commenced operations in 1990 as HVA Lanka Exports Pvt. Ltd., an affiliate of a Dutch-based agricultural development company, Hans Veering Amsterdam (The Trading Company of Amsterdam). In 1993 the company reverted to 100% Sri Lankan ownership.In 2001 they introduced the concept of Tetra Paking of Iced Tea to Sri Lanka. In 2007 the company received an ISO 22000 accreditation by Bureau Veritas and was awarded the Lanka Star, for Packaging Excellence from the Sri Lanka Institute of Packaging, and a Soorya Sinha Award from the Mawbima Lanka Padanama.In 2011 the company was publicly listed on the Sri Lankan stock exchange.The brand name, Heladiv, is derived from the word "Heladiva", which means our land. The Heladiv product range includes ice tea, regular tea bags, flavoured tea bags, green tea, flavoured green tea, herbal infusions, leaf tea in pouches, pet jars, metal canisters, wooden boxes and gift packs.

The company operates over fifty tea cafes across China and a tea lounge in Colombo. The brand Heladiv is registered and sold in over 40 countries.

In 2014/2015 the company generated a gross profit of Rs 113,838,502.

Indian Register Quality Systems

Indian Register Quality Systems (IRQS) is an Indian company that specializes in implementing quality management systems and training companies on these certifications. IRQS is department functioning under the parent organisation Indian register of shipping (IRS) which was formed as a public limited company.


Kasapreko Company Limited (KCL) is a Ghanaian ISO 22000:2005 certified indigenous manufacturer and producer of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks. Alomo Bitters a herbal based alcoholic drink is KCL's flagship product. Kasapreko was 6th according to the 2012 Ghana Club 100 rankings. In 2017 KCL was awarded top Ghanaian company in the competitive beverage sector by the Association of Ghana Industries.

Kowloon Dairy

Kowloon Dairy Limited is one of three dairy producers in Hong Kong. It was established by George Ahwee and Rudy Choy in 1940.

List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 22000-23999

This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.

Madhu Jayanti International

Madhu Jayanti International Limited manufactures and exports Tea. It operates seven brands across the world and is also a manufacturer for multiple private label tea brands.

Its private labels, as well their own brands, are distributed in Africa, Russia, Europe and in the UK. The company manages tea packing plants in Kolkata, Coimbatore, Guwahati and also a unit in Vladivostok, Russia. It is certified with ISO 22000, Hazard analysis and critical control points or HACCP, BRC(Grade A), KOSHER (U&C), Halal, SA8000, GSV, and IFS(Higher Level).

Mazaidar Haleem

Mazaidar Haleem is a food brand and chain based in Karachi, Pakistan, which makes haleem. It was founded by Hanif Khan. The chain operates two branches in Karachi. Mazaidar Food is a Unique Food chain that has a large variety of Desi, Fast food, Bar B-Q foods with the finest quality, and hygienically cooked foods and packed tins. Mazaidar remains its quality as mazaidar is an ISO 22000-2005 Certified company and by the choice of the people, Mazaidar food is the winner of Brand Of The Year Award for 2013 and 2017. Food is Tested by the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR). Mazaidar food Is 100% Halal Certified by Renaissance Inspection & Certification agency.The company is described as a leading maker of Haleem in Karachi, which is popular throughout Pakistan and exported internationally.

Monde Nissin

Monde Nissin Corporation (d/b/a Monde Nissin and abbreviated as MNC) is a Philippine-based company that manufactures noodles, biscuits, packaged baked goods, and culinary aids under the brands Lucky Me!, Nissin, Voice, Bingo, and Monde.

Monde Nissin's subsidiaries include Monde M.Y. San, manufacturer of iconic biscuit brands SkyFlakes and Fita; Monde Nissin Thailand; and Monde Nissin Australia, comprising the businesses Black Swan, Nudie, and Menora Foods. The company also distributes Kellogg's, Mama Sita's, and Dutch Mill in the Philippines.

The Monde Nissin main plant has adapted a management system in line with ISO 22000:2005 to conform to the international standards for Food Safety Management Systems.

Since 2000, Monde Nissin has been consistently included in the top 50 corporations in the Philippines based on gross revenues.

Namma Veedu Vasanta Bhavan

Namma Veedu Vasanta Bhavan (Tamil: நம்ம வீடு வஸந்த பவன்) is a chain of vegetarian restaurants headquartered in Egmore, Chennai, India, started in 1969.

Natural Ice Cream

Natural Ice Cream is an ice cream brand owned by Mangalore-based Kamaths Ourtimes Ice Creams Pvt. Ltd. It was founded by Raghunandan S Kamath who opened its first store at Juhu, Vile Parle (Mumbai) in 1984. The company manufactures under Kamaths Ourtimes and retail operations under its subsidiary company Kamaths Natural Retail Pvt. Ltd. Kamaths Ourtimes is an ISO 22000:2005 certified company. The 2017 rebranding effort, which established the ‘Taste the Original’ tagline, was aimed at setting it apart from me-too brands popping up.[1]

Nigel Howard Croft

Nigel Howard Croft (born 1956 in Rotherham, South Yorkshire, UK) was appointed as Chairman of ISO’s Technical Committee TC 176/SC 2 in February 2010, with overall responsibility for the ISO 9001 standard, used worldwide as a basis for certification of quality management systems, and the ISO 9004 guidelines standard aimed at improving organisational performance, among others. His third and final term as Chairman expired at the end of 2018. He has subsequently been appointed to lead the revision of "Annex SL" of the ISO Directives, that forms the basis for over 40 management system standards including those on environmental management (ISO 14001), Occupational Health and Safety (ISO 45001), Information Security (ISO 27001), Anti-bribery (ISO 37001), Food Safety (ISO 22000) and many more.

Safefood 360°

Safefood 360, Inc. is a food safety management software company founded in Dublin, Ireland, and now headquartered in Manhattan, New York, United States. The company operates globally on four continents, including Europe, North America, Australia, and Africa.

The main product of Safefood 360, Inc. is an internet based food safety management system, which is used by food manufacturing businesses for managing food safety programs.


Zealong is a New Zealand tea company based in Hamilton, New Zealand, where local climate, terroir, and lack of heavy frost aid in growing the camellia sinensis tea plant and encouraged initial propagation trials in 1996. It is the first commercial tea plantation in New Zealand. They specialise in high-quality loose teas, green, oolong, and black, and are organic or conversion organic certified, Halal certified, and ISO 22000 / HACCP certified.

In January 2010, the company opened a restaurant on the estate, Camellia Tea House. The same year, Zealong gift boxes have been voted world's best packaging by The Dieline, the world's #1 package design website.A successful export company and a Waikato icon cited for its innovative approach, ambition and support to local economy, Zealong has triggered overseas medias' curiosity, particularly in China and Taiwan, where this type of tea historically originates from. Popular New Zealand investigation programme Campbell live showcased Zealong in 2009 and case-studied the company as part of their subject on counterfeit products and the historical drought that hit the country in 2013.In September 2016, Zealong signed an export agreement with German tea retailer TeeGschwendner.

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