ISO/IEC 7810

ISO/IEC 7810 Identification cards — Physical characteristics is an international standard that defines the physical characteristics for identification cards.[1]

The characteristics specified include:

  • Physical dimensions
  • Resistance to bending, flame, chemicals, temperature, and humidity
  • Toxicity

The standard includes test methods for resistance to heat.[2]

ISO IEC 7810
Illustration of ISO/IEC 7810 sizes in millimetres
Payment cards commonly use the ISO/IEC 7810 ID-1 format.

Card sizes

The standard defines four card sizes: ID-1, ID-2, ID-3 and ID-000.[3]

Format Dimensions Usage
ID-1 85.60 × 53.98 mm Most banking cards and ID cards
ID-2 105 × 74 mm French and other ID cards; Visas
ID-3 125 × 88 mm US government ID cards
ID-000 25 × 15 mm SIM cards

All card sizes have a thickness of 0.76 mm (1/32 in).

The standard defines both metric and imperial measurements, noting that:[4]

Numeric values in the SI and/or Imperial measurement system [...] may have been rounded off and therefore are consistent with, but not exactly equal to, each other. Either system may be used, but the two should not be intermixed or reconverted. The original design was made using the Imperial measurement system.


The ID-1 format specifies a size of 85.60 × 53.98 mm (​3 38 in × ​2 18 in) and rounded corners with a radius of 2.88–3.48 mm (about ​18 in). It is commonly used for payment cards (ATM cards, credit cards, debit cards, etc.). Today it is also used for driving licences in many countries. This format is also used for personal identity cards in some countries, automated fare collection system cards for public transport, in retail loyalty cards, and it is one fairly common format for business cards.. Both the recently issued Irish and much older U.S. passport cards, crew member certificates (particularly for aircrew[5]), as well as most national identity cards in the European Economic Area also use the ID-1 format.


The ID-2 format specifies a size of 105 × 74 mm (4.134 × 2.913 in). This size is the A7 format. The ID-2 format is used, for example, for visas. It is used for the French and Romanian identity card, and was also used by the German identity card issued until October 2010. Since November 2010, German ID cards are issued in the ID-1 format more widely used in Europe for national ID cards. It was previously also used for Finnish and Swedish drivers' licences before those changed to the ID-1 format.


ID-3 specifies a size of 125 × 88 mm (4.921 × 3.465 in). This size is the B7 format. This format is commonly used for passport booklets.


ID-000 specifies a size of 25 mm × 15 mm, with one corner slightly (3mm) bevelled. The ID-000 size was first defined by ENV 1375-1, Identification card systems — Intersector integrated circuit(s) card additional formats — Part 1: ID-000 card size and physical characteristics.

This size is used for the "mini-SIM" format of subscriber identity modules.

ID-000 size card as part of ID-1 size card

An "informative" (i.e. non-mandatory) annex[6] describes how an ID-000 sized card may be included in an ID-1 size card for processing (e.g. in an ID-1 reader), but with "relief areas around the perimeter of the ID-000 size card to allow it to be removed from the ID-1 size card without punching tools". An ID-1 size card containing an ID-000 size card is denoted as ID-1/000.

Card characteristics

The standard specifies requirements for such physical characteristics as:[7]

  • Bending stiffness
  • Flammability
  • Toxicity
  • Resistance to chemicals
  • Card dimensional stability and warpage with temperature and humidity
  • Resistance to deterioration from exposure to light and heat
  • Durability

See also

  • ISO/IEC 7811 defines traditional techniques for recording data on ID-1 identification cards, namely embossed characters and several different magnetic recording formats.
  • ISO/IEC 7816 defines ID-1 identification cards with an embedded chip (smartcard) and contact surfaces for power, clock, reset and serial-data signals.
  • Magnetic stripe card
  • MM Code


  1. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003 Identification cards — Physical characteristics
  2. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, Annex A, Resistance to heat test method
  3. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, clause 5, Dimensions of card
  4. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, clause 1, Scope, Note 1
  5. ^ "Documents for crew members"
  6. ^ ISO/IEC 7810 Annex B (informative), ID-000 size card as part of ID-1 size card
  7. ^ ISO/IEC 7810:2003, clause 8, Card characteristics

