INS Mysore (D60)

INS Mysore is a Delhi-class guided-missile destroyer currently in active service with the Indian Navy.

INS Mysore
INS Mysore
History
India
Name: INS Mysore
Namesake: Mysore
Ordered: 20 March 1992
Builder: Mazagon Dock Limited
Launched: 4 June 1993
Commissioned: 2 June 1999
Identification:
Motto: Na Bhibheti Kadaachana (Sanskrit for Always Fearless)
Status: in active service
Badge:
Seal of INS Mysore
General characteristics
Class and type: Delhi-class destroyer
Type: Guided-missile destroyer
Displacement: 6,200 tonnes (full)[1]
Length: 163 m (535 ft) [1]
Beam: 17 m (56 ft)[1]
Draught: 6.5 m (21 ft)[1]
Propulsion:
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)[2]
Range: 4,500 mi (7,200 km) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)[2]
Complement: 350 (incl 40 officers)[1]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • MR-755 Fregat-MAE E-band air and surface search radar
  • BEL RAWL (Signaal LW08) D-band air search radar
  • 3 × MR-212/201 I-band navigation radars
  • 6 × MR-90 Orekh G-band fire-control radars (FCR)
  • MR-184 I/J-band FCR
  • 2 × EL/M-2221 FCR
  • Granit Garpun B FCR
  • BEL HUMVAD hull-mounted sonar[3]
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • BEL Ajanta Mk 2 ESM
  • Elettronica TQN-2 jammer
  • 2 PK2 chaff launchers
  • Towed decoys[2]
Armament:
  • 16 × Kh-35E SSM
  • 16 × Barak 1
  • 2 × Shtil SAM systems (48 missiles)
  • 100 mm AK-100 gun
  • 2 × 30 mm AK-630 gatling guns
  • 2 × RBU-6000 rocket launchers
  • Quintuple 533mm torpedo tubes
  • 2 rails of depth charges[3]
Aircraft carried: 2 × Sea King Mk 42B helicopters[2]

History

INS Mysore was built at Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai. Her keel was laid down in February 1991 and she was launched on 4 June 1993. Sea trials began in the Arabian Sea in March 1999, and she was commissioned on 2 June 1999 by then Prime Minister of India, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Her first CO was Captain Rajiv Dhamdhere.

She is the successor to INS Mysore that served in the Indian Navy from 1957 to 1985. Her crest features a double-headed eagle (Gandaberunda) from the sigil of the erstwhile House of Wodeyar of Mysuru.

Operations

INS Mysore (D60) cruise top view
INS Mysore cruise top view

Colombo, 2008

In August 2008, Mysore along with the destroyer Ranvir, were anchored just outside Sri Lankan territorial waters to provide security for the Indian prime minister Dr Manmohan Singh, and other high-ranking officials at the 15th SAARC summit.[4]

Gulf of Aden, 2008

In November 2008, Mysore was deployed to the Gulf of Aden to replace the frigate Tabar as part of the Indian Navy's efforts to combat piracy off Somalia.[5] On 13 December 2008, Mysore captured 23 sea pirates along with arms and ammunition when the pirates were trying to capture MV Gibe, a ship sailing under the Ethiopian flag.[6][7][8]

Libya, 2011

On 26 February 2011, Mysore deployed with the amphibious transport dock Jalashwa to the Mediterranean Sea under Operation Safe Homecoming to evacuate Indian citizens from Libya in the aftermath of the turmoil from the 2011 Libyan civil war. They carried their full air wings and a contingent of Marine special forces.[9]

Indian Ocean, Independence Day Weekend 2011

On 12 August 2011, the Indian Navy discovered an Iranian cargo vessel, Nafis-1, was off course. After two days of surveillance, it was suspected that the ship was hijacked by pirates. On 14 August, Mysore was called in to intercept the ship. The crew of nine hijackers, frightened after seeing Mysore, did not attempt any resistance. A helicopter with nine MARCOS Marines on board was sent to detain the suspects. The pirates' automatic assault weapons were found hidden in storage aboard the hijacked vessel.[10]

