ISO/IEC 8859-14

ISO/IEC 8859-14:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 14: Latin alphabet No. 8 (Celtic), is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII-based standard character encodings, first edition published in 1998. It is informally referred to as Latin-8 or Celtic. It was designed to cover the Celtic languages, such as Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton.

ISO-8859-14 is the IANA preferred charset name for this standard when supplemented with the C0 and C1 control codes from ISO/IEC 6429. CeltScript made an extension for Windows called Extended Latin-8. Microsoft has assigned code page 28604 a.k.a. Windows-28604 to ISO-8859-14.[1]

History

ISO-8859-14 was originally proposed for the Sami languages.[2] ISO 8859-12 was proposed for Celtic.[3] Later, ISO 8859-12 was proposed for Devanagari, so the Celtic proposal was changed to ISO 8859-14. The Sami proposal was changed to ISO 8859-15, but it got rejected. Some of the code points were originally different.[4]

Codepage layout

ISO/IEC 8859-14
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
1_
16
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
$
0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_
96
`
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_
112
p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
|
007C
}
007D
~
007E
8_
128
9_
144
A_
160
NBSP
00A0

1E02

1E03
£
00A3
Ċ
010A
ċ
010B

1E0A
§
00A7

1E80
©
00A9

1E82

1E0B

1EF2
SHY
00AD
®
00AE
Ÿ
0178
B_
176

1E1E

1E1F
Ġ
0120
ġ
0121

1E40

1E41

00B6

1E56

1E81

1E57

1E83

1E60

1EF3

1E84

1E85

1E61
C_
192
À
00C0
Á
00C1
Â
00C2
Ã
00C3
Ä
00C4
Å
00C5
Æ
00C6
Ç
00C7
È
00C8
É
00C9
Ê
00CA
Ë
00CB
Ì
00CC
Í
00CD
Î
00CE
Ï
00CF
D_
208
Ŵ
0174
Ñ
00D1
Ò
00D2
Ó
00D3
Ô
00D4
Õ
00D5
Ö
00D6

1E6A
Ø
00D8
Ù
00D9
Ú
00DA
Û
00DB
Ü
00DC
Ý
00DD
Ŷ
0176
ß
00DF
E_
224
à
00E0
á
00E1
â
00E2
ã
00E3
ä
00E4
å
00E5
æ
00E6
ç
00E7
è
00E8
é
00E9
ê
00EA
ë
00EB
ì
00EC
í
00ED
î
00EE
ï
00EF
F_
240
ŵ
0175
ñ
00F1
ò
00F2
ó
00F3
ô
00F4
õ
00F5
ö
00F6

1E6B
ø
00F8
ù
00F9
ú
00FA
û
00FB
ü
00FC
ý
00FD
ŷ
0177
ÿ
00FF

  Letter   Number   Punctuation   Symbol   Other   undefined   Differences from ISO-8859-1

Draft

The first draft had positions A0-BF different. It did not include the pilcrow sign, but included the cent sign instead at its Latin-1 position. Later, it was ruled that the pilcrow sign was more common, so the pilcrow sign remains at its Latin-1 position, and the cent sign was removed instead.

Draft layout

Differences from ISO/IEC 8859-14 are boxed. Only A0-BF is shown, the rest corresponding to the current ISO 8859-14.

ISO/IEC 8859-14 draft
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
A_
160
NBSP
00A0

1E02
¢
00A2
£
00A3

1E03
Ċ
010A
ċ
010B
§
00A7

1E80
©
00A9

1E82

1E60

1EF2
SHY
00AD
®
00AE
Ÿ
0178
B_
176

1E0A

1E0B

1E1E

1E1F
Ġ
0120
ġ
0121

1E40

1E41

1E81

1E56

1E83

1E61

1EF3

1E84

1E85

1E57

References

  1. ^ "SheetJS/js-codepage". GitHub.
  2. ^ Everson, Michael. "Proposed ISO 8859-14 (later 15)".
  3. ^ Everson, Michael. "Proposed ISO 8859-12 (later 14)".
  4. ^ Everson, Michael. "Proposed ISO 8859-14".

External links

Gaelic type

Gaelic type (sometimes called Irish character, Irish type, or Gaelic script) is a family of Insular script typefaces devised for printing Classical Gaelic. It was widely used from the 16th until the mid-18th century (Scotland) or the mid-20th century (Ireland) but is now rarely used. Sometimes, all Gaelic typefaces are called Celtic or uncial although most Gaelic types are not uncials. The "Anglo-Saxon" types of the 17th century are included in this category because both the Anglo-Saxon types and the Gaelic/Irish types derive from the Insular manuscript hand.

The terms Gaelic type, Gaelic script and Irish character translate the Irish phrase cló Gaelach (pronounced [kl̪ˠoː ˈɡˠeːl̪ˠəx]). In Ireland, the term cló Gaelach is used in opposition to the term cló Rómhánach, Roman type.

The Scottish Gaelic term is corra-litir (pronounced [kʰɔrˠə ˈliʰtʲɪɾʲ]). Alasdair mac Mhaighstir Alasdair was one of the last Scottish writers with the ability to write in this script, but his main work, Ais-Eiridh na Sean Chánoin Albannaich, was published in the Roman script.

ISO-IR-182

ISO-IR-182 is a Welsh variant of ISO/IEC 8859-1 that supports the Welsh language. However, it lacks the letters used in the Irish language (which are in ISO/IEC 8859-14).

L8

L8 may refer to:

HMS L8, a British submarine

L-8, a L class blimp of the US Navy that turned up without its crew over Daly City, California in 1942

Lotta Schelin, a Swedish football player

an internal designation for the Daimler CL.I German fighter aircraft

ISO/IEC 8859-14 (Latin-8), an 8-bit character set

List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 8000-8999

This is a list of published International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards and other deliverables. For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue.The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased. However, about 300 of the standards produced by ISO and IEC's Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC1) have been made freely and publicly available.

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