External links

7000 (number)

7000 (seven thousand) is the natural number following 6999 and preceding 7001

Card enclosure

A card enclosure is a container for smart cards, credit cards, debit cards, telephone cards, visiting cards, business cards and other cards of similar size. Most cards have dimensions that follow the ID-1 format of the ISO/IEC 7810 standard which specify the physical dimensions for cards to be 85.60 × 53.98 mm. The enclosures can be made of metal, leather, or plastic and come in various colors and designs. Sometimes having a laser engraved design for aesthetic purposes.

There are shaped CDs that are business card sized that also fit.

If made of aluminum, it may provide RFID shielding for proximity cards.

Card printer

A card printer is an electronic desktop printer with single card feeders which print and personalize plastic cards. In this respect they differ from, for example, label printers which have a continuous supply feed. Card dimensions are usually 85.60 × 53.98 mm, standardized under ISO/IEC 7810 as ID-1. This format is also used in EC-cards, telephone cards, credit cards, driver's licenses and health insurance cards. This is commonly known as the bank card format. Card printers are controlled by corresponding printer drivers or by means of a specific programming language. Generally card printers are designed with laminating, striping, and punching functions, and use desktop or web-based software. The hardware features of a card printer differentiate a card printer from the more traditional printers, as ID cards are usually made of PVC plastic and require laminating and punching. Different card printers can accept different card thickness and dimensions.

Card standards

Card standard(s) may refer to any of a number of standards related to smartcards.

ISO/IEC 7810 Identification cards — Physical characteristics

ISO/IEC 7812 Identification cards — Identification of issuers

ISO/IEC 7816 Identification cards — Integrated circuit cards

ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards — Contactless integrated circuit cards — Proximity cards

Contactless smart card

A contactless smart card is a contactless credential whose dimensions are credit-card size. Its embedded integrated circuits can store (and sometimes process) data and communicate with a terminal via NFC. Commonplace uses include transit tickets, bank cards and passports.

There are two broad categories of contactless smart cards. Memory cards contain non-volatile memory storage components, and perhaps some specific security logic. Contactless smart cards contain read-only RFID called CSN (Card Serial Number) or UID, and a re-writeable smart card microchip that can be transcribed via radio waves.

Driving licence in Poland

A driving licence in Poland (prawo jazdy) is a document issued by the relevant government agency, regional or local government, confirming the rights of the holder to drive motor vehicles.

ECOWAS passport

The ECOWAS passport is a common passport document for some countries in West Africa.

Some (but not all) member states of ECOWAS — the Economic Community of West African States — have implemented the common design for the passport. It was created to facilitate the intra-regional travel of member states' citizens for periods of a maximum 90 days. The passport can be used within the sub-region and is also recognized for international travel.


Electronic funds transfer at point of sale (EFTPOS ) is an electronic payment system involving electronic funds transfers based on the use of payment cards, such as debit or credit cards, at payment terminals located at points of sale. EFTPOS technology originated in the United States in 1981 and was adopted by other countries. In Australia and New Zealand, it is also the brand name of a specific system used for such payments; these systems are mainly country specific and do not interconnect.

Debit and credit cards are embossed plastic cards complying with ISO/IEC 7810 ID-1 standard. The cards have an embossed bank card number conforming with the ISO/IEC 7812 numbering standard.


ID-1 or ID1 may refer to:

ID-1 format, the standard "credit card" size for identification cards defined by ISO/IEC 7810

A gene (inhibitor of DNA binding-1) which controls cancer metastasis

Idaho's 1st congressional district


ID-2 or ID2 may refer to:

ID-2 format, a standard size for identification cards defined by ISO/IEC 7810.

A gene called ID2 which negatively regulates cell differentiation.

Idaho's 2nd congressional district.

ID3 (disambiguation)

ID3 is a metadata format for MP3 audio files.

