IRIN

IRIN (formerly Integrated Regional Information Networks) is a news agency focusing on humanitarian stories in regions that are often forgotten, under-reported, misunderstood or ignored.[1][2]

Until 1 January 2015, IRIN was a project of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). IRIN aims to create greater awareness and understanding of regional issues and events, and to contribute to better-informed and more effective humanitarian action, media coverage and advocacy.

On 21 March 2019, IRIN changed its name to The New Humanitarian.

The news service is widely used by the humanitarian aid community, as well as academics and researchers.

Integrated Regional Information Networks
News agency
FoundedNairobi (1995)
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Key people
Heba Aly, Director
Websitewww.thenewhumanitarian.org

Origin and development

IRIN came into being in 1995 after the Great Lakes refugee crisis resulting from the 1994 Rwandan Genocide overwhelmed the existing information management systems set up by the humanitarian aid community.[3] With its headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya,[4] it now covers 82 countries, including Papua New Guinea[5] since 2008, for more than a million readers. IRIN has regional news desks in Nairobi, Johannesburg, Dakar, Dubai and Bangkok, with liaison offices in New York and Geneva. The agency was managed by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.[6]

Its aim is to "strengthen universal access to timely, strategic, and non-partisan information so as to enhance the capacity of humanitarian community to understand, respond to, and avert emergencies."[7]

The main language is English, with a smaller number of articles available in French and Arabic.

Audience

The main users of IRIN news are people working in the humanitarian aid community, followed by academics, consultants, government officials and other media – newspapers and other print publications, websites, radio stations and television broadcasters - where other readers often pick up IRIN content.

Humanitarian news and analysis

Reports provided by IRIN essentially provide an early warning and help generate humanitarian responses.[8] IRIN news is distributed free of charge to subscribers by e-mail and via the website.[9]

There is also a range of multi-media services:

  • PlusNews,[10] a specialised HIV/AIDS news service
  • IRIN Film,[11] which produces news footage for international media and short documentary films for advocacy
  • IRIN Photo[12] gallery makes images available free of charge
  • IRIN In-depth[13] reports have covered sexual violence in conflict areas, refugee repatriation, landmines and the humanitarian fallout of climate change and the global food crisis.

IRIN covers the following countries:

AFRICA: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

ASIA: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam.

MIDDLE EAST: Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, OPT, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

PlusNews

HIV/AIDS is a significant factor in many humanitarian crises. In 2001 IRIN created PlusNews,[14] which has a specialised focus on people living with HIV and AIDS. The service has gradually expanded coverage to all of the IRIN countries. In 2004 a French version, PlusNews Français,[15] was set up for West and Central Africa, and PlusNews Portuguese[16] was launched in 2006. PlusNews now also provides news in Arabic.[17] The service has become one of the largest providers of original HIV and AIDS reporting.

IRIN services

Film service

In 2003 IRIN created a short film on the impact of the Lord's Resistance Army in northern Uganda. Other films have covered female genital mutilation, the 2004 West Africa locust swarm, opium cultivation in Afghanistan and the humanitarian impact of climate change. Key media networks that have recently used footage include CNN, CBC, CBS, ABC, PBS, TV5, BBC and SABC.

Watch IRIN Documentaries Online.[18]

Photo services

IRIN has made its photo library of still images from humanitarian crises all over the world available for free online, in support of humanitarian advocacy.

E-mail subscriptions

When IRIN was established in 1995, the organisation depended heavily on e-mail communication. The online service is still supported by an email service and over 30,000 readers depend on personalised e-mail[19] for delivery of IRIN's content.

Donors

The major funders of IRIN are the international aid agencies of Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Qatar, South Africa, Sweden and Switzerland, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and International Humanitarian City (IHC) in Dubai.[3]

References

  1. ^ "INTEGRATED REGIONAL INFORMATION NETWORKS". UN missions. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  2. ^ "About Us". The New Humanitarian. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b "About IRIN: UN humanitarian news and analysis network launches Arabic service". Reuters. alertnet.org. July 24, 2007.
  4. ^ "Africa". IRIN.
  5. ^ "Africa". IRIN.
  6. ^ Europa Publications Limited. Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Routledge. p. 1035
  7. ^ Day, Peter; Schuler, Douglas (2004). Community practice in the network society: local action/global interaction. Routledge. p. 33.
  8. ^ Ramcharan, B. G. (2008). Preventive diplomacy at the UN. Indiana University Press. p. 164.
  9. ^ "IRIN • humanitarian news and analysis from Africa, Asia and the Middle East - updated daily". 21 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Health".
  11. ^ "Film Library".
  12. ^ "photo_eight_south_sudanese_children_carrying_their_chicken_and_luggage_at_elegu_collection_centre._unhcr_says_more_than_percent_of_the_refugees_are_children_and_women_1.jpg".
  13. ^ "In Depth Reports".
  14. ^ plusnews.org Archived 2007-10-28 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "IRIN • nouvelles et analyses humanitaires Afrique, Asie, Moyen Orient". 21 December 2015.
  16. ^ "Health".
  17. ^ "IRIN Humanitarian news & analysis". 21 December 2015.
  18. ^ "cultureunplugged.com".
  19. ^ irinnews.org Archived 2007-09-12 at the Wayback Machine

External links

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Abdul One Mohammed

Major-General Abdul One Mohammed was military governor of Borno State, Nigeria, and later was leader of the ECOMOG peacekeeping force in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

General Ibrahim Babangida appointed Colonel Abdul One Mohammed military governor of Borno State from December 1987 to December 1989.

In 1997 Abdul One Mohammed was posted to the Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) as Deputy ECOMOG commander and Chief of Staff, heading operation in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

Bagh-e Irin

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The Central African Republic Bush War was a civil war in the Central African Republic between Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) rebels and government forces. The rebellion began after François Bozizé seized the nation's presidency in 2003. Actual fighting began in 2004. Around 10,000 people were displaced because of the civil unrest.The rebellion consisted of multiple rebel groups, several of which were of very small size and founded only towards the end of the conflict. Apart from the UFDR, the conflict included the People's Army for the Restoration of Democracy (CAR) (APRD), Groupe d'action patriotique pour la liberation de Centrafrique (GAPLC), the Movement of Central African Liberators for Justice (MLCJ), the Front démocratique Centrafricain (FDC), and Union of Republican Forces (UFR).A number of peace agreements has been signed to resolve the conflict between 2007 and 2012. The most important agreement, the Global Peace Accord (signed in Libreville, Gabon on 21 June 2008), was first signed by the ARPD, UFDR, and FDPC groups. The agreement granted amnesty for any acts perpetrated against the state prior to the agreement, and called for a disarmament and demobilization process to integrate former rebels into society and the regular CAR armed forces.

Other rebel groups signed on to the agreement later, or signed similar agreements with the government (e.g. UFR on 15 December 2008). The only major group not to sign an agreement at the time was the CPJP, which continued its activities and signed a peace agreement with the government on 25 August 2012.

Chichaklu Rural District

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François Bozizé

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Bozizé rose to become a high-ranking army officer in the 1970s, under the rule of Jean-Bédel Bokassa. After Bokassa was ousted, Bozizé served in the government as Minister of Defense from 1979 to 1981 and as Minister of Information from 1981 to 1982. He participated in a failed 1982 coup attempt against President André Kolingba and subsequently fled the country. Years later, he served as Army Chief of Staff under President Ange-Félix Patassé, but he began a rebellion against Patassé in 2001.

Bozizé's forces captured the capital, Bangui, in March 2003, while Patassé was outside the country, and Bozizé took power, ushering in a transitional period of government. He won the March–May 2005 presidential election in a second round of voting, and he was re-elected in the January 2011 presidential election, winning the vote in the first round.

In December 2012, the CAR was plunged into an uprising by rebel forces who condemned the Bozizé government for not honoring peace agreements after the Central African Republic Bush War in 2007. On 24 March 2013, Bozizé fled to Cameroon via the Democratic Republic of the Congo after the rebel forces attacked Bangui and took control of the presidential palace. There, he was housed by Paul Biya, President of the Republic. On May 29, 2013, an international arrest warrant was issued against Bozizé by the Central African Justice.

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Irin (Persian: ايرين‎, also Romanized as Īrīn; also known as Abrīn and Īrman) is a village in Chichaklu Rural District, in the Ahmadabad-e Mostowfi District of Eslamshahr County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 1,859, in 457 families.

Irin Carmon

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Kumba Ialá

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Lake Buhi

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Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya

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Saada (Arabic: صَعْدَة‎ Ṣaʿdah) is one of the governorates of Yemen. The governorate's seat and the largest city is Sa'dah.

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Yusuf Hassan Abdi (Somali: Yuusuf Xasan Cabdi, Arabic: يوسف حسن عبدي‎) (born March 9, 1953) is a Kenyan politician, diplomat, social activist and former journalist. He is a former top Director of IRIN. After working many years with the United Nations, he joined the Kenya parliament as a legislator in 2011

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