INS Kolkata

INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), and was handed over to the navy on 10 July 2014 after completing her sea trials. The ship was officially commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a ceremony held on 16 August 2014.[1][2]

INS Kolkata entering Mombasa, Kenya
INS Kolkata (D63) entering Mombasa, Kenya, in September 2016
History
India
Name: Kolkata
Namesake: Kolkata
Builder: Mazagon Dock Limited
Yard number: 701
Way number: D63
Laid down: September 2003
Launched: 30 March 2006
Acquired: 10 July 2014
Commissioned: 16 August 2014[1]
Homeport: Mumbai
Identification:
Motto: "Yudhay Sarvasannadh"(Sanskrit)"Always Prepared for Battle"[2]
Status: in active service
Badge: INS Kolkata crest
General characteristics
Class and type: Kolkata-class destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons[3][4]
Length: 163 m (535 ft)[5]
Beam: 17.4 m (57 ft)[5]
Speed: In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 8,000 nmi (15,000 km; 9,200 mi)+
Complement: 250 (estd)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • IAI EL/M-2248 MF-STAR AESA multi-function radar[6]
  • Thales LW-08 D-band air search radar[7]
  • BEL HUMSA-NG bow sonar
  • BEL Nagin active towed array sonar[8]
  • BEL Electronic Modular Command & Control Applications (EMCCA Mk4) combat management system[6]
Armament:
  • Anti-air missiles:
  • 4 × 8-cell VLS, for a total of 32;[9]
  • Barak 8 missiles (Range: 0.5 km (0.31 mi) to 90 km (56 mi)[10])
  • Anti-ship/Land-attack missiles:
  • 2 × 8-cell UVLM for 16 BrahMos anti-ship and land-attack missiles
  • Guns:
  • 1 × 76 mm gun Oto Melara SRGM
  • 4 × AK-630 CIWS
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
  • 4 × Mark 46 torpedo Torpedo tubes
  • 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rockets
Aviation facilities:

Construction

The keel of Kolkata was laid down in September 2003 and she was launched on 30 March 2006.[5] Her commissioning was originally planned for 2010, but this was delayed to 16 August 2014 as a result of a series of project delays.[11][12] During her construction at MDL, she was given the designation Yard-701.[13]

Sea trials

The commissioning of Kolkata was delayed from 2010 to 2014 due to delays in her construction and technical problems which were found during her sea trials. The issue detected was generation of additional noise, which occurred when the engine, gear box and the shaft were operated together, but which worked issue-free when run independently. The issues were fixed and the sea trials were completed by February 2014, when the ship returned to MDL to undergo minor work before delivery.[13][14][15]

2014 carbon dioxide leak

On 7 March 2014, during a complete check-up of the ship's machinery to fix the problems found during sea trials,[13] a naval officer was killed and several workers were injured when a valve on a CO2 bottle malfunctioned during a test of the vessel's carbon dioxide fire-fighting unit at the Mazagaon dockyard. For the test, fire-retarding carbon dioxide gas was to be released into a compartment; the test was part of the destroyer's delivery trials. Kolkata's engineering officer-designate, Commander Kuntal Wadhwa, inhaled a large amount of gas and was rushed to St George's Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. Two dockyard officials who also inhaled the gas were also taken to hospital for treatment.[16][17][18] MDL stated that the incident will not delay the scheduled commissioning of the ship.[13]

Weapon trials

INS Kolkata firing a Long-Range Surface-to-Air Missile
INS Kolkata firing a Long Range Surface to Air Missile

As part of her pre-commissioning weapon trials at sea, Kolkata test-fired a BrahMos missile off Karwar's coast on 9 June 2014, and the test met all parameters.[19][20] On 15 February 2015, BrahMos missile was on test fired from INS Kolkata during the Tropex exercise in the Arabian Sea.[21][22]

On 29 December 2015 and 30 December 2015 the Indian Navy successfully test-fired the Barak 8 missile from INS Kolkata.[23][24] Two missiles were fired at high speed targets, during naval exercises being undertaken in the Arabian Sea.[25][26]

