ISO 13399

ISO 13399 (Cutting tool data representation and exchange) is an international technical standard by ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) for the computer-interpretable representation and exchange of industrial product data about cutting tools and toolholders. The objective is to provide a mechanism capable of describing product data regarding cutting tools, independent from any particular system. The nature of this description makes it suitable not only for neutral file exchange (free of proprietary format constraints), but also as a basis for implementing and sharing product databases and archiving, regarding cutting tools.

Typically ISO 13399 can be used to exchange data between computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), computer-aided engineering (CAE), tool management software, product data management (PDM/EDM), manufacturing resource planning (MRP) or enterprise resource planning (ERP), and other computer-aided technologies (CAx) and systems.

The usage of the ISO 13399 standard will simplify the exchange of data for cutting tools. Expected results are lower cost for managing the information about tools and a more accurate and efficient usage of manufacturing resources. The ISO 13399 has been developed with contributions from AB Sandvik Coromant, the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Kennametal Inc, and Ferroday Ltd.

ISO 13399 is developed and maintained by the ISO technical committee TC 29, Small tools, sub-committee WG34. Like other ISO and IEC standards ISO 13399 is copyright by ISO and is not freely available. Other standards developed and maintained by ISO TC29/WG34 are:


ISO 13399 is divided into several parts:

  • Part 1: Overview, fundamental principles and general information model
  • Part 2: Reference dictionary for cutting items
  • Part 3: Reference dictionary for tool items
  • Part 4: Reference dictionary for adaptive items
  • Part 5: Reference dictionary for assembly items
  • Part 50: Reference dictionary for reference systems and common concepts
  • Part 60: Reference dictionary for connection systems
  • Part 100: Definitions, principles and methods for reference dictionaries
  • Part 150: Usage guidelines

ISO 13399 defines a data model for cutting tool information using the EXPRESS modelling language. Application data according to this data model can be exchanged either by a STEP-File, STEP-XML or via shared database access using SDAI.

The dictionary (reference data library) of ISO 13399 currently uses PLIB (ISO 13584, IEC 61360).

External links

EXPRESS (data modeling language)

EXPRESS is a standard data modeling language for product data. EXPRESS is formalized in the ISO Standard for the Exchange of Product model STEP (ISO 10303), and standardized as ISO 10303-11.

List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 12000-13999

This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.

Sandvik Coromant

Sandvik Coromant is a Swedish company that supplies cutting tools and services to the metal cutting industry.

Sandvik Coromant is headquartered in Sandviken, Sweden and is represented in more than 130 countries with some 8,000 employees worldwide. It is part of the business area of Sandvik Machining Solutions, which is within the global industrial group Sandvik. (In 2012, Sandvik was named #58 on Forbes’ “The World’s Most Innovative Companies” list.)The company began as a small, production unit for cemented carbide tools in Sandviken, Sweden when Wilhelm Haglund was assigned the job as manager of the unit in 1942. However, new innovations and manufacturing methods led to the establishment of a more industrialized unit in Gimo, Sweden in 1951. Today, Sandvik Coromant is a global company with production facilities connected worldwide to three distribution centers in the US, Europe and Asia.

Tool management

Tool management is needed in metalworking so that the information regarding the tools on hand can be uniformly organized and integrated. The information is stored in a database and is registered and applied using tool management. Tool data management consists of specific data fields, graphics and parameters that are essential in production, as opposed to managing general production equipment.

Unlike hand tools, a tool in numerically (digitally) controlled machines is composed of several parts, such as the cutting tool (which may be one piece or comprise a body plus indexable inserts), a collet, and a toolholder with a machine taper. Putting the parts together accurately into an assembly is required to achieve error-free production.

Processing a part with a CNC (computer numerically controlled) machining operation requires several tool assemblies that are documented in a list. Each component, each assembly and each list has an identifier under which the specifications are found. Tool management is divided into documentation (master data) and logistics (transaction data). The documentation includes information needed for a trouble-free and a comprehensible production process. Spare parts, experiences in production and the corresponding data can be managed. Several functions are available to manage, process, print and combine with other applications.

Logistics deals with demand planning, supplies and tool location. This includes, on one hand, the location in the warehouse and the purchasing of individual parts with the corresponding consumption report. It also allows for the planning and coordination of the movements of the assemblies within the shop floor.

In the decades of the 2000s and 2010s, tool management has increasingly moved toward a universal, industry-standard, machine-readable format for encoding tooling information, which makes possible better software, greater automation, and better simulation. ISO 13399 (Cutting tool data representation and exchange) "is an international standard designed to give industry a common language to describe cutting tool products in a digital format."

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