ID3 or ID-3 may also refer to:

ID3 algorithm, an algorithm for constructing decision trees

ID3 (gene), a human protein

ID-3 format, a standard size for identification cards defined by ISO/IEC 7810

ID3, a post-dubstep/glitch artist

ISO/IEC 14443

ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.


ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 17/WG 1 is a working group within ISO/IEC JTC1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), that facilitates standards development within the field of cards and personal identification. A national delegation of experts from various countries meet in person at WG1 to discuss and debate items detailed in a meeting agenda until a consensus is reached. These items include: draft standards, draft test methods, questions from the industry, proposals for new work items or other aspects relating to the Standards and Test Methods that WG1 bears responsibility for. WG1 meetings are usually held three times a year, typically at the beginning of March, the end of June, and at the beginning of October for a period of 2–3 days. The October meeting is typically held in the days just prior to the SC17 Plenary and at the same location.

MM code

An MM code (the "MM" being an abbreviation for the German "Moduliertes Merkmal") is a "machine-readable modulated" feature that has been added to German debit cards during manufacture as an anti-counterfeiting measure since 1979. It was developed by "Gesellschaft für Automation und Organisation" (a subsidiary of Giesecke & Devrient) in Munich for the German ec-Card system and MM verification devices have been added to German ATMs from 1982 onwards. If a payment card contains an MM code as well as a magnetic stripe, any fraudster who counterfeits the card but fails to read and duplicate the MM code onto the copy will be detected when trying to use the counterfeit in a German automated teller machine.

Magnetic stripe card

A magnetic stripe card is a type of card capable of storing data by modifying the magnetism of tiny iron-based magnetic particles on a band of magnetic material on the card. The magnetic stripe, sometimes called swipe card or magstripe, is read by swiping past a magnetic reading head. Magnetic stripe cards are commonly used in credit cards, identity cards, and transportation tickets. They may also contain an RFID tag, a transponder device and/or a microchip mostly used for business premises access control or electronic payment.

Magnetic recording on steel tape and wire was invented in Denmark around 1900 for recording audio. In the 1950s, magnetic recording of digital computer data on plastic tape coated with iron oxide was invented. In 1960, IBM used the magnetic tape idea to develop a reliable way of securing magnetic stripes to plastic cards, under a contract with the US government for a security system. A number of International Organization for Standardization standards, ISO/IEC 7810, ISO/IEC 7811, ISO/IEC 7812, ISO/IEC 7813, ISO 8583, and ISO/IEC 4909, now define the physical properties of the card, including size, flexibility, location of the magstripe, magnetic characteristics, and data formats. They also provide the standards for financial cards, including the allocation of card number ranges to different card issuing institutions.

Montenegrin identity card

Montenegrin identity card (Montenegrin: Lična karta/Лична карта ) is the national identification card used in Montenegro. Though Lična karta is a primary photo ID, Montenegrin passport and national driver's license are used as valid photo IDs for various purposes. It is issued to all Montenegrin citizens residing in the country above 16 years of age, while it's required for those over the age of 18.

Payment card

Payment cards are part of a payment system issued by financial institutions, such as a bank, to a customer that enables its owner (the cardholder) to access the funds in the customer's designated bank accounts, or through a credit account and make payments by electronic funds transfer and access automated teller machines (ATMs). Such cards are known by a variety of names including bank cards, ATM cards, MAC (money access cards), client cards, key cards or cash cards.

There are a number of types of payment cards, the most common being credit cards and debit cards. Most commonly, a payment card is electronically linked to an account or accounts belonging to the cardholder. These accounts may be deposit accounts or loan or credit accounts, and the card is a means of authenticating the cardholder. However, stored-value cards store money on the card itself and are not necessarily linked to an account at a financial institution.

It can also be a smart card that contains a unique card number and some security information such as an expiration date or CVVC (CVV) or with a magnetic strip on the back enabling various machines to read and access information. Depending on the issuing bank and the preferences of the client, this may allow the card to be used as an ATM card, enabling transactions at automatic teller machines; or as a debit card, linked to the client's bank account and able to be used for making purchases at the point of sale; or as a credit card attached to a revolving credit line supplied by the bank.