Service history

Deployment Date Port Visited Commander Notes and References
2016
East Africa and the Southern Indian Ocean with frigate INS Trikand and fleet tanker INS Aditya 28-30 August Port Victoria, Seychelles Captain Rahul Vilas Gokhale[27] Enhance defence ties with the Seychelles People Defense Forces[28][29]
1-4 September Port Louis, Mauritius [30][31][32]
10-13 September Mombasa, Kenya [33][34]
20-23 September Durban, South Africa [35][36]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "PM-Modi-inducts-Indias-largest-indigenously-built-warship-INS-Kolkata". Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Prime Minister Commissions INS Kolkata". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Navy gets its largest destroyer". The Hindu. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Largest destroyer project of Navy hit by delay". Defence Express. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Rasquinha, Reagan Gavin (1 April 2006), "Queen of the high seas", Times of India
  6. ^ a b "Country's most potent indigenous warship joins service this month". SP's Naval Forces. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  7. ^ "Bharat Electronics Ltd. awards LW08 contract to Thales". Thalesgroup. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Indian Navy to get four new destroyers". DNA India. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  9. ^ Som, Vishnu (16 August 2014). "On INS Kolkata, PM is Only Partially Correct". NDTV. Retrieved 8 March 2015. At the moment, she is designed to carry only 32 Barak surface-to-air missiles...
  10. ^ "India commissions second Kolkata-class destroyer". Janes. IHSJanes. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  11. ^ Pandit, Rajat (6 November 2007), "Navy hit by delay of big-ticket projects", Times of India
  12. ^ Bhatt, Arunkumar (1 April 2006), "A lethal combination of stealth and strength", The Hindu
  13. ^ a b c d "Peculiar problems were dogging warship INS Kolkata". The Times of India. TNN. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Navy's ongoing hunt for heavy torpedoes leads to delay in modernisation process". India Today. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  15. ^ "New details, pictures on Indian Navy's Future Kolkata class Destroyer". navyrecognition.com. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  16. ^ "Navy hit by another accident; officer dead". Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  17. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/navy-officer-killed-in-mumbai-days-after-ins-sindhuratna-accident/article1-1192138.aspx
  18. ^ "One Naval Officer killed in INS Kolkata Gas Leak Accident". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  19. ^ "BrahMos missile test-fired from warship INS Kolkata". The Times of India. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  20. ^ "India-Russia Missile Successfully Test Fired from Indian Warship". RIA Novosti. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
  21. ^ "BrahMos missile test-fired from Indian Navy's newest ship INS Kochi, hits target". The Indian Express. 2 November 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Supersonic BrahMos successfully test-fired from INS Kolkata - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  23. ^ "Indian Navy test-fires surface-to-air missile developed with Israel". mid-day. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  24. ^ "Indian Navy test-fires missile developed with Israel". Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  25. ^ "Indian Navy successfully test fires surface-to-air missile Barak-8 | Brahmand News". www.brahmand.com. Archived from the original on 8 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  26. ^ "Proud Moment. Indian Navy Tests The Most Formidable Missile In Its Arsenal". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  27. ^ "Indian Warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  28. ^ "Indian Warships Visit Port Victoria". Marine Link. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  29. ^ "Eturbonews".
  30. ^ "Indian warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius". en.portnews.ru. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  31. ^ Standard, Business. "VISIT OF INDIAN WARSHIPS TO MOMBASA KENYA 10 13 SEPTEMBER 2016". Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  32. ^ "Indian Warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  33. ^ "Indian warships reach Mombasa, Kenya on visit | NetIndian". netindian.in. 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  34. ^ "Visit of Indian Warships to Mombasa, Kenya | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  35. ^ "Western Fleet Ships visit South Africa (20 - 23 September 2016)". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  36. ^ "Western Naval Fleet ships arrive in South Africa | ANI News". www.aninews.in. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
Barak 8

Barak 8 (Hebrew: בָּרָק, lit. "Lightning") also known as LR-SAM or as MR-SAM is an Indian-Israeli surface-to-air missile (SAM), designed to defend against any type of airborne threat including aircraft, helicopters, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs as well as ballistic missiles, cruise missiles and combat jets. Both maritime and land-based variants of the system exist.Barak 8 was jointly developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), India's Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO), Israel's Administration for the Development of Weapons and Technological Infrastructure, Elta Systems, Rafael and other companies. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) produces the missiles.

BrahMos

The BrahMos (designated PJ-10) is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. It is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks cruise missile and other similar sea-skimming Russian cruise missile technology. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

It is the world's fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation. The missile travels at speeds of Mach 2.8 to 3.0, which is being upgraded to Mach 5.0. The land-launched and ship-launched versions are already in service, with the air and submarine-launched versions currently in the testing phase. An air-launched variant of BrahMos appeared in 2012. A hypersonic version of the missile, BrahMos-II, is also presently under development with a speed of Mach 7-8 to boost aerial fast strike capability. It is expected to be ready for testing by 2020.India wanted the BrahMos to be based on a mid range cruise missile like the P-700 Granit. Its propulsion is based on the Russian missile, and missile guidance has been developed by BrahMos Aerospace. The missile is expected to reach a total order US$13 billion.In 2016, as India became a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), India and Russia are now planning to jointly develop a new generation of Brahmos missiles with 600 km-plus range and an ability to hit protected targets with pinpoint accuracy. In 2019, India upgraded the missile with a new range of 500 km.

