ISO 13567 is an international Computer-aided design (CAD) layer standard.
The standard is divided into three parts:
Standard has been developed by Technical Committee TC 10 (Technical product documentation) Subcommittee SC 8 (Construction documentation); Refer. ICS: 01.110; 35.240.10.
CAD layer names are structured as a series of mandatory and optional fixed length fields, composed as a continuous alpha-numerical text string.
(2 characters, indicating the person or organisation responsible for the layer information
-- manufacturer, A- architect A2 architect#2 on the same project B- building surveyors C- civil engineers E- electrical engineers F- facility engineers G- GIS engineers and land surveyors H- heating and ventilating engineers I- interior designers L- landscape architects Q- quantity surveyors S- structural engineers T- town and country planners W- contractors X- sub-contractors Y- specialist designers
(6 characters, indicating the functional parts of construction works or structure): follows a classification system like SfB building codes or Uniclass codes;
(2 characters, related to the information graphical presentation)
-- whole model and drawing page, E- element graphics (Model space) T- text (M) H- hatching (M) D- dimensions (M) J- section/detail marks (M) K- revision marks (M) G- Grid graphic and dimension (M) U- user red lines & construction lines (M) B- Border (Page/Paper space) V- text, title, notes (P) I- tabular information, legends, schedules, tables/query (P) -1 language#1 or pen thickness#1 or text height#1
(1 character, status of the physical part, ISO code)
- whole, no subdivision N new part E existing to remain R to be removed T temporary O to be moved original position F to be moved final position
(4 characters, physical subdivision of construction work, recommended to use ISO 4157-2/3 codes)
---- whole project, all levels all blocks 00-- ground floor 02-- 2nd floor -1-- basement SA-- section AA EA-- elevation A EB-- elevation B --B1 block 1 --A- zone A 01B1 1st floor block#1 -2-- 2nd basement level 01A- storey 01 zone A
(1 character, time or logical subdivision of work)
- whole duration P pre-design/preliminary D design R procurement C construction O post-construction 1 phase#1 (pre-design) 2 phase#2 3 phase#3 (licence design)
(1 character, work multiple views differentiation, ISO code)
- all 0 plan 1 elevation 2 section 3 3D model
(1 character, classification of layer information by the scale of final drawing, ISO code)
- all A 1:1 B 1:5 C 1:10 D 1:20 E 1:50 F 1:100 G 1:200 H 1:500 I 1:1000 J 1:2000 K 1:5000 1 1:1-5 2 1:5-20 3 1:20-50 4 1:20-100 5 1:50-200 6 1:200-500 7 1:500-1000
(2 characters, materials and/or work sections)
RC reinforced concrete SS structural steel 23 phase#23
(unlimited, additional subdivision or help plain description): description or subdivision.
- (hyphenation) not used field _ (underscore) relative to all possible characters
In practice, application of ISO 13567 fields can lead to short names (only mandatory fields), or much longer names (use of some or all optional fields in complex projects).
Agent is Architect, using ISO 13567 and UniClass or CI/SfB Classification System.
A-------E-: all elements A-------T-: text A-------H-: hatchings A-------D-: dimensions A-------J-: section/detail marks A-------K-: revision marks A-------G-: grid (graphics and dimensions) A-------U-: user (red and construction lines)
A-------B-: border (border lines/frame and other graphics) in paper space A-------V-: text (title and notes) in paper space A-------I-: tabular information (legends, schedules and tables) in paper space
A-------E-N: new work elements A-------E-E: elements existing to remain A-------E-R: elements existing to be removed
A-------E1: line thickness 0,13 mm A-------E2: line thickness 0,18 mm A-------E3: line thickness 0,25 mm A-------E4: line thickness 0,35 mm A-------E5: line thickness 0,50 mm A-------E6: line thickness 0,70 mm
A-------T1: text height 1,8 mm A-------T2: text height 2,5 mm A-------T3: text height 3,5 mm A-------T4: text height 5,0 mm A-------T5: text height 7,0 mm A-------T6: text height 10,0 mm
Using UniClass Table G and Table H (exceptionally F and J tables).