Most payment cards, such as debit and credit cards can also function as ATM cards, although ATM-only cards are also available. Charge and proprietary cards cannot be used as ATM cards. The use of a credit card to withdraw cash at an ATM is treated differently to a POS transaction, usually attracting interest charges from the date of the cash withdrawal. Interbank networks allow the use of ATM cards at ATMs of private operators and financial institutions other than those of the institution that issued the cards.

All ATM machines, at a minimum, will permit cash withdrawals of customers of the machine's owner (if a bank-operated machine) and for cards that are affiliated with any ATM network the machine is also affiliated. They will report the amount of the withdrawal and any fees charged by the machine on the receipt. Most banks and credit unions will permit routine account-related banking transactions at the bank's own ATM, including deposits, checking the balance of an account, and transferring money between accounts. Some may provide additional services, such as selling postage stamps.

For other types of transactions through telephone or online banking, this may be performed with an ATM card without in-person authentication. This includes account balance inquiries, electronic bill payments, or in some cases, online purchases (see Interac Online).

ATM cards can also be used on improvised ATMs such as "mini ATMs", merchants' card terminals that deliver ATM features without any cash drawer. These terminals can also be used as cashless scrip ATMs by cashing the receipts they issue at the merchant's point of sale.

Universal integrated circuit card

The universal integrated circuit card (UICC) is the smart card used in mobile terminals in GSM and UMTS networks. The UICC ensures the integrity and security of all kinds of personal data, and it typically holds a few hundred kilobytes.In a GSM network, the UICC contains a SIM application and in a UMTS network, it contains a USIM application. A UICC may contain several applications, making it possible for the same smart card to give access to both GSM and UMTS networks, and also provide storage of a phone book and other applications. It is also possible to access a GSM network using a USIM application and it is possible to access UMTS networks using a SIM application with mobile terminals prepared for this. With the UMT release 5 a new application, the IP multimedia Services Identity Module (ISIM) is required for services in the IMS. The telephone book is a separate application and not part of either subscriber identity module.

In a cdmaOne/CDMA2000 ("CDMA") network, the UICC contains a CSIM application, in addition to 3GPP USIM and SIM applications. A card with all 3 features is called a removable user identity card, or R-UIM. Thus, the R-UIM card can be inserted into CDMA, GSM, or UMTS handsets, and will work in all three cases.

In 2G networks, the SIM card and SIM application were bound together, so that "SIM card" could mean the physical card, or any physical card with the SIM application. In 3G networks, it is a mistake to speak of a USIM, CSIM, or SIM card, as all three are applications running on a UICC card.

The UICC smart card consists of a CPU, ROM, RAM, EEPROM and I/O circuits. Early versions consisted of the whole full-size (85 × 54 mm, ISO/IEC 7810 ID-1) smart card. Soon the race for smaller telephones called for a smaller version of the card. The card was cropped down to 25 × 15 mm (ISO/IEC 7810 ID-000), as illustrated.

Since the card slot is standardized, a subscriber can easily move their wireless account and phone number from one handset to another. This will also transfer their phone book and text messages. Similarly, usually a subscriber can change carriers by inserting a new carrier's UICC card into their existing handset. However, it is not always possible because some carriers (e.g., in U.S.) SIM-lock the phones that they sell, preventing rival carriers' cards from being used.

The use and content of the card can be protected by use of PIN codes. One code, PIN1, can be defined to control normal use of the phone. Another code, PIN2, can be set, to allow the use of special functions (like limiting outbound telephone calls to a list of numbers). PUK1 and PUK2 is used to reset PIN1 and PIN2 respectively.

The integration of the ETSI framework and the Application management framework of GlobalPlatform is standardized in the UICC configuration.

Wiegand interface

The Wiegand interface is a de facto wiring standard which arose from the popularity of Wiegand effect card readers in the 1980s. It is commonly used to connect a card swipe mechanism to the rest of an access control system. The sensor in such a system is often a "Wiegand wire", based on the Wiegand effect, discovered by John R. Wiegand. A Wiegand-compatible reader is normally connected to a Wiegand-compatible security panel.

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