D63

D63 may refer to:

INS Kolkata (D63), an active Indian guided missile destroyer of Kolkata class

HMS Verity (D63), a Biitish Royal Navy Second World War Convoy Defence ship

Greek destroyer Navarinon (D63), a Greek Navy ship transferred on 27 September 1962

Greek destroyer Niki (D63), a Greek Navy ship

Spanish destroyer Mendez Nunez (D63), a Spanish Navy ship transferred on 17 May 1978

Dinsmore Airport (California) FAA LID

a road in Dubai

EL/M-2084

The ELM-2084 is an Israeli ground-based mobile 3D AESA multi-mission radar (MMR) family produced by ELTA, a subsidiary of Israel Aerospace Industries.The radar is capable of detecting and tracking both aircraft and ballistic targets and providing fire control guidance for missile interception or artillery air defense.

Several versions of the radar were purchased and are operated by a number of armies, including the Israeli Defense Forces, Canadian Army, Republic of Singapore Air Force, and the Army of the Czech Republic.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

HMS Calcutta

Five ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Calcutta, after the Indian city of Calcutta (now Kolkata).

The first HMS Calcutta (1795) was a 54-gun fourth rate, originally the East Indiaman Warley and purchased in 1795, captured by the French in 1805 and destroyed by British ships in 1809.

The second HMS Calcutta (1831) was an 84-gun second rate launched in 1831, converted to a gunnery training ship in 1865 and sold in 1908.

The third Calcutta was HMS Hercules, renamed Calcutta in 1909.

The fourth Calcutta was the gunboat HMS Handy, renamed Calcutta in 1916.

The fifth HMS Calcutta (D82) was a light cruiser launched in 1918 and sunk in action in 1941.

IBSAMAR

IBSAMAR are a series of naval exercises between the navies of India, Brazil, South Africa. The name IBSAMAR is an abbreviation of India-Brazil-South Africa Maritime.

INS Chennai (D65)

INS Chennai (D65) is the third ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. INS Chennai is the last of the three ships built under the code name Project 15A. INS Chennai has on its seal a Bull symbolizing the Jallikattu festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu from where the ship associates its heritage. On 17 April 2017, INS Chennai was dedicated to the city of Chennai in presence of its Chief Minister K. Palanisamy. INS Chennai, along with INS Sunayna was sent to the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in June 2019 to protect Indian shipping interests amid tensions in the Strait of Hormuz.

INS Kochi

INS Kochi (D64) is the second ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers built for the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. After undergoing extensive sea trials, she was commissioned to Indian Navy service on 30 September 2015. INS Kochi has been built under the code name of Project 15 Alpha.

INS Trikand

INS Trikand (F51) is a Talwar-class frigate of the Indian Navy. She is the third and final ship of the second batch of Talwar-class frigates ordered by the Indian Navy. She was built by the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad, Russia. She was commissioned to Indian Navy service on 29 June 2013.

INS Vikrant (2013)

INS Vikrant, also known as Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1 (IAC-1), is an aircraft carrier under construction by Cochin Shipyard in Kochi, Kerala for the Indian Navy. It is the first aircraft carrier to be built in India. The name Vikrant (Sanskrit vikrānta, literally "stepping beyond") means "courageous". The motto of the ship is Jayema Sam Yudhi Sprdhah, which is taken from Rigveda 1.8.3 and can be translated as "I defeat those who fight against me".

Work on the ship's design began in 1999, and the keel was laid in February 2009. The carrier was floated out of its dry dock on 29 December 2011 and was launched on 12 August 2013. As of 2019, the ship is expected to start sea trials in February 2021 and enter into service in early 2023. The project cost has escalated to ₹19,341 crore (US$2.8 billion) as of 2014.

Kolkata-class destroyer

The Kolkata class (Project 15A) are a class of stealth guided missile destroyers constructed for the Indian Navy. The class comprises three ships – Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai, all of which were built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in India, and are the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy. Due to delays in their construction, and a problem found during the sea trials, the initial commissioning date of the first ship of the class had been pushed back from 2010 to 2014. The final ship commissioned was Chennai, in November 2016.The destroyers are a follow-on of the Project 15 Delhi-class destroyers, but are considerably more capable due to major improvements in the design, the addition of substantial land-attack capabilities, and the fitting-out of modern sensors and weapons systems.

