ISO 10303-28

STEP-XML is a short term for ISO 10303-28, Industrial automation systems and integration—Product data representation and exchange—Part 28: Implementation methods: XML representations of EXPRESS schema and data. STEP-XML specifies the use of the Extensible Markup Language (XML) to represent EXPRESS schema (ISO 10303-11) and the data that is governed by those EXPRESS schema. It is an alternative method to STEP-File for the exchange of data according to ISO 10303.

The following specifications are within the scope of ISO 10303-28:

  • Late Bound XML markup declaration set, independent of all EXPRESS schemas, to describe the XML representation of the data governed by each schema
  • Early Bound XML markup declaration sets, for each of the schemas, to describe the XML representation of the data governed by that specific schema
  • The mapping between the schema-specific and schema-independent XML markup declarations
  • The form of XML documents containing EXPRESS schemas and/or data governed by EXPRESS schemas
  • The XML markup declarations that enables XML representation of EXPRESS schemas
  • The representation of EXPRESS primitive data type values as element content and as XML attribute values.

The following specifications are outside the scope of ISO 10303-28:

  • XML markup declarations that depend on the semantic intent of the corresponding EXPRESS schema
  • The mapping from an XML markup declaration to an EXPRESS schema. Note: Given an XML markup declaration set and its corresponding data set(s), it is possible to create an EXPRESS schema that captures the semantic intent of the data. However, this would requires an understanding of the meaning and use of the data that may not be captured by the XML markup declarations.
  • The mapping from an XML representation of an EXPRESS schema back to the initial EXPRESS schema
  • The mapping from the XML markup declarations that have been derived from an EXPRESS schema back to the initial EXPRESS schema
  • The mapping of the final use of an XML schema.
EXPRESS (data modeling language)

EXPRESS is a standard data modeling language for product data. EXPRESS is formalized in the ISO Standard for the Exchange of Product model STEP (ISO 10303), and standardized as ISO 10303-11.

Industry Foundation Classes

The Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data model is intended to describe building and construction industry data.

It is a platform neutral, open file format specification that is not controlled by a single vendor or group of vendors. It is an object-based file format with a data model developed by buildingSMART (formerly the International Alliance for Interoperability, IAI) to facilitate interoperability in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, and is a commonly used collaboration format in Building information modeling (BIM) based projects. The IFC model specification is open and available. It is registered by ISO and is an official International Standard ISO 16739-1:2018.

Because of its focus on ease of interoperability between software platforms, the Danish government has made the use of IFC format(s) compulsory for publicly aided building projects. Also, the Finnish state-owned facility management company Senate Properties demands use of IFC compatible software and BIM in all their projects. Also the Norwegian Government, Health and Defense client organisations require use of IFC BIM in all projects as well as many municipalities, private clients, contractors and designers have integrated IFC BIM in their business.

List of XML markup languages

This is a list of notable XML markup languages.

ISO standards by standard number

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