A-F1----E-: zones (blocks, wings, floors, departments) A-F2----E-: rooms A-F2----T-: room numbers and text A-F3----E-: circulation (foyers, halls, stairs, corridors, gangways) A-F9----E-: building space analysed (areas) A-F911--E-: usable area (ISO 9836) A-F912--E-: circulation area (ISO 9836) A-F913--E-: services area (ISO 9836) A-F914--E-: structural element area (ISO 9836) A-F919--E-: gross area (ISO 9836)
A-G-----E-: building A-G11---E-: site clearance A-G12---E-: ground contouring A-G2----E-: building fabric A-G21---E-: foundations A-G21---E5: foundations in section A-G22---E-: floors, slabs A-G22---E5: floors, slabs in section A-G23---E-: stairs (incl. balaustrades), ramps A-G23---E5: stairs and ramps in section A-G24---E-: roofs A-G24---E5: roofs in section A-G25---E-: walls A-G25---E5: walls in section A-G251--E-: external walls A-G252--E-: internal walls A-G253--E-: walls retaining A-G26---E-: structural frame, columns, beams, bracing A-G26---E5: structural frame, columns, beams, bracing in section A-G261--E-: beams A-G262--E-: columns A-G3----E-: fabric: parts of elements A-G312--E-: coverings or external finishes A-G321--E-: windows A-G322--E-: doors A-G33---E-: internal finishes (on floor, ceilings, walls) A-G331--E-: floor finishes A-G332--E-: ceilings/soffit finishes A-G333--E-: internal wall finishes A-G4----E-: fittings, furnitures, equipments A-G44---E-: sanitary fittings A-G50---E-: water supply (water pipes) A-G501--E-: cold water A-G502--E-: hot water A-G51---E-: gas supply A-G52---E-: heating/ventilation/air conditioning (HVAC) (HVAC ductworks) A-G53---E-: electric power (cable runs) A-G54---E-: lighting fixtures (fittings) A-G55---E-: communications (radio, TV, telephones, computer networks) A-G561--E-: lifts A-G562--E-: escalators A-G57---E-: protection (security, fire) A-G581--E-: removal /disposal, drainage A-G6----E-: energy (heat, electricity) generation, storage and conversion A-G621--E-: tanks A-G7----E-: external site works A-G71---E-: surface treatment of external site (hard surfaces, landscaping) A-G72---E-: enclosures of external site (fence, walls) A-G74---E-: fittings/furnitures/equipment of external site (manholes) A-G77---E-: underground drainage in external site (drain runs)
A-H-----E-: civil engineering works (non-building) A-H1----E-: pavements and landscaping (ground, pavements, etc.) A-H122--E-: surfacing to pavements and hard landscaping A-H123--E-: edgework to pavements and hard landscaping A-H132--E-: electrical installations (mechanical, lighting, power, communications) A-H142--E-: fittings A-H1422-E-: signs A-H1424-E-: street furniture A-H735--E-: drainage (non building)
A-JE0---E-: concrete A-JF1---E-: block/brick work A-JF2---E-: stone A-JG1---E-: metal A-JG10--E-: structural steel A-JG2---E-: timber A-JK3---E-: glass
A-Z1----V-: title sheet A-Z22---V-: annotation (in paper space) A-Z2211-T-: tags A-Z2212-T-: labels A-Z2213-T-: references A-Z22131T-: room references A-Z22132T-: door references A-Z22133T-: window references A-Z224--I-: legends (in paper space) A-Z226--E-: key plan A-Z227--E-: barscales A-Z228--E-: north point A-Z23---D-: dimensions A-Z24---H-: hatching A-Z241--E-: hatch boundaries A-Z31---E-: external reference (Xref) A-Z33---I-: tables and schedules A-Z34---E-: images A-Z41---E-: points A-Z42---G-: gridlines A-Z5----E-: drawing symbols A-Z521--J-: section marks A-Z522--J-: break marks A-Z524--J-: void and opening markers A-Z7----E-: presentation A-Z71---E-: vehicles A-Z72---E-: people A-Z73---E-: trees and planting A-Z74---H-: hatching A-Z8----U-: read me and non-plotting A-Z81---U-: construction lines
Note: Elements cut by section has been provisionally indicated as A-****--E5 (reflecting the use of a wider line). An alternative -but longest- notation could be A-****--E-------2 (defining the view as section) or A-****--ES.
A-100---E-: substructure A-110---E-: groundwork A-160---E-: foundations A-170---E-: pile foundations A-210---E-: external walls A-214---E-: external curtain walls A-220---E-: internal walls A-226---E-: internal framing & cladding A-230---E-: floors A-240---E-: stairs A-270---E-: roofs A-28----E-: building frames A-280---E-: beams and columns A-281---E-: metal columns A-282---E-: concrete columns A-283---E-: metal beams A-284---E-: concrete beams A-285---E-: timber beams A-310---E-: external wall completions A-314---E-: external windows A-315---E-: external doors A-320---E-: internal wall completions A-324---E-: internal windows A-325---E-: internal doors A-330---E-: floor completions A-340---E-: stairs A-350---E-: ceilings A-370---E-: roof completions A-374---E-: roof windows A-410---E-: external wall finishes A-420---E-: internal wall finishes A-430---E-: floor finishes A-440---E-: stair finishes A-450---E-: ceiling finishes A-470---E-: roof finishes A-5-----E-: services, non electrical A-500---E-: mechanical A-52----E-: waste disposal, drainage A-53----E-: water & liquid supply A-54----E-: gas supply A-55----E-: space cooling, refrigeration A-56----E-: space heating A-57----E-: ventilation A-59----E-: parts, accessories to piped, ducted services A-6-----E-: services, mainly electrical A-600---E-: electrical A-61----E-: electrical supply A-62----E-: power supply A-63----E-: lighting A-630---E-: lamps A-640---E-: communications A-65----E-: telecommunications A-660---E-: transports A-661---E-: lifts A-68----E-: security protection A-700---E-: general fittings & furniture A-71----E-: circulation fitting A-72----E-: rest, work fittings A-73----E-: kitchens, culinary fittings A-74----E-: sanitary fittings A-75----E-: cleaning fittings A-76----E-: storage fittings A-77----E-: special activity fittings A-78----E-: loose fittings A-900---E-: external works A-910---E-: site information A-920---E-: survey information A-930---E-: land drainage/services A-940---E-: landscaping A-950---E-: hard surfaces A-960---E-: utilities A-970---E-: fences/equipment A-980---E-: special landscaping A-990---E-: environmental data
CAD Standards are a set of guidelines for the way Computer-aided drafting (CAD), or (CADD) Computer Aided Design and Drawing, drawings should appear, to improve productivity and interchange of CAD documents between different offices and CAD programs, especially in architecture and engineering.History of software
Software is programmed instructions stored in the memory of stored-program digital computers for execution by the processor. Software is a recent development in human history, and it is fundamental to the Information Age.
Charles Babbage's programs for his Analytical Engine in the 19th century are often considered the founding of the discipline, though both mathematicians' efforts remained theoretical only, as the technology of Babbage's day proved insufficient to build his computer. Alan Turing is credited with being the first person to come up with a theory for software in 1935, which led to the two academic fields of computer science and software engineering.
The first generation of software for early stored program digital computers in the late 1940s had its instructions written directly in binary code, generally written for mainframe computers. Later, the development of modern programming languages alongside the advancement of the home computer would greatly widen the scope and breadth of available software, beginning with assembly language, and continuing on through functional programming and object-oriented programming paradigms.ISO 128
ISO 128 is an international standard (ISO), about the general principles of presentation in technical drawings, specifically the graphical representation of objects on technical drawings.List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 12000-13999
This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.
ISO standards by standard number