List of Indian Naval Deployments

In the 1970 and 1980's, Indian Navy's deployments outside the Indian Ocean were largely limited to delivery of new vessels. Over years, the Indian leadership looked at the Navy as an effective tool for foreign policy and this was reflected in the pattern of Indian navy deployments. The Indian Navy hosted its first International Fleet Review in February 2001. This event was termed "Bridges of Friendship" and was attended by 24 warships form 19 countries. An office dedicated to international co-operation was created in 2005. This term has been used by the Navy since then to undertake humanitarian and security missions by engaging with nations primarily in the Indian Ocean littoral region and South-east Asia. These engagements include mutual port visits, international forums and joint naval exercises.In late 2017, the Indian Navy adopted a new plan for deployment of warships which was aimed to counter the increasing presence of Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean. Under the new plan, 14-15 mission ready warships are deployed across multiple regions including the Malacca Strait and Andaman Sea; North Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal (Bangladesh and Myanmar), Lakshadweep islands and Maldives; Madagascar; the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.

List of active Indian Navy ships

List of active Indian Navy ships is a list of ships in active service with the Indian Navy. In service ships are taken from the official Indian Navy website. The Indian Navy is one of the largest navies in the world, and as of May 2019 possesses 1 aircraft carrier, 1 amphibious transport dock, 8 Landing ship tanks, 10 destroyers, 13 frigates, 1 nuclear-powered attack submarine,1 Ballistic missile submarine, 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines, 22 corvettes, 10 large offshore patrol vessels, 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels and small patrol boats. For ships no longer in service see List of ships of the Indian Navy and for future acquisitions of the fleet, see future ships of the Indian Navy.

Besides the following navy ships, the Indian Coast Guard operates around 90 - 100 armed patrol ships of various sizes.

List of destroyers of India

In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, manoueverable, long-distance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller, short-range attackers. Seventeen destroyers have served, or currently serve, in the Indian Navy. The navy operates 11 guided-missile destroyers from three classes: Kolkata class, Delhi class, and Rajput class. Six other destroyers (three R class and three Hunt class) have been decommissioned and scrapped.Although destroyers were introduced during the early 20th century and were widely used by the end of World War II, India had none until 1949. The R-class INS Ranjit, built in the United Kingdom, was the first destroyer commissioned in the Indian Navy. Two more R-class ships were later commissioned. Three Hunt-class destroyers were commissioned in 1953 to succeed the R-class destroyers. These ships (all of which were built in the United Kingdom) were decommissioned by 1976, with the Hunt-class INS Godavari the last.During the 1980s, India signed an agreement with the Soviet Union for five guided-missile destroyers, built under Rajput class. The first ship (INS Rajput) of the class was commissioned on 30 September 1980. All five Rajput-class ships are still in active service. The Rajput class was succeeded by the Delhi class, with INS Delhi, Mysore and Mumbai commissioned in 1997, 1999 and 2001 respectively. The Delhi-class destroyers, built in India, were succeeded by the Kolkata class in 2014. The three Kolkata-class ships have been commissioned in 2014–2016, with INS Chennai being the last. An improvement of the Kolkata-class, INS Visakhapatnam (part of the Visakhapatnam class), was introduced in April 2015 and will reportedly be commissioned by the end of 2018. Three more vessels are planned as part of the Visakhapatnam class.

Surinder Pal Singh Cheema

Vice Admiral Surinder Pal Singh Cheema PVSM, AVSM, NM is a retired Indian Navy officer who served as Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief (FOC-in-C) of Western and Southern Naval Commands. He also served as the Commander-in-Chief of Strategic Forces Command and the Chief of Integrated Defence Staff (CIDS) to the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee. He retired from the service on January 31, 2016, after four decades of service.

Visakhapatnam-class destroyer

The Visakhapatnam class (Project 15B) is a class of stealth guided missile destroyers currently under construction for the Indian Navy. The class comprises four ships - Visakhapatnam, Mormugao, Imphal and Porbandar all of which are being built by the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in India, and will be the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy.The destroyers are an improved version of the Kolkata-class (Project 15A) and will feature enhanced stealth characteristics. The first ship is expected to enter service in 2021.

Western Naval Command

The Western Naval Command is one of the three formations of the Indian Navy. It has its HQ in Mumbai, Maharashtra and is commanded by Vice Admiral Girish Luhtra .

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