Persian Gulf, 2014

On 27 June 2014, Mysore deployed to Persian Gulf to evacuate Indians from Iraq during 2014 Northern Iraq offensive. During the operation, she was accompanied by the frigate Tarkash which deployed to the Gulf of Aden.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "IN Ships-Destroyers-Delhi Class". Indian Navy. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Commodore Stephen Saunders, ed. (2004). "India". Jane's Fighting Ships 2004-2005 (107th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. p. 308. ISBN 978-0710626233.
  3. ^ a b Commodore Stephen Saunders, ed. (2008). "India". Jane's Fighting Ships 2008-2009 (111th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. p. 324. ISBN 978-0710628459.
  4. ^ 2 Indian warships anchored near SL Archived 30 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Larger Indian warship to fight pirates off Aden". Chennai, India: hindu.com. 20 November 2008. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
  6. ^ "Indian navy 'captures 23 pirates'". BBC News. 13 December 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Navy scores another win over pirates". rediff.com. 13 December 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  8. ^ http://www.indian-military.org/navy/ships/262-type-15project15-delhi-class-guided-missile-destroyer.html#yvComment262. Retrieved 12 November 2009. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Naval ships to bail out Indians stranded in Libya". The Times Of India. 27 February 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Indian Navy foils piracy attack, rescues Iranian vessel MV Nafis-1". NDTV. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Indian Navy deploys warship INS Mysore in Persian Gulf". Patrika Group (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External links

Anti-piracy measures in Somalia

Piracy in Somalia has been a threat to international shipping since the second phase of the civil war in Somalia in the early 21st century. Since 2005, many international organizations have expressed concern over the rise in acts of piracy. Piracy impeded the delivery of shipments and increased shipping expenses, costing an estimated $6.6 to $6.9 billion a year in global trade in 2011 according to Oceans Beyond Piracy (OBP). According to the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), a veritable industry of profiteers also arose around the piracy. Insurance companies significantly increased their profits from the pirate attacks, as the firms hiked rate premiums in response. Since 2013, piracy attacks have reduced in the region due mostly to patrolling by the navies of countries across the world, especially India, China and EU Navfor Operation Atalanta (a joint operation of numerous European navies).

Delhi-class destroyer

The Delhi-class destroyers are guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. Three ships of this class are in active service. The Delhi-class vessels were the largest vessels to be built in India at the time of their commissioning. The ships were built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) at a cost of ₹7.5 billion (equivalent to ₹24 billion or US$350 million in 2018) each.

Gandaberunda

The Gandaberunda or Berunda (Kannada: ಗಂಡಭೇರುಂಡ gaṇḍabheruṇḍa), or Bheruṇḍa (Sanskrit: भेरुण्ड, lit. terrible) is a two-headed mythological bird on the outskirts of the main Hindu mythology, believed to possess immense magical strength. It was the emblem of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore under the Wodeyar kings, and after India attained independence, it was retained by Mysore state as its emblem. That state was enlarged in 1956 and renamed Karnataka in 1973, and the Gandabherunda continues to be the official state emblem of Karnataka. It is used as the official emblem of the Karnataka state government because it is a symbol of strength. It is believed to be capable of fighting the forces of destruction. It appears as an intricately carved sculpture motif in Hindu temples.

INS Mysore

The following ships of the Indian Navy have been named Mysore:

INS Mysore (C60) was formerly the Crown Colony-class cruiser HMS Nigeria acquired in 1957 from the Royal Navy and stricken in 1985

INS Mysore (D60) a Delhi-class destroyer launched in 1993

International reactions to the 2011 Libyan Civil War

The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its de facto head of state Muammar Gaddafi.

Many states and supranational bodies condemned Gaddafi's regime over its attacks on civilian targets within the country. Virtually all Western countries cut off diplomatic relations with Gaddafi's government over an aerial bombing campaign in February and March, and a number of other countries led by Peru and Botswana did likewise. The regime's use of the Libyan Air Force to strike civilians led to the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 to create a Libyan no-fly zone on 17 March, though several countries involved in the resolution's enforcement have also carried out regular strike missions to degrade the offensive capacity of the Libyan Army and destroy the regime's command and control capabilities, effectively acting in de facto support of anti-Gaddafi forces on the ground. Many members of the international community, including the United Nations, the Arab League, and the African Union, explicitly recognized the anti-Gaddafi National Transitional Council as Libya's legitimate representative, with many of those countries explicitly describing it as the legal interim government of the country due to the perceived loss of legitimacy on the part of Gaddafi's regime.

Many states also either issued travel advisories or attempted evacuations. Some evacuations were successful in either going to Malta or via land borders to Egypt or Tunisia; other attempts were hindered by tarmac damage at Benghazi's airport or refusals of permission to land in Tripoli. There were also several solidarity protests in other countries that were mostly composed of Libyan expatriates. Financial markets around the world had adverse reactions to the instability with oil prices rising to a two-and-a-half-year high.

List of active Indian Navy ships

List of active Indian Navy ships is a list of ships in active service with the Indian Navy. In service ships are taken from the official Indian Navy website. The Indian Navy is one of the largest navies in the world, and as of May 2019 possesses 1 aircraft carrier, 1 amphibious transport dock, 8 Landing ship tanks, 10 destroyers, 13 frigates, 1 nuclear-powered attack submarine,1 Ballistic missile submarine, 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines, 22 corvettes, 10 large offshore patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels and small patrol boats. For ships no longer in service see List of ships of the Indian Navy and for future acquisitions of the fleet, see future ships of the Indian Navy.

Besides the following navy ships, the Indian Coast Guard operates around 90 - 100 armed patrol ships of various sizes.

List of destroyers of India

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, manoueverable, long-distance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers. Seventeen destroyers have served, or currently serve, in the Indian Navy. The navy operates 11 guided-missile destroyers from three classes: Kolkata class, Delhi class, and Rajput class. Six other destroyers (three R class and three Hunt class) have been decommissioned and scrapped.Although destroyers were introduced during the early 20th century and were widely used by the end of World War II, India had none until 1949. The R-class INS Ranjit, built in the United Kingdom, was the first destroyer commissioned in the Indian Navy. Two more R-class ships were later commissioned. Three Hunt-class destroyers were commissioned in 1953 to succeed the R-class destroyers. These ships (all of which were built in the United Kingdom) were decommissioned by 1976, with the Hunt-class INS Godavari the last.During the 1980s, India signed an agreement with the Soviet Union for five guided-missile destroyers, built under Rajput class. The first ship (INS Rajput) of the class was commissioned on 30 September 1980. All five Rajput-class ships are still in active service. The Rajput class was succeeded by the Delhi class, with INS Delhi, Mysore and Mumbai commissioned in 1997, 1999 and 2001 respectively. The Delhi-class destroyers, built in India, were succeeded by the Kolkata class in 2014. The three Kolkata-class ships have been commissioned in 2014–2016, with INS Chennai being the last. An improvement of the Kolkata-class, INS Visakhapatnam (part of the Visakhapatnam class), was introduced in April 2015 and will reportedly be commissioned by the end of 2018. Three more vessels are planned as part of the Visakhapatnam class.

List of ships attacked by Somali pirates in 2008

Piracy off the Somali coast has threatened international shipping since the beginning of Somalia's civil war in the early 1990s. This list documents those ships attacked in 2008.

MARCOS

MARCOS, previously named as Marine Commando Force (MCF), is the special forces unit of the Indian Navy created for conducting special operations.

The MCF is specially organised, trained and equipped for the conduct of special operations in a maritime environment. The force has gradually acquired experience and a reputation for professionalism over the three decades it has been in existence. The MARCOS are capable of undertaking operations in all types of terrain, but are specialised in maritime operations in Jammu and Kashmir through the Jhelum River and Wular Lake, a 65 square kilometre freshwater lake. Some MARCOS personnel are also attached with the Army special forces units conducting counter-terrorism operations in the area.

Operation Ocean Shield

Operation Ocean Shield was NATO's contribution to Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa (OEF-HOA), an anti-piracy initiative in the Indian Ocean, Guardafui Channel, Gulf of Aden and Arabian Sea. It follows the earlier Operation Allied Protector. Naval operations began on 17 August 2009 after being approved by the North Atlantic Council, the program was terminated on 15 December 2016 by NATO. Operation Ocean Shield focused on protecting the ships of Operation Allied Provider, which transported relief supplies as part of the World Food Programme's mission in the region. The initiative also helped strengthen the navies and coast guards of regional states to assist in countering pirate attacks. Additionally, China and South Korea sent warships to participate in these activities.

The US Navy was the largest contributor of ships, followed by the Indian Navy. The taskforce was composed of ships from the contributing navies, led by a designated leadship. The role of leadship was rotated among the various countries involved. In October 2015 this was the Turkish frigate TCG Gediz.

Commissioned ships
Decommissioned ships
Future ships

Languages

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