ISO 2146

ISO 2146 is an ISO standard defining an information model for "registry services for libraries and related organisations".[1] Operating at a higher level than item-level standards such as MARC, it takes as principal elements parties (people or organisations), collections (of books, data, etc.), services and activities (grants, projects, etc.)

The first edition of ISO 2146 was published in 1972,[2] as "Directories of libraries, information and documentation centres"; the second edition was published in 1988.[3] The third edition was initially driven by the need to support interlibrary loan services online, but it has been broadened in scope to encompass the rules for registries operating in a network environment to provide the information about collections, parties, activities and services needed by libraries and related organizations to manage their collections and deliver information and documentation services across a range of applications and domains.

The third edition reached publication stage in March 2010.[4]


The Research Data Australia service (formerly the ANDS Collections Registry) run by the Australian National Data Service uses RIF-CS, a profile of ISO 2146, as a data interchange format.[5]

External links


  1. ^ ISO 2146:2010: Information and documentation - Registry services for libraries and related organizations
  2. ^ ISO 2146:1972: Directories of libraries, information and documentation centres
  3. ^ ISO 2146:1988: Documentation - Directories of libraries, archives, information and documentation centres, and their data bases
  4. ^ ISO library registry standard adapts to the digital age
  5. ^ About RIF-CS (ANDS)
Australian National Data Service

The Australian National Data Service (ANDS) was established in 2008 in order to help address the challenges of storing and managing Australia's research data, and making it discoverable and accessible for validation and reuse. It was a joint collaboration between Monash University, The Australian National University and CSIRO. In 2018 ANDS was merged with Nectar and Research Data Services to form the Australian Research Data Commons.

List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 1-4999

This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.


The Registry Interchange Format - Collections and Services (RIF-CS) is an XML vocabulary for representing metadata about data collections and related entities based on ISO 2146.It is a machine-readable format to describe metadata about data collections. Similar to how MARC standards are used by library systems to describe books, RIF-CS is used to describe data collections.

For example, a RIF-CS record can describe a spreadsheet containing experimental results: it might contain the title, description, creator, keywords, date the experiment was conducted and a URL to obtain the actual spreadsheet. Another RIF-CS record can describe the person who created the spreadsheet: it might contain their name, address and contact email.

RIF-CS documents, containing RIF-CS records, are exchanged between computer systems. For example, a university can send the RIF-CS documents to a national database, where it can be indexed and searched. People can download RIF-CS records from a national database to use the information to find out more about the data and/or the researcher.

ISO standards